navigation satellite

Navigation
satellites


Below are checklists of Navigation satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


USA Transit-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Transit-1A [failed]1959-09-17Transit-1BTransitTransit
Transit-1B1960-04-13
Transit-2A1960-06-22 Transit-2A
Transit-2A (+ SolRad-1)
Transit-2BNever launched
Transit-3A [failed]1960-11-30 Transit-3B
Transit-3B (+ LOFTI-1)
Transit-3B [partial failure]1961-02-21
Transit-4A1961-06-29 Transit-4A (+ Injun-1 + SolRad-3)
Transit-4A (+ Injun-1 + SolRad-3)
Transit-4B1961-11-15 Transit-4B
Transit-4B + TRAAC
Transit-4B + TRAAC (newspaper article)
TRAAC1961-11-15
Transit-5A-11962-12-19Transit-5A-1
Transit-5A-2 [failed]1963-04-05
Transit-5A-31963-06-16
Transit-5BN-11963-09-28Transit-5BN
Transit-5BN-21963-12-05
Transit-5BN-3 [failed]1964-04-21
Transit-5C-11964-06-03Transit-5C-1
Transit-5C-2Never launched
Transit-5E-11963-09-28Transit-5E-1
Transit-5E-21964-04-21Transit-5E-2
Transit-5E-31963-12-05Transit-5E-3
Transit-5E-4Never launched
Transit-5E-51964-12-13Transit-5E-5
Transit-O31965-03-11 Transit-O (Oscar)1
Transit-O (Oscar)1
Transit-O41965-06-24
Transit-O61965-12-22
Transit-O71966-01-28
Transit-O121967-04-14
Transit-O131967-05-18
Transit-O141967-09-25
Transit-O17 (now Polar BEAR)1986-11-14
Transit-O181968-03-02
Transit-O191970-08-27
Transit-O201973-10-30
Transit-O251988-08-25
Transit-O311988-08-25
Triad-1 / TIP-11972-09-02 TIP-1
TIP-1
Triad-2 / TIP-21975-10-11TIP-2 or 3
Triad-3 / TIP-31976-09-01
Transit-O11 / Transat1977-10-27Transat
Transit-Nova-11981-05-25 Transit-Nova
Transit-Nova
Transit-Nova-21988-06-16
Transit-Nova-31984-10-11

1These are US Navy Transit-Oscar navigational satellites, not to be confused with the amateur-radio OSCAR series.

US Army, Navy, NASA, and Air Force (ANNA) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ANNA-1 (ANNA-1A) [failed]1962-05-10ANNAANNA
ANNA-2 (ANNA-1B)1962-10-31ANNA-2

USA SEquential COllation of Range (SECOR) / Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite (EGRS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SECOR-(1) / EGRS-(1) [failed]1962-01-24 SECOR-(1)
SECOR-(1)
SECOR / EGRSSECOR / EGRS
SECOR-1 / EGRS-11964-01-11SECOR-1
SECOR-2 / EGRS-21965-03-11
SECOR-3 / EGRS-31965-03-09
SECOR-4 / EGRS-41965-04-03
SECOR-5 / EGRS-51965-08-10SECOR-5 (+ SEV)
SECOR-6 / EGRS-61966-06-09SECOR-1
SECOR-7 / EGRS-71966-08-19
SECOR-8 / EGRS-81966-10-05
SECOR-9 / EGRS-91967-06-29
SECOR-10 / EGRS-10 [failed]1968-05-18
SECOR-11 / EGRS-11 [failed]1968-08-16
SECOR-12 / EGRS-12 [failed]
SECOR-13 / EGRS-131969-04-14

Russian Nadezhda-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Nadezhda #1 / Kosmos-1383 / COSPAS-11982-06-29Kosmos-1383NadezhdaNadezhda
Nadezhda #2 / Kosmos-1447 / COSPAS-21983-03-24
Nadezhda #3 / Kosmos-1574 / COSPAS-31984-06-21
Nadezhda-1 / COSPAS-41989-07-04Nadezhda
Nadezhda-2 / COSPAS-51990-02-27
Nadezhda-3 / COSPAS-61991-03-12
Nadezhda-4 / COSPAS-71994-07-14
Nadezhda-5 / COSPAS-81998-12-10
Nadezhda-6 / COSPAS-92000-06-28
Nadezhda-7 / COSPAS-102002-09-26

Russian Sterkh-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sterkh-1 / COSPAS-112009-07-21Sterkh-1SterkhSterkh
Sterkh-2 / COSPAS-122009-09-17
Sterkh-3 / COSPAS-13canceled
Sterkh-4 / COSPAS-14canceled

USA TIMe navigATION (Timation) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Timation-11967-05-31Timation-1TimationTimation
Timation-21969-09-30

USA Navigation Technology Satellite (NTS) / Timation series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NTS-1 / Timation-31974-07-13NTS-1NTSNTS
NTS-2 / Timation-41977-06-23NTS-2
NTS-3 / Timation-52024-?NTS-3

(Selected) US Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GPS-1 / NAVSTAR-1 (series)1978-02-22 — 1985-10-09 NAVSTAR
NAVSTAR-5 (sticker)
NAVSTAR-6 (sticker)
GPS / NAVSTARGPS / NAVSTAR
GPS-2 / NAVSTAR-2 (series)1989-02-14 — 1990-10-01NAVSTAR-2
GPS-2A / NAVSTAR-2A (series)1990-11-26 — 1997-11-06NAVSTAR-2A
GPS-2R / NAVSTAR-2R (series)1997-01-16 — 2004-11-06NAVSTAR-2R
GPS-2RM / NAVSTAR-2RM (series)2005-09-26 — 2009-08-17NAVSTAR-2RM
GPS-2F / NAVSTAR-2F (series)2010-05-28 — 2016-02-05NAVSTAR-2F
GPS-3 / NAVSTAR-3 (series)2018-12-23 →NAVSTAR-3A

(Selected) Russian GLObalnaya NAvigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (GLONASS) / Uragan constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GLONASS / Uragan / Kosmos (series)1982-10-12 — 2005-12-25GLONASSGLONASS / UraganGLONASS / Uragan
GLONASS-M / Uragan-M / Kosmos (series)2001-12-01 →GLONASS-M
GLONASS-K / Uragan-K / Kosmos (series)2011-02-26 →GLONASS-K

(Selected) ESA Galileo constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GIOVE-A / GSTB-A2005-12-28 GIOVE-A
GIOVE-A
Galileo (ESA)Galileo (ESA)
GIOVE-B / GSTB-B2008-04-26 GIOVE-B
GIOVE-B
Galileo-IOV-PFM-1 / Tils, Galileo-IOV-PFM-2 / Natalia2011-10-21 ESA-Galileo (early-design)
ESA-Galileo (early-design)
ESA-Galileo (early-design)
Galileo-IOV
Galileo (logo)
Galileo-IOV-PFM-3 / David, Galileo-IOV-PFM-4 / Sif2012-10-12
Galileo-FOC-FM1 (Galileo-5) series2014-08-22 → Galileo-FOC
Galileo-FOC
Galileo-13/14 (launch drawing)
Galileo-15/18 (launch drawing)
Galileo-15/18 (launch cutaway)

(Selected) China/PRC Beidou (BD) constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Beidou-1 (series)2000-10-30 — 2007-02-02BD-1Beidou (BD)Beidou (BD)
Beidou-2G (series)2010-01-16 →BD-2G
Beidou-2I (series)2010-07-31 — 2011-12-01 BD-2I/2M
BD-2I/2M
BD-2I/2M
Beidou-2M (series)2007-04-13 →

(Selected) Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) / NAVIC constellation:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
IRNSS-1A2013-07-01IRNSSIRNSS / NAVICIRNSS / NAVIC
IRNSS-2B2014-04-04

Japanese Quasi Zenith Satellite (System) (QZS(S)) / Michibiki constellation:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
QZS-1 / Michibiki-12010-09-11QZS-1QZS / MichibikiQZS / Michibiki
QZS-2 / Michibiki-22017-06-01?QZS-2/4
QZS-3 / Michibiki-32017-08-19QZS-3
QZS-4 / Michibiki-42017-10-09QZS-2/4

(Selected) USA Hawk constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Hawk-[1]A/[1]B/[1]C [SmallSat Express group]2018-12-03Hawk-1
Hawk-2A/2B/2C [Transporter-1 group]2021-01-24
Hawk-3A/3B/3C [Transporter-2 group]2021-06-30
Hawk-4A/4B/4C [Transporter-4 group]2022-04-01
Hawk-5A/5B/5C [Transporter-5 group]2022-05-25Hawk-5
Hawk-6A/6B/6C2023-01-24 Hawk-6A/6B/6C
Hawk-6A/6B/6C (JM)
Hawk-7A/7B/7C [Transporter-7 group]2023-04-15

Other (selected) USA navigation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Topo-1 (Topo-A)1970-04-08SECOR-1 (Topo-1 similar)Topo-1 (with Nimbus-4)
ANGELS / USA-2552014-07-28ANGELSANGELS (with GSSAP-1/2)

Other (selected) non-USA navigation satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Geo-IK (series)Russia1981-01-23 — 1994-11-29Geo-IK"Geo-IK"
GFZ-1 (geodesy) [Progress-M27 launched]Germany1995-04-09 (launched to Mir)
1995-04-18 (deployed from Mir)
GFZ-1
GFZ-1
GFZ-1GFZ-1


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Updated: 2024-03-21