military weather

Military weather-related
and scientific/research/technology
satellites


Below are checklists of Military weather-related and scientific/research/technology satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

In general, military communications satellites are found on the communications satellites page.

Unlike most of our web pages, no attempt is made to be complete for the satellite series or groups accompanied by "selected" on this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Air Force (USAF) Defense Satellite Application Program (DSAP) / Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)* series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DSAP-1-F1 / P35-1 [failed]1962-05-24DMSP-1DSAP / DMSPDSAP / DMSP
DSAP-1-F2 / P35-21962-08-23
DSAP-1-F3 / P35-31963-02-19
DSAP-1-F4 / P35-4 [failed]1963-04-26
DSAP-1-F5 / P35-5 [failed]1963-09-27
DSAP-1-F6 / P35-61964-01-19
DSAP-1-F7 / P35-71964-01-19
DSAP-1-F8 / P35-81964-06-18
DSAP-1-F9 / P35-91964-06-18
DSAP-1-F10 / P35-101965-01-19
DSAP-1-F11 / P35-111965-03-18
DSAP-2-F11965-09-10
DSAP-2-F21966-01-06
DSAP-2-F31966-03-31
DSAP-3-F11965-05-20
DSAP-4A-F11966-09-16 DMSP-4A
DMSP-4A
DMSP-4
DSAP-4A-F21967-02-08
DSAP-4A-F31967-08-23
DSAP-4A-F41967-10-11
DSAP-4B-F11968-05-23
DSAP-4B-F21968-10-23
DSAP-4B-F31969-07-23
DSAP-5A-F11970-02-11 DMSP-5A
DMSP-5A
DMSP-5
DSAP-5A-F21970-09-03
DSAP-5A-F31971-02-17
DSAP-5B-F11971-10-14 DMSP-5B
DMSP-5B
DMSP-5B/5C
DMSP-5B/5C
DSAP-5B-F2 / DMSP-5B-F21972-03-24
DSAP-5B-F31972-11-09
DSAP-5B-F4 / DMSP-5B-F41973-08-17
DMSP-5B-F51974-03-16
DMSP-5C-F11974-08-09 DMSP-5C
DMSP-5B/5C
DMSP-5B/5C
DMSP-5C-F21975-05-24
DMSP-5C-F3 [partial failure]1976-02-19
DMSP-5D1-F1 / AMS-11976-09-11 DMSP-5D
DMSP-5D
DMSP-5D1
DMSP-5D1-F2 / AMS-21977-06-05
DMSP-5D1-F3 / AMS-31978-05-01
DMSP-5D1-F4 / AMS-41979-06-06
DMSP-5D1-F5 / AMS-5 [failed]1980-07-15
DMSP-5D2-F61982-12-21 DMSP-5D2
DMSP-5D2
DMSP-5D2-F71983-11-18
DMSP-5D2-F8 / USA-261987-06-20
DMSP-5D2-F9 / USA-291988-02-03DMSP-5D2-F9 (newspaper article)
DMSP-5D2-F10 / USA-681990-12-01
DMSP-5D2-F11 / USA-731991-11-28
DMSP-5D2-F12 / USA-1061994-08-29
DMSP-5D2-F13 / USA-1091995-03-24
DMSP-5D2-F14 / USA-1311997-04-04
DMSP-5D3-F15 / USA-1471999-12-12 DMSP-5D3
DMSP-5D3
DMSP-5D3
DMSP-5D3
DMSP-5D3-F16 / USA-1722003-10-18DMSP-5D3-F16 (newspaper article)
DMSP-5D3-F17 / USA-1912006-11-04
DMSP-5D3-F18 / USA-2102009-10-18
DMSP-5D3-F19 / USA-2492014-04-03DMSP-5D3-F19 (patch)
DMSP-S20Canceled (built, but never launched)

*DSAP / DMSP numbering follows that given by Gunter's Space Page.

ARPA Discoverer / Corona / Keyhole (KH) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Discoverer-0 / Corona-0 [failed]1959-01-21 Discoverer
Discoverer
Discoverer / CoronaDiscoverer / Corona
Discoverer-1 / Corona-11959-02-28
Discoverer-2 / Corona-21959-04-13
Discoverer-3 / Corona-3 [failed]1959-06-03
Discoverer-4 / Corona-4 / KH1-1 [failed]1959-06-25
Discoverer-5 / Corona-5 / KH1-21959-08-13
Discoverer-6 / Corona-6 / KH1-31959-08-19
Discoverer-7 / Corona-7 / KH1-41959-11-07
Discoverer-8 / Corona-8 / KH1-51959-11-20
Discoverer-9 / Corona-9 / KH1-6 [failed]1960-02-04
Discoverer-10 / Corona-10 / KH1-7 [failed]1960-02-19
Discoverer-11 / Corona-11 / KH1-81960-04-15
Discoverer-12 / Corona-12 [failed]1960-06-29
Discoverer-13 / Corona-13 (included SocTop-1/AftRack-1 payload)11960-08-10
Discoverer-14 / Corona-14 / KH1-91960-08-18
Discoverer-15 / Corona-15 / KH1-10 (included SocTop-2/AftRack-2 payload)11960-09-13
Discoverer-16 / Corona-16 / KH2-1 [failed]1960-10-26
Discoverer-17 / Corona-17 / KH2-21960-11-12
Discoverer-18 / Corona-18 / KH2-31960-12-07
Discoverer-19 / Corona-19 / RM-11960-12-20
Discoverer-20 / Corona-20 / KH5-11961-02-17
Discoverer-21 / Corona-21 / RM-21961-02-18
Discoverer-22 / Corona-22 / KH2-4 [failed]1961-03-30
Discoverer-23 / Corona-23 / KH5-21961-04-08
Discoverer-24 / Corona-24 / KH5-3 [failed]1961-06-08
Discoverer-25 / Corona-25 / KH2-51961-06-16
Discoverer-26 / Corona-26 / KH2-61961-07-07
Discoverer-27 / Corona-27 / KH5-4 [failed]1961-07-22
Discoverer-28 / Corona-28 / KH2-7 [failed]1961-08-03
Discoverer-29 / Corona-29 / KH3-11961-08-30
Discoverer-30 / Corona-30 / KH3-21961-09-12
Discoverer-31 / Corona-31 / KH3-31961-09-17
Discoverer-32 / Corona-32 / KH3-41961-10-13
Discoverer-33 / Corona-33 / KH3-5 [failed]1961-10-23
Discoverer-34 / Corona-34 / KH3-61961-11-05
Discoverer-35 / Corona-35 / KH3-71961-11-15
Discoverer-36 / Corona-36 / KH3-81961-12-12
Discoverer-37 / Corona-37 / KH3-9 [failed]1962-01-13
Discoverer-38 / Corona-38 / KH4-11962-02-27
Discoverer-39 / Corona-39 / KH4-21962-04-18
(Later) Keyhole (KH) series reconnaissance satellites

1The AftRack ELINT (electronic intelligence) satellites were carried as payloads mounted on the aft rack of Agena launch rockets. They were deployed once the Agena was in orbit. The first one, AftRack-1 (also known as SocTop-1) was launched aboard an Agena-A rocket as part of the Discoverer-13 mission on 10 August 1960. The last one, AftRack-42 (also known as Donkey) was launched with two other satellites (Multigroup-2 and Setter-1B) aboard an Agena-D rocket on 25 July 1967. The various AftRack satellites had secondary names by which people who worked on the program apparently referred to them (a few examples: SocTop, TopSoc, Texas Pint, Wild Bill, Long John, Grape Juice, and Donkey).

US Air Force (USAF) Environmental Remote Sensing (ERS), Tetrahedral Research Satellite (TRS), and Octahedral Research Satellite (ORS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
US-ERS-2 / TRS-21962-09-17 (USAF) ERS
(USAF) TRS
(USAF) ERS(USAF) ERS
US-ERS-1 / TRS-11962-11-11
US-ERS-3 / TRS-31962-12-17
US-ERS-4 / TRS-41962-12-17
US-ERS-5 / TRS-51963-05-09
US-ERS-6 / TRS-61963-05-09
US-ERS-7 / TRS-71963-06-12
US-ERS-8 / TRS-81963-06-12
US-ERS-9 / TRS-91963-07-19
US-ERS-10 / TRS-101963-07-19
US-ERS-11 / TRS-11Never launched
US-ERS-12 / TRS-121963-10-17
US-ERS-13 / TRS-131964-07-17
US-ERS-14 / TRS-14Never launched
US-ERS-17 / ORS-31965-07-20 (USAF) ERS-17
ORS-3/ERS-17
US-ERS-16 / ORS-21966-06-09
US-ERS-15 / ORS-11966-08-19
US-ERS-18 / ORS-41967-04-28

US Air Force (USAF) Vela-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Vela-1 (Vela-1A), Vela-2 (Vela-1B)1963-10-17 Vela-1
Vela
VelaVela
Vela-3 (Vela-2A), Vela-4 (Vela-2B)1964-07-17
Vela-5 (Vela-3A), Vela-6 (Vela-3B)1965-07-20Vela-5+6
Vela-7 (Vela-4A), Vela-8 (Vela-4B)1967-04-28 Vela (advanced)
Vela-9+10
Vela-9 (Vela-5A), Vela-10 (Vela-5B)1969-05-23
Vela-11 (Vela-6A), Vela-12 (Vela-6B)1970-04-08

(Selected) US Air Force (USAF) Orbiting Vehicle (OV) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
OV1-1 [failed]1965-01-21OV1OVOV
OV1-21965-10-05
OV2-1 [failed]1965-10-15
OV2-31965-12-21
OV1-4, OV1-51966-03-29
OV3-11966-04-22
OV3-41966-06-10
OV1-7, OV1-81966-07-14OV1-8
OV3-31966-08-04
OV3-21966-10-28
OV4-3, OV4-1R, OV4-1T, OV1-61966-11-03OV4-3
OV1-9, OV1-101966-12-11
OV3-51967-01-31OV3
OV5-1, OV5-31967-04-28
OV1-11, OV1-121967-07-27
OV3-61967-12-05
OV1-13, OV1-141968-04-06OV1-14
OV1-15, OV1-161968-07-11
OV5-81968-08-16
OV2-5, OV5-2, OV5-41968-09-26 OV2-5
OV5-4
OV2-5 + OV5-2/4 (+ LES-6) (newspaper article)
OV1-17, OV1-17A, OV1-18, OV1-191969-03-17
OV5-5, OV5-6, OV5-91969-05-23
OV1-20P, OV1-21P1971-08-07OV1-20P

US Air Force (USAF) Lincoln Experimental Satellite (LES) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LES-11965-02-11LES-1LESLES
LES-21965-05-06
LES-3, LES-41965-12-21
LES-51967-07-01
LES-61968-09-26LES-6 (+ OV2-5 + OV5-2/4) (newspaper article)
LES-7Unknown
LES-8, LES-91976-03-15

US Air Force (USAF) Lincoln Calibration Sphere (LCS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LCS-11965-05-06LCSLCSLCS
LCS-2 [failed]1965-10-15
LCS-3 [failed]1968-08-16
LCS-41971-08-07

US Air Force (USAF) MIssile Defense Alarm System (MIDAS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MIDAS-1 [failed]1960-02-26MIDAS (sketch)MIDASMIDAS
MIDAS-21960-05-24MIDAS-2
MIDAS-31961-07-12MIDAS-3/4/5 type
MIDAS-41961-10-21
MIDAS-51962-04-09
MIDAS-6 [failed]1962-12-17MIDAS-6
MIDAS-71963-05-09
MIDAS-8 [failed]1963-06-13
MIDAS-91963-07-19
MIDAS-101966-06-09
MIDAS-11 [partial failure]1966-08-19
MIDAS-121966-10-05

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) LOw Frequency Trans Ionospheric (LOFTI) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LOFTI-1 [partial failure]1961-02-22LOFTI-1LOFTI-1 (with Transt-3B)
LOFTI-2 [failed]1962-01-24LOFTI-2 (with Injun-2 and SolRad-4A)
LOFTI-2A [partial failure]1963-06-15LOFTI-2ALOFTI-2A (with SolRad-6)

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Poppy (carried Gravity Gradient Stabilization Experiment (GGSE)) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Poppy-1A, Poppy-1B [partial failure]1962-12-13Poppy (20-inch)PoppyPoppy
Poppy-2B [partial failure]1963-06-15
Poppy-3B, Poppy-3C (carried GGSE-1)1964-01-11
Poppy-2A (carried SolRad-6), Poppy-2C (carried RADOSE) [partial failure]1963-06-15Poppy (24-inch)
Poppy-3A (carried SolRad-7A)1964-01-11
Poppy-4A (carried SolRad-7B), Poppy-4B, Poppy-4C (carried GGSE-2), Poppy-4D (carried GGSE-3)1965-09-03
Poppy-5A1967-05-31
Poppy-5B (carried GGSE-4), Poppy-5C, Poppy-5D (carried GGSE-5)1967-05-31Poppy (multifaceted)
Poppy-6A, Poppy-6B, Poppy-6C, Poppy-6D1969-09-30
Poppy-7A, Poppy-7B, Poppy-7C, Poppy-7D1971-12-14

(Selected) USA Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Keyhole (KH) series reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
(Earlier) Discoverer / Corona / Keyhole (KH) reconnaissance satellites
KH4-1 / Discoverer-38 / Corona-381962-02-27Keyhole< rowspan=178>Keyhole
KH4-2 / Discoverer-39 / Corona-391962-04-18
KH4-3 / Corona1962-04-28
KH5-5 / Argon1962-05-15
KH4-41962-05-29
KH4-51962-06-02
KH4-101962-08-04
KH5-61962-09-01
KH4-121962-09-17
KH4-131962-09-29
KH4-141962-11-05
KH4-151962-11-24
KH4-161962-12-04
KH4-181963-01-07
KH6-1 / Lanyard [failed]1963-03-18
KH4-201963-04-01
KH5-8 [failed]1963-04-26
KH6-21963-05-18
KH4-211963-06-12
KH4-221963-06-26
KH4-231963-07-19
KH4A-11963-08-25
KH5-91963-08-29
KH7-2 / Gambit1963-09-06KH7
KH4A-21963-09-23
KH7-31963-10-25
KH5-101963-10-29
KH4-24 [failed]1963-11-09
KH4-251963-11-27
KH7-41963-12-18
KH4-261963-12-21
KH4A-31963-02-15
KH7-51964-02-25
KH7-61964-03-11
KH7-71964-04-23
KH4A-51964-04-27
KH7-81964-05-19
KH4A-61964-06-04
KH5-111964-06-13
KH4A-71964-06-19
KH7-91964-07-06
KH7-151965-01-23
KH4A-191965-04-29
KH4A-201965-05-18
KH7-191965-06-25
KH7-20 [failed]1965-07-12
KH4A-221965-07-19
KH4A-231965-08-17
KH4A-241965-09-22
KH7-221965-09-30
KH4A-251965-10-05
KH7-231965-11-08
KH7-251966-02-15
KH4A-301966-03-09
KH7-261966-03-18
KH4A-311966-04-07
KH4A-32 [failed]1966-05-03
KH7-281966-05-14
KH4A-331966-05-24
KH7-291966-06-03
KH4A-341966-06-21
KH8-1 / Gambit1966-07-29KH8
KH4A-36*1966-08-09
KH7-311966-08-16
KH7-321966-09-17
KH4A-35*1966-09-20
KH8-21966-09-28
KH8-31966-12-14
KH4A-381967-01-14
KH7-361967-02-02
KH4A-391967-02-22
KH8-41967-02-24
KH4A-401967-03-30
KH8-5 [failed]1967-04-26
KH4A-411967-05-09
KH4A-421967-06-16
KH8-61967-06-20
KH4A-431967-08-07
KH8-7 / Gambit1967-08-16
KH4B-11967-09-15
KH8-81967-09-19
KH8-91967-10-25
KH4A-441967-11-02
KH8-101967-12-05
KH4B-21967-12-09
KH8-111968-01-18
KH4A-451968-01-24
KH4A-461968-03-14
KH8-131968-04-17
KH8-141968-06-05
KH4A-471968-06-20
KH8-151968-08-06
KH4B-41968-08-07
KH8-161968-09-10
KH4A-481968-09-18
KH4B-51968-11-03
KH8-171968-11-06
KH8-18 [partial failure]1968-12-04
KH4A-491968-12-12
KH8-191969-01-22
KH4B-61969-02-05KH4B-6 (+ TACSAT-1 + Intelsat-3-3) (newspaper article)
KH8-201969-03-04
KH4A-501969-03-19
KH8-211969-04-15
KH4A-511969-05-01
KH8-221969-06-03
KH4B-71969-07-24
KH8-231969-08-22
KH4A-521969-09-22
KH8-241969-10-24
KH4B-81969-12-04
KH8-251970-01-14
KH4B-91970-03-04
KH8-261970-04-15
KH4B-101970-05-20
KH8-271970-06-25
KH4B-111970-07-22
KH8-281970-08-18
KH8-291970-10-23
KH4B-121970-11-18
KH8-301971-01-21
KH4B-13 [failed]1971-02-17
KH4B-141971-03-24
KH8-311971-04-22
KH9-1 / Hexagon / Big Bird1971-06-15 KH9
KH9
KH4B-151971-09-10
KH8-331971-10-23
KH9-21972-01-20
KH8-341972-03-17
KH4B-161972-04-19
KH8-351972-05-20
KH4B-171972-05-25
KH9-31972-07-07
KH8-361972-09-01
KH9-41972-10-10
KH8-371972-12-21
KH9-51973-03-09
KH8-381973-05-16
KH8-39 [failed]1973-06-26
KH9-61973-07-13
KH9-71973-11-10
KH8-411974-02-13
KH9-81974-04-10
KH8-421974-06-06
KH8-431974-08-14
KH9-91974-10-29
KH8-441975-04-18
KH9-101975-08-06
KH8-451975-10-09
KH9-111975-12-04
KH8-461976-03-22
KH9-121976-07-08
KH8-471976-09-15
KH11-1 / Kennen / Crystal1976-12-19KH11
KH8-481977-03-13
KH9-131977-06-27
KH8-491977-09-23
KH9-141978-03-16
KH11-21978-06-14
KH8-501979-05-29
KH11-31980-02-07
KH9-161980-06-18
KH9-19 / USA-21984-06-25
KH11-6 / Crystal / USA-61984-12-04
KH11-7 [failed]1985-08-28
KH9-20 [failed]1986-04-18
KH11-8 / USA-271987-10-26
KH11-9 / USA-331988-06-11
KH11-10 / USA-861992-11-28
KH11-11 / USA-1161995-12-05
KH11-12 / NROL-2 / USA-1291996-12-20
KH11-13 / NROL-14 / USA-1612001-10-05
KH11-14 / NROL-20 / USA-1862005-10-19
KH11-15 / NROL-49 / USA-2242011-01-20
KH11-16 / NROL-65 / USA-2452013-08-28
KH11-17 / NROL-71 / USA-2902019-01-19
KH11-18 / NROL-82 / USA-3142021-04-26
KH11-19 / NROL-91 / USA-3382022-09-24
KH10 / Dorian / MOL (Manned Orbiting Laboratory) series [canceled]
KH12 / Ikon series [not yet declassified]

*KH4A-35 and KH4A-36 designations are based on Astronautix.com: Encyclopedia Astronautica and Eye In The Sky by Day, Logsdon, and Latell.

US Air Force (USAF) Satellite And Missile Observation Satellite (SAMOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SAMOS-E1-1 (SAMOS-1), SAMOS-F1-1 [failed]1960-10-11SAMOS-F1SAMOSSAMOS
SAMOS-E1-2 (SAMOS-2), SAMOS-F1-21961-01-31
SAMOS-E2-1 (SAMOS-3) [failed]1961-09-09
SAMOS-E5-1 (SAMOS-4)1961-11-22
SAMOS-E5-2 (SAMOS-5)1961-12-22
SAMOS-E5-3 (SAMOS-6)1962-03-07SAMOS-6
SAMOS-E6-1 (SAMOS-7)1962-04-26
SAMOS-E6-2 (SAMOS-8)1962-06-17
SAMOS-E6-3 (SAMOS-9)1962-07-18
SAMOS-E6-4 (SAMOS-10)1962-08-05
SAMOS-E6-5 (SAMOS-11)1962-11-11

US Air Force (USAF) Defense Support Program (DSP) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DSP-1 [partial failure]1970-11-06DSP-1DSPDSP
DSP-21971-05-05
DSP-31972-03-01
DSP-41972-06-12DSP-4
DSP-51975-12-14DSP-5
DSP-61976-06-26
DSP-71977-02-06DSP-8
DSP-81979-06-10
DSP-91981-03-16
DSP-101982-03-06
DSP-111984-04-14
DSP-12 / USA-71984-12-22
DSP-13 / USA-281987-11-29DSP-13
DSP-14 / USA-391989-06-14DSP-14
DSP-15 / USA-651990-11-13
DSP-16 / USA-75 [STS-44/Atlantis-deployed]1991-11-21
DSP-17 / USA-1071994-12-22
DSP-18 / USA-1301997-02-23
DSP-19 / USA-142 [failed]1999-04-09
DSP-20 / USA-1492000-05-08
DSP-21 / USA-1592001-08-06
DSP-22 / USA-1762004-02-14
DSP-23 / USA-1972007-11-11

NRO/NSA Canyon-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Canyon-11968-08-06Canyon (concept)CanyonCanyon
Canyon-21969-04-13
Canyon-31970-09-01
Canyon-4 [failed]1971-12-04
Canyon-51972-12-20
Canyon-61975-06-18
Canyon-71977-05-23

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Trumpet-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Trumpet-1 / USA-1031994-05-03TrumpetTrumpet
Trumpet-2 / USA-1121995-07-10
Trumpet-3 / NROL-4 / USA-1361997-11-07NROLNROL
Trumpet-4 / NROL-22 / SBIRS-Heo-1 / USA-1842006-06-28
Trumpet-5 / NROL-28 / SBIRS-Heo-2 / USA-2002008-03-13
Trumpet-6 / NROL-35 / SBIRS-Heo-3 / USA-2592014-12-13
Trumpet-7 / NROL-42 / SBIRS-Heo-4 / USA-2782017-09-24

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Topaz-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Topaz-1 / NROL-41 / USA-2152010-09-21NROLNROL
Topaz-2 / NROL-25 / USA-2342012-04-03
Topaz-3 / NROL-39 / USA-2472013-12-06
Topaz-4 / NROL-45 / USA-2672016-02-10

US Air Force (USAF) Strawman-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Strawman-1 / P770-7164 / Ferret-131968-10-05StrawmanStrawman
Strawman-2 / P770-7165 / Ferret-141969-07-31
Strawman-3 / P770-7166 / Ferret-151970-08-26Strawman-3
Strawman-4 / P770-7167 / Ferret-161971-07-16Strawman-4
Strawman-5 / P770-7168canceled

(Selected) National Reconaissance Office Launch (NROL) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NROL-2 / KH11-12 / USA-1291996-12-20NROLNROL
NROL-3 / Lacrosse-3 / Onyx-3 / USA-1331997-10-24
NROL-4 / Trumpet-3 / USA-1361997-11-07
NROL-5 / SDS-3-1 / Quasar-12 / USA-1371998-01-29
NROL-6 / Orion-4 / USA-1391998-05-09
NROL-7 / Mercury-16 [failed]1998-08-12
NROL-11 / Lacrosse-4 / Onyx-4 / USA-1522000-08-17
NROL-10 / SDS-3-2 / Quasar-13 / USA-1552000-12-06
NROL-13 / NOSS-3-1A/1B / Intruder-5A/5B / USA-160/160-22001-09-08
NROL-14 / KH11-13 / USA-1612001-10-05
NROL-12 / SDS-3-3 / Quasar-14 / USA-1622001-10-11
NROL-19 / Orion-5 / USA-1712003-09-09
NROL-18 / NOSS-3-2A/2B / Intruder-6A/6B / USA-173/173-22003-12-02
NROL-1 / SDS-3-4 / Quasar-15 / USA-1792004-08-31
NROL-16 / Lacrosse-5 / Onyx-5 / USA-1822005-04-30
NROL-23 / NOSS-3-3A/3B / Intruder-7A/7B / USA-181/181-22005-02-03
NROL-20 / KH11-14 / USA-1862005-10-19
NROL-22 / Trumpet-4 / SBIRS-Heo-1 / USA-1842006-06-28
NROL-30 / NOSS-3-4A/4B / Intruder-8A/8B / USA-194/194-2 [partial failure]2007-06-15
NROL-24 / SDS-3-5 / Quasar-16 / USA-1982007-12-10
NROL-28 / Trumpet-5 / SBIRS-Heo-2 / USA-2002008-03-13
NROL-26 / Orion-6 / USA-2022009-01-18
NROL-41 / Topaz-1 / USA-2152010-09-21
NROL-32 / Orion-7 / USA-2232010-22-21
NROL-49 / KH11-15 / USA-2242011-01-20
NROL-66 / RPP / USA-2252011-02-06
NROL-27 / SDS-3-6 / Quasar-17 / USA-2272011-03-11
NROL-34 / NOSS-3-5A/5B / Intruder-9A/9B / USA-229/229-22011-04-15
NROL-25 / Topaz-2 / USA-2342012-04-03
NROL-38 / SDS-3-7 / Quasar-18 / USA-2362012-06-20
NROL-15 / Orion-8 / USA-2372012-06-29
NROL-36 / NOSS-3-6A/6B / Intruder-10A/10B / USA-238/238-22012-09-13
NROL-65 / KH11-16 / USA-2452013-08-28
NROL-39 / Topaz-3 / USA-2472013-12-06
NROL-67 / USA-2502014-04-10
NROL-33 / SDS-3-8 / Quasar-19 / USA-2522014-05-22
NROL-35 / Trumpet-6 / SBIRS-Heo-3 / USA-2592014-12-13
NROL-55 / NOSS-3-7A/7B / Intruder-11A/11B / USA-264/264-22015-10-08
NROL-45 / Topaz-4 / USA-2672016-02-10
NROL-37 / Orion-9 / USA-2682016-06-11
NROL-61 / SDS-4-1 / Quasar-20 / USA-2692016-07-28
NROL-79 / NOSS-3-8A/8B / Intruder-12A/12B / USA-274/274-22017-03-01
NROL-76 / USA-2762017-05-01
NROL-42 / Trumpet-7 / SBIRS-Heo-4 / USA-2782017-09-24
NROL-52 / SDS-4-2 / Quasar-21 / USA-2792017-10-15
NROL-47 / USA-2812018-01-12
NROL-71 / KH11-17 / USA-2902019-01-19
NROL-151 / USA-2942020-01-31
NROL-129 PL1/PL2/PL3/PL4 / USA-305/306/307/3082020-07-15
NROL-101 / USA-3102020-11-13
NROL-44 / Orion-10 / USA-3112020-12-11
NROL-108 / USA-312/3132020-12-19
NROL-82 / KH11-18 / USA-3142021-04-26
NROL-111 / USA-316/317/3182021-06-15
NROL-87 / USA-3262022-02-02
NROL-85 / NOSS-3-9A/9B / Intruder-13A/13B / USA-327/327-22022-04-17
NROL-162 / USA-3342022-07-13
NROL-199 / USA-3352022-08-04
NROL-91 / KH11-19 / USA-3382022-09-24
NROL-68 / Orion-11 / USA-3452023-06-22
NROL-107 / SilentBarker-1/2/3 / USA-346/347/3482023-09-10
NROL-123 / USA-3522024-03-21
NROL-70 / Orion-12 / USA-3532024-04-09
NROL-146 / USA-354-374 (21 total)2024-05-22

(Selected) US Air Force (USAF) P11 series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
P11-4001 / Pundit-11963-10-29 P11
Pundit-4
Hitchhiker-1/2 type
Tophat-1
P11-4001 (with KH5-10)
P11-4051 / Hitchhiker-(1) [failed]1963-03-18P11-4051 (with KH6-1)
P11-4201 / Hitchhiker-11963-06-27P11-4201 (with KH4-22)
P11-4101 / Pundit-21963-12-21P11-4101 (with KH4-26)
P11-4202 / Hitchhiker-21964-08-14P11-4402 (with KH7-10)
P11-4102 / Pundit-3 [failed]1964-10-07P11-4402 (with KH7-12)
P11-4401 / Pundit-41965-04-28P11-4401 (with KH7-17)
P11-44041966-05-14P11-4404 (with KH7-28)
P11-44061966-09-16P11-4406 (with KH7-32)
P11-44081967-05-09P11-4408 (with KH4A-41)
P11-44091967-06-16P11-4409 (with KH4A-42)
P11-44101967-11-02P11-4410 (with KH4A-44)
P11-44131968-09-18P11-4413 (with KH4A-48)
P11-44181969-03-19P11-4418 (with KH4A-50)
P11-44171969-05-01P11-4417 (with KH4A-51)
P11-44191969-09-22P11-4419 (with KH4A-52)
P11-44201968-06-20P11-4420 (with KH4A-47)
P11-44211970-05-20P11-4421 (with KH4B-10)
P11-4423 / Tophat-11970-11-18P11-4423 (with KH4B-12)
P11-44241972-01-20P11-4424 (with KH9-2)
P11-44251972-07-07P11-4425 (with KH9-3)
P11-44261973-11-10P11-4426 (with KH9-7)
P11-4428 / Tophat-21974-04-10P11-4428 (with KH9-8)
P11-44291974-10-29P11-4429 (with KH9-9)
P11-44301976-07-08P11-4430 (with KH9-12)
P11-44321978-03-16P11-4432 (with KH9-14)

US Air Force (USAF) P102 and P698BK and P770 series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
P102-7151 / Ferret-11962-02-21P102P102
P102-7152 / Ferret-21962-06-18P102-7152
P698BK-7153 / Ferret-31963-01-16P698BKP698BK
P698BK-7154 / Ferret-41963-06-29
P698BK-7156 / Ferret-51964-02-28
P698BK-7155 / Ferret-61964-07-02
P698BK-7157 / Ferret-71964-11-04
P770-7158 / Ferret-81965-07-17P770P770
P770-7160 / Ferret-91966-02-09
P770-7159canceled
P770-7161 / Multigroup-1 / Ferret-101966-12-29
P770-7162 / Multigroup-2 / Ferret-111967-07-25
P770-7163 / Multigroup-3 / Ferret-121968-01-17
P770-7164 / Strawman-1 / Ferret-131968-10-05StrawmanStrawman
P770-7165 / Strawman-2 / Ferret-141969-07-31
P770-7166 / Strawman-3 / Ferret-151970-08-26Strawman-3
P770-7167 / Strawman-4 / Ferret-161971-07-16Strawman-4
P770-7168 / Strawman-5canceled

US Air Force (USAF) P801 series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
P801-11968-12-12P801-1 (with KH4A-49)
P801-21969-02-05P801-2 (with KH4B-6)
P801-3 [failed]1971-02-17P801-3 (with KH4B-13)
P801-41972-10-10P801-4 (with KH9-4)
P801-51973-11-10P801-5 (with KH9-7)
P801-61980-06-18P801-6 (with KH9-16)
P801-71983-06-20P801-7 (with KH9-18)

US Air Force (USAF) S3 series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
S3-11974-10-29S3-1S3-1 (with KH9-9)
S3-21975-12-04S3-2 (with KH9-11)
S3-31976-07-08S3-3 (with KH9-12)

US Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellite (NOSS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NOSS-1A/1B/1C / Parcae-1A/1B/1C, MSD-11976-04-30 NOSS-1
NOSS-Parcae
NOSSNOSS
NOSS-2A/2B/2C / Parcae-2A/2B/2C, MSD-21977-12-08
NOSS-3A/3B/3C / Parcae-3A/3B/3C, MSD-31980-03-03
NOSS-4A/4B/4C / Parcae-4A/4B/4C, MSD-4 [failed]1980-12-09
NOSS-5A/5B/5C / Parcae-5A/5B/5C, MSD-51953-02-09
NOSS-6A/6B/6C / Parcae-6A/6B/6C, MSD-61983-06-09
NOSS-7A/7B/7C / Parcae-7A/7B/7C, MSD-71984-02-05
NOSS-8A/8B/8C / Parcae-8A/8B/8C / USA-16/17/18, MSD-8 / USA-151986-02-09
NOSS-9A/9B/9C / Parcae-9A/9B/9C / USA-23/24/25, MSD-9 / USA-221987-05-15
NOSS-2-1A/1B/1C / Intruder-1A/1B/1C / USA-60/61/621990-06-08
NOSS-2-2A/2B/2C / Intruder-2A/2B/2C / USA-74/76/771991-11-08
NOSS-2-3A/3B/3C / Intruder-3A/3B/3C [failed]1993-08-02
NOSS-2-4A/4B/4C / Intruder-4A/4B/4C / USA-119/120/1211996-05-12
NOSS-3-1A/1B / NROL-13 / Intruder-5A/5B / USA-160/160-22001-09-08
NOSS-3-2A/2B / NROL-18 / Intruder-6A/6B / USA-173/173-22003-12-02
NOSS-3-3A/3B / NROL-23 / Intruder-7A/7B / USA-181/181-22005-02-03
NOSS-3-4A/4B / NROL-30 / Intruder-8A/8B / USA-194/194-2 [partial failure]2007-06-15
NOSS-3-5A/5B / NROL-34 / Intruder-9A/9B / USA-229/229-22011-04-15
NOSS-3-6A/6B / NROL-36 / Intruder-10A/10B / USA-238/238-22012-09-13
NOSS-3-7A/7B / NROL-55 / Intruder-11A/11B / USA-264/264-22015-10-08
NOSS-3-8A/8B / NROL-79 / Intruder-12A/12B / USA-274/274-22017-03-01
NOSS-3-9A/9B / NROL-85 / Intruder-13A/13B / USA-327/327-22022-04-17

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Rhyolite / Aquacade series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Rhyolite-1 / Aquacade-11970-06-19RhyoliteRhyolite / AquacadeRhyolite / Aquacade
Rhyolite-2 / Aquacade-21973-03-06
Rhyolite-3 / Aquacade-31977-12-11
Rhyolite-4 / Aquacade-41978-04-07

US Air Force (USAF) Space Based InfraRed Sensor (SBIRS)-Geo and National Reconaissance Office (NRO) SBIRS-Heo series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SBIRS-Heo-1 / Trumpet-4 / NROL-22 / USA-1842006-06-28SBIRSSBIRS
SBIRS-Heo-2 / Trumpet-5 / NROL-28 / USA-2002008-03-13
SBIRS-Geo-1 / USA-2302011-07-05SBIRS-Geo-1
SBIRS-Geo-2 / USA-2412013-03-19
SBIRS-Heo-3 / Trumpet-6 / NROL-35 / USA-2592014-12-13
SBIRS-Geo-3 / USA-2732017-01-12
SBIRS-Heo-4 / Trumpet-7 / NROL-42 / USA-2782017-09-24
SBIRS-Geo-4 / USA-2822018-01-20
SBIRS-Geo-5 / USA-3152021-05-18SBIRS-Geo-5
SBIRS-Geo-6 / USA-3362022-08-04

US Air Force (USAF) Jumpseat series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Jumpseat-11971-03-20JumpseatJumpseatJumpseat
Jumpseat-2 [failed]1972-02-16
Jumpseat-31973-08-21
Jumpseat-41975-03-08
Jumpseat-51978-02-25
Jumpseat-6 [partial failure]1981-04-24
Jumpseat-71983-07-31

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Parcae-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Parcae-1A/1B/1C / NOSS-1A/1B/1C, MSD-11976-04-30 NOSS-1
NOSS-Parcae
NOSSNOSS
Parcae-2A/2B/2C / NOSS-2A/2B/2C, MSD-21977-12-08
Parcae-3A/3B/3C / NOSS-3A/3B/3C, MSD-31980-03-03
Parcae-4A/4B/4C / NOSS-4A/4B/4C, MSD-4 [failed]1980-12-09
Parcae-5A/5B/5C / NOSS-5A/5B/5C, MSD-51953-02-09
Parcae-6A/6B/6C / NOSS-6A/6B/6C, MSD-61983-06-09
Parcae-7A/7B/7C / NOSS-7A/7B/7C, MSD-71984-02-05
Parcae-8A/8B/8C / NOSS-8A/8B/8C / USA-16/17/18, MSD-8 / USA-151986-02-09
Parcae-9A/9B/9C / NOSS-9A/9B/9C / USA-23/24/25, MSD-9 / USA-221987-05-15

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) / US Navy (USN) Intruder-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Intruder-1A/1B/1C / NOSS-2-1A/1B/1C / USA-60/61/621990-06-08NOSSNOSS
Intruder-2A/2B/2C / NOSS-2-2A/2B/2C / USA-74/76/771991-11-08
Intruder-3A/3B/3C / NOSS-2-3A/3B/3C [failed]1993-08-02
Intruder-4A/4B/4C / NOSS-2-4A/4B/4C / USA-119/120/1211996-05-12
Intruder-5A/5B / NROL-13 / NOSS-3-1A/1B / USA-160/160-22001-09-08NROLNROL
Intruder-6A/6B / NROL-18 / NOSS-3-2A/2B / USA-173/173-22003-12-02
Intruder-7A/7B / NROL-23 / NOSS-3-3A/3B / USA-181/181-22005-02-03
Intruder-8A/8B / NROL-30 / NOSS-3-4A/4B / USA-194/194-2 [partial failure]2007-06-15
Intruder-9A/9B / NROL-34 / NOSS-3-5A/5B / USA-229/229-22011-04-15
Intruder-10A/10B / NROL-36 / NOSS-3-6A/6B / USA-238/238-22012-09-13
Intruder-11A/11B / NROL-55 / NOSS-3-7A/7B / USA-264/264-22015-10-08
Intruder-12A/12B / NROL-79 / NOSS-3-8A/8B / USA-274/274-22017-03-01
Intruder-13A/13B / NROL-85 / NOSS-3-9A/9B / USA-327/327-22022-04-17

NRO/CIA/NSA Orion / Magnum-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Orion-1 / Magnum-1 / USA-8 [STS-51C/Discovery-deployed]1985-01-24MagnumMagnum / OrionMagnum / Orion
Orion-2 / Magnum-2 / USA-48 [STS-33R/Discovery-deployed]1989-11-23
Orion-3 / USA-1101995-05-13
Orion-4 / NROL-6 / USA-1391998-05-09
Orion-5 / NROL-19 / USA-1712003-09-09
Orion-6 / NROL-26 / USA-2022009-01-18Orion-6
Orion-7 / NROL-32 / USA-2232010-22-21
Orion-8 / NROL-15 / USA-2372012-06-29
Orion-9 / NROL-37 / USA-2682016-06-11
Orion-10 / NROL-44 / USA-3112020-12-10
Orion-11 / NROL-68 / USA-3452023-06-22
Orion-12 / NROL-70 / USA-3532024-04-09

NRO/NSA Chalet / Vortex / Mercury-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Chalet-8 / Vortex-81978-06-10ChaletChalet / VortexChalet / Vortex
Chalet-9 / Vortex-91979-10-01
Chalet-10 / Vortex-10 / Mercury-101981-10-31
Chalet-11 / Vortex-11 / Mercury-111984-01-21
Chalet-12 / Vortex-12 / Mercury-12 / USA-31 [failed]1988-09-02
Chalet-13 / Vortex-13 / Mercury-13 / USA-371989-05-10
Mercury-14 / USA-1051994-08-27
Mercury-15 / USA-1181996-04-24
Mercury-16 / NROL-7 [failed]1998-08-12

US Air Force (USAF) Gravity Gradient Test Satellite (GGTS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GGTS-11966-06-16 GGTS-1
GGTS-1 (+ IDCSP-1/7) (newspaper article)
GGTS-1 (+ IDCSP-1/7) (newspaper article)
GGTS-1 (+ IDCSP-1/7) (newspaper article)
GGTS-1 (+ IDCSP-1/7) (newspaper article)
GGTS-1 (with IDCSP-1/7)
GGTS-2 [failed]1966-08-26GGTS-2 (with IDCSP-8/14)

US Air Force (USAF) Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program (GSSAP) / Hornet-series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GSSAP-1 / Hornet-1 / USA-253, GSSAP-2 / Hornet-2 / USA-254; both are AFSPC-42014-07-28GSSAP-1GSSAP / HornetGSSAP / Hornet
GSSAP-3 / Hornet-3 / USA-270, GSSAP-4 / Hornet-4 / USA-271; both are AFSPC-62016-08-19
GSSAP-5 / Hornet-5 / USA-324, GSSAP-6 / Hornet-6 / USA-325; both are AFSPC-8 / both are USSF-82022-01-21

US Air Force (USAF) Global Low Orbiting Message Relay (GLOMR) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GLOMR [STS-51B/Challenger [attempted-deployment]]1985-04-29GLOMRGLOMR [attempted-deployment]
GLOMR-1 / "CheapSat" [STS-61A/Challenger-deployed]1985-10-30GLOMR-1
GLOMR? / SSF / USA-41 [STS-28R/Colombia-deployed]1989-08-08GLOMR? / SSF (with SDS-2-1)
GLOMR? / MPEC / USA-70 [STS-39/Discovery-deployed]1991-04-28GLOMR? / MPEC (with SPAS-2)

US Air Force (USAF) WestFord series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
WestFord-11961-10-21WestFord-1 (with MIDAS-4)
WestFord-Drag1962-04-09WestFord-Drag (with MIDAS-5)
WestFord-21963-05-09WestFord-2 (with MIDAS-7 and US-ERS-5/6)

US Air Force (USAF) Density And Scale Height (DASH) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DASH-11963-05-09DASH-1 (with MIDAS-7 and US-ERS-5/6)
DASH-21963-07-19DASH-2 (with MIDAS-9 and US-ERS-9/10)

US Air Force (USAF) Space Test Experiment Platform (STEP) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STEP-0 / TAOS / USA-1011994-03-13STEP-0STEPSTEP
STEP-1 [failed]1994-06-28STEP-1
STEP-2 / SIDEX [partial failure]1994-05-19STEP-2
STEP-3 [failed]1995-06-22STEP-3
STEP-41997-10-22STEP-4

US Air Force (USAF) Space Test Program SATellite (STPSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STPSat-12007-03-09STPSat-1STPSatSTPSat
STPSat-2 / USA-2172010-11-20STPSat-2
STPSat-3 / TCTE2013-11-20
STPSat-4 [Cygnus-CRS-12 launched]2019-11-02 (launched to ISS)
2020-01-28 (deployed from ISS)
STPSat-4
STPSat-5 [SmallSat Express group]2018-12-03STPSat-5
STPSat-62021-12-07STPSat-6
STPSat-72024-?
STPSat-82025-?

US Air Force (USAF) Space Test Program - Houston (STP-H) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STP-H2 [STS-116/Discovery launched] (ANDE-MAA/FCal / OSCAR-61/62, RAFT-1/OSCAR-60, MARScom, MEPSI-2A/2B)2006-12-10STP-HSTP-H
STP-H3 [STS-134/Endeavor launched]2011-05-16STP-H3
STP-H4 [HTV-4 launched]2013-08-03STP-H4
STP-H5 [Dragon-CRS-10 launched]2017-02-19STP-H5
STP-H6 [Dragon-CRS-17 launched]2019-05-04STP-H6
STP-H7 [Dragon-CRS-24 launched]2021-12-21STP-H7
STP-H8 [Dragon-CRS-24 launched] / TEMPEST-D_copy2021-12-21STP-H8
STP-H9 [Dragon-CRS-27 launched]2023-03-14STP-H9

(Selected) US Air Force (USAF) MILitary Strategic and TActical Relay (Milstar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Milstar-1-1 / USA-991994-02-07Milstar-1"Milstar-1994" (Milstar-1-1)
Milstar-2-4 / USA-1692003-04-08Milstar-2Milstar-2-4

Aerospace Corporation AeroCube series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
AeroCube-12006-07-26AeroCube-1
AeroCube-22007-04-17AeroCube-2
AeroCube-32009-05-19AeroCube-3
AeroCube-4A/4B/4C2012-09-13AeroCube-4
AeroCube-5A/5B2013-12-06AeroCube-5AeroCube-5A/5B (with NROL-39)
AeroCube-5C, AeroCube-7A2015-10-08 AeroCube-5
AeroCube-7A
AeroCube-5C/7A (with Intruder-11A/11B / NOSS-3-7A/7B / NROL-55)
AeroCube-6A/6B / CubeRad-A/B2014-06-19AeroCube-6
AeroCube-7B/7C [Cygnus-CRS-8 launched]2017-11-12AeroCube-7B/7C (with Cygnus-CRS-8)
AeroCube-8A/8B / IMPACT-A/B2015-05-20AeroCube-8AeroCube-8A/8B (with X-37B_OTV-4)
AeroCube-8C/8D / IMPACT-C/D2016-11-11AeroCube-8C/8D (with Worldview-4)
AeroCube-9 / LMPCUnknownAeroCube-9
AeroCube-10A/10B [Cygnus-CRS-11 launched]2019-04-17AeroCube-10
AeroCube-11A/11B / TOMSat-EagleScout/TOMSat-R32018-12-16TOMSat-R3
AeroCube-12A/12B [Cygnus-CRS-9 launched]2018-05-21AeroCube-12AAeroCube-12A/12B (with Cygnus-CRS-9)
AeroCube-14A/14B [Cygnus-CRS-12 launched]2019-11-02AeroCube-14AAeroCube-14A/14B (with Cygnus-CRS-12)
AeroCube-15A/15B [Cygnus-CRS-12 launched]2019-11-02AeroCube-15AeroCube-15A/15B (with Cygnus-CRS-12)
AeroCube-16A/16B2024-03-21AeroCube-16A/16B (with NROL-123)

US Air Force (USAF) MIGHTY SATellite (Mightysat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Mightysat-1 / P97-2 [STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]1998-12-15Mightysat-1Mightysat-1 (with SAC-A)
Mightysat-2 / P99-1 / Sindri2000-07-19Mightysat-2

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Nemesis-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Nemesis-1 / PAN / USA-2072009-09-08Nemesis-1NemesisNemesis
Nemesis-2 / CLIO / USA-2572014-09-17

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Lacrosse / Onyx-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Lacrosse-1 / Onyx-1 / USA-34 [STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]1988-12-02LacrosseLacrosse / OnyxLacrosse / Onyx
Lacrosse-2 / Onyx-2 / USA-691991-03-08
Lacrosse-3 / Onyx-3 / NROL-3 / USA-1331997-10-24
Lacrosse-4 / Onyx-4 / NROL-11 / USA-1522000-08-17
Lacrosse-5 / Onyx-5 / NROL-16 / USA-1822005-04-30

US Air Force (USAF) Research Test Series (RTS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
RTS-1-1 [partial failure]1966-06-09RTS-1RTS-1-1 (with SECOR-6)
RTS-1-21966-08-19RTS-1-2 (with SECOR-7)
RTS-1-31966-10-05RTS-1-3 (with SECOR-8)

National Reconaissance Office (NRO) Satellite Launch Dispenser COMmunications (SLDCOM) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SLDCOM-1 / USA-591990-06-08SLDCOM SLDCOM-1
SLDCOM-1
SLDCOM-2 / USA-721991-11-08
SLDCOM-3 [failed]1993-08-02
SLDCOM-4 / USA-1221996-05-02

US Air Force (USAF) Academy FALCON SATellite (FalconSat):

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
FalconSat-12000-01-27FalconSat-1FalconSatFalconSat
FalconSat-2 [failed]2006-03-24 FalconSat-2
FalconSat-32007-03-09FalconSat-3
FalconSat-4canceled
FalconSat-5 / USA-2212010-11-20FalconSat-5
FalconSat-6 [SmallSat Express group]2018-12-03FalconSat-6
FalconSat-72019-06-25FalconSat-7
FalconSat-8 / USA-300 / USSF-72020-05-17
FalconSat-X [Transporter-9 group]2023-11-11

US Air Force (USAF) X-37B_OTV series spacecraft:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
X-37B_OTV-1 / USA-2122010-04-22 X-37B
X-37B
X-37B_OTVX-37B_OTV
X-37B_OTV-2 / USA-2262011-03-05
X-37B_OTV-3 / USA-2402012-12-11
X-37B_OTV-4 / USA-261 / AFSPC-52015-05-20
X-37B_OTV-5 / USA-2772017-09-07
X-37B_OTV-6 / USA-2992020-05-17
X-37B_OTV-7 / USA-3492023-12-29

US Air Force (USAF) Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ORS-1 / USA-2312011-06-30ORS-1ORSORS
ORS-2CanceledORS-2
ORS-32013-11-20ORS-3
ORS-4 [failed]2015-11-04
ORS-5 / SensorSat2017-08-26ORS-5
ORS-6CanceledORS-6
ORS-7A / Polar Scout-1 / Yukon, ORS-7B / Polar Scout-2 / Kodiak [SmallSat Express group]2018-12-03ORS-7
ORS-8Canceled

US Air Force (USAF) WildBill (Wild Bill) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
WildBill-2 [partial failure]1962-12-13WildBill-2 (with Injun-3 and Poppy-1A/1B and SurCal-2 and CalSphere-1)
WildBill-4 [partial failure]1963-06-15WildBill-4 (with Poppy-2A/2C and LOFTI-2A and SurCal-3)

Other (selected) US military satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GRS (CRL-1)1963-06-29GRSGRSGRS
ORBIS-11964-04-21 ORBIS-1
ORBIS-1
ESRS (CRL-2)1964-06-25ESRSESRSESRS
Snapshot1965-04-03Snapshot (with SECOR-4) (SNAP-10A)
DODGE1967-07-01DODGEDODGE (with IDCSP-16/19)
Cannonball-1 / LOADS-11968-07-11Cannonball-1 (with OV1-15/16)
LIDOS / P68-1 [failed]1968-08-16LIDOSLIDOS (with SECOR-11/12 and OV5-8 and LCS-3)
Orbiscal-1 / P68-1 [failed]1968-08-16Orbiscal-1 (with OV5-8 and LCS-3 and SECOR-11/12 and 8 others)
Mylar Balloon [failed]1968-08-16Mylar BalloonMylar Balloon (with OV5-8 and LCS-3 and SECOR-11/12 and 8 others)
Rigidsphere [failed]1968-08-16RigidsphereRigidsphere (with OV5-8 and LCS-3 and SECOR-11/12 and 8 others)
Gridsphere-1, Gridsphere-2 [failed]1968-08-16GridsphereGridsphere-1/2 (with OV5-8 and LCS-3 and SECOR-11/12 and 8 others)
SESP-1 / P70-11971-06-08SESP-1SESP-1
Cannonball-2 / LOADS-21971-08-07Cannonball-2Cannonball-2 (with OV1-20P/21P)
RDTS1971-08-07RDTSRDTS (with OV1-20P/21P)
Mylar Balloon [repeated]1971-08-07Mylar BalloonMylar Balloon (with OV1-20P/21P)
Rigidsphere [repeated]1971-08-07RigidsphereRigidsphere (with OV1-20P/21P)
Gridsphere-1, Gridsphere-2 [repeated]1971-08-07GridsphereGridsphere-1/2 (with OV1-20P/21P)
FRUSA / ASTEX / P71-21971-10-17ASTEXFRUSA / ASTEXFRUSA / ASTEX
IRCB1974-04-10IRCB (with KH9-8)
RM-20 / P72-2 [failed]1975-04-12 RM-20
RM-20
RM-20
P226-11975-08-06P226-1 (with KH9-10)
Wideband / P76-51976-05-22WidebandWideband / P76-5Wideband / P76-5
HILAT / P83-1 / formerly Transit-O-161983-06-27HILAT
Pearl Ruby [failed]1986-04-18Pearl Ruby (with KH9-20)
VSE / DM-43 / Delta-180 / USA-19, VSE-Target1986-09-05 VSE
VSE-PAS
VSM + VSE-Target
VSM + VSE-Target
Delta-Star / USA-361989-03-24Delta-StarDelta-StarDelta-Star
Misty-1 / USA-53 [STS-36/Atlantis-deployed]1990-02-28Misty-1
MACSAT-1, MACSAT-21990-05-09MACSAT-1+2 MACSAT-1+2
MACSAT-1+2
Prowler [STS-38/Atlantis-deployed]1990-11-15Prowler (with SDS-2-2)
REX-1 / P89-1A / ISES1991-06-29REX-2REX-1
DARPASat-1 / USA-1021994-03-13DARPASat
REX-2 / P94-21996-03-09REX-2
Polar BEAR / P87-1 / formerly Transit-O171996-11-14Polar BEARPolar BEAR / formerly Transit-O17
MITEX-A / USA-187, MITEX-B / USA-188, MITEX-NUS / USA-1892006-06-21 MITEX-A
MITEX-B
MITEX-A+B
"MITEX twin satellite mission" (back)
"MITEX twin satellite mission" (front)
Orbital Express (ASTRO and NEXTSat/CSC)2007-03-09 Orbital Express
Orbital Express
NEXTSat
SBSS / USA-2162010-10-26SBSS
RPP / USA-2252011-02-06RPP
DWSSCanceledDWSS
DHFR2017-08-26DHFR (with ORS-5)
Prometheus-2.2, Prometheus-2.42017-08-26Prometheus-2Prometheus-2.2/2.4 (with ORS-5)
Zuma / USA-280 [failed]2018-01-08ZumaZuma
S52019-02-22S5S5S5
Odyssey / TacRL-22021-06-13 TacRL-2 (Mission 57)
TacRL-2 (Mission 57, back)
Ascent2021-12-07AscentAscent (with STPSat-6 and LDPE-1)
WFOV-T / USA-332 / AFSPC-12 / USSF-122022-07-01WFOV-TWFOV-TWFOV-T
T0TL-A-Class_1/5, T0TL-B-Class-1/3, T0TR-1/22023-04-02 T0TL-B-Class
T0TR
T0TL-A-Class_1/5 and T0TL-B-Class-1/3 and T0TR-1/2 (Ranski)
T0TL-A-Class_1/5 and T0TL-B-Class-1/3 and T0TR-1/2 (Ranski, back)
T0TL-A-Class_1/5 and T0TL-B-Class-1/3 and T0TR-1/2 (but T0TL-B-Class depicted)

Russian Yantar-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Yantar-2K / Feniks (series) / some of Kosmos1974-05-23 — 1983-06-28Yantar-2K"Yantar-2K"
Yantar-4K2 / Kobalt (series) / some of Kosmos1981-08-21 — 2002-02-25Yantar-4K2"Yantar-4K2"
Yantar-4KS1 / Terilen (series) / some of Kosmos1982-12-28 — 1990-12-21Yantar-4KS1 "Yantar-4KS1"
"Yantar-4KS1"

French Helios-series reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Helios-1A1995-07-07 Helios-1
Helios-1
Helios-1A
(French)
Helios
(French)
Helios
Helios-1B1999-12-03
Helios-2A2004-12-18Helios-2A
Helios-2B2009-12-18

French Composante Spatiale Optique (CSO) series reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CSO-12018-12-19CSO-1CSOCSO
CSO-22020-12-29
CSO-32024-?

Israeli Ofeq-series reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ofeq-11988-09-19 Ofeq-1
Ofeq-1
OfeqOfeq
Ofeq-21990-04-03Ofeq-2
Ofeq-31995-04-05Ofeq-3
Ofeq-4 / EROS-A? [failed]1998-01-23
Ofeq-52002-05-28Ofeq-5
Ofeq-6 [failed]2004-09-06
Ofeq-72007-06-10
Ofeq-8 / TechSAR-12008-01-21Ofeq-8
Ofeq-92010-10-22
Ofeq-10 / TechSAR-22014-04-09
Ofeq-112016-09-13
Ofeq-162020-07-06

German Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR)-Lupe reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SAR-Lupe-12006-12-19 SAR-Lupe-1
SAR-Lupe-1
SAR-LupeSAR-Lupe
SAR-Lupe-22007-07-02
SAR-Lupe-32007-11-01
SAR-Lupe-42008-03-27
SAR-Lupe-52008-07-22

Turkish Gokturk (Göktürk) reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Göktürk-1A2016-12-05Göktürk-1GöktürkGöktürk
Göktürk-22012-12-18Göktürk-2
Göktürk-3202xGöktürk-3

United Arab Emirates (UAE) Falcon Eye reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Falcon Eye-1 [failed]2019-07-11Falcon Eye Falcon EyeFalcon Eye
Falcon Eye-22020-12-02

Other (selected) non-USA military reconnaissance satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
US-K / Oko (series) / some of KosmosRussia1972-09-19 — 2010-03-09Oko "Oko"
"Oko-1"
"Oko-1"
"Oko-1" (fdc)
"Oko-1" (fdc)
Tselina-2 (series) / some of Kosmos-1603/2428Russia1984-09-28 — 2007-06-29Tselina-2"Tselina-2"
Clémentine (cubesat)France1999-12-03ClémentineClémentine (with Helios-1B)"Clémentine"
Essaim-1/4France2004-12-18EssaimEssaim-1/4 (with Helios-2A)
SPIRALE-A/BFrance2009-02-12SPIRALESPIRALE (with HotBird-10 and NSS-9)
TJS-2 / Huoyan-1-01China/PRC2017-01-05TJS-2
OptSat-3000Israel (IAI)-Italy2017-08-02 OptSat-3000
OptSat-3000
OptSat-3000OptSat-3000
TJS-5 / Huoyan-1-02China/PRC2020-01-07TJS-5 (but Eutelsat-Quantum depicted); ("secret test satellite")
CERES-1, CERES-2, CERES-3France2021-11-16 CERES
CERES (model)
CERES
CERES
SARah-1Germany2022-06-18SARah-1 SARah-1 (Ranski)
SARah-1 (Ranski, back)
SARah-1 (multi-color printed)
IGS-Optical-8Japan2024-01-12


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