environmental-observing satellite

Environmental-observing
(Earth-observation)
satellites


Below are checklists of Environmental-observing (Earth-observation) satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Landsat / Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Landsat-1 / ERTS-1 (ERTS-A)1972-07-23Landsat / ERTS
Landsat / ERTS
Landsat-1
Landsat-1/2/3 type
Landsat-3
ERTS / Landsat (patch)
Landsat / ERTSLandsat / ERTS
Landsat-2 / ERTS-2 (ERTS-B)1975-01-22
Landsat-3 (Landsat-C / ERTS-C)1978-03-05
Landsat-4 (Landsat-D)1982-07-16Landsat-4
Landsat-4/5 type
Landsat-5
Landsat-5 (Landsat-D1)1984-03-01
Landsat-6 [failed]1993-10-05Landsat-6
Landsat-6
Landsat-6
Landsat-6 (patch)
Landsat-71999-04-15Landsat-7
Landsat-7
Landsat-7 (patch)
Landsat-8 / LDCM2013-02-11Landsat-8
Landsat-8
Landsat-9 / LDCM2021-?

French Satellite Probatoire de l'Observation de la Terre (SPOT) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SPOT-1 (SPOT-A)1986-02-22SPOT-1
SPOT-1
SPOT-1/2/3 type
SPOTSPOT
SPOT-2 (SPOT-B)1990-01-22
SPOT-31993-09-26
SPOT-41998-03-24SPOT-4
SPOT-4
SPOT-4
SPOT-52002-05-03SPOT-5
SPOT-62012-09-09SPOT-6
SPOT-7 / now Azersky2014-06-30

Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) series satellites (including OceanSat, ResourceSat, and CartoSat):

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
IRS-1A1988-03-17IRS
IRS-1
IRS-1A
IRSIRS
IRS-1B1991-08-29
IRS-1E / IRS-P1 [failed]1993-09-20IRS-1E
IRS-P21994-10-15IRS-P2
IRS-1C1995-12-28IRS-1C
IRS-1C/1D type
IRS-1D
IRS-1D1997-09-29
IRS-P31996-03-21IRS-P3
IRS-P4 / OceanSat-11999-05-26IRS-P4
IRS-P6 / ResourceSat-12003-10-17IRS-P6
IRS-P5 / CartoSat-12005-05-05IRS-P5
CartoSat-22007-01-10CartoSat-2
CartoSat-2A2008-04-28
CartoSat-2B2010-07-12
CartoSat-2C2016-06-22
CartoSat-2D2017-02-15
CartoSat-2E2017-06-23
CartoSat-2F2018-01-12
IRS-P7 / OceanSat-22009-09-23OceanSat-2
CartoSat-32019-11-27CartoSat-3
CartoSat-3A2022-?
CartoSat-3B2022-?
ResourceSat-22011-04-20ResourceSat-2
ResourceSat-2A2016-12-07
ResourceSat-32021-?
ResourceSat-3A2022-?
ResourceSat-3B2022-?
ResourceSat-3S2022-?
ResourceSat-3SA202x-?

European Remote Sensing (ERS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ERS-11991-07-16ERS
ERS
ERS
ERS-1
ERS-1
ERS-1
ERSERS
ERS-21995-04-20

Japanese Marine Observation Satellite (MOS) / Momo series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MOS-1A / Momo-11987-02-19MOS
MOS
MOS-1
MOS /MomoMOS / Momo
MOS-1B / Momo-1B1990-02-07MOS-2

Japanese ADvanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS) / Midori series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ADEOS-1 / Midori / TOMS(-4?)1996-08-17ADEOS
ADEOS
ADEOS
ADEOS
ADEOS
ADEOS-1
ADEOS / MidoriADEOS / Midori
ADEOS-2 / Argos-2+2002-12-14ADEOS-2

Japanese Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) / Daichi series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ALOS-1 / Daichi-12006-01-24ALOS-1ALOS / DaichiALOS / Daichi
ALOS-2 / Daichi-22014-05-24ALOS-2
ALOS-32021-?ALOS-3
ALOS-42021-?ALOS-4

US Earth Observing (EO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EO-1 / NMP2000-11-21EO-1
EO-1
EO-1
EO-1 (patch)
EO-1EO-1
EO-2 / NMPCanceled
EO-3 / NMPCanceled

US Earth Observation System (EOS) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EOS-AM1 / EOS-Terra1999-12-18EOS-Terra (early-design)
EOS-Terra
EOS-Terra
EOS (patch)
EOS-Terra (patch)
EOSEOS
EOS-PM1 / EOS-Aqua2002-05-04EOS-Aqua
EOS-Aqua
EOS-Aqua
EOS-Aura (formerly EOS-Chem)2004-07-15EOS-Aura
EOS-Aura
EOS-Aura
EOS-Aura (patch)

Russian Resurs-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Resurs-OE-1 / Kosmos-14841983-07-24ResursResurs
Resurs-O1-1 / Kosmos-16891985-10-03
Resurs-O1-2 / Kosmos-19391988-04-20
Resurs-F1, Pion-1, Pion-21989-05-25
Resurs-F21989-06-27Resurs-F2
Resurs-F3, Pion-3, Pion-41989-07-18
Resurs-F41989-08-15
Resurs-F51989-09-06
Resurs-F61990-05-29
Resurs-F71990-07-17
Resurs-F81990-08-16
Resurs-F91990-09-07
Resurs-F101991-05-21
Resurs-F111991-06-28
Resurs-F121991-07-23
Resurs-F131991-08-21
Resurs-F141992-04-29
Resurs-F151992-06-23
Resurs-F16, Pion-5, Pion-61992-08-19
Resurs-5001992-11-15
Resurs-F171993-05-21
Resurs-F181993-06-25
Resurs-F191993-08-24
Resurs-O1-31994-11-04Resurs-O1
Resurs-F201995-09-26
Resurs-F1M-11997-11-18
Resurs-O1-41998-07-10Resurs-O1
Resurs-F1M-21999-09-28
Resurs-O219xx-?Resurs-O2
Resurs-DK12006-06-15Resurs-DK1
Resurs-P12013-06-25Resurs-P1

Russian Almaz-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Almaz-T1 / Kosmos-1803 [failed]1986-11-29Almaz-1
Almaz-2
Almaz-1Almaz-1
Almaz-T2 / Kosmos-18701987-07-25
Almaz-11991-03-31

Russian Okean-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Okean-E1 / Kosmos-10761979-02-12OkeanOkean
Okean-E2 / Kosmos-11511980-01-23
Okean-OE1 / Kosmos-15001983-09-28Kosmos-1500
Kosmos-1500
Okean-OE2 / Kosmos-16021984-09-28
Okean-O1-1 / Kosmos-17661986-06-28
Okean-O1-2 / Kosmos-18691987-07-16
Okean-11988-07-05
Okean-2 [failed]1989-06-09
Okean-21990-02-28
Okean-31991-06-04
Okean-41994-10-11Okean-O
Okean-O
Okean-O11999-07-17

Ukraine / Russian Sich-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sich-11995-08-31Sich-1
Sich
Sich-1
SichSich
Sich-1m [failed]2004-12-24Sich-1m
Sich-22011-08-17Sich-2

China/PRC Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) / ZY-1 series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ZY-1-01 / CBERS-11999-10-14ZY-1
ZY-1 (CBERS)
ZY-1 / CBERSZY-1 / CBERS
ZY-1-02 / CBERS-22003-10-21
ZY-1-02B / CBERS-2B2007-09-19
ZY-1-02C (not CBERS)2011-12-22
ZY-1-03 / CBERS-3 [failed]2013-12-09ZY-1-03
ZY-1-04 / CBERS-42014-12-07
ZY-1-04A / CBERS-4A2019-12-20

China/PRC ZY-2 and ZY-3 series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ZY-2-01 / Resource-2A2000-09-01ZY-2ZY-2 / Resource-2 and ZY-3 / Resource-3ZY-2 / Resource-2 and ZY-3 / Resource-3
ZY-2-02 / Resource-2B2002-10-27
ZY-2-03 / Resource-2C2004-11-06
ZY-3-01 / Resource-3A2012-01-09ZY-3
ZY-3-02 / Resource-3B2016-05-30

China/PRC Haiyang (HY) / Ocean series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HY-1 / Ocean-12002-05-16HY-1
HY-1
HY-1 (with FY-1D)
HY-1B / Ocean-1B2007-04-11HY-1B
HY-1B
HY-1B
HY-1C2018-09-07HY-1C
HY-1D2020-06-10
HY-2A2011-08-15HY-2
HY-2B2018-10-24
HY-2C2020-09-21
HY-2D2021-05-19HY-2D
HY-3A2021-?
HY-3B2021-?

China/PRC ShiYan (SY) / TanSuo (TS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SY-1 / TS-12004-04-18SY-1SY-1
SY-2 / TS-22004-11-18SY-2
SY-2 (back)
SY-3 / TS-32008-11-05SY-3
SY-4 / TS-42011-11-20
SY-5 / TS-52013-11-25SY-5
SY-6-01 / TS-6-012018-11-19SY-6-03
SY-6-02 / TS-6-022020-07-04
SY-6-03 / TS-6-032021-04-08
SY-7A / TS-7A2013-07-19
SY-7B / TS-7B2013-07-19
SY-92021-11-03

China/PRC Remote Sensing Satellite (RSS) / Yaogan-series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
RSS-1 / Yaogan-12006-04-27Yaogan-1/3/10 type
RSS-2 / Yaogan-22007-05-25Yaogan-2/4/7 type Yaogan-2
Yaogan-2
RSS-3 / Yaogan-32007-11-12Yaogan-1/3/10 type Yaogan-3
Yaogan-3
Yaogan-3
RSS-4 / Yaogan-42008-12-01Yaogan-2/4/7 type
RSS-5 / Yaogan-52008-12-15Yaogan-5
RSS-6 / Yaogan-62009-04-22Yaogan-6
RSS-7 / Yaogan-72009-12-09Yaogan-2/4/7 type
RSS-8 / Yaogan-82009-12-15Yaogan-8Yaogan-8 (with OSCAR-68)
RSS-9 / Yaogan-9A,B,C2010-03-05Yaogan-9
RSS-10 / Yaogan-102010-08-10Yaogan-1/3/10 type
RSS-11 / Yaogan-112010-09-22Yaogan-11
RSS-12 / Yaogan-122011-11-09Yaogan-5
RSS-13 / Yaogan-132011-11-29Yaogan-13
RSS-14 / Yaogan-142012-05-10Yaogan-14
RSS-15 / Yaogan-152012-05-29Yaogan-8
RSS-16 / Yaogan-16A,B,C2012-11-25Yaogan-9
RSS-17 / Yaogan-17A,B,C2013-09-01Yaogan-9"Yaogan-17A-B-C"
"Yaogan-17"
RSS-18 / Yaogan-182013-10-29Yaogan-13
RSS-19 / Yaogan-192013-11-20Yaogan-8
RSS-20 / Yaogan-20A,B,C2014-08-09Yaogan-9
RSS-21 / Yaogan-212014-09-08Yaogan-5
Yaogan-222014-10-20Yaogan-8
Yaogan-232014-11-14Yaogan-13
Yaogan-242014-11-20Yaogan-11Yaogan-24
Yaogan-25A,B,C2014-12-10Yaogan-9
Yaogan-262014-12-27Yaogan-26
Yaogan-272015-08-27Yaogan-8
Yaogan-282015-11-08Yaogan-14
Yaogan-292015-11-26Yaogan-29
Yaogan-302016-05-15Yaogan-11

China/PRC Gaofen (GF) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GF-12013-04-26GF-1
GF-1
GF-1 (with Turksat-3uSat)
GF-22014-08-19GF-2 GF-2 [known illegal issue]
GF-2 [known illegal issue]
GF-32016-08-09
GF-42015-12-29GF-4 GF-4
GF-4
GF-52018-05-08GF-5
GF-62018-06-02GF-6
GF-72019-11-03GF-7
GF-82015-06-26GF-8GF-8
GF-92015-09-14GF-9
GF-10 [failed]2016-08-31GF-10
GF-10R2019-10-04
GF-112016-11-31GF-11
GF-11-022020-09-07
GF-11-032021-?
GF-122019-11-27
GF-12-022021-03-30
GF-132020-10-11GF-13
GF-142020-12-06GF-14
GF-DM2020-07-03GF-DM

Republic Of China (Taiwan) SATellite (Rocsat) / FORMOsa SATellite (Formosat) / Chunghua series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Rocsat-1 / Formosat-1 / Chunghua-11999-01-26Rocsat-1Rocsat / FormosatRocsat / Formosat
Rocsat-2 / Formosat-22004-05-20Rocsat-2
Rocsat-2
Rocsat-2
Formosat-3A/F / COSMIC-1/62006-04-15Formosat-3
Formosat-3
Formosat-52017-08-24Formosat-5
Formosat-6201?-?Formosat-6
Formosat-7A/7F / COSMIC-2A-1/62019-06-25Formosat-7
Formosat-7 (patch)
Formosat-820??-?Formosat-8

Israeli Earth Resources Observation Satellite (EROS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EROS-A12000-12-06EROS-A1
EROS-1
EROSEROS
EROS-A2Canceled
EROS-B2006-04-25EROS-B
EROS-CCanceledEROS-C

Argentine Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientifico (SAC) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SAC-A [STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]1998-12-04SAC-ASACSAC
SAC-B1996-11-04SAC-B
SAC-C2000-11-21SAC-C
SAC-C
SAC-D / Aquarius / ESSP-62011-06-10SAC-D
SAC-E / SABIA-Mar-12022-?SAC-E

Brazilian SAtellite CIentífico (SACI) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SACI-11999-10-14SACI-1SACI-1 (with ZY-1-01)"SACI-1"
SACI-2 [failed]1999-12-11SACI-2

Canadian RADAR SATellite (Radarsat) / Radarsat Constellation Mission (RCM) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Radarsat-11995-11-04Radarsat-1
Radarsat-1
Radarsat-1
Radarsat-1
RadarsatRadarsat
Radarsat-22007-12-14Radarsat-2
RCM-1/2/32019-06-12RCM

(South) KOrean Multi-Purpose SATellite (Kompsat) / Arirang series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Kompsat-1 / Arirang-11999-12-21Kompsat-1
Kompsat (and ACRIMSAT) (patch)
KompsatKompsat
Kompsat-2 / Arirang-22006-07-28Kompsat-2
Kompsat-2
Kompsat-3 / Arirang-32012-05-17Kompsat-3
Kompsat-3A / Arirang-3A2015-03-25
Kompsat-5 / Arirang-52013-08-22Kompsat-5
Kompsat-6 / Arirang-62021-?Kompsat-6
Kompsat-7 / Arirang-72021-?Kompsat-7

US / French Jason / Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Jason-12001-12-07Jason-1
Jason-1
JasonJason
Jason-2 / OSTM2008-06-20Jason-2
Jason-2
Jason-2 (patch)
Jason-32016-01-17
Jason-CS1 / Sentinel-6A2020-11-21Jason-CS
Jason-CS2 / Sentinel-6B2026-?

Italian COnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation (COSMO-SkyMed) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
COSMO-12007-06-08COSMO-SkyMed
COSMO-22007-12-09
COSMO-32008-10-25
COSMO-42010-11-06COSMO-SkyMed
COSMO-SkyMed

European Space Agency (ESA) CRYOsphere SATellite (CryoSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CryoSat-1 [failed]2005-10-08CryoSat
CryoSat-1
CryoSatCryoSat
CryoSat-2 / Earth Explorer-32010-04-08CryoSat-2 (patch)

NIGERIA SATellite (NigeriaSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NigeriaSat-12003-09-27NigeriaSat-1
NigeriaSat-22011-08-17NigeriaSat-2

ALgeria SATellite (AlSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
AlSat-12002-11-28AlSat-1AlSatAlSat
AlSat-2A2010-07-12AlSat-2

French Pleiades (Pléiades) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Pleiades-1A2011-12-17Pleiades-1PleiadesPleiades
Pleiades-1B2012-12-03

Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation SATellite (ICESat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ICESat2003-01-12ICESat
ICESat
ICESat (with Explorer-82)
ICESat-22018-09-15 ICESat-2
ICESat-2
ICESat-2
ICESat-2 (patch)
ICESat-2
ICESat-2 (but Icesat-1 depicted)

KAZakhstan Earth Observation Satellite (KazEOSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
KazEOSat-12014-04-30KazEOSat-1 "KazEOSat-1"
"KazEOSat-1"
KazEOSat-1
KazEOSat-22014-06-19KazEOSat-2

A-train constellation satellites (see also EOS-Aqua and Aura, OCO-1 and OCO-2, and GCOM-W):

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
PARASOLFrance2004-12-18PARASOLPARASOLPARASOL
CloudSat / ESSP-4USA2006-04-28CloudSat (early-design)
CloudSat
CloudSat
CloudSatCloudSat
CALIPSO / ESSP-3France2006-04-28CALIPSO
CALIPSO
CALIPSO
CALIPSO (patch)
CALIPSOCALIPSO
Glory [failed]USA2011-03-04Glory
Glory
Glory (patch)
GloryGlory

US Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
OCO-1 / ESSP-5 [failed]2009-02-24OCO
OCO
OCO-1OCO
OCO-2 / ESSP-5 [replacement]2014-07-02OCO-2
OCO-2 (patch)
OCO-2
OCO-3 / ESSP-8 [launched with Dragon-CRS-17, attached to ISS]2019-05-04OCO-3

Japanese Global Change Observation Mission (GCOM) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GCOM-W / Shizuku2012-05-17GCOM-WGCOM-W / ShizukuGCOM-W / Shizuku
GCOM-C / Shikisai2017-12-23GCOM-C

European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sentinel-1A2014-04-03Sentinel-1SentinelSentinel
Sentinel-1B2016-04-25
Sentinel-1C2021-?
Sentinel-1D202x-?
Sentinel-2A2015-06-23Sentinel-2
Sentinel-2B2017-03-07
Sentinel-2C2021-?
Sentinel-2D202x-?
Sentinel-3A / Copernicus2016-02-16Sentinel-3
Sentinel-3B2018-04-25
Sentinel-3C2021-?
Sentinel-3C202x-?
Sentinel-4A / MTG-S12021-?MTG-S
MTG-S
Sentinel-4B / MTG-S22029-?
Sentinel-5-Precursor2017-10-13Sentinel-5-Precursor
Sentinel-5 / MetOp-SG-A12021-?MetOp-SG-A
Sentinel-6A / Jason-CS12020-11-21Jason-CS
Sentinel-6B / Jason-CS22026-?

Indonesia "National Institute of Aeronautics and Space" (LAPAN) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LAPAN-TUBsat / LAPAN-A12007-01-10LAPAN-TUBsat LAPAN-TUBsat
LAPAN-TUBsat
LAPAN-TUBsat (fdc)
LAPAN-A32016-06-22LAPAN-A3"LAPAN-A3"

Morocco Mohammed-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Mohammed-6A2017-11-08Mohammed-6Mohammed-6A
Mohammed-6A
Mohammed-6A
Mohammed-6B2018-11-21Mohammed-6B
Mohammed-6B
Mohammed-6B

Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GOSAT-1 / Ibuki-12009-01-23GOSAT-1GOSAT / IbukiGOSAT / Ibuki
GOSAT-2 / Ibuki-22018-10-29GOSAT-2
GOSAT-GW / formerly GOSAT-32023-?GOSAT-GW

EGYPTian SATellite (Egyptsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EgyptSat-12007-04-17EgyptSat-1 (early-design?)
EgyptSat-1
EgyptSat-1
EgyptSat-1
EgyptSat-22014-04-16EgyptSat-2

Other (selected) US environmental-observing satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SeaSat-1 (SeaSat-A)1978-06-27SeaSat
SeaSat
SeaSatSeaSat
ERBS / SAGE-2 [STS-41G/Challenger-deployed]1984-10-05ERBS
ERBS
ERBS
ERBS (patch, with STS-41G/Challenger)
ERBS (patch)
ERBSERBS
Geosat-11985-03-13GeosatGeosat-1 and GFOGeosat-1 and GFO
UARS [STS-48/Discovery-deployed]1991-09-12UARS
UARS (early-design?)
UARS (early-design?)
UARS
UARS (patch, with STS-48/Discovery)
UARSUARS
TOPEX-Poseidon1992-08-10TOPEX-Poseidon
TOPEX-Poseidon
TOPEX-Poseidon
TOPEX-Poseidon
TOPEX-Poseidon
TOPEX-Poseidon (early-design)
TOPEX-Poseidon (patch)
TOPEX-PoseidonTOPEX-Poseidon
TOMS-EP / TOMS(-3?)1996-07-02TOMS-EP
TOMS-EP
TOMS-EPTOMS-EP
TRMM1997-11-28TRMM
TRMM
TRMM
TRMM
TRMMTRMM
GFO1998-02-10GFO
GFO
Geosat-1 and GFOGeosat-1 and GFO
QuikScat1999-06-20QuikScat
QuikScat
QuikScat (patch)
QuikScatQuikScat
MTI2000-03-12MTI
QuikTOMS / TOMS-5 [failed]2001-09-21QuikTOMSQuikTOMS (with OrbView-4)
Coriolis / WindSat2003-01-06Coriolis
Coriolis (patch)
Coriolis / WindSatCoriolis / WindSat
Hydros / ESSP-7CanceledHydros
VCL / ESSP-1CanceledVCL
GPM2014-02-27GPM
GPM
SMAP2015-01-31SMAP
SMAP (patch)
SMAP
SMAP
CYGNSS-1/8 / ESSP-EVM12016-12-15CYGNSS
CYGNSS
TEMPEST-D [Cygnus-CRS-9 launched]2018-05-21 (launched to ISS)
2018-07-13 (deployed from ISS)
TEMPEST-D
TEMPEST-D (patch)
TEMPEST-D (patch, back)
PACE2022-?PACE

Other (selected) non-US environmental-observing satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
JERS-1 / Fuyo-1Japan (NASDA)1992-02-11JERS-1
JERS
JERS / Fuyo-1JERS / Fuyo-1
TemisatItaly1993-08-31TemisatTemisat
Temisat
Tsinghua-1China/PRC2000-06-28Tsinghua-1
EnvisatEurope (ESA)2002-03-01Envisat
Envisat
Envisat
Envisat-1
Envisat
EnvisatEnvisat
CESARSpain-ArgentinaProposed"CESAR"
"CESAR"
SciSat-1Canada2003-08-12SciSat-1
SciSat-1
SciSatSciSat
BilsatTurkey2003-09-27Bilsat-1
Monitor-ERussia2005-08-26Monitor-E
BelKA-1 [failed]Russia2006-11-26BelKA-1 BelKA-1
BelKA-1
TerraSAR-XGermany2007-06-15TerraSAR-X TerraSAR-X
TerraSAR-X
TerraSAR-X
TerraSAR-X
HJ-1A, HJ-1BChina/PRC2008-09-06HJ-1AHJ-1A+1BHJ-1A/1B type
RapidEye-1 (Tachys), RapidEye-2 (Mati), RapidEye-3 (Choma), RapidEye-4 (Choros), RapidEye-5 (Trochia)Germany2008-08-29RapidEyeRapidEye
THEOSThailand2008-10-01THEOS "THEOS"
"THEOS"
"THEOS"
"THEOS" (fdc)
SMOS / Earth Explorer-2Europe (ESA)2009-11-02SMOSSMOSSMOS
TanDEM-XGermany2010-06-21TanDEM-XTanDEM-X
RasatTurkey2011-08-17RasatRasat
Rasat (fdc)
Megha-TropiquesIndia (ISRO)-France (CNES)2011-10-12Megha-TropiquesMegha-TropiquesMegha-Tropiques
BKA / BelKA-2Belarus-Russia2012-07-22BelKA-2 "BelKA-2"
BKA
BKA
BKA (fdc)
Kanopus-V1Russia2012-07-22Kanopus-V "Kanopus-Vulkan"
"Kanopus-V"(ulkan)
VRSS-1Venezuela2012-09-29VRSS-1
VRSS-1
HJ-1CChina/PRC2012-11-18HJ-1C
SARAL / Argos-3India (ISRO)-France (CNES)2013-02-25SARALSARALSARAL
Kondor #1 / Kosmos-2487Russia2013-06-27Kondor-E1"Kondor-1"
Kondor (optical)RussiaUnknownKondor (optical)
Kuaizhou-1China/PRC2013-09-25
VNREDSat-1aVietnam2014-05-07VNREDSat-1"VNREDSat-1a"
DMC-3UK2015-07-10DMC-3
NuSat-2 / Aleph-1-2Argentina2016-05-30NuSat-1NuSat-2 (with ZY3-01 and OSCAR-87)
PeruSat-1Peru2016-09-16PeruSat-1"PeruSat" [known illegal issue]
TanSat (CarbonSat)China/PRC2016-12-21TanSatTanSat
Spark-1, Spark-2China/PRC2016-12-21Spark-1Spark-1/2
Yijian?China/PRC2016-12-21Yijian
GaoJing-1-01, GaoJing-1-02China/PRC2016-12-28GaoJing-1GaoJing-1/2
Toloo [failed]Iran2017-07-22Toloo"Tolou" (Toloo)
VENuSIsrael (IAI)-France (CNES)2017-08-02VENuSVENuS
VRSS-2Venezuela2017-10-09VRSS-2
Kanopus-V3/V4Russia2018-02-01Kanopus-VKanopus-V3/V4+D-Star-1+others
Paz / SEOSARSpain2018-02-22Paz
Luojia-1-01China/PRC2018-06-02Luojia-1
PRSSPakistan2018-07-09PRSS
PRSS-1
PRSS
PRSS
"PRSS-1"
"PRSS-1" (fdc)
"PRSS-1" (fdc)
PakTES-1APakistan2018-07-09PakTES-1A "PakTES-1A"
"PakTES-1A" (fdc)
"PakTES-1A" (fdc)
ADM-Aeolus / Earth Explorer-4Europe (ESA)2018-08-22ADM-Aeolus "Aeolus" [known illegal issue]
"Aeolus" [known illegal issue]
"Aeolus" [known illegal issue]
SAOCOM-1AArgentina2018-10-07SAOCOM-1SAOCOM-1A
SAOCOM-1A
KhalifaSat / DubaiSat-3United Arab Emirates2018-10-29KhalifaSatKhalifaSatKhalifaSat
Ingenio / SEOSat [failed]Spain2020-11-17Ingenio
StriX-AJapan2020-12-15StriXStriX-A
Arktika-M1Russia2021-02-28Arktika-MArktika-M1
Arktika-M1
SWOTFrance (CNES)-USA (NASA)2022-?SWOT
Biomass / Earth Explorer-7Europe (ESA)2022-?Biomass
EarthCARE / Earth Explorer-6Europe (ESA)2022-?EarthCARE EarthCARE [known illegal issue]
EarthCARE [known illegal issue]
FLEX / Earth Explorer-8Europe (ESA)2022-?FLEX
NISARIndia (ISRO)-USA (NASA)2022-?NISAR

US commercial environmental-observing satellites:

SatelliteCompanyLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EarlyBird-1 [failed]Earth Watch Inc.1997-12-24EarlyBirdEarlyBird-1Earlybird-1
Ikonos-1 [failed]Space Imaging Co.1999-04-27IkonosIkonosIkonos
Ikonos-2Space Imaging Co.1999-09-24
QuickBird-1 [failed]DigitalGlobe Inc.2000-11-20QuickBirdQuickBird
QuickBird-2DigitalGlobe Inc.2001-10-18QuickBird-2
OrbView-1Orbital Imaging Corp.1995-04-03OrbView-1OrbViewOrbView
OrbView-2 / SeaStar/SeaWiFSOrbital Imaging Corp.1997-08-01OrbView-2
OrbView-2
SeaWiFSSeaWiFS
OrbView-3Orbital Imaging Corp.2003-06-26OrbView-3OrbViewOrbView
OrbView-4 [failed]Orbital Imaging Corp.2001-09-21OrbView-4
GeoEye-1 (formerly OrbView-5)GeoEye Inc.2008-09-06GeoEye-1GeoEyeGeoEye
WorldView-1Satellite Imaging Corp.2007-09-18WorldView-1WorldViewWorldView
WorldView-2Satellite Imaging Corp.2009-10-08WorldView-2
WorldView-3Satellite Imaging Corp.2014-08-13
WorldView-4 (formerly GeoEye-2)GeoEye Inc.2016-11-11WorldView-4
SkySat-1Skybox Imaging Inc.2013-11-21SkySat-1SkySatSkySat
SkySat-2Skybox Imaging Inc.2014-07-08
SkySat-3 — 7Skybox Imaging Inc.2016-09-16


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2001-2021, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2021-06-15