air pollution

Air Pollution and
Atmospheric Chemistry

atmospheric chemistry

Below are checklists of Air pollution and atmospheric chemistry on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.). Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the items featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
(References to)
Air pollution and air quality
Fossil fuel burning
Atmospheric chemistry
Acid rain
Smog
Health effects Health effects
Ozone
(in an atmospheric chemistry context)
Ozone
(in an atmospheric chemistry context)
Aerosols2 Aerosols2


Below is a list of Air pollution and atmospheric chemistry on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
(References to) Air pollution and air quality
This section contains philatelic items that include general references to air pollution and air quality and that do not fit into any of the other tables below.
BelgiumNone(Pictorial) cancel on cover1974"Against environmental pollution" (including air pollution) (in French and Dutch)
Germany (West)1468 (Mi1291)1986Augsburg Cathedral stained glass window damaged by air pollution
Greece1288-1231 fdc (Mi1287-1290 fdc)(Purple and black printed) cachet on FDC1977Air pollution choking Earth
Netherlands729 (Mi771)1974No more atmospheric lead (Pb) pollution; also other atmospheric pollutants from gasoline
Netherlands729-730 fdcOne of two stamps and (NVPH) cachet on FDC
Spain3826 (Mi4668)2012"No contaminar el aire" ("don't pollute the air")
Spain3826 fdcStamp on FDC
Spain3826 card (Mi4668 card)Printed stamp (like 3826) on postal card2012"No contaminar el aire" ("don't pollute the air")
Fossil fuel burning
This section contains philatelic items that depict fossil fuel burning (such as industrial smokestacks and vehicle exhaust) in the context of the theme of air pollution or an explicit or implicit environmental theme such as World Environment Day or other related themes such as "preserving the environment" or a "clean environment". If they also refer explicitly or implicitly to climate change, global warming, carbon, CO2, etc, they are found in the Anthropogenic Climate Change page.
Belgium865 (Mi1759)1974Smokestack emissions depicted as an idealized unpolluted environment with clean air
Belgium865 maxiMaxicard
Belgium865 sc1Souvenir card
Belgium865 sc2Souvenir card (different)
Belgium865 sc3Souvenir card (different)
Belgium865 fdc1Stamp and (l'Association internationale des Amis de Robert Schuman) cachet on FDC
Belgium865 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Belgium Post cachet)
Belgium865 fdc3Stamp on FDC (Conseil de l'Europe cachet)
Belgium865 fdc4Stamp on FDC (Conseil de l'Europe cachet, different)
Belgium865 fdc5Stamp on FDC (Conseil de l'Europe cachet, different)
Brazil1747 (Mi1831)One of block of four (1748a (1745-1748)) (Mi1829-1832)1981"Environmental protection - air" (in Portuguese text)
Brazil1748a fdc1One of block of four and (pictorial) cancel on FDC (Rio cancel; Brasil Post cachet)
Brazil1748a fdc2One of block of four and (pictorial) cancel on FDC (Sao Paulo cancel; Brasil Post cachet)
Burundi1122 (Mi2565-2568)MS4 (a-d)2012Smokestacks and "Pollution de l'air"
Burundi1142 (BL237)SS1
Central African RepublicMi7355One of MS4 (Mi7355-7358)2017"Fossil fuel [burning] air pollution" (in French text)
Chile1178b (Mi1776)One of MS4 (1178 (a-d)) (Mi1775-1778)1996
Chile1178a-b fdcOne of two stamps on FDC (Correos de Chile cachet), also back
Chile1178 brochureBrochure
Ghana1166 (Mi1336)1989WED3: "industrial pollution" (of the atmosphere)
Great Britain1466 (Mi1417)1992"Bird of Hope" in the context of industrial pollution (on stamp and the cachet of the Fleetwood GB 1466 FDC); industrial smokestacks in the cachet of the Cotswold & Stuart FDC
Great Britain1466 fdcStamp and (Fleetwood) cachet on FDC (Edinburgh cancel), also back
Great Britain1466 cardPHQ card back, also front
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc1One of four stamps on FDC (Howletts, Canterbury cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc2One of four stamps on FDC (Stockport cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc3One of four stamps on FDC (Twickenham cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc4One of four stamps and (Cotswold & Stuart) cachet on FDC (Poole, Dorset cancel)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc5One of four stamps on FDC (Edinburgh cancel, Fleetwood cachet), also back
Korea (South)1583 (Mi1621)From booklet of 10 (1584a (10x 1584)) with booklet front2019Symbolic capture of air pollution from fossil fuel burning in the context of environmental protection (on stamp and booklet front)
Korea (South)1594G (Mi1621C)Coil stamp
Luxembourg751 (Mi1151)1986Fossil fuel burning - symbolic effects on cities and forests
Luxembourg752 (Mi1152)
Luxembourg752 maxiMaxicard (752)
Luxembourg751-752 fdcTwo stamps and (Éditions Thill) cachet on FDC
Maldive Islands1833 (Mi1845)1992Smokestack and environmental degradation
Maldive Islands1832-1835 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Maldive Islands1833 op (Mi1845 op)1833 overprinted in black1995Smokestack and environmental degradation
Morocco320 (Mi771)1974
Morocco320 fdcStamp and (pictorial) cancel and (green and blue and brown printed) cachet (design like stamp) on FDC
MoroccoUnknown (Mi?)2017
MoroccoUnknown b (Mi1961)One of strip of 4 (a-d) (Mi1960-1963)2018
MozambiqueMi9632One of MS4 (Mi9629-9632)2018
MozambiqueUnknown d (Mi?)One of MS4 (a-d)2019"Atmospheric pollution" (in Portuguese text)
MozambiqueUnknown stamp (BL?)Stamp from SS1Industrial smokestacks
Netherlands Antilles1175a (Mi1621)Two of MS8 (1175e (2x (1175 (a-d)) + 2 labels)) (Mi1621-1624)2008Fossil fuel burning - "one of the causes" (of global warming)
Netherlands Antilles1175 fdcBlock of four stamps on FDC (Netherlands Antilles Nieuwe Post cachet)
New Zealand1267 (Mi1417)One of booklet pane of 10 (1268a (1259-1268)) (Mi1409-1418), with booklet outside (1268b)1995"Control air and water quality"
NigerUnknown a (Mi?)One of MS4 (a-d)2019"Pollution atmosphérique"
Poland4362a+selvedge (Mi5016+selvedge)From MS3 (4362 (a-c)) (BL276, Mi5016-5018)2018"Necessary changes" (to save our planet) (in Polish text)
Poland4362b+selvedge (Mi5017+selvedge)"To save our planet" (in Polish text)
Spain2135 (Mi2400)1979"Save energy" (in Spanish text) (by burning less fossil fuel in transport)
Spain2135 maxiMaxicard
Surinam969 (Mi1475)1994(Air) "pollution!"
TogoUnknown d (Mi?)One of MS4 (a-d)2019"Pollution atmosphérique"
TurkeyB176 (Mi2515)1980"Environmental health" (in Turkish text)
TurkeyB174-B177 fdcOne of four stamps and cachet (design like stamp) on FDC
Atmospheric chemistry
This section contains philatelic items that refer explicitly or implicitly to atmospheric chemistry, unless they also refer to Acid Rain, Smog, Health Effects, Ozone or Aerosols, in which case they will be found in one of the five tables below.
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1983"RACEA1 Physico-chimie de l'atmosphère - Kerguelen"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Turquoise rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1985"RACEA1 Physico-chimie de l'atmosphère - Crozet"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1985"RACEA1 Physico-chimie de l'atmosphère - Île Amsterdam"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Purple rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1986"RACEA1 Physico-chimie de la basse atmosphère - Terre Adélie"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1991"RACEA1 Physico-chimie de la basse atmosphère - Terre Adélie"
French Southern and Antarctic Territories215 (Mi343)1996"Station de Pointe Bénédicte: Chimie de l'atmosphère"; see also FSAT cover 1996 and FSAT cover 2000
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1996"Programme RACEA1 47 - physico-chimie - troposphère" with the names of specialists studying "DMS" (dimethyl sulfate/sulfide), CO and CO2; also "Pointe B." (refers to the atmospheric chemistry studies at the Pointe Bénédicte station; see also FSAT 215 and FSAT cover 2000
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover back, also front1998"49ème Mission scientifique RACEA1 1997-99" with the names of specialists studying "soufre" (atmospheric sulfur, sulfides and sulfates), "Capoxy" (oxidizing capacity of the subpolar atmosphere) and "CO2 (and) Radon"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Black round rubber-stamp) cachet on cover2000"Physico-Chimie de l"Atmosphère - District de Saint Paul et Amsterdam"; also the names of specialists studying CO2 and DMS (dimethyl sulfate/sulfide); also a depiction of the Pointe Bénédicte station, where atmospheric chemistry studies are conducted; see also FSAT 215 and FSAT cover 1996)
French Southern and Antarctic Territories294f_stamp cover (Mi464 cover)(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover2003"Physico-chimie de la troposphère polaire"
ItalyNone(Blue and green and black printed and cyan rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1999"IGAC" ("International Global Atmospheric Chemistry") logo and "IGAC 6th International Scientific Conference" (in Italian text)
United StatesNone(Black rubber-stamp) cachet1976"South Pole Atmospheric Chemistry Program"
Acid rain
This section contains philatelic items that refer explicitly or implicitly to acid rain.
Burundi1129 (Mi2530-2533)MS4 (a-d)2012"Pluies acides", smokestacks and dead trees
Burundi1149 (BL230)SS1
Egypt1198 (Mi1420)1982Acid rain and dead tree contrasted with healthy tree.
Brazil1746 (Mi1830)One of block of four (1748a (1745-1748)) (Mi1829-1832)1981Symbolic effect of acid rain on trees; "Environmental protection - forests" (in Portuguese text)
Brazil1748a fdc1One of block of four on FDC (Rio cancel; Brasil Post cachet)
Brazil1748a fdc2One of block of four on FDC (Sao Paulo cancel; Brasil Post cachet)
Egypt1320 (Mi1556)1986Symbolic effect of acid rain (with dead tree)
Egypt1320 fdcStamp and (green and black printed) cachet (design like stamp) on FDC
Great Britain1463 (Mi1414)1992"Acid Rain Kills" (on stamp and the cachet of the Fleetwood GB 1463 FDC and the cachet of the Cotswold & Stuart FDC)
Great Britain1463 pairGutter pair
Great Britain1463 fdcStamp and (Fleetwood) cachet on FDC (Edinburgh cancel), also back
Great Britain1463 cardPHQ card back, also front
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc1One of four stamps on FDC (Howletts, Canterbury cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc2One of four stamps on FDC (Stockport cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc3One of four stamps and (Cotswold & Stuart) cachet on FDC (Poole, Dorset cancel)
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc4One of four stamps on FDC (Edinburgh cancel, Fleetwood cachet), also back
Great Britain1463-1466 fdc5One of four stamps on FDC (Twickenham cancel, Royal Mail cachet)
Greece1230 (Mi1289)1977Effect of acid rain on vegetation
Greece1231 (Mi1290)Symbolic effect of acid rain from industrial air pollution on monuments
Greece1288-1231 fdcTwo of four stamps on FDC(As above for stamps)
Italy1029 (Mi1325)1970Symbolic effect of acid rain (with dead tree)
Italy1030 (Mi1326)
Italy1029-1030 fdcTwo stamps on FDC (Italy Post cachet)
Netherlands680 (Mi1293)1986Symbolic effect of acid rain on trees
Netherlands679-680 fdcOne of two stamps on FDC (NVPH cachet)
Russia (USSR)5318 (BL178)On stamp of SS11984Symbolic acid rain effect, with healthy leaf at left and sick leaf at right depicted with various polluting industries
Sweden1605 (Mi1397C)Perforated horizontally1986Vehicle emissions contributing to acid rain
Sweden1606 top (Mi1398Do)
1606 bottom (Mi1398Du)
Imperforate on top and bottom, respectively, from booklet pane of 6 (1606a (6x 1606)), with booklet interior and outside (front and back)Industrial emissions contributing to acid rain (in stamp); symbolic acid rain resulting from industrial and vehicle emissions (in booklet front)
Sweden1605-1606 fdcThree stamps and (pictorial) cancel and cachet on FDC, also insert and insert back(As above for stamps); "Stop acid rain" (in the cachet, in many languages); acid rain and its chemical components (in the cancel); also in insert text: "Acidity is one of many problems caused by polluted air. Every minute, industries and cars emit acid pollutants, primarily sulphur, nitrogen and hydrocarbon compounds. Some exhausts pollute the immediate environment [while] others are carried by the wind for long distances". Acid rain caused by air pollution has damaged "over 20,000 Swedish lakes" as well as "the big forests". "Air pollution must be reduced drastically by using better purification and combustion methods".
United States2569 maxi(Unicover) maxicard back, also front1991"found in a high concentration in the exceedingly dense atmosphere of Venus is sulphuric acid, a major component of acid rain on Earth"
Smog
This section contains philatelic items that refer explicitly or implicitly to smog
Great Britain1963-1966 fdc1 (Mi1924-1927 fdc1)(Dawn Cover Productions) cachet on FDC (Bracknell Berkshire "150 Years of Weather Charts" pictorial cancel)2001"1952 - London's notorious smog"
Great Britain1963-1966 fdc2 (Mi1924-1927 fdc2)(Dawn Cover Productions) cachet on FDC (Bracknell Berkshire "The Weather" pictorial cancel)
Great Britain1966a fdc (BL10, Mi1924-1927 fdc)(Dawn Cover Productions) cachet on FDC (Bracknell Berkshire "150 Years of Weather Charts" pictorial cancel)
Poland4362c+selvedge (Mi5018+selvedge)One of MS3 (4362 (a-c)) (BL276, Mi5016-5018)2018"Fight against smog" (in Polish text)
United StatesNone(Coverscape) cachet on cover2012"The Great Smog of 1952"
Health effects
This section contains philatelic items that refer explicitly or implicitly to health effects related to air pollution, air quality or atmospheric chemistry.
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card back, also front2002"too much UV can lead to cataracts, and too much UV-B can cause skin cancer and weaken the immune system" (in Chinese text); (a result of the atmospheric chemistry that leads to ozone depletion)
MonacoB112 (Mi2174?)1994"La lutte contre la tuberculose et les maladies respiratoires" (stamp shows polluting smokestacks which can contribute to respiratory problems)
New ZealandB217 (Mi?)2015"Sunsmart" - "Slip" on a shirt, and into some shade (to protect from harmful solar UV-B radiation)
New ZealandB218 (Mi?)"Sunsmart" - "Slop" on some sunscreen, minimum "SPF-30" (to protect from harmful solar UV-B radiation)
New ZealandB219 (Mi?)"Sunsmart" - "Slap" on a hat (to protect from harmful solar UV-B radiation)
New ZealandB220 (Mi?)Heat-sensitive MS4 (B217a+B218a+B219a+B220a), different perforations(As above and below for stamps)
New ZealandB220 fdcMS4 and (pictorial) cancel and cachet on FDC
New ZealandB221Self-adhesive, same design as B220a"Sunsmart" - "Wrap" on some sunglasses (to protect from harmful solar UV-B radiation)
New ZealandB217a+B218a+B219a+B220a fdcFour stamps and (pictorial) cancel and cachet on FDC(As above for stamps)
RomaniaNone(Pictorial) cancel and cachet on postcard1995"Air pollution causes more deaths than genetic changes or climate change"
San Marino1746 (Mi?)2008Symbolic UV effect on human health
San Marino1746 bpBooklet pane of 4 (4x 1476)
San Marino1745-1748 fdcOne of four stamps and (pictorial) cancel on FDC
San Marino1746-1747 fdcOne of two stamps and (pictorial) cancel on FDC
Ozone (in an atmospheric chemistry context)
This section contains philatelic items that refer to ozone in the context of atmospheric chemistry, including explicit references to CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons). The full set of all ozone items is found in the Ozone page, which also includes links to other ozone-related pages, such as scientists who studied ozone, ozone-monitoring satellites and ozonesondes.
British Antarctic Territory179 (Mi180)1991"Chemical studies in the ozone layer"
British Antarctic Territory176-179 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC, also insert and insert back
British Antarctic Territory198-201 fdc insert backPage 2 of insert from FDC, also front, also insert1992"ozone is being destroyed because of the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)"
Ghana2147 (Mi3039)1999Avoid "CFC"s; "Use ozone-friendly products"
Mexico2060 (Mi2663)1997Chemical equation "Cl + O3 yields ClO + O2"
Mexico2060 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
New ZealandNone(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1990"Antarctic air chemistry" in the context of Antarctic ozone depletion - the aerosol spray can is a reference to CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons)
SpainNone(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-canceled) (Spanish Post) stamped envelope (from 2011)2013"For their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone" (in Spanish text), Paul J. Crutzen, Mario Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland won the 1995 Nobel prize in physics
SpainNone(Multi-color printed) cachet (different) on (un-canceled) (Spanish Post) stamped envelope (from 2011)"For their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone", Paul J. Crutzen, Mario Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland won the 1995 Nobel prize in physics
Aerosols2
This section includes philatelic items that refer explicitly or implicitly to atmospheric aerosols2
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on cover2008"Lidar, Ozone, Aerosols"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on postcard2008"Lidar, Ozone, Aerosols"
Great BritainNone(Pictorial) cancel on cover1975"10th International Aerosol Congress"
United StatesNone(Coverscape) cachet on cover2011The Pinatubo volcano "injected large amounts of aerosols into the stratosphere ... over the following months the aerosols formed a global layer of sulfuric acid haze"

1RACEA (RAdioactivité et Chimie de l'Environnement Atmosphérique) is a scientific laboratory on Amsterdam Island. Available information about its history is sketchy. It may have been set up in the late '50s or early '60s in the era of frequent atmospheric nuclear tests, with the goal of studying natural and manmade radioactive aerosols. It was well-established by 1968. With the passage of time its mandate apparently expanded so that by the 1980s it was generally referred to as the Laboratory of the Physical Chemistry of the (Low) Atmosphere, and still later as the Laboratory of the Physical Chemistry of the (Polar) Troposphere. The acronym "RACEA" is often included on philatelic covers that feature those names, presumably as a legacy of the early days of the Lab.
2Atmospheric aerosols play important roles in climate and atmospheric chemistry: they scatter sunlight, provide condensation nuclei for cloud droplets, and participate in heterogeneous chemical reactions.
3WED: World Environmental Day


Below is a list of Air pollution and atmospheric chemistry on launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Ozone (in an atmospheric chemistry context)
United States1979-02-18Wallops Island VA(Space Voyage) cachet on Explorer-60 launch cover"SAGE - Stratospheric Aerosol & Gas Experiment ... to obtain data on the aerosols and ozone in the stratosphere - study to aid concern about methods to preserve the environment of the ozone layer in Earth's atmosphere"
Health effects
United States1979-02-18Wallops Island VA(Space Voyage) cachet on Explorer-60 launch cover"SAGE - Stratospheric Aerosol & Gas Experiment ... to obtain data on the aerosols and ozone in the stratosphere ... (ozone protects the Earth and its inhabitants from ultraviolet radiation)"
Aerosols2
Japan1977-09-15Uchinoura(Scenic) cancel and (JapanCover no.87) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch coverMeasurement by rocket of "aerosol density in the region of 15 - 50 km altitude"
United States1979-02-18Wallops Island VA(Space Voyage) cachet on Explorer-60 launch cover"SAGE - Stratospheric Aerosol & Gas Experiment ... to obtain data on the aerosols and ozone in the stratosphere"
United States2011-03-04Cape Canaveral FL(Mission-57) cachet on Glory and E1P and KySat-1 and Hermes launch cover back, also front"will characterize the aerosol types in the atmosphere, whether from wildfires, organic particulates, combustion engines, or some other source"
Great Britain2016-03-14Leicester(Buckingham Covers) insert from ExoMars launch cover, also front and backThe NOMAD (Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery) instrument aboard the ExoMars satellite includes the "'UVIS', a miniature ultraviolet spectrometer whose main objective is to detect and quantify trace gas concentrations, but also to study aerosols present in the Martian atmosphere"

2Atmospheric aerosols play important roles in climate and atmospheric chemistry: they scatter sunlight, provide condensation nuclei for cloud droplets, and participate in heterogeneous chemical reactions.



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