acronyms

Master List
of Names, Acronyms,
Initialisms, and Abbreviations
for Un-manned Satellites
(and atmospheric research rockets)


Below is a Master List of the Names, Acronyms, Initialisms, and Abbreviations associated with the un-manned satellites that are mentioned in this Website. Each satellite acronym and/or name is associated with a type/discipline which links to the page where the satellite (or satellites in that series) is (are) found. Individual satellites or satellite series are linked to satellite-specific pages when available.

Although not all shortened satellite names are acronyms, the term "acronym" is often used to cover all three types of compound terms.

This list includes all satellite names found in our web pages, with the exception of some of the (usually small) sub-satellites (often with single-use names) carried aboard ISS-related transfer vehicles/systems. Those "missing" satellite names are found on the ISS-related launches page.

Master List of Names, Acronyms, Initialisms, and Abbreviations for Un-manned Satellites
Acronyms
Non-Acronym Names


Satellite or Rocket Acronym (Other Names)Satellite (or Rocket) NameType/Discipline
Compound-term "Acronyms"
A-1Astérixscientific/research/technology
AAUSatAAlborg University SATellitescientific/research/technology
ABRIXASA BRoadband Imaging X-Ray All-Sky Surveyastronomical/telescope
ABSAsia Broadcast Satellitecommunications
ACE (Explorer-71, MIDEX-(-1))Advanced Composition Explorerscientific/research/technology
ACRIMSATActive Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor SATellitescientific/research/technology
ACTS [STS-51/Discovery-deployed]Advanced Communications Test Satellitecommunications
ADEOS (Midori)ADvanced Earth Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ADE (Explorer-19/24/39)Atmospheric Dynamics Explorerscientific/research/technology
ADM-Aeolus / Earth Explorer-4Atmospheric Dynamics Missionenvironmental-observing
AE (Explorer-17/32/51/54/55)Atmospheric Explorerscientific/research/technology
AEGIS (Horyu)Arc Event Generator and Investigation Satellitescientific/research/technology
AEHFAdvanced Extreme High Frequency (satellite)communications
AEM (Explorer-58/60)Applications Explorer Missionscientific/research/technology
AERCam-Sprint [STS-87/Columbia-deployed]Autonomous Extra-vehicular Robotic CAMera - Sprintscientific/research/technology
AfricaSatAFRICA SATellitecommunications
AfriStarAFRIca STARcommunications
AFSPCAir Force SPace Command [launch/mission designation]military
AggieSat (DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]AGGIE SATellitescientific/research/technology
AGILEAstro-rivelatore Gamma a Immagini LEggeroastronomical/telescope
AGORA [canceled]Affordable and Guaranteed Offers for Rural Areascommunications
AIM (Explorer-90, SMEX-9)Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesospherescientific/research/technology
AIMP (each in this series has another name)Anchored Interplanetery Monitoring Platform
AL YahAL YAH satellite communications companycommunications
AlcomsatALgeria COMmunications SATellitecommunications
ALEXISArray of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensorsastronomical/telescope
ALMASatALma MAter SATellitescientific/research/technology
ALOS (Daichi)Advanced Land Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
AlSatALgeria SATelliteenvironmental-observing
AMC / GEAMeriComcommunications
AMOSAffordable Modular Optimized Satellitecommunications
AMPTE (Explorer-65)Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer (CCE, IRM, and UKS)scientific/research/technology
AMS (DMSP)Advanced Meteorological Satellitemilitary
Amsat (OSCAR)radio AMateur SATellite corporationamateur radio
AMSC (M-Sat)American Mobile Satellite Corporationcommunications
ANASIS / KMilSatComArmy/Navy/Air Force Satellite Information Systemcommunications
ANDE-MAA/FCal (OSCAR-61/62)Atmospheric Neutral Density Experimentamateur radio
ANDE-2-AA/PAAtmospheric Neutral Density Experimentscientific/research/technology
ANGELSAutomated Navigation and Guidance Experiment for Local Spacemilitary
ANNAArmy, Navy, NASA, and Air Force (joint satellite)navigation
ANSAstronomical Netherlands Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ANTELsatAdministración Nacional de TELecomunicaciones SATellitescientific/research/technology
AOSO [canceled]Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
APMT [canceled]Asia Pacific Mobile Telecomcommunications
APPLEAriane Passenger PayLoad Experiment (geo test communications satellite)communications
APStarAsia-Pacific STARcommunications
APT [system, not a satellite]Automatic Picture Transmission
Arabsat [Arabsat-1B was STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]ARABian SATellitecommunications
ARCAD (Aureole / Oreol)ARCtic Aurora DensityRussian
ARCASAll-purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundingsatmospheric research rockets
ARDAdvanced Reentry Demonstratorscientific/research/technology
ArdusatARDuino SATellitescientific/research/technology
ARGOSAdvanced Research Global Observation Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ARISSat (Kedr, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Amateur Radio on the International Space Station sATelliteamateur radio
ArsatARgentina SATellitecommunications
ARTEMIS [comsat]Advanced Relay and TEchnology MISsioncommunications
ARTEMIS-P1/P2 [lunar] (Explorer-85/89 / THEMIS-P1/P5 / MIDEX-5A/5E)Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence and Electrodynamics of the Moon's Interaction with the Sunscientific/research/technology
ASC [ASC-1 was STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]American Satellite Companycommunications
AsiaSatASIA SATellitecommunications
AsiaStarASIA STARcommunications
ASCA (Asuka / Astro-D)Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astronomyastronomical/telescope
ASTERIAArcsecond Space Telescope Enabling Research in AstrophysicsISS-related
ASTEX / FRUSAAdvanced Space Technology EXperimentmilitary
ASTRO (Orbital Express)Autonomous Space Transport Robotic Operationsmilitary
AT&T / DirecTVAmerican Telephone and Telegraphcommunications
ATDAAugmented Target Docking Adapterscientific/research/technology
ATHENAAdvanced Telescope for High-Energy Astrophysicsastronomical/telescope
ATLAS [STS-payload]ATmospheric Laboratory for Application and ScienceSpace Shuttle and satellites
ATN (NOAA)Advanced TIROS-Npolar-weather
ATSApplication Technology Satellitegeostationary-weather
ATVAutonomous Transfer VehicleISS-related
AubieSat (OSCAR-71)AUBurn university SATelliteamateur radio
Aussat (Optus) [Aussat-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Discovery-deployed, respectively]AUStralian communications SATellitecommunications
AXAF (CXO, CXRO) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facilityastronomical/telescope
AzerSky (formerly SPOT-7)AZERbaijan SKYenvironmental-observing
AzerSpaceAZERbaijan SPACEcommunications
AzTechSatAZ TECH SATelliteISS-related
BATSat (Teledesic-T1)Broadband Advanced Technologies SATellitecommunications
BD [Bangladesh]BangabanDhucommunications
BD [China/PR]BeiDou (navigation constellation)navigation
BE (Explorer-S66/22/27)Beacon Explorerscientific/research/technology
BeeSatBerlin Experimental and Educational SATellitescientific/research/technology
BelintersatBELarus INTERnational? SATellitecommunications
BelKA (BKA)BELarus Kosmic Apparatenvironmental-observing
BermudasatBERMUDA SATellitecommunications
BilsatBILten SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Biosatellite (Biosat)BIOlogical SATELLITEbiological
BIRDBispectral InfraRed Detectionscientific/research/technology
BKA (BelKA)Belarus Kosmic Apparatenvironmental-observing
BlackSky (constellation)BLACK SKYenvironmental-observing
BLITSBall Lens In The SpaceRussian
BMEWS (DSP)Ballistic Missile Early Warning Satellitemilitary
BrasilsatBRASIL (Brazil) SATellitecommunications
BremSat [STS-60/Discovery-deployed]university of BREMen SATellitescientific/research/technology
BRIsatBank Rakyat Indonesia SATellitecommunications
BRITE (CanX)BRIght-star Target Explorerastronomical/telescope
BS (BSE, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellitecommunications
BSatBroadcasting SATellitecommunications
BSB (MarcoPolo)British Satellite Broadcastingcommunications
BSE (BS, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellite Experimentalcommunications
BY70-1Bayi Kepu Weixing-1communications
CAESARComet Astrobiology Exploration Sample Returncometary-exploration
CALIPSO (ESSP-3)Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observationenvironmental-observing
CalSphereCALibration SPHEREscientific/research/technology
CAMEOChemically Active Material Ejected in Orbitscientific/research/technology
ChubuSat (Kinshachi)CHUBU (?) university SATellitescientific/research/technology
CanX (BRITE)Canadian Advanced Nanospace eXperimentsscientific/research/technology
CartoSat (IRS)CARTOgraphy SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CAS-A (Eole)Cooperative Applications Satellitescientific/research/technology
CASSIOPECAscade SmallSat and IOnospheric Polar Explorerscientific/research/technology
CATCapsule Ariane Technologiquescientific/research/technology
CATSAT (STEDI-3) [canceled]Cooperative Astrophysics and Technology SATelliteastronomy/telescope
CBERS (ZY-1)China/PRC Brazil Earth Resources Satelliteenvironmental-observing
CBNTCaractérisation de l'Environement Radioélectrique par un Instrument Spatial Embarquescientific/research/technology
CCE (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Charge Composition Explorerscientific/research/technology
CEPCylindrical Electrostatic Probescientific/research/technology
CERISECaractérisation de l'Environement Radioélectrique par un Instrument Spatial Embarquescientific/research/technology
CESARCooperation ESpañola-ARgentinaenvironmental-observing
CGRO (Compton) [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]Compton Gamma Ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CHAMPCHAllenging Mini-aatellite Payloadscientific/research/technology
CHEOPSCHaracterising ExOPlanets Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ChinaSat (ZX, and some ST)China/PRC SATellitecommunications
CHIME / Sentinel-10Copernicus Hyperspectral Imaging Mission for the Environmentenvironmental-observing
CHIPSat (Explorer-82 / UNEX-1)Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer satellitescientific/research/technology
CIMR / Sentinel-11Copernicus Imaging Microwave Radiometerenvironmental-observing
CLIO / Nemesis-2????military
CloudSat (ESSP-4)CLOUD SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CNSR [canceled]Comet Nucleus Sample Returncometary-exploration
COBE (Explorer-66)COsmic Background Explorerscientific/research/technology
COBRAS-SAMBA (Planck)COsmic Background Radiation Anisotropy Satellite / SAtellite for Measurement of Background Anisotropiesastronomical/telescope
COMET (renamed METEOR) [failed]COMmercial Experiment Transporterscientific/research/technology
COMETS / KakehashiCommunication Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research/technology
COMS (Cheollian / Geo-Kompsat)Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellitegeostationary weather
Comsat-BwCOMmunications SATellitecommunications
Comsat-NGCOMmunications SATellitecommunications
ComstarCOMmunications STARcommunications
Contour (Discovery-6)COmet Nucleus TOURcometary-exploration
CORSA-B (Hakucho)COsmic Radiation SAtellitescientific/research/technology
CORONAS (KORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
COROTCOnvection ROtation and planetary Transitsastronomical/telescope
COSCOsmic ray Satelliteastronomical/telescope
COSMIC (Formosat)Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climateenvironmental-observing
COSMO-SkyMedCOnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observationenvironmental-observing
CSGCOSMO-SkyMed Second Generationenvironmental-observing
CO2M / Sentinel-7Copernicus Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide Monitoringenvironmental-observing
COSPAS (KOSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]COsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
CRAF [canceled]Comet Rendezvous and Asteroid Flybycometary-exploration
CRISTAL / Sentinel-9Copernicus Polar Ice and Snow Topography Altimeterenvironmental-observing
CRL (GRS, ESRS)Cambridge Research Labmilitary
CRISTA-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research/technology
CRRESCombined Release and Radiation Effects Satellitescientific/research/technology
CryoSat / Earth Explorer-3CRYOsphere SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CS (Sakura)Communications Satellitecommunications
CSOComposante Spatiale Optiquemilitary
CTS (Hermes)Communications Technology Satellitecommunications
CubeBug / El Capitán Beto / ManolitoCUBE BUGscientific/research/technology
CX-1 (China/PRC)Chuang Xin (Creation)scientific/research/technology
CX-1 (USA)Citizen Explorer [never launched]scientific/research/technology
CXO (CXRO, AXAF, Chandra) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CXRO (CXO, AXAF, Chandra) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-Ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CYGNSS (ESSP-EVM1)Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite Systemenvironmental-observing
D-seriesDiapason or Diademescientific/research/technology
DAD (DADE)Dual Air Density (Explorer)scientific/research/technology
DARPASatDefense Advanced Research Projects Agency SATellitemilitary
DARTDouble Asteroid Redirect Testasteroid-exploration
DASHDensity And Scale Heightmilitary
DAVINCI+Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imagingplanetary-exploration
DE (Explorer-62/63)Dynamics Explorerscientific/research/technology
DEBUT (Orizuru)DEployable Boom and Umbrella Testscientific/research/technology
DEMETERDetection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regionsscientific/research/technology
DeorbitSailDEORBIT SAILscientific/research/technology
DESPATCH (OSCAR-81)DEep SPace Amateur Troubadour's CHallengeamateur radio
DFFCDuoyongtu Feichuan Fanhui Cangscientific/research/technology
DFHDong Fang Hong (The East is Red) / Dongfanghongcommunications
DFS (Kopernikus)Deutscher Fernmelde Satellitcommunications
DHFRDARPA High Frequency Receiver experimentmilitary
Dial (Wika and Mika)DIamant ALlemagnescientific/research/technology
DirecTV / AT&TDIRECt TVcommunications
DMDelta ?military
DMCDisaster Monitoring Constellationenvironmental-observing
DME (Explorer-31)Direct Measurements Explorerscientific/research/technology
DMSP (AMS, USA)Defense Meteorological Satellite Programmilitary
DODGEDepartment Of Defense Gravity Experimentmilitary
Dodecapole (Porcupine)DOCECAhedron ??scientific/research/technology
DOSAAF (RS-44)Dobrovol'noe Obshchestvo Sodeistviia Armii, Aviatsii i Flotuamateur radio
Dragon(ISS transfer vehicle)ISS-related
DRAGONSAT (AggieSat, Bevo / PARADIGM) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Dual Rf Astrodynamic Gps Orbital Navigator SATellitescientific/research/technology
DRTS / KodamaData Relay and Tracking Satellitecommunications
DS-1Deep Space-1cometary-exploration
DS-2Deep Space-2planetary-exploration
DSAPDefense Satellite Application Programmilitary
DSCOVR (Triana, "GoreSat")Deep Space Climate ObserVatoRysolar-observing
DSCS [DSCS-3-B4/B5 (USA-11/12) were STS-51J/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Satellite Communications Systemcommunications
DSNDeep Space Network
DSP (IMEWS, BMEWS, USA) [DSP-F16 was STS-44/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Support Programmilitary
DSPSE (Clementine)Deep Space Program Science Experimentlunar-exploration
DSLWP / LongjiangDiscovering the Sky at Longest Wavelengths Pathfinderastronomy/telescope
DubaiSat (KhalifaSat)DUBAI SATelliteenvironmental-observing
DWSS [canceled]Defense Weather Satellite Systemmilitary
E1P / HRBEExplorer-1 Primescientific/research/technology
EarthCARE / Earth Explorer-6EARTH Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorerenvironmental-observing
EchoStarECHO STARcommunications
ECS (Eutelsat)European Communications Satellitecommunications
ECS (Ayame)Experimental Communications Satellitecommunications
EDM (Schiaparelli, ExoMars 2016)Entry, Descent and landing demonstrator Moduleplanetary-exploration
EDRS / EutelsatEuropean Data Relay Satellitecommunications
EduSat (Endusat?) / GSat-3EDUcation SATellitecommunications
EGP (EGS / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Payloadscientific/research/technology
EGRS (SECOR)Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellitenavigation
EGS (EGP / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Satellitescientific/research/technology
EgyptSat / MisrSatEGYPTian SATelliteenvironmental-observing
EKAEksperimental'niy Kosmicheskiy ApparatRussian
ELSA-dEnd-of-Life Service by Astroscale - demonstrationscientific/research/technology
EMM / Al-Amal / HopeEmirates Mars Missionplanetary-exploration
EnvisatENVIronment SATelliteenvironmental-observing
EOEarth Observingenvironmental-observing
EOS (Aqua, Terra, Aura)Earth Observing Systemenvironmental-observing
EP (TOMS-EP)Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
EPE (Explorer-12/14/15/26)Electrostatic Particle Explorerscientific/research/technology
EPOXI (Deep Impact / (Discovery-7)Extrasolar Planet Observations / eXtended Investigation of cometscometary-exploration
ERBS [STS-41G/Challenger-deployed]Earth Radiation Budget Satelliteenvironmental-observing
EROSEarth Remote Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
ERS (ORS / TRS) [USAF]Environmental Research Satellitemilitary
ERS [ESA]European Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
ERTS (Landsat)Earth Resources Technology Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ESA (-GEOS)European Space Agencyscientific/research/technology
ESRO (ESA in 1973)European Space Research Organizationscientific/research/technology
ESRS (CRL-2)Environmental Sciences Research Satellitemilitary
ESSAEnvironmental Science Services Administrationpolar-weather
ESSP (each in this series has another name)Earth System Science Pathfinder
EstCubeESTonia CUBEsatscientific/research/technology
ETS (Kiku)Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research/technology
EurasiasatEURope ASIA SATellitecommunications
EURECA [STS-46/Atlantis-deployed, STS-57/Endeavour-retrieved]EUropean REtrievable CArrierscientific/research/technology
EuropeStarEUROPEan STARcommunications
EurobirdEUROpe BIRDcommunications
Eutelsat (ECS)EUropean TELecommunications SATellitecommunications
EUVE (Explorer-67)Extreme UltraViolet Explorerscientific/research/technology
EWSG / formerly GOES-13Electro-optical infrared (Eo/ir) Weather System (EWS) Geostationary (EWSG)geostationary-weather
ExoMars (TGO, EDM, rover 2020)EXObiology MARSplanetary-exploration
EXOS (Akebono, Jikiken, Kyokko, and Ohzora)EXOspheric Satellitescientific/research/technology
EXOSATEuropean X-ray Observatory SATelliteastronomical/telescope
EXPRESSEXPeriment RE-entry Space Systemscientific/research/technology
FACSATFuerza Aérea Colombianaenvironmental-observing
Falcon EyeFALCON EYEmilitary
FalconSatFALCON SATellitemilitary
FAME (MIDEX-4) [canceled]Full-sky Astrometric Mapping Explorerastronomical/telescope
FASatFuerza Aéra de Chile SATellitescientific/research/technology
FASTRAC (OSCAR-69/70)Formation Autonomy Spacecraft with Thrust, Relnav, Attitude and Crosslinkamateur radio
FAST (Explorer-70 / SMEX-2)Fast Auroral SnapshoT explorerscientific/research/technology
FASTSatFast Affordable Science and Technology SATellitescientific/research/technology
FGST (GLAST, Fermi)Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FIREFlight Investigation of Re-Entryatmospheric research rockets
FIRST (HSO, Herschel)Far Infrared and Sub-millimetre Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FLEX / Earth Explorer-8FLuorescence EXplorerenvironmental-observing
FltSatComFLeeT SATellite COMmunications systemcommunications
Formosat (Rocsat / Chunghua; some also COSMIC)FORMOsa SATelliteenvironmental-observing
FR-1 (France-1)FRancescientific/research/technology
FRUSA / ASTEXFlexible Rolled-Up Solar Arraymilitary
FSW (JB)Fanhui Shijan Weixingscientific/research/technology
FUSE (Explorer-77 / MIDEX-0)Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorerscientific/research/technology
FY-1 and FY-3
FY-2 and FY-4
Feng Yunpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
GAIAGlobal Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysicsastronomical/telescope
GALEX (Explorer-83 / SMEX-7)GALaxy evolution EXplorerscientific/research/technology
Galileo-IOV-PFM (navigation constellation)Galileo In-Orbit Validation Proto-Flight Modelnavigation
GATVGemini Agena Target Vehiclescientific/research/technology
GCOM-C (Shikisai)Global Change Observation Mission - Carbon cycleenvironmental-observing
GCOM-W (Shizuku)Global Change Observation Mission - Waterenvironmental-observing
GE / AMCGeneral Electriccommunications
GEMS (SMEX-13)Gravity and Extreme Magnetism Smexastronomical/telescope
GeoEye (formerly OrbView-5)Geo??? Eyeenvironmental-observing
GEOS [ESA version]Geostationary Earth Orbit Satellitescientific/research/technology
GEOS (Explorer-29/36) [USA version]Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (GEOS-1 and 2)
Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite (GEOS-3)
scientific/research/technology
GeosatGEOdetic SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Geotail (GTL)GEOmagnetic TAIL labscientific/research/technology
Geo-IKnavigation
Geo-Kompsat / GKGEOstationary KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellitegeostationary weather
GFGaoFenenvironmental-observing
GFOGeosat Follow Onscientific/research/technology
GFZ [Mir-deployed]GeoForschungsZentrum (geodesy)navigation
GGSEGravity Gradient Stabilization Experimentmilitary
GGTSGravity Gradient Test Satellitemilitary
GIOVE (GSTB, Galileo)Galileo In-Orbit Validation Experiment (navigation constellation)navigation
GLAST (FGST, Fermi)Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
GLIMRGeosynchronous Littoral Imaging and Monitoring Radiometerenvironmental-observing
GlobalstarGLOBAL STAR (satellite telephone constellation)communications
GLOMR [STS-deployed]Global Low Orbiting Message Relaymilitary
GLONASS (Uragan)GLObalnaya NAvigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (navigation constellation)navigation
GMS (Himawari)Geostationary Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
GOCE / Earth Explorer-1Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer
Global Ocean Circulation Explorer
scientific/research/technology
GOES (SMS)Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellitegeostationary-weather
Göktürk (Gokturk)TURKish skymilitary
GOLD / SES-14Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (payload on SES-14)communications
GOMS (Elektro)Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite geostationary-weather
"GoreSat" (DSCOVR, Triana)(Albert) GORE (Jr.) SATellitesolar-observing
GOSAT (Ibuki)Greenhouse gases Observing SATelliteenvironmental-observing
GPGravity Probescientific/research/technology
GPMGlobal Precipitation Measurementenvironmental-observing
GPS (NAVSTAR)Global Positioning System (navigation constellation)navigation
GridSphereGRID SPHEREmilitary
GSSAP / HornetGeosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Programmilitary
GRAB (GREB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation And Backgroundsolar-observing
GRACE (ESSP-2) and GRACE-FOGravity Recovery And Climate Experiment - Follow-Onscientific/research/technology
GRAIL-A/B (Ebb/Flow / Discovery-11)Gravity Recovery And Interior Laboratorylunar-exploration
GRASP [canceled]Gamma-Ray Astronomy with Spectroscopy and Positioningastronomical/telescope
GREB (GRAB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation Energy Backgroundsolar-observing
GRS (Azur) [ESA version]German Research Satellitescientific/research/technology
GRS (CRL-1) [USAF version]Geophysical Research Satellitemilitary
GSTB (GIOVE, Galileo)Galileo System Test Bed (navigation constellation)navigation
GSat (EduSat, HealthSat; some are also Insat) [also referred to as GramSat]Geostationary SATellitecommunications
GStarGte STARcommunications
GTL (Geotail)Geomagnetic Tail Labscientific/research/technology
GYGao Fenenvironmental-observing
HALCA (Haruka / VSOP / Muses-B)Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomyastronomical/telescope
HASPHigh Altitude Sounding Projectileatmospheric research rockets
HCED / SPARTAN-203 [STS-51L/Challenger, failed]Halley's Comet Experiment Deployableastronomical/telescope
HCMM (Explorer-58)Heat Capacity Mapping Missionscientific/research/technology
HEAD (Hede)HEAD Aerospacecommunications
HealthSat / GSat-4HEALTH SATellitecommunications
HEAO (HEAO-2 / Einstein)High-Energy Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HellasSatHELLAS (Greece) SATellitecommunications
HEOSHighly Eccentric Orbit Satellitescientific/research/technology
HESSI (RHESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research/technology
HETE-1
HETE-2 (Explorer-79)
High Energy Transient Explorerastronomical/telescope
scientific/research/technology
HGSHughes Global Servicescommunications
HILAT (P83-1, Transit-O16)HIgh LATitude (research satellite)scientific/research/technology
HIPPARCOSHIgh Precision PARalax COllecting Satelliteastronomical/telescope
HispasatHISPAnic SATellitecommunications
HJHuan Jing (environment)environmental-observing
HotBird (Hot Bird)HOT BIRDcommunications
HRBE / E1P(William A.) Hiscock Radiation Belt Explorerscientific/research/technology
HSO (Herschel, FIRST)Herschel Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HST (Hubble) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Hubble Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
HTV (Kounotori)H-2 Transfer VehicleISS-related
HX / TianwenHuoxingplanetary-exploration
HXMT / HuiyanHard X-ray Modulation Telescopeastronomical/telescope
HY (Ocean)Hai Yangenvironmental-observing
Hydros (ESSP-7)HYDROsphere Stateenvironmental-observing
HYLASHIghLy Adaptable Satellitecommunications
IAE / SPARTAN-207 [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Inflatable Antenna Experimentastronomical/telescope
IBEX (Explorer-91, SMEX-10)Interstellar Boundary Explorerscientific/research/technology
IBSS-SPAS [STS-39/Discovery-deployed and recovered]Infrared Background Signature Survey - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research/technology
ICE (ISEE / Explorer-59)International Cometary Explorerscientific/research/technology
ICESatIce, Cloud, and land Elevation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
ICOIntermediate Circular Orbitcommunications
ICON (Explorer-96, MIDEX-9)Ionospheric CONnectionscientific/research/technology
IDCSPInitial Defense Communications Satellite Programcommunications
IE (Explorer-20/25/40/52)Ionospheric Explorerscientific/research/technology
IKAROSInterplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sunscientific/research/technology
IMAGE (Explorer-78 / MIDEX-1)Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Explorationscientific/research/technology
IMEWS (DSP)Integrated Missile Early Warning Satellitemilitary
IMEX (UNEX-2) [canceled]Inner Magnetosphere Explorerscientific/research/technology
IMP (each in this series has another name)Interplanetary Monitoring Platform
INDEX (Reimei)INnovative technology Demonstration EXperimentscientific/research/technology
Indostar (Cakrawarta)INDOnesia STARcommunications
InmarsatINternational MARitime SATellite organizationcommunications
Insat [Insat-1B was STS-8/Challenger-deployed, some are also GSat]Indian National SATellitegeostationary-weather
InSight (Discovery-12)INterior exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transportplanetary-exploration
IntasatInstituto Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA) SATellitescientific/research/technology
INTEGRALINTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratoryastronomical/telescope
Intelsat (Early Bird / Blue Bird / Lani Bird / Canary Bird)
[Intelsat-6-3 rocket-launched, STS-49/Endeavour-repaired and re-deployed]
INternational TELecommunications SATellite consortiumcommunications
iPStar??????communications
IRASInfraRed Astronomy Satelliteastronomical/telescope
IRCBInfra-Red Calibration Balloonmilitary
IRIS (ESRO-2) [European version]International Radiation Investigation Satellitescientific/research/technology
IRIS (Astro-F) [Japanese version]InfraRed Imaging Surveyorastronomical/telescope
IRIS [Russian version]Inflatable and RIgidizable StructureRussian
IRIS (SMEX-12 / Explorer-94) [USA version]Interface Region Imaging Spectrographsolar-observing
IRM (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Ion Release Modulescientific/research/technology
IRNSSIndian Regional Navigational Satellite System (navigation constellation)navigation
IRSIndian Remote Sensingenvironmental-observing
ISEE (Explorer-56/59)International Sun-Earth Explorerscientific/research/technology
ISARAIntegrated Solar Array and Reflectarray Antenna (with imaging payload)scientific/research/technology
ISES (REX)Integrated Space Experiment Systemscientific/research/technology
ISISInternational Satellite for Ionospheric Studiesscientific/research/technology
ISOInfrared Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
ISS (Ume)Ionospheric Sounding Satellitescientific/research/technology
ISS [space station]International Space StationISS-related
ItalsatITALian SATellitecommunications
IUE (Explorer-57)International Untraviolet Explorerscientific/research/technology
ITOS (NOAA)Improved TIROS Operational Satellitepolar-weather
IXPE (SMEX-14)Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorerastronomical/telescope
JAS (Fuji / OSCAR)Japanese Amateur Satelliteamateur radio
JB (FSW)Jian Bingscientific/research/technology
JCSatJapanese Communications SATellitecommunications
JERS (Fuyo)Japanese Environmental Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
JPSS (formerly NPOESS)Joint Polar Satellite Systempolar-weather
JUNO (New Frontiers-2)JUpiter Near-polar Orbiterplanetary-exploration
JWST (NGST, Webb)James Webb Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
KAISTSatKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology SATellitescientific/research/technology
KazEOSatKAZakhstan Earth Observation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
KazSatKAZakhstan SATellitecommunications
KH (Discoverer, Corona, Argon, Lanyard, Gambit, Hexagon, Big Bird, Kennen, Dorian, Crystal, Ikon)Keyholemilitary
KhalifaSat (DubaiSat-3)KHALIFA SATelliteenvironmental-observing
KMilSatCom / ANASISKorean MILitary SATellite COMmunicationscommunications
KMS (Kwangmyongsong)Kwang Myong Songscientific/research/technology
Kompsat (Arirang)KOrean Multi-Purpose SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Koreasat (Mugunghwa)KOREA SATellitecommunications
KORONAS (CORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
KOSPAS (COSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]KOsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
KRT-10 [Salyut-6 payload]"space radio telescope" (in Russian)Russian
KSAT (Hayato)Kagoshima SATellitescientific/research/technology
KySatKentuckY SATellitescientific/research/technology
LADEELunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorerlunar-exploration
Landsat (ERTS)LAND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LAGEOS [LAGEOS-2 was STS-52/Columbia-deployed]LAser GEOdynamics Satellitescientific/research/technology
LaoSatLAOs SATellitecommunications
LAPAN-A2 (OSCAR-86)"National Institute of Aeronautics and Space"amateur radio
LAPAN-TUBsat / LAPAN-A1 (and A3)"National Institute of Aeronautics and Space" - Technical University of Berlin (TUB) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LARESLAser RElativity Satellitescientific/research/technology
LCROSSLunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellitelunar-exploration
LDCM (Landsat-8)Landsat Data Continuity Missionenvironmental-observing
LCSLincoln Calibration Spheremilitary
LDEF [STS-41C/Challenger-deployed, STS-32R/Columbia-retrieved]Long Duration Exposure Facilityscientific/research/technology
LDPE / ROOSTERLong Duration Propulsive EELVmilitary
LDREXLarge-scale Deployable Reflector EXperimentscientific/research/technology
Leasat (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5) [all 5 were STS-deployed]LEAsed SATellitecommunications
LESLincoln Experimental Satellitemilitary
LIDOSLarge Inclination Doppler Only Satellitescientific/research/technology
LISA PathfinderLaser Interferometer Space Antenna Pathfinderscientific/research/technology
LitSatLITuania SATelliteISS-related
LituanicaSat / OSCAR-78LITUANICA SATelliteISS-related
LOLunar Orbiterlunar-exploration
LOADS (Cannonball)LOw Altitude Density Satellitemilitary
LOFTILOw Frequency Trans Ionosphericmilitary
LRPT [system, not a satellite]Low Rate Picture Transmission
LROLunar Reconnaissance Orbiterlunar-exploration
L-Sat (Olympus)Large-SATellitecommunications
LJ (Loujia)??environmental-observing
LSTM / Sentinel-8Land Surface Temperature Monitoringenvironmental-observing
LUSat (OSCAR-19)LU [prefix for radio amateurs in Argentina] SATelliteamateur radio
MABES (Jindai)MAgnetic Bearing flywheel Experimental Systemscientific/research/technology
MACSATMultiple Access Communications SATellitemilitary
MagionMAGnetospheric and IONospheric (satellite)Russian
MagSat (Explorer-61)MAGnetosphere SATellitescientific/research/technology
MAK (Mak?) [Mir-deployed]"Small Apparatus for Space" (in Russian, upper atmosphere and ionosphere)Russian
MAP (WMAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research/technology
MaqSatMAQuette [model] SATellitescientific/research/technology
MarCO-A / Walle, MarCO-B / EvaMARs Cube Oneplanetary-exploration
MarecsMARitime European Communications Satellitecommunications
MarisatMARItime communications SATellitecommunications
MarotsMARitime Orbital Test Satellitecommunications
Marsnet [canceled]MARS NETworkplanetary-exploration
MAS (SRET)Maliy Avtonomiy Sputnik (Russian acronym for 'Small Automatic Satellite')scientific/research/technology
MaSat (OSCAR-72)MAgyar SATelliteamateur radio
MASCOT (Hayabusa)Mobile Asteroid Surface sCOuTasteroid-exploration
MAVENMars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioNplanetary-exploration
MCOMars Climate Orbiterplanetary-exploration
MCIM [canceled]Multi-Comet Intercept Missioncometary-exploration
MDS (Tsubasa)Mission Demonstration Satellitescientific/research/technology
MeasatMalaysia East Asia SATellitecommunications
MegsatMEGgiorin SATellitescientific/research/technology
MEPSI [STS-deployed, tethered]Micro Electro-mechanical systems-based PicoSat Inspectorscientific/research/technology
MER / Spirit (rover) / Opportunity (rover)Mars Exploration Roverplanetary-exploration
MESSENGER (Discovery-8)MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Rangingplanetary-exploration
METEOR (originally COMET) [failed]Multiple Experiment Transporter to Earth Orbit and Returnscientific/research/technology
MeteosatMETEOrological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MetOpMETeorological OPerationalpolar-weather
MetSat (Kalpana)METeorological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MEVMission Extension Vehiclescientific/research/technology
MexSatMEXican SATellitecommunications
MGSMars Global Surveyorplanetary-exploration
MICROSCOPEMicrosatellite à traînée Compensée pour l'Observation du Principe d'Equivalencescientific/research/technology
MIDASMIssile Defense Alarm Systemmilitary
MIDEX (each in this series has another name)Medium-class EXplorer
Mightysat-1 (P97-2) [STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]
Mightysat-2 (P97-2, Sindri)
MIGHTY SATellitemilitary
Mika (Dial)MIni KApsel (German for capsule)scientific/research/technology
MilstarMILitary Strategic and TActical Relaymilitary
MINERVA (Hayabusa)MIcro/Nano Experimental Robot Vehicle for Asteroidasteroid-exploration
MinisatMINIature SATelliteastronomical/telescope
MisrSat / EgyptSat???? SATelliteenvironmental-observing
MITAMini-Satellite Italiano a Tecnologia Avanzatascientific/research/technology
MITEXMIcro-satellite Technology Experimentmilitary
MMSMagnetospheric MultiScalescientific/research/technology
MMXMartian Moons eXplorationplanetary-exploration
MOM (Mangalyaan)Mars Orbiter Missionplanetary-exploration
MOPMeteosat Operational Programgeostationary-weather
MOS (Momo)Marine Observation Satelliteenvironmental-observing
MPEMax-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische physikscientific/research/technology
MPEC (USA-70) [STS-39/Discovery-deployed]Multi-Purpose rElease Canistermilitary
MPLMars Polar Landerplanetary-exploration
mRESINSmini REdundant Strapdown Inertial Navigation Systemenvironmental-observing
MROMars Reconaissance Orbiterplanetary-exploration
MSGMeteosat Second Generationgeostationary-weather
MSV / SkyTerraMobile Satellite Venturescommunications
MS-T1-T4 (Tansei)scientific/research/technology
MS-T5 (Sakigake / Planet-prototype)cometary-exploration
M-Sat (AMSC)Mobile SATellitecommunications
MSDMultiple Satellite Dispensermilitary
MSL / Curiosity (rover)Mars Science Laboratoryplanetary-exploration
MSXMidcourse Space eXperimentscientific/research/technology
MTG-I / Sentinel-4AMeteosat Third Generation - Imaginggeostationary-weather
MTG-S / Sentinel-4BMeteosat Third Generation - Soundinggeostationary-weather
MTIMulti-spectral Thermal Imagerenvironmental-observing
MTO [canceled]Mars Telecommunications Orbiterplanetary-exploration
MTPMeteosat Transition Programgeostationary-weather
MTS (Explorer-46)Meteoroid Technology Satellitescientific/research/technology
MTSat (Himawari)Multi-functional Transport SATellitegeostationary-weather
MUBLCOMMUltiple path Beyond Line of sight COMmunicationcommunications
MUOSMobile User Objective Systemcommunications
MVL-300 (Mikhail Lomonosov)Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov 300astronomical/telescope
M3MSatMaritime Monitoring and Messaging Micro-SATellitescientific/research/technology
N-SatN-? SATellitecommunications
N-Star? STARcommunications
NanosatNANO SATellitescientific/research/technology
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organizationcommunications
NAVSTAR (GPS)NAVigation System using Timing And Ranging (navigation constellation)navigation
NAVICNAVigation with Indian Constellation (navigation constellation)navigation
NCT-1,2,3 / ST-5a,b.cNanosat Constellation Trailblazerscientific/research/technology
NEAR (Discovery-2) / ShoemakerNear Earth Asteroid Rendezvousasteroid-exploration
NEE / Pegaso / Krysaor???scientific/research/technology
NegaiStar (Excelsior)NEGAI STARscientific/research/technology
NEOWISE (NGSS, WISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorerscientific/research/technology
NeXT (Astro-H, Hitomi)NEw X-ray Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NExT (Discovery-4, Stardust)New EXploration of Tempel 1cometary-exploration
NEXTSat/CSC (Orbital Express)NEXT generation SATellite and Commodities SpaceCraftmilitary
NGSS (WISE, NEOWISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Next Generation Sky Surveyscientific/research/technology
NGRST / WFIRSTNancy Grace Roman Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NGST (JWST, Webb)Next Generation Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NilesatNILE SATellitecommunications
NigComSatNIGerian COMmunication SATellitecommunications
NigeriaSatNIGERIA SATelliteenvironmental-observing
NISARNASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radarenvironmental-observing
NMP (each in this series has another name)New Millennium Program
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationpolar-weather
NOSS (Parcae, Whitecloud, Intruder)Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellitemilitary
NPOESS (became JPSS)National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite Systempolar-weather
NPP (Suomi, S-NPP)Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Projectpolar-weather
NROL (Topaz, Trumpet, Orion, Intruder, Quasar)National Reconnaissance Office Launchmilitary
NSSNetherlands New Skiescommunications
NTSNavigation Technology Satellitenavigation
NuSAT / NewSAT [amateur-built, STS-51B/Challenger-deployed]Northern Utah SATellitescientific/research/technology
NuSat (Aleph, NuSat-1 is OSCAR-87)??environmental-observing
NuSTAR / Explorer-93NUclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARrayscientific/research/technology
OAOOrbiting Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
OAST Flyer / SPARTAN-206 [STS-72/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Office of Aeronautical and Space Technology Flyerastronomical/telescope
OceanSat (IRS)OCEAN SATelliteenvironmental-observing
OCO (ESSP-5)Orbiting Carbon Observatoryscientific/research/technology
ODERACSOrbital Debris Radar Calibration Spherescientific/research/technology
OEX-Target [STS-61B-deployed]Orbiter EXperiments - Targetscientific/research/technology
OFOOrbiting Frog Otolithbiological
OGO (POGO)Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research/technology
OICETS (Kirari)Optical Inter-orbit Communication Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research/technology
OneWebONE WEB (internet constellation)communications
OptSat-3000OPT??? SATellitemilitary
OrbcommORBital COMMunications (Inc.) (satellite telephone constellation)communications
ORBISOrbiting Radio Beacon Ionospheric Satellitemilitary
OrbiscalORBItal ? CALibrationscientific/research/technology
OREX (Ryusei)Orbital Re-entry Experiment Vehiclescientific/research/technology
OrbViewORBital VIEWenvironmental-observing
ORFEUS-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Orbiting and REtrievable Far and extreme Uv Spectrometer - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research/technology
ORS (ERS / TRS)Octahedral Research Satellitemilitary
ORS [newer series]Operationally Responsive Spacemilitary
OSCAR (Amsat)Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radioamateur radio
OSIRIS-REx (New Frontiers-3)Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security - Regolith EXplorerasteroid-exploration
OSOOrbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
OSSIOpen Source Satellite Initiativescientific/research/technology
OSTM (Jason)Ocean Surface Topography Missionenvironmental-observing
OT (TIROS)Operational TIROSpolar-weather
OTSOrbital Test Satellitecommunications
OVOrbiting Vehiclemilitary
O3bOther three billion (internet constellation)communications
PACEPlankton, Aerosol, Cloud and ocean Ecosystemenvironmental-observing
PAGEOSPAssive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellitescientific/research/technology
PakSatPAKistan SATellite)communications
PakTESPAKistan Technology Evaluation Satelliteenvironmental-observing
PAMS-STU [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed]Passive Aerodynamically-stabilized Magnetically-damped Satellite
- Satellite Test Unit
scientific/research/technology
PAN / Nemesis-1Paladium At Nightmilitary
Panamsat (PAS)PAN-AMerican SATellitecommunications
Pansat (OSCAR-34) [STS-95/Discovery-deployed]Petite Amateur Navy SATelliteamateur radio
PARADIGM (Bevo / DRAGONSAT [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Platform for Autonomous Rendezvous And Docking with Innovative Gn&c Methodsscientific/research/technology
PARASOLPolarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Science
coupled with Observations from a Lidar
environmental-observing
PAS (Panamsat)Pan-American Satellitecommunications
PCSat-1 (OSCAR-44)
PCSat-2 (amateur radio, but not an OSCAR; not a satellite)
Prototype Communications SATelliteamateur radio
communications
PDDPrototype Deployment Devicescientific/research/technology
PDP [STS-51F/Challenger-deployed]Plasma Diagnostics Packagescientific/research/technology
PegSatPEGasus rocket-booster launched SATellitescientific/research/technology
PeolePreliminary EOLEscientific/research/technology
PeruSatPERU SATelliteenvironmental-observing
PFOPolar Follow-On systempolar-weather
PhoneSat-1 / Graham / BellPHONE SATellitescientific/research/technology
PICOSatPolymer battery experiment / Ionospheric occultation experiment / Coherent electro magnetic radio tomography / Optical precision platform experiment SATellitescientific/research/technology
PIXPlasma Interaction eXperimentscientific/research/technology
PLA [device, not a satellite]Picosat Launcher Assemblyscientific/research/technology
PML (formerly Mars Surveyor Lander)Phoenix Mars Landerplanetary-exploration
POGO (OGO)Polar Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research/technology
POGS & SSR (Stacksat-1)Polar Orbiting Geomagnetic Survey & Solid State Recorderscientific/research/technology
PRC (China)People's Republic of Chinascientific/research/technology
PRISMAPrototype Research Instruments and Space Mission technology Advancementscientific/research/technology
PROCYONPRoximate Object Close flYby with Optical Navigationasteroid-exploration
PROBAPRoject for On-Board Autonomyscientific/research/technology
PROITERESPRoject of OIT Electric-Rocket-Engine onboard small space Shipenvironmental-observing
ProtoStarPROTO STARcommunications
PRSSPakistan Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
PSN-6 / Nusantara-1???communications
PSP (SPP)Parker Solar Probesolar-observing
PSSCT [STS-deployed]PicoSatellite Solar Cell Testbedscientific/research/technology
PUNCH (SMEX-15)Polarimeter to UNify the Corona and Heliospherescientific/research/technology
P&FS [Apollo-deployed]Particles and Fields Sub-satellitescientific/research/technology
QSS (QUESS, Mozi, Micius)Quantum Science Satellite (QUantum Experiments at Space Scale)scientific/research/technology
QuickBirdQUICK BIRDenvironmental-observing
QuikScatQUIcK SCATterometerenvironmental-observing
QuikTOMSQUIcK TOMSenvironmental-observing
QZS (or QZSS / Michibiki)Quasi-Zenith Satellite (System) (navigation constellation)navigation
RadarsatRADAR SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RadcatRADar CAlibration Targetscientific/research/technology
Radsat (Pi-in-the-sky)RADiation SATellitescientific/research/technology
RadioSkaf (SuitSat / OSCAR-54, ARISSat-1) [ISS-deployed]Radio Skafamateur radio
RAE (Explorer-38/49)Radio Astronomy Explorerscientific/research/technology
RAFTIRapidly Attachable Fluid Transfer Interfacescientific/research/technology
Rascom-QAFRegional African Satellite COMmunication organization - ???communications
RBSP (Van Allen Probes)Radiation Belt Storm Probesscientific/research/technology
RCMRadarsat Constellation Missionenvironmental-observing
RDTSRadar Tracking Density Satellitemilitary
REPRendezvous Evaluation Podscientific/research/technology
ResourceSat (IRS)RESOURCE SATelliteenvironmental-observing
REX (ISES)Radiation EXperimentscientific/research/technology
REXS (Denpa)Radiation EXperiments Satellitescientific/research/technology
RHESSI (HESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)Ramathy High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research/technology
RigidSphereRIGID SPHEREmilitary
RISATRadar Imaging SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RM (Discoverer, Corona)Research Modulemilitary
RM (RMS)Radiation Meteroid (Satellite)scientific/research/technology
RM-20Radiometerscientific/research/technology
ROOSTER / LDPERapid On-Orbit Space Technology and Evaluation Ringmilitary
ROSARoll-Out Solar ArrayISS-related
Rocsat (Formosat / Chunghua)Republic Of China (Taiwan) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RosatROentgen SATelliteastronomical/telescope
ROSE-L / Sentinel-12Radar Observing System for Europe - L-bandenvironmental-observing
RPP (NROL)Rapid Pathfinder Programmilitary
RS [some were [Mir-deployed or ISS-deployed]Radio Sputnik (Radio Sport Federation)amateur
RTSResearch Test Seriesmilitary
RXTE (XTE / Explorer-69 / MIDEX-(-2))Rossi X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research/technology
SABIA-Mar 1 / SAC-ESatélites Argentino-Brasileño para Información Ambiental del Marenvironmental-observing
SAC [SAC-A was STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientificoenvironmental-observing
SACISAtellite CIentíficoenvironmental-observing
SAGE (Explorer-60)Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experimentscientific/research/technology
SAMOSSatellite And Missile Observation Satellitemilitary
SAMPEX (Explorer-68 / SMEX-1)Solar Anomalous Magnetospheric Particle EXplorerscientific/research/technology
SamSat / Kontakt-Nanosputnik)SAMara (State Aerospace University (SSAU)) SATelliteRussian
SAOCOMSatélite Argentino de Observación COn Microondasenvironmental-observing
SAPPHIRE (OSCAR-45)Stanford Audio Phonic Photographic InfraRed Experimentamateur radio
SARSynthetic Aperture Radarscientific/research/technology
SAR-LupeSynthetic Aperture Radar - "magnifier"military
SARASatellite Amateur de Radio-Astronomie, or Satellite pour Astronomie Radio Amateurastronomical/telescope
SARALSatellite with ARgos and ALtikaenvironmental-observing
SARSAT (COSPAS, KOSPAS) [system, not a satellite]Search And Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking
SAS (Explorer-42/48/53)Small Astronomy Satellitescientific/research/technology
Satcom [Satcom-Ku1 and Ku2 were STS-61C/Columbia-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]SATellite COMmuicationscommunications
SatMexSATellite MEXicocommunications
SaudiGeoSatSaudi [Arabia] GEOstationary SATellitecommunications
SBIRSSpace Based InfraRed Sensormilitary
SBS [SBS-3 and 4 were STS-5/Columbia-deployed and STS-41C/Discovery-deployed, respectively]Satellite Business Systemscommunications
SBSSSpace-Based Space Surveillance Systemmilitary
SCATHA (P78-2)Spacecraft Charging AT High Altitudescientific/research/technology
SCATSATSCATerometer SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SCDSatelites de Coleta de Dadoscommunications
SCE (Stacksat-3)Selective Communications Experimentscientific/research/technology
SciSatSCIence SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SCORE (Chatterbox)Signal Communication by ORbiting RElaycommunications
SDIStratgic Defense Initiativemilitary
SDOSolar Dynamics Observatorysolar-observing
SDS (Quasar) [SDS-2-1, 2-2, and 2-3 were STS-28R/Columbia-deployed, STS-38/Atlantis-deployed, and STS-53/Discovery-deployed, respectively]Satellite Data Systemcommunications
SDS [Japan]Small Demonstration Satellitescientific/research/technology
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)SEA STARenvironmental-observing
SeaWiFS (SeaStar / OrbView-2)SEA-viewing WIde Field-of-view Sensor (instrument)environmental-observing
SeaSatSpecialized Experimental Applications SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SECOR (EGRS)SEquential COllation of Rangenavigation
SECSSpecial Experimental Communication Systemcommunications
SELENE (Kaguya)SELenological and ENgineering Explorerlunar-exploration
SEO (Bhaskara)Satellite for Earth Observationscientific/research/technology
SEOSAR (Paz)Satélite Español de Observaciónenvironmental-observing
SEOSat (Ingenio)Spanish Earth Observation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SERTSpace Electric Rocket Testscientific/research/technology
SERVISSpace Environment Reliability Verification Integrated Systemscientific/research/technology
SESSociété Européenne des Satellitescommunications
SESATSiberia - Europe SATellitecommunications
SEVScout Evaluation Vehiclescientific/research/technology
SFU [rocket-launched, STS-72/Endeavour-retrieved]Space Flyer Unitastronomical/telescope
SGDCSatélite Geoestacionário de Defesa e Comunicações Estratégicascommunications
SICRALSistema Italiana de Communicazione Riservente ALlarmicommunications
SIGNE (D-2)Solar Interplanetary Gamma-Neutron Experimentscientific/research/technology
SimpleSat [STS-105/Discovery-deployed]SIMPLE SATellitescientific/research/technology
SinosatSINO (China) SATellitecommunications
SIR [STS-payload]Shuttle Imaging RadarSpace Shuttle and satellites
SIRIOSatellite Italiano Ricerca Industriale Orientatacommunications
SiriusXM (XM or SXM)Sirius-XMcommunications
SIRTF (SST, Spitzer)Space InfraRed Telescope Facilityastronomical/telescope
SJShi Jianscientific/research/technology
SkySatSKY SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SkyTerra / MSVSKY TERRAcommunications
SLDCOMSatellite Launch Dispenser COMmunicationsmilitary
Sloshsat-FLEVOSLOSHSAT Facility for Liquid Experimentation and Verification in Orbitscientific/research/technology
SMAPSoil Moisture Active-Passiveenvironmental-observing
SMARTSmall Missions for Advanced Research in Technologylunar-exploration
SME (Explorer-64)Solar Mesosphere Explorerscientific/research/technology
SMEX (each in this series has another name)SMall EXplorer
SMM [rocket-launched, STS-41C/Challenger-repaired and re-deployed]Solar Maximum Missionsolar-observing
SMOS / Earth Explorer-2Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinityenvironmental-observing
SMS (GOES)Synchronous Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
SNAP [nanosat]Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Platformscientific/research/technology
SNAP [proposed]SuperNova / Acceleration Probeastronomical/telescope
Snapshot (carrying a SNAP RTG)(Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator)military
SNOE (Explorer-72 / STEDI-1)Student Nitric Oxide Explorerscientific/research/technology
S-NPP (Suomi, NPP)Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Projectpolar-weather
SOHOSOlar and Heliospheric Observatorysolar-observing
SolRad (GREB / GRAB / Explorer-30/37/44)SOLar RADiationsolar-observing
Solwind (P78-1)SOlar WINDsolar-observing
SOMPStudent's Oxygen Measurement Projectscientific/research/technology
SORCESOlar Radiation and Climate Experimentsolar-observing
SpacenetSPACE NETworkcommunications
SpainSatSPAIN SATellitecommunications
SPARTAN [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for AstroNomyastronomical/telescope
SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research/technology
SPHINXSpace Plasma High voltage INteraction eXperimentscientific/research/technology
SPIDR (SMEX-8) [canceled]Spectroscopy and Photometry of the Intergalactic medium's Diffuse Radiationastronomical/telescope
SPIRALESystème Préparatoire Infra-Rouge pour l'ALErtemilitary
SPOTSatellite Probatoire de l'Observation de la Terre
Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre
environmental-observing
SPP (PSP)Solar Probe Plussolar-observing
SPRINT / EXCEED / Hisaki??????astronomical/telescope
SRATS (Taiyo)Solar Radiation And Thermospheric Satellitescientific/research/technology
SRET (MAS)Satellite de Recherches et d'Études Technologiquesscientific/research/technology
SRL [STS-payload]Space Radar LaboratorySpace Shuttle and satellites
SROSSStretched ROhini Satellite Seriesscientific/research/technology
SRTM [STS-payload]Shuttle Radar Topography MissionSpace Shuttle and satellites
SS-1 / ShinseiShinSeiscientific/research/technology
SSF (USA-41, others)???military
SSS (Explorer-45)Small Scientific Satellitescientific/research/technology
SSSatSolarsail Subpayload SATellitescientific/research/technology
SST (SIRTF)Spitzer Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
ST (ZX / ChinaSat) [China/PRC]Shen Tongcommunications
ST [Singapore-Taiwan]Singapore telecommunications limited (SingTel) and Taiwan's chunghwa telecom company limited (Chunghwa)communications
ST (ST-5a,b,c: NCT-1,2,3)Space Technologyscientific/research/technology
Stacksat-1/2/3 (POGS & SSR / TEX / SCE)STACKed SATellitesscientific/research/technology
STARLET (STARLETTE)Satellite de Taille Adaptée avec Réflecteurs Laser por les Etudes de la Terre (Satellite de Taille Adaptée avec Réflecteurs Laser por les ETudes de la TErre)scientific/research/technology
StarlinkSTAR LINK (internet constellation)communications
STARS [canceled]Seismic Telescope for Astrophysical Research from Spaceastronomical/telescope
STDNSpacecraft Tracking and Data (Acquisition) Network
STARSHINE-1, 2, and 4
STARSHINE-3 (OSCAR-43)
Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Equipmentscientific/research/technology
amateur radio
STEDI (each in this series has another name)STudent Explorer Demonstration Initiative
STENTOR [failed]Satellite de Télécommunications pour Expérimenter les Nouvelles Technologies en ORbitecommunications
STEP (military)Space Test Experimental Programmilitary
STEP [proposed]Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principlescientific/research/technology
STEREOSolar-TErrestrial RElations Observatorysolar-observing
STP P78 (Solwind, SCATHA)Space Test Programscientific/research/technology
STPSat (with TCTE)Space Technology Program SATellite (with TSI Calibration Transfer Experiment)military
STRaNDSurrey Training Research and Nanosatellite Demonstratorscientific/research/technology
STRVSpace Technology Research Vehiclescientific/research/technology
STS (Space Shuttle)Space Transportation System: Atlantis, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Endeavour, and Enterprise (tests only)Shuttle-related
STSATScience and Technology SATellitescientific/research/technology
STVSatellite Test Vehiclescientific/research/technology
SuitSat (RadioSkaf-1, OSCAR-54) [ISS-deployed]SUIT SATelliteamateur radio
SunSat (OSCAR-35)SUN SATelliteamateur radio
SuperbirdSUPER BIRDcommunications
SurCalSURveillance CALibrationscientific/research/technology
SVOMSpace-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitorastronomical/telescope
SWAS (Explorer-74 / SMEX-3)Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellitescientific/research/technology
SWFO-L1Space Weather Follow On - L1solar-observing
SWOTSurface Water and Ocean Topographyenvironmental-observing
SXM (Sirius-XM)Sirius-XMcommunications
SY (TS, Tansuo)ShiYan (Experiment)environmental-observing
Syncom (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5 (Leasat) [STS-deployed])SYNchronous COMmunications (satellite)communications
Tacomsat / Tacsat (older)TActical COMmunications SATellite / TActical Cmunications SATellitecommunications
TacSat (newer)TActical Communications SATellitecommunications
TanDEM-X? Digital Elevation Measurementenvironmental-observing
TAOSTechnology for Autonomous Operational Satellitemilitary
TARANISTool for the Analysis of RAdiation from lightNIng and Spritesscientific/research/technology
TAVEThor Agena Vibration Experimentscientific/research/technology
TC (DoubleStar)Tan Ce (probe)scientific/research/technology
TD (ESRO)Thor Deltascientific/research/technology
TDFTélédiffusion de Francecommunications
TDO???scientific/research/technology
TDRS [TDRS-1 — TDRS-7 were STS-deployed]Tracking and Data Relay Satellitecommunications
TEAMSATTechnology education Experiment Added to MaqSAT)scientific/research/technology
TechEdSatTECHnical and EDucational SATellitescientific/research/technology
TelecomTELECOMmunications (satellite)communications
TelkomTELeKOMmunications (satellite)communications
Telesat (Anik) [Telesat-6 — Telesat-9 were STS-deployed]TELEphone SATellitecommunications
Telstar [Telstar-3C and 3D were STS-41D/Discovery-deployed and STS-51G/Discovery-deployed, respectively]TELephone STARcommunications
TemisatTElespazio MIcro SATelliteenvironmental-observing
TEMPESTTemporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems - DemonstratorISS-related
TEMPOTropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollutionenvironmental-observing
TerraSAR-XTerra Synthetic Aperature Radarenvironmental-observing
TerreStarTERRE STARcommunications
TERRIERS (Explorer-76 / STEDI-2)Tomographic Experiment using Radiative Recombinative Ionospheric EUV
and Radio Sources
scientific/research/technology
TESS (MIDEX-7 / Explorer-95) (space telescope)Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellitescientific/research/technology
TETRTEst and TRaining (satellite)scientific/research/technology
TEX (Stacksat-2)Transceiver EXperimentscientific/research/technology
TGO (ExoMars 2016)Trace Gas Orbiterplanetary-exploration
ThaicomTHAIland COMmumicationscommunications
THEMIS-P1/P5 (Explorer-85/89 / MIDEX-5A/5E / ARTEMIS-P1/P2)Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substormsscientific/research/technology
THEOSTHailand Earth Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
TimationTIMe navigATIONnavigation
TIMEDThermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamicsscientific/research/technology
TIP (Triad)Transit Improvement Programnavigation
TIROSTelevision and InfraRed Observation Satellitepolar-weather
TJS / HuoyanTongxin Jishu Shiyanmilitary
TKTianKunscientific/research/technology
TNS [ISS-deployed]Technologicesky NanoSputnikRussian
TOMS-EP (EP)Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer - Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
TOPEX (Poseidon)ocean TOPography EXperimentenvironmental-observing
TopoTOPOgraphic (satellite)navigation
Topsi (Explorer-20)TOPSIde sounderscientific/research/technology
TOS (TIROS)TIROS Operational Systempolar-weather
Tomsk-TPU-120 [ISS deployed]Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityRussian
TRAACTransit Research And Altitude Controlnavigation
TRACE (Explorer-73 / SMEX-4)Transition Region And Coronal Explorerscientific/research/technology
TRACERS (SMEX-16)Tandem Reconnection And Cusp Electrodynamics Reconnaissance Satellitesscientific/research/technology
TranstageTRAN??? STAGEscientific/research/technology
TRMMTropical Rainfall Measuring Missionenvironmental-observing
TRS (ERS / ORS)Tetrahedral Research Satellitemilitary
TS (SY, Shiyan)TanSuoenvironmental-observing
TSS [STS-deployed and recovered]Tethered Satellite Systemscientific/research/technology
TUBsatTechnical University of Berlin (TUB) SATellitescientific/research/technology
Tugsat-1 (BRITE-Austria, CanX-3B)Technology University Graz SATelliteastronomical/telescope
TurkmenAlemTURKMEN ALEMcommunications
Turkmenistan Memorial Capsule (Dnepr)Turkmenistan Memorial Capsulescientific/research/technology
TurksatTURKish SATellitecommunications
TV-SatTeleVision SATellitecommunications
UAPSatUniversidad Alas Peruanas SATellitescientific/research/technology
UARUpper Atmospheric Researchatmospheric research rockets
UARS [STS-41G/Discovery-deployed]Upper Atmosphere Research Satelliteenvironmental-observing
UFOUhf-Follow Oncommunications
UGATUSAT (RS-28)Ufimskiy Gosudarstvenniy Aviatsionniy Tekhnicheskiy Universitet SATelliteamateur radio
UK (Ariel)United Kingdomscientific/research/technology
UKS (AMPTE / Explorer-65)United Kingdom Sub-satellitescientific/research/technology
UNEX (each in this series has another name)UNiversity-class EXplorer
UNITEC (Shi'nen)UNIversity space engineering consortium TEChnology (satellite)scientific/research/technology
UNOSATUNdergraduate Orbital student SATellitescientific/research/technology
UoSat (OSCAR)University of Surrey (UK) SATelliteamateur radio
UPM-LBSat / UPMSatUniversidad Politécnica de Madrid SATellitescientific/research/technology
US-K (Oko, Kosmos)???military
USA (each in this series has another name)United States of America
USSFUnited States Space Force [launch/mission designation]military
VCL (ESSP-1)Vegetation Canopy Lidarenvironmental-observing
VCO (Planet-C)Venus Climate Orbitercometary-exploration
VegaVEnera GAlleicometary-exploration
VeneSat (Simon Bolivar)VENEzuela SATellitecommunications
VENuSVegetation and Environment monitoring New Micro (u) Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ViaSatVIA SATellitecommunications
Vinasat[Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group (VNPT)] SATellitecommunications
VNREDSatVietnam Natural Resources, Environment and Disaster monitoring SATelliteenvironmental-observing
VRSSVenezuela Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
VSMVector Sum Experimentmilitary
VSOP (HALCA / Haruka / Muses-B)Very Large Baseline Interferometry Space Observatory Programmeastronomical/telescope
WasedaSATWadesa university SATellitescientific/research/technology
WEFAX [system, not a satellite]WEather Facsimile
Westar [Westar-6 was STS-41B/Challenger-deployed and STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]WEstern union STARcommunications
WFIRST / NGRSTWide-Field InfraRed Survey Telescopeastronomical/telescope
Wika (Dial)WIssenschafts-KApselscientific/research/technology
WindSat (Coriolis)WIND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
WIRE (Explorer-75 / SMEX-5)Wide-field InfraRed Explorerscientific/research/technology
WISE (NGSS, NEOWISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorerscientific/research/technology
WMAP (MAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research/technology
WorldViewWORLD VIEWenvironmental-observing
WRESATWeapon Research Establishment SATellitescientific/research/technology
WSF [STS-deployed]Wake Sheild Facilityscientific/research/technology
X-series (Orba, Prospero, Miranda)scientific/research/technology
X-37B_OTVOrbital Test Vehiclemilitary
XEUS [canceled]X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopyastronomical/telescope
XM (Sirius-XM)Sirius-XMcommunications
XMM (Newton)X-ray Multi-mirror Missionastronomical/telescope
XTE (RXTE / Explorer-69, MIDEX-(-2))X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research/technology
XY (Kaituo)Xin Yanscientific/research/technology
YahSatal YAH SATellite Communications Companycommunications
YGYaoganenvironmental-observing
YHYinghuoplanetary-exploration
YESYoung Engineer's Satellitescientific/research/technology
ZX (ChinaSat)ZhongXingcommunications
ZY-1 (CBERS)
ZY-2 and ZY-3 (Resouce)
Zi Yuan
Zhong Guo Zi Yuan
environmental-observing


Satellite Name (Other Names or Acronyms)Meaning (or Named After)Type/Discipline
Non-compound-term (Non-"Acronym") Names
Advent [canceled]communications
Aerosscientific/research/technology
AiststorkRussian
Ajisai (EGP / EGS)hydrangeascientific/research/technology
Al-Amal / Hope / EMMhopeplanetary-exploration
Akari (Astro-F)lightastronomical/telescope
Akatsuki (Planet-C)daybreakcometary-exploration
Akebono (EXOS-D)dawnscientific/research/technology
Aleph (NuSat. NuSat-1 is OSCAR-87)environmental-observing
Almazdiamondenvironmental-observing
Alouettemeadowlarkscientific/research/technology
Amazonascommunications
Anatoliacommunications
Anik (Telesat) [Anik-C1 — Anik-C3 and Anik-D2 were STS-deployed]brothercommunications
Apollo-Saturn [un-manned]scientific/research/technology
Aqua (EOS)waterenvironmental-observing
Aquacade (Rhyolite)military
Aquarius (SAC-D / ESSP-6)environmental-observing
Argon (KH5)military
Argos [system, not a satellite, not an acronym; data collection and location system]
Ariabata (Aryabhata)Indian astronomer and mathematicianscientific/research/technology
Arirang (Kompsat)environmental-observing
Ariel (UK)spirit of the airscientific/research/technology
Arsene (OSCAR-24)amateur radio
Aryabhata (Ariabata)scientific/research/technology
Astérix (A-1)scientific/research/technology
Astrastarcommunications
Astridbeautiful goddessscientific/research/technology
Astro (Hinotori, Tenma, Ginga, Asuka / ASCA, Akari / IRIS, and Hitori / NeXT)astronomical/telescope
Astronastronomical/telescope
Asuka (Astro-D / ASCA)Japanese districtastronomical/telescope
Athena-Fidus??communications
Atlantic Birdcommunications
Aura (D-2B)bluescientific/research/technology
Aura (EOS)blueenvironmental-observing
Aureole (Oreol / ARCAD)haloRussian
Aurorascientific/research/technology
Aurorae (ESRO-1A)scientific/research/technology
Ayame (ECS)iriscommunications
Azur (GRS)sky bluescientific/research/technology
Badr [Pakistan]full moonscientific/research/technology
Badr (Arabsat) [communications]full mooncommunications
Bangabandhu [Bangladesh]communications
Baumanets-1 (RS-27)amateur radio
Beaconscientific/research/technology
Beidou (BD)compass (navigation constellation)navigation
BepiColomboGiuseppe "Bepi" Colomboplanetary-exploration
Beresheetlunar-exploration
Bevo (PARADIGM, DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]University of Texas mascot namescientific/research/technology
Bhaskara (SEO)scientific/research/technology
BhutanISS-related
Big Bird (KH9 / Hexagon)military
Biomass / Earth Explorer-7environmental-observing
Bionbiological
Bird-Rubinscientific/research/technology
Blue Bird (Intelsat-2-1)communications
Boreas (ESRO-1B)north windscientific/research/technology
Cakrawarta (Indostar)communications
Canary Bird (Intelsat-2-3)communications
Cannonball (LOADS)military
Canyonmilitary
Capellaenvironmental-observing
CarbonSat (TanSat)environmental-observing
Cariane [canceled]scientific/research/technology
Cassini (-Huygens)Giovanni Cassini (and Christian Huygens)planetary-exploration
Castor (D-5B)to excel, to shinescientific/research/technology
Celestis (space burial)scientific/research/technology
Chalet (Vortex / Mercury)military
ChampollionJean-François Champollioncometary-exploration
Chandra (CXO, CXRO, AXAF) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]S. Chandrasekharastronomical/telescope
ChandrayaanMoon vehiclelunar-exploration
Chang'eancient Chinese moon goddesslunar-exploration
Chasqui-1 [ISS-deployed](nanosatellite)scientific/research/technology
Chatterbox (SCORE)communications
Chibis-M (RS-39)amateur radio
Cielcommunications
China/PRCscientific/research/technology
Cheollian (COMS / Geo-Kompsat)geostationary weather
Chunghua (Rocsat / Formosat)environmental-observing
Clementine (DSPSE)lunar-exploration
Clémentine (cubesat)military
Cluster (Salsa, Samba, Rumba, Tango)scientific/research/technology
Compton (CGRO) [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]Arthur Comptonastronomical/telescope
Copernicus (OAO-3)Nicolaus Copernicusastronomical/telescope
Copernicus (Sentinel-3)Nicolaus Copernicusenvironmental-observing
Coriolis (WindSat)Gaspard-Gustave Coriolisenvironmental-observing
Corona (Discoverer, KH, RM)military
Cosmos (Kosmos)spaceRussian
Couriercommunications
Crystal (Kennen, KH11)military
Curiosity (rover) / Mars Science Laboratoryplanetary-exploration
CygnusISS-related
D-Star-Onecommunications
Daichi (ALOS)great first son OR great landenvironmental-observing
Darwin [canceled]Charles Darwinastronomical/telescope
Dawn (Discovery-9)asteroid-exploration
Deep Impact (EPOXI / Discovery-7)cometary-exploration
Delfi-C3 / OSCAR-64amateur radio
Delta-Star (Delta Star)military
Denpa (REXS)radio wavescientific/research/technology
Diademe (D-1C and D-1D)scientific/research/technology
Diapason (D-1A)wavebandscientific/research/technology
Discoverer (Corona, KH, RM)military
Discovery (each in this series has another name)
Dnepr (Turkmenistan Memorial Capsule)scientific/research/technology
Dorian (KH10, MOL)military
DoubleStar (TC)scientific/research/technology
Dove Pioneer (single-type Flock)scientific/research/technology
DragonISS-related
Early Bird (Intelsat-1)communications
EarlyBird [commercial]environmental-observing
Earth Explorer (each in this series has another name)
Ebb / GRAIL-A (Discovery-11)lunar-exploration
eBird (Eutelsat)communications
Echocommunications
Einstein (HEAO-2)Albert Einsteinscientific/research/technology
Ekran (Statsionar)screencommunications
Elektro (GOMS)geostationary-weather
ElektronelectronRussian
Eolewindscientific/research/technology
Equator-Sscientific/research/technology
Es'hailcommunications
Essaimswarm (French)military
Excelsior (NegaiStar)scientific/research/technology
Explorer (many other names as well)
Explorer-1
scientific/research/technology
Ekspressexpresscommunications
Fengyun (FY-1 and FY-3)
Fengyun (FY-2 and FY-4)
wind-cloudpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
Feniks (Yantar, Kosmos)military
Fermi (GLAST, FGST)Enrico Fermiastronomical/telescope
Firewheelscientific/research/technology
Flashing Light Unitscientific/research/technology
Fleshka [ISS-deployed]flash drive (attached to bag of towels)Russian
Flock (conetellation, including single Dove Pioneer)scientific/research/technology
Flow / GRAIL-B (Discovery-11)lunar-exploration
Fobos (Phobos)planetary-exploration
FotonphotonRussian
France-1 (FR-1)scientific/research/technology
FrejaOld Norse goddessscientific/research/technology
Fuji (JAS / OSCAR)wisteriaamateur radio
Fuyo (JERS)rose mallowenvironmental-observing
Galaxycommunications
Galileo [USA version] [STS-34/Atlantis-deployed]Galileo Galileiplanetary-exploration
Galileo (GIOVE, GSTB) [ESA version]Galileo Galilei (navigation constellation)navigation
Gambit (KH7/KH8)military
Gammascientific/research/technology
GaoJing (SuperView)environmental-observing
Garudabird (a kite or an eagle)communications
Gemini [un-manned]scientific/research/technology
Genesis (Discovery-5)solar-observing
Gezier (Potok, Kosmos)communications
Ginga (Astro-C)galaxyastronomical/telescope
GiottoGiotto di Bondonecometary-exploration
Gloryenvironmental-observing
GoddardRobert H. Goddardastronomical/telescope
Gonetsmessengercommunications
Gorizonthorizoncommunications
Granat (Astron-2)astronomical/telescope
Gurwin (TechSat, Technion, OSCAR)amateur radio
Hakucho (CORSA-B)swabscientific/research/technology
Haruka (HALCA / VSOP / Muses-B)far-awayastronomical/telescope
Hawkeye (Explorer-52)scientific/research/technology
Hayabusa (Muses-C)falconasteroid-exploration
Hayato (KSAT)fast, person, bravery, speedscientific/research/technology
Helios (French)military
Helios (German)solar-observing
Heragoddess of marriageasteroid-exploration
Hermes (CTS)communications
Hermes (CubeSat design)communications
Herschel (HSO / FIRST)William Herschelastronomical/telescope
Heweliusz (BRITE-PL2, CanX-3D)astronomical/telescope
Hexagon (KH9 / Big Bird)military
Himawari (GMS, MTSat)sunflowergeostationary-weather
Hinode (Solar-B)sunrisesolar-observing
Hinotori (Astro-A)phoenixastronomical/telescope
Hiten (Muses-A)lunar-exploration
Hitomi (Astro-H, NeXT)astronomical/telescope
Hope / Al-Amal / EMMhopeplanetary-exploration
Horizonscommunications
Hornet / GSSAPmilitary
Horyu (AEGIS)scientific/research/technology
Hubble (HST) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Edwin Hubbleastronomical/telescope
Huiyan / HXMTastronomical/telescope
Humanity Starscientific/research/technology
Huoyan / TJSmilitary
Ibuki (GOSAT)breathenvironmental-observing
Ikon (KH12)military
Ikonosimageenvironmental-observing
Informator (RS-14)amateur radio
Ingenio (SEOSat)environmental-observing
Injun (Explorer-25/40/52)scientific/research/technology
Inspector-1 [Mir-deployed]Russian
InterbolRussian
Intercosmos (Interkosmos)Russian
Interkosmos (Intercosmos)Russian
Intruder (NOSS-3)military
Ionosfernaya (Kosmos-318/381 type)Russian
Iridium(satellite telephone constellation)communications
Iridium-NEXT(satellite telephone constellation)communications
Iskra [Iskra-2 and 3 were Salyut-7 deployed]sparkamateur radio
Jason (OSTM)environmental-observing
Jikiken (EXOS-B)magnetospherescientific/research/technology
Jindai (MABES)cherry treescientific/research/technology
Jumpseatmilitary
Kacificcommunications
Kaguya (SELENE)lunar princesslunar-exploration
Kaituo (XY)Xin Yanscientific/research/technology
Kakehashi / COMETSscientific/research/technology
Kalpana (MetSat)Chawla Kalpana (astronaut)geostationary-weather
Kanopusenvironmental-observing
Kedr (ARISSat-1, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Siberian pineamateur radio
Kennen (Crystal, KH11)military
Kepler (Discovery-10)Johannes Keplerastronomical/telescope
Kiku (ETS)chrysanthemumscientific/research/technology
Kinshachi (ChubuSat)scientific/research/technology
Kirari (OICETS)scientific/research/technology
Kitsat (Uribyol / OSCAR)amateur radio
Kodama / DRTScommunications
Kolibri (RS-21)amateur radio
Kondorenvironmental-observing
Kopernikus (DFS)Nicolaus Copernicuscommunications
Korabl-Sputnik (Sputnik-4/6 and 9/10)Russian
Kosmos (Cosmos)spaceRussian
Kounotori (HTV)white storkISS-related
Kuaizhouenvironmental-observing
Kuiper Express / now New Horizons (New Frontiers-1)planetary-exploration
Kwangmyongsong (KMS)bright star or brilliant starscientific/research/technology
Kyokko (EXOS-A)aurorascientific/research/technology
Lacrosse (Onyx, USA) [Lacrosse-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
LandMapperLAND MAPPERenvironmental-observing
Lani Bird (Intelsat-2-2)communications
Lanyard (KH6)military
Lem (BRITE-PL, CanX-3C)astronomical/telescope
Lemurscientific/research/technology
Libertad [amateur-built]libertyscientific/research/technology
Lomonosov (MVL-300)Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomomosovastronomical/telescope
Longjiang / DSLWPdragon riverastronomy/telescope
Longxia Yan / Lobster EyeLongxia Yan X Shexian 1 / Lobster Eye X-ray Exploration Satelliteastronomical/telescope
Luchbeamcommunications
Lucyasteroid-exploration
Luna (Lunik)moonlunar-exploration
Lunar-Alunar-exploration
Lunar Orbiterlunar-exploration
Lunar Prospector (Discovery-3)lunar-exploration
Lunik (Luna)occasionally used by western medialunar-exploration
Lunokhod (lunar rover)moon walkerlunar-exploration
Luojia (LJ)??environmental-observing
Magellan [STS-30R/Atlantis-deployed]Ferdinand Magellanplanetary-exploration
Magnum (Orion, USA) [Magnum-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Mak (MAK?) [Mir-deployed]poppyRussian
Mangalyaan (MOM)Mars craft/vehicleplanetary-exploration
MarcoPolo (BSB)Marco Polocommunications
Marco Polo [canceled]Marco Poloasteroid-exploration
Marinerplanetary-exploration
Mariner Mark II [canceled]planetary-exploration
Marsplanetary-exploration
Mars Expressplanetary-exploration
Mars Observerplanetary-exploration
Mars Odyssey (formerly Mars Surveyor Orbiter)planetary-exploration
Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner (rover) (Discovery-1)planetary-exploration
Mars Surveyor Lander (now PML)Phoenix Mars Landerplanetary-exploration
Mars Surveyor Orbiter (now Mars Odyssey)planetary-exploration
Mars Water [canceled]planetary-exploration
Mars-2020 / Perseverance (rover)planetary-exploration
Mechta (Luna-1, Lunik-1)dreamlunar-exploration
Megha-Tropiquesenvironmental-observing
Mercury (Chalet / Vortex)military
Mercury [un-manned]scientific/research/technology
Mercury Balloonscientific/research/technology
Meridiancommunications
Mesbahwindscientific/research/technology
Meteor [USSR/Russia]polar-weather
Michibiki (or QZS(S))guidance (navigation constellation)navigation
Micius (QSS, QUESS, Mozi)scientific/research/technology
Midori (ADEOS)greenenvironmental-observing
Mir [space station]"world", "peace", and "village"
Miranda (X-4)scientific/research/technology
Misty (USA) [Misty-1 was STS-36/Atlantis-deployed]military
Mohammedenvironmental-observing
MOL (KH10, Dorian)Manned Orbiting Laboratorymilitary
Molniyalightningcommunications
Momo (MOS)peach blossomenvironmental-observing
MonacoSatMONACO SATellitecommunications
Monitor-Eenvironmental-observing
Morelos [Morelos-A and B were STS-51G/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]José María Moreloscommunications
Mozhayets (RS-16, RS-20, RS-22, RS-25)amateur radio
Mozi (QSS, QUESS, Micius)scientific/research/technology
Mugunghwa (Koreasat)communications
Multi-Scout Mars Lander [canceled]planetary-exploration
Multigroupmilitary
Muninone of two Old Norse ravens, the other being Huginscientific/research/technology
Mylar Balloonmilitary
Nadezhda (Kosmos-1383/1447/1574)hopenavigation
Naduvaniy Hazovoy Ballon [Mir-deployed]Russian
Nahuelcommunications
NBN-Co / SkyMuster (Sky Muster)National Broadband Network Co.communications
Nemesis / PAN / CLIOmilitary
NetLander [canceled]NETwork LANDERplanetary-exploration
New Frontiers (each in this series has another name)
New Horizons (New Frontiers-1) / formerly Kuiper Expressplanetary-exploration
Newton (XMM)Isaac Newtonastronomical/telescope
Nimbusrainstorm or cloudpolar-weather
NimiqInuit word used for an object or a force which binds things togethercommunications
Nova (Transit)navigation
Nozomi (Planet-B)hopecometary-exploration
Nusantara-1 / PSN-6communications
Ocean (HY)oceanenvironmental-observing
OdinOld Norse godscientific/research/technology
Ofeqhorizonmilitary
OhsumiJapanese provincescientific/research/technology
Ohzora (EXOS-C)skyscientific/research/technology
Okeanoceanenvironmental-observing
Olympus (L-Sat)communications
Omega (Kosmos)Russian
Omidscientific/research/technology
Onyx (Lacrosse, USA) [Onyx-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
Opportunity (rover) / MERplanetary-exploration
Orba (X-2)scientific/research/technology
Orbital Express (ASTRO and NEXTSat/CSC)military
Oreol (Aureole / ARCAD)Russian
Orion [military] (Magnum, USA) [Orion-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Orion [communications]communications
Orizuru (DEBUT)folded paper cranescientific/research/technology
OerstedHans Christian Ørstedscientific/research/technology
Oko (US-K)military
Optus (Aussat) [Optus-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]second largest telecommunications company in Australiacommunications
Oscar (Transit)navigation
Owl (Explorer)scientific/research/technology
P11military
P698military
Palapa [Palapa-B1 and B2 were STS-7/Challenger-deployed and STS-41B/Challenger-deployed, respectively; Palapa-B2 was STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]fruit of laborcommunications
Parcae (NOSS-1, Whitecloud)military
Paz (SEOSAR)environmental-observing
Pearl Rubymilitary
Pegasus (cubesat, Austria)winged flying horsescientific/research/technology
Pegasus (USA)winged flying horsescientific/research/technology
Philae (Rosetta lander)cometary-exploration
Phobos (Fobos)planetary-exploration
Phobos-Grunt (Fobos)planetary-exploration
Picardsolar-observing
PicoDragonscientific/research/technology
Pion [Resurs-deployed]Russian
Pioneer (non-planetary: Pioneer-0 — Pioneer-E)
Pioneer (planetary: Pioneer-10 — Pioneer-13)
scientific/research/technology
planetary-exploration
Planet (cometary: MS-T5 — Planet-A)
Planet (planetary: Planet-B — Planet-C)
cometary-exploration
planetary-exploration
Planck (COBRAS-SAMBA)Max Planckastronomical/telescope
Pleiadesenvironmental-observing
Polaire (D-2A)scientific/research/technology
Polar BEAR (P87-1, formerly Transit-O17)POLAR Beacon Experiment and Auroral Researchscientific/research/technology
Pollux (D-5A)scientific/research/technology
PolyotflightRussian
Poppymilitary
Porcupine (Dodecapole)scientific/research/technology
Poseidon (TOPEX)environmental-observing
Potok (Gezier, Kosmos)communications
Priroda (Meteor)naturepolar-weather
Prognozprognosis or forecastRussian
Prometheusmilitary
Prospero (X-3)scientific/research/technology
ProtonprotonRussian
Prowlermilitary
Quasar (SDS, NROL)military
Radio-Astron (Spektr-R)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
Queqiaobridge of magpieslunar-exploration
Radugacommunications
Rangerlunar-exploration
Rasatobservationenvironmental-observing
Reimei (INDEX)scientific/research/technology
Relaycommunications
ReliktRussian
Resource (ZY-2 and ZY-3)China/PRC earth Resource (satellite)environmental-observing
Resursresourceenvironmental-observing
Rhyolite (Aquacade)military
Rohiniscientific/research/technology
Rosettacometary-exploration
Rubinscientific/research/technology
Ryusei (OREX)scientific/research/technology
S-Netscientific/research/technology
S5military
Sakigake (Planet-prototype / MS-T5)pioneercometary-exploration
Sakura (CS)cherry blossom?communications
Salyut [space station]"salute" or "fireworks"
San MarcoSaint Markscientific/research/technology
Saturn-Apollo [un-manned]scientific/research/technology
Schiaparelli (EDM, ExoMars 2016)Entry, Descent and landing Demonstrator Moduleplanetary-exploration
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)environmental-observing
Sentinel (and other names)environmental-observing
Settermilitary
Shin'en (UNITEC-1)scientific/research/technology
Shin'en-2 (OSCAR-82)amateur radio
Shinsei / SS-1new star, novascientific/research/technology
Shiyan (SY, TS, Tansuo)environmental-observing
Shikisai (GCOM-C)dripenvironmental-observing
Shizuku (GCOM-W)dripenvironmental-observing
Shoemaker (Discovery-2) / NEAREugene M. Shoemakerasteroid-exploration
Sichsickleenvironmental-observing
Simon Bolivar (VeneSat)Simon Bolivarcommunications
Sindri (Mightysat-2, P97-2)military
Siriusgod of thundercommunications
Sfera-53 [ISS-deployed]53-cm diameter sphereRussian
SkyMexico (Sky Mexico)communications
SkyMuster (Sky Muster) / NBN-Cocommunications
SkynetSKY NETworkcommunications
Sojourner (rover) / Mars Pathfinder (Discovery-1)planetary-exploration
Solar-A (Yohkoh)solar-observing
Solar-B (Hinode)solar-observing
Solar Orbitersolar-observing
Solidaridadsolidaritycommunications
Sparkenvironmental-observing
Space Shuttle (STS)Shuttle-related
Spacewaycommunications
Spectrumcommunications
Spektr-R (Radio-Astron)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
SPHEREx (MIDEX-9)Spectro-Photometer for the History of the universe, Epoch of Reionization, and ices Explorerastronomy/telescope
Spirit (rover) / MERplanetary-exploration
Spitzer (SST, SIRTF)Lyman Spitzerastronomical/telescope
Sputnik
Sputnik-3
companion, satelliteRussian
Stardust (Discovery-4, NExT)cometary-exploration
Stargazer (OAO-2)astronomical/telescope
StarOne (Star One)communications
StarLightSTAR LIGHTcometary-exploration
Statsionar (Ekran)communications
Stellascientific/research/technology
Stellatcommunications
Sterkhnavigation
STORK / MARTA??environmental-observing
Strawmanmilitary
Strela (Kosmos)arrowcommunications
StriXenvironmental-observing
Suisei (Planet-A)cometcometary-exploration
Sumbandila (OSCAR-67)lead the wayamateur radio
Sunjammer (Solar Sail Technology Demonstration Mission)scientific/research/technology
Suomi (NPP, S-NPP)Vern Suomipolar-weather
SuperView (GaoJing)environmental-observing
Surveyorlunar-exploration
Suzaku (Astro-E2)city nameastronomical/telescope
Swarm / Earth Explorer-5scientific/research/technology
Swift (Explorer-84 / MIDEX-3)scientific/research/technology
Symphoniecommunications
Syracusecommunications
Taiyo (SRATS)sunscientific/research/technology
TanSat (CarbonSat)environmental-observing
Tansei (MS-T1 — MS-T4)light bluescientific/research/technology
Tansuo (TS, SY, Shiyan)environmental-observing
Tatyana (Universitatsky, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Technion (TechSat, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
TechSat (Technion, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
Tele-Xcommunications
Teledesic-T1 (BATSat)communications
Tenma (Astro-B)pegasusastronomical/telescope
Terilen (Yantar, Kosmos)military
Terra (EOS)earthenvironmental-observing
Thorcommunications
Thuraya??communications
Tianwen / HXheavenly questionsplanetary-exploration
Tolooenvironmental-observing
Topaz (NROL)military
Tournesol (D-2A)scientific/research/technology
Transat (Transit-O11)navigation
Transit (Transat, Nova, and Oscar)navigation
Triad (TIP)navigation
Triana (DSCOVR, "GoreSat")Rodrigo de Trianasolar-observing
Trumpet (USA)military
Tselina (Kosmos)military
Tsinghuaenvironmental-observing
Tsubasa (MDS)windscientific/research/technology
Uhuru (Explorer-42)freedom (in Swahili)scientific/research/technology
Ulysses [STS-41/Discovery-deployed]solar-observing
Ume (ISS)plum blossomscientific/research/technology
Universitatsky (Tatyana, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Uragan (GLONASS)(navigation constellation)navigation
Uribyol (Kitsat / OSCAR)our staramateur radio
Vanguardout aheadscientific/research/technology
Vela (Vela Hotel)watch or vigil (in Spanish)military
Venera (Venus / Venusik)venusplanetary-exploration
Venus (Venera / Venusik)venusplanetary-exploration
Venus Expressplanetary-exploration
Venusik (Venera / Venus)venusplanetary-exploration
VentaVentspils Universityscientific/research/technology
Viking [USA version]planetary-exploration
Viking [Swedish version]scientific/research/technology
Vortex (Chalet / Mercury)military
Voyagerplanetary-exploration
Webb (JWST, NGST)James Webbastronomical/telescope
WestFord (West Ford) [needles]military
Whitecloud (NOSS-1, Parcae)military
Wideband (P76-5)military
WFOV-T (Amsat-P4B)Wide Field of View Testbedmilitary
WGSWideband Gapfiller Satellitecommunications
Wild Billmilitary
WildBluecommunications
Windsolar-observing
XTAR-EURX-band TrAnspondeR EURopecommunications
Yamalcommunications
Yantar (Feniks, Terilen, Kosmos)military
Yaogan (YG)environmental-observing
Yijianenvironmental-observing
Yohkoh (Solar-A)sunlightsolar-observing
Yubileiny (RS-30, RS-40)jubileeamateur radio
Yuri (BS, BSE)lilicommunications
Yutu (lunar rover)jade rabbitlunar-exploration
Zeya (Mozhayets-2, RS-16)amateur radio
Zondprobelunar-exploration
Zumamilitary


Other satellite acronym lists:

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Updated: 2022-08-11