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RAMMB: Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch logo CIRA: Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere logo NESDIS: NOAA Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service logo
Debra MolenarDebra Molenar received a B.S. degree in Computer Science from Colorado State University in 1979. After graduation, Debra worked for the National Science Foundation Antarctic Research Program for 2 years. Prior to joining NESDIS in 1995, Debra was employed at Environmental Research and Technology, Air Resource Specialist, and the Colorado State University NOAA Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA). All positions involved IT support for environmental and meteorological monitoring and research.

Debra leads the IT support group at the NESDIS RAMM Branch (RAMMB) at CIRA. Highlights of Debra's accomplishments include:

NOAA/NESDIS/StAR Profile

Refereed Publications

Knaff, J. A., S. P. Longmore, R. T. DeMaria, and D. A. Molenar, 2015: Improved Tropical-Cyclone Flight-Level Wind Estimates Using Routine Infrared Satellite Reconnaissance. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54(2), 463-478, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0112.1.

Knaff, J. A.,  S. P. Longmore, and D. A. Molenar, 2015: CORRIGENDUM. J. Climate28(2)1, 8648–8651, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0610.1.

Longmore, S. P., S. D. Miller, D. E. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, E. J. Szoke, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, and J. A. Knaff, 2015: An Automated Mobile Phone Photo Relay and Display Concept Applicable to Operational Severe Weather Monitoring. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,32(7), 1356-1363, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00230.1.

Knaff, J. A., S. P. Longmore, and D. A. Molenar, 2014: An Objective Satellite-Based Tropical Cyclone Size Climatology. J. Climate, 27(1), 455-476, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00096.1.

DeMaria, M., R. T. DeMaria, J. A. Knaff, and D. A. Molenar, 2012: Tropical cyclone lighting and rapid intensity change. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140(6), 1828-1842. 

Knaff, J. A., M. DeMaria, D. A. Molenar, C.R. Sampson, and M.G. Seybold, 2011: An automated, objective, multi-satellite platform tropical cyclone surface wind analysis. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 50((10), 2149-2166, doi: 10.1175/2011JAMC2673.1.

Molenar, D. A., K. J. Schrab, and J. F. W. Purdom, 2000: RAMSDIS contributions to NOAA satellite data utilization. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81(5), 1019-1029.

Conference Publications/Presentations and Informal Publications

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Micke, K. P., S. D. Miller, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, S. Finley, N. D. Tourville, D. A. Molenar, D. T. Lindsey, 2018: SLIDER: A Satellite Imagery Looper Capable of Viewing Every Pixel of GOES-16 Imagery in Real-Time Over the Web. AMS 34th Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, Session: Visualization Techniques for Climatology and Meteorology, 7-11 January, Austin, TX.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, B. H. Connell, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, J. R. Torres, R. L. Brummer, D. T. Lindsey, D. W. Hillger, D. A Molenar, and C. J. Seaman, 2018: Advancing potential new satellite products into operations: CIRA's NWS Proving Ground plans. AMS 14th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 7-11 January, Austin, TX.

Hillger, D. W., D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, S. D. Miller, and K. P. Micke, 2017: Imagery Highlights from the First Six Months of the ABI. NOAA Satellite Conference, (poster), CREST, 17-20 July, New York City, NY.

Micke, K. P, J. Solbrig, S. D. Miller, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, S. Finley, N. D. Tourville, D. A. Molenar, D. T. Lindsey, J.F.W. Purdom, 2017: SLIDER: Satellite Loop Interactive Data Explorer in Real-time. 8th Asia/Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users' Conference, 16-21 October, Vladivostok City, Russia.

Purdom, J.F.W., D. A. Molenar, 2017: New tools for analyzing the new generation of geostationary satellite data.The Asia Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users' Conference 8 (AOMSUC-8), 16-18 October, Vladivostok, Russia.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, B. H. Connell, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, S. D. Miller, D. T. Lindsey, J. R. Torres and C. J. Seaman, 2017: Future directions for CIRA's NWS Proving Ground activities now that GOES-16 is operational. National Weather Association (NWA) 42nd Annual Meeting, 16-21 September, Garden Grove, CA.

Szoke, E. J. , D. E. Bikos, B. H. Connell, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, J. R/ Torres, R. L. Brummer, D. T. Lindsey, D. W. Hillger, D. A. Molenar, and C. J. Seaman, 2017: CIRA's Contribution to the NWS GOES-R Proving Ground: A Look Back at Pre-Launch Activities and a Look Ahead to Post-Launch Interactions. AMS 13th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 22-26 January, Seattle, WA.

Lindsey, D. T., S. D. Miller, C. J. Seaman, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, T. J. Schmit, W. C. Straka III, and Y.Sumida, 2016: A First Look at Imagery from Himawari-8. AMS 12th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, (poster), 10-14 January, New Orleans, LA.

Seaman, C. J., D. T. Lindsey, S. D. Miller, J. A. Knaff, G. Chirokova, J. F. Dostalek, A. B. Schumacher, K. M. Musgrave, L. D. Grasso, J. M. Forsythe, R. T. DeMaria, and D. A. Molenar, 2016: CIRA/RAMMB Research Activities in Support of the OCONUS. OCONUS Technical Interchange Meeting, 28-30 June, Honolulu, HI.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, D. W. Hillger, B. H. Connell, D. A. Molenar, C. J. Seaman, and D. T. Lindsey, 2016: CIRA's Current and Future Contributions to the GOES-R Proving Ground as we Approach the Launch of GOES-R. AMS Joint 21st Satellite Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climatology Conference, 15-18 August, Madison, WI.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, D. W. Hillger, B. H. Connell, D. A. Molenar, C. J. Seaman, and D. T. Lindsey, 2016: CIRA's Current and Future Contributions to the GOES-R Proving Ground as we approach the Launch of GOES-R. STAR JPSS Annual Science Team Meeting, 8-12 August, College Park, MD.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, S. D. Miller, D. T. Lindsey, J. Tores and C. J. Seaman, 2016: What happens next for CIRA's NWS Proving Ground activities after the launch of GOES-R? 41st NWA Annual Meeting, 12-15 September, Norfolk, VA.

Brummer, R. L., E. J. Szoke, S. D. Miller, C. J. Seaman, D. T. Lindsey, G. Chirokova, A. B. Schumacher, D. W. Hillger, and D. A. Molenar, 2015: Proving Ground Activities at CIRA. 6th Asia Oceania Meteorological Satellite Users' Conference (AOMSUC), 9-13 November, Tokyo, Japan. 

Knaff, J. A., R. T. DeMaria, S. P. Longmore, D. A. Molenar, and K. D. Musgrave, 2015: Preparing for GOES-R and JPSS: New Tropical Cyclone Tools Based on 30 years of Continuous GOES IR Imagery, NOAA Satellite Science Week, 23-27 February, Boulder, CO.

Longmore, S. P., S. D. Miller, D. E. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, E. J. Szoke, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, and J. A. Knaff, 2015: A Photo Storm Report Mobile Application, Processing/Distribution System, and AWIPS-II Display Concept. AMS 31st Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, 4-8 January, Phoenix, AZ.

Longmore, S. P., S. D. Miller, D. E. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, E. J. Szoke, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, and J. A. Knaff, 2015: An Automated Mobile Phone Photo Relay and Display Concept Applicable to Operational Severe Weather Monitoring. AMS 31st Conference on Environmental Information Processing Technologies, 4-8 January, Phoenix, AZ.

Molenar, D. A., and S. P. Longmore, 2015: CIRA GOES and JPSS RGB Product Development Updates for AWIPS II D2D and NCP. NOAA Satellite Science Week, 23-27 February, Boulder, CO.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos,. R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, S. D. Miller, and C. J. Seaman, 2015: An update on CIRA's Proving Ground efforts as we approach the launch of GOES-R. AMS 27th Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting/23rd Conference on Numerical Weather Prediction, (Talk 15B.5), 29 June-3 July, Chicago, IL.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, S. D. Miller, and C. J. Seaman, 2015: An Update of CIRA's GOES-R and JPSS Proving Ground Activities. NOAA Satellite Science Week, 23-27 February, Boulder, CO.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, S. D. Miller, and C. J. Seaman, 2015: CIRA's NWS Proving Ground activities as we approach the launch of GOES-R. National Weather Association 40th Annual Meeting, CP-55, 19-22 October, Oklahoma City, OK.

Szoke, E. J., R. L. Brummer, D. E. Bikos, S. D. Miller, B. H. Connell, D. A. Molenar, and M. DeMaria, 2015: CIRA Proving Ground activities in preparation for the GOES-R era. AMS 11th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 5-8 January, Phoenix, AZ.

Brummer, R. L., E. J. Szoke, D. T. Lindsey, S. D. Miller, B. H. Connell, L. D. Grasso, and D. A. Molenar, 2014: CIRA Proving Ground Activities. EUMETSAT 2014 Meteorological Satellite Conference, 22-26 September. Geneva, Switzerland.

Knaff, J. A., S. P. Longmore, and D. A. Molenar, 2014: Improved Estimates of Tropical Cyclone Surface Wind Structure from Routine Satellite Reconnaissance. NOAA Satellite Science Week Virtual Conference, 10-14 March.

Longmore, S. P., S .D. Miller, D. E. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, E. J. Szoke, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, R. L. Brummer, and J. A. Knaff, 2014: An Automated Mobile Phone Photo Relay and Display Concept Applicable to Operational Severe Weather Monitoring. AGU Fall 2014 Meeting, Earth Science Informatics session: Near Real Time Data for Earth Science and Space Weather, 15-19 December, San Francisco, CA.

Molenar, D. A., 2014: Support and Utilization of the National Weather Service Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System II in a Research Environment. UCAR Software Engineering Assembly, 7-11 April, Boulder, CO.

Molenar, D. A., 2014: Use of the new real-time AWIPS II standalone workstation in the CIRA Weather Lab including the latest information on AWIPS II deployment as well as CIRA AWIPS II project status, which includes efforts to develop RGB display capabilities in AWIPS II Display 2 Dimensions (D2D) and the National Centers Perspective (NCP). CIRA, 18 February, Fort Collins, CO.

Molenar, D. A., 2014: AWIPS II Development Activities Related to Ingest and Display of JPSS Data at RAMMB/CIRA. JPSS Data to AWIPS 2 Workshop, 4 November, College Park, MD.

Szoke, E. J., D. E. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, H. Gosden, R. L. Brummer, S. D. Miller, and C. J. Seaman, 2014: An Update of CIRA's GOES-R and JPSS Proving Ground NWS Interactions. NWA Annual Meeting, 18-23 October, Salt Lake City, UT.

Szoke, E. J., R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, C. J. Seaman, D. E. Bikos, S. D. Miller, M. DeMaria, D. T. Lindsey, D. W. Hillger, and D. A. Molenar, 2014: More opportunities for forecaster interaction for future operational satellite products-CIRA’s activities in the GOES-R and JPSS Proving Grounds. AMS 4th Conference on Transition of Research to Operations, 2-6 February, Atlanta, GA.

Molenar, D. A., 2013: RAMMB/CIRA’s current AWIPS2 capabilities and on plans for AWIPS2 RGB product development and evaluation. NOAA Satellite Science Week Virtual Conference,18-22 March.

Seaman, C. J., and D. A. Molenar, 2013: Use of RGB composite imagery in AWIPS-II. NOAA Satellite Science Week Virtual Conference, 18-22 March.

Szoke, E. J., D. E.. Bikos, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, H. Gosden, R. L. Brummer, S. D. Miller, and M. DeMaria, 2013: An overview of CIRA Proving Ground NWS interactions. National Weather Association 38th Annual Meeting, 14-18 October, Charleston, SC.

Knaff, J. A., M. DeMaria, D. W. Hillger, D. T. Lindsey, D. A. Molenar, J. L. Beven II, M. J. Brennan, H. D. Cobb III, R. L. Brummer. A. B. Schumacher, J. P. Dunion, K. K. Fuell, A. L. Molthan, and C. S. Velden, 2012: Overview of the GOES-R Proving Ground Activities at National Hurricane Center. AMS 30th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, 15-20 April, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL.

Szoke, E. J., R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, M. DeMaria, D. T., Lindsey, and D. A. Molenar, 2012: The GOES-R Proving Ground: An opportunity for forecasters to shape the satellite products of the future. 46th Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (CMOS) and AMS 21st NWP and 25th WAF Conference, 29 May-1 June, Montreal, Canada.

Szoke, E. J., R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, M. DeMaria, D. T. Lindsey, and D. A. Molenar, 2012: An update on CIRA’s GOES-R Proving Ground activities. NWA Annual Meeting, 6-11 October, Madison, WI.

Lindsey, D. T., D. W. Hillger, D. A. Molenar, J. A. Knaff, M. DeMaria, S. D. Miller, R. L. Brummer, L. D. Grasso, S. Q. Kidder, D. E. Bikos, J. Braun, B. H. Connell, E. J. Szoke, H. Gosden, K. P. Micke, and R. T. DeMaria, 2011: GOES-R Proving Ground Product Development at CIRA. 36th NWA Annual Meeting & GOES User Conference, 17-21 October, Birmingham, AL.

Szoke, E. J., R. L. Brummer, H. Gosden, S. D. Miller, M. DeMaria, and D. A. Molenar, 2011: An overview of CIRA's contribution to the GOES-R Proving Ground. AMS 7th Annual Symposium on Future Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 23-27 January, Seattle, WA.

Combs, C. L., R. Mazur, M. Nordquist, and D. A. Molenar, 2010: An effort to improve marine stratus forecasts using satellite cloud climatologies for the Eureka, CA region. AMS 17th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 27 September-1 October, Annapolis MD.

Miller, S. D., M. DeMaria, D. A. Molenar, D. W. Hillger, E. J. Szoke, R. L. Brummer, A. Kuciauskas, F. Turk, and H. Gosden, 2009:  Contributions from CIRA to the GOES-R Satellite Proving Ground. AMS 16th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 11-15 January, Phoenix, AZ.

Gosden, H., D. L. Watson, D. A. Molenar, K. J. Schrab, J. F. W. Purdom, D. W. Hillger, T. Whittaker, and T. Smith, 2005:  RAMSDIS to RAMSDIS Online, CIRA Magazine, 24, Fall, 4.

Molenar, D. A., K. J. Schrab, and J. F. W. Purdom, 2000:  RAMSDIS Contributions to NOAA Satellite Data Utilization.  CIRA Magazine, 14, Fall, 18-20.

Molenar, D. A., J. F. W. Purdom, C. E. Vaughn, B. H. Connell, and J. F. Dostalek, 1997: RAMSDIS use in regional meteorological training centers. AMS 13th International Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, 88- 90, 2-7 February, Long Beach, CA.

Johnson, J. T., G. DiMego, D. A. Molenar, L. P. Rothfusz, J. Snook, and P. A. Stamus, 1996: Weather information display, analysis and product generation tools used for support of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games: mesoscale analysis tools. AMS 12 Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, 13-16, 28 January-2 February, Atlanta, GA.

Molenar, D. A., K. J. Schrab, J. F. W. Purdom, and H. Gosden, 1996: RAMSDIS in digital satellite data training and analysis. AMS 12th International Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, 160-163, 28 January-2 February, Atlanta, GA.

Schrab, K. J., D. A. Molenar, P. N. Dills, and J. F. W. Purdom, 1996: The Use of Digital Satellite Data in NWS Field Offices. AMS 8th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 50-53, 28 January-2 February, Atlanta, GA..

Molenar, D. A., J. Yang, K. J. Schrab, and J. F. W. Purdom, 1995: The use of digital satellite data using PC based workstations. 11th International Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, 145-148, 15-20 June, Dallas, TX.

Dills, P. N., J. Jiang, J. Yang, J. F. W. Purdom, and D. A. Molenar, 1994: Applications of manual cloud tracking and height assignment to the diagnosis of mesoscale wind fields and convective systems. AMS 7th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 385-388, 6-10 June, Monterey, CA.

Schrab, K. J., D. A. Molenar, J. F. W. Purdom, L. Dunn, and B. Colman, 1994: The use of digital satellite data via a menu system in NWS offices. AMS 7th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 448-451, 6-10 June, Monterey, CA.

Lubich, D. A., and J. F. W. Purdom, 1992: The use of cloud relative animation in the analysis of satellite data. AMS 6th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 120-122, 5-10 January, Atlanta, GA.

Purdom, J. F. W., and D. A. Lubich, 1991: Improved satellite derived cloud motion winds through cloud relative animation. NOAA, WMO, and EUMETSAT Workshop on Wind Extraction from Operational Meteorological Satellite Data, 34, 17-19 September, Washington, D.C.

Purdom, J. F. W., and D. A. Lubich, 1991: Improved analysis of animated satellite imagery through cloud/storm relative animation. XX General Assembly IAMAP/IUGG, 152, 11-24 August, Vienna, Austria.

Hillger, D. W., J. F. W. Purdom, and D. A. Lubich, 1990: An optimal spin budget as determined from special VAS data. AMS 5th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 169-172, 3-6 September, London, England.

Lubich, D. A., and R. M. Zehr, 1989: Quantitative satellite analysis of four tropical cyclones during AMEX/EMEX. AMS 4th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 63-66, 16-19 May, San Diego, CA.

Lubich, D. A., and R. M. Zehr, 1988: The use of polar orbiter data in tropical weather system analysis. AMS 3rd Conf. on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 209-214, 31 January-5 February, Anaheim, CA.

Davis, W. S., D. A. Lubich, and G. G. Campbell, 1987: Fractal techniques in satellite cloud imagery. AMS 3rd Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology and Hydrology, 211-214, 12-16 January, New Orleans, LA.

Green, R. N., J. F. W. Purdom, and D. A. Lubich, 1986: Assessment of a personal computer workstation for satellite meteorology. AMS 2nd Conf. on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology and Hydrology, 326-331, 14-17 January, Miami, FL.

Purdom, J. F. W., D. W. Hillger, T. H. Vonder Haar, C. A. Johnson, D. A. Lubich, and P. Laybe, 1986: Development of mesoscale forecast products from satellite microwave sounding data. AMS 2nd Conf. on Satellite Meteorologic/Remote Sensing and Applications, 376-381, 13-16 May, Williamsburg, VA.

Technical Reports

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Hillger, D. W., J. F. W. Purdom, and D. A. Molenar, 1993: A noise level analysis of special multiple-spin VAS data during STORM-FEST. NOAA Technical Report, NESDIS 65, April, 30 pp.

Hillger, D. W., J. F. W. Purdomand D. A. Lubich, 1991: A noise level analysis of special 10-spin-per-channel VAS data. NOAA/NESDIS Technical Report NESDIS 56, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC, 50 pp.

E-mail: Debra.Molenar@noaa.gov