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RAMMB: Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch logo CIRA: Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere logo NESDIS: NOAA Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service logo
Bill Line

Bill Line earned a B.S. (2011) and M.S. (2013) in Atmospheric and oceanic Sciences from the University of Wisconsin - Madison. In 2013, Bill began working at the University of Oklahoma and Storm Prediction Center in Norman, OK as a Satellite Liaison before transitioning to the National Weather Service in Pueblo, CO as a forecaster in 2016. In 2019, Bill joined the Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology (RAMM) Branch of NOAA/NESDIS as a research meteorologist.

Bill's expertise and interests include developing and sharing best practices, displays, and procedures for incorporating geostationary and polar-orbiting satellite data into NWS operations. He has made numerous presentations at scientific meetings, and published scientific journal articles, technical reports, and blog posts.

Refereed Publications

Gallo, B. T., and Coauthors, 2017: Breaking new ground in severe weather prediction: The 2015 NOAA/Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Wea. Forecasting, 32, 1541–1568, https://doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-16-0178.1.

Gravelle, C. M., J. R. Mecikalski, W. E. Line, K. M. Bedka, R. A. Petersen, J.M. Sieglaff, G. T. Stano, and S. J. Goodman, 2016: Demonstration of a GOES-R satellite convective toolkit to “bridge the gap” between severe weather watches and warnings: An example from the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma, tornado outbreak. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 69–84, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00054.1.

Lindley, T. T., A. R. Anderson, V. N. Mahale, T. S. Curl, W. E. Line, S. S. Lindstrom, and A. S. Bachmeier, 2016: Wildfire detection notifications for impact-based decision support services in Oklahoma using geostationary super rapid scan satellite imagery. J. Operational Meteor., 4 (14), 182−191, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2016.0414.

Line, W. E., T. J. Schmit, D. T. Lindsey, and S. J. Goodman, 2016: Use of Geostationary Super Rapid Scan Satellite Imagery by the Storm Prediction Center. Wea. Forecasting, 31, 483–494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-15-0135.1.

Nonrefereed/Informal Publications, Presentations, and Posters

Line, W. E., 2019: Modifying RGB Imagery on the Fly in AWIPS. FDTD GOES Applications Webinar, 24 September, remote presentation.

Alsheimer, F., S.W. Bieda III, D.A. Barber, B. C. Carcione, B. C. Motta, W. Line, B. Ward, 2019: The Satellite Training and Operations Resource (STOR) Site: An Effort to Provide Continuing Satellite Education to National Weather Service Forecasters. 2019 Joint Satellite Conference, 28 September - 04 October, Boston, MA.

Line, W. E., 2019: Operational Use of GOES-R ABI and GLM Data during Short-Fused Forecast and Warning Situations. 2019 Joint Satellite Conference, 28 September - 04 October, Boston, MA. Line, W. E., 2019: Heavy Precipitation and Flash Flooding in Mountainous Terrain. 2019 Satellite Applications Workshop, 30 July, Kansas City, MO.

Line, W. E., 2019: Wildfire Hot Spot Notification Service at NWS Pueblo. 2019 Southern Colorado IWT, 2 May, Pueblo, CO. Line, W. E., 2019: GOES-16 Updates and GLM Use in Operations. NWS Pueblo Spring 2019 Workshop, 16 April, Pueblo, CO.

Line, W. E., 2019: Wildfire Hot Spot Notification Service at NWS Pueblo. 2019 El Paso County Wildfire Tabletop Exercise, 4 April, Colorado Springs, CO.

Line, W. E., 2018: Wildfire Detection and Notification at NWS Pueblo Using GOES-R Satellites. Denver/Boulder AMS Seminar, 15 November, Boulder, CO.

Line, W. E., 2018: Using GOES-16 Imagery and Derived Products in NWS Operations to Assess the Pre-Convective Environment. 43rd NWA Annual Meeting, 26-30 August, St. Louis, MO.

Line, W. E., 2018: Satellite Training Activities. NWS Director (Louis Uccellini) Visit to NWS Pueblo, 6 August, Pueblo, CO.

Line, W. E., 2018: Satellite Liaisons: Perspective from a Former Satellite Liaison. Remote Presentation for STAR/NWS Satellite Operations Seminar, 21 June, College Park, MD.

Line, W. E., 2018: GOES-16 Updates and Use During the Convective Season. NWS Pueblo Spring 2018 Workshop, 12 April, Pueblo, CO.

Line, W. E., 2018: GOES-16 Updates and Use During the Convective Season. NWS Boulder Spring 2018 Workshop, 6 April and 13 April, Boulder, CO.

Line, W. E., 2018: Spring 2018 Fire Weather Update. Southern Colorado "Before the Fire" Workshop, 22 March, Pueblo, CO.

Demuth, J. L., D. Nietfeld, C. M. Gravelle, W. E. Line, S. D. Miller, A. B. Schumacher, G. T. Stano, 2018: Development and Communication of Next-Generation Satellite Information for Forecasting Extreme Weather. Panel Discussion Presented at the AMS 14th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 7-11 January, Austin, TX.

Line, W. E., 2018: Operational Use of GOES-16 at NWS Pueblo. AMS 14th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 7-11 January, Austin, TX.

Meyer, T. C., K. Berry, M. A. Bowlan, K. M. Calhoun, J. Correia Jr., G. S. Garfield, A. Gerard, T. Hansen, C. Karstens, K. Klockow, D. LaDue, J. G. LaDue, W. Line, C. Ling, D. M. Kingfield, K. L. Manross, H. Obermeier, L. Rothfusz, and G. J. Stumpf, 2018: An Overview of the 2017 Experimental Warning Program at the Hazardous Weather Testbed. AMS Eighth Conference on Transition of Research to Operations, 7-11 January, Austin, TX.

Calhoun, K., W. Line, T. Meyer, D. Kingfield, 2017: Satellite Proving Ground Activities in the HWT. 42nd NWA Annual Meeting, 16-21 September, Garden Grove, CA.

Line, W. E., 2017: Operational Use of GOES-16 Data at NWS Pueblo, CO. 42nd NWA Annual Meeting, 16-21 September, Garden Grove, CA.

Line, W. E., 2017: GOES-R. Remote Presentation for 2017 National Association of Black Journalists Conference, 11 August, New Orleans, LA.

Line, W. E., 2017: Incorporating GOES-16 Data into Convective Warning Operations on the High Plains. 2017 High Plains Conference, 9 August, Dodge City, KS.

Line, W. E., 2017: GOES-R. NWS Pueblo Spring 2017 Workshop, 13 April, Pueblo, CO.

Line, W. E., 2017: GOES-R: What can you expect? 2017 Hurricane Center Live Conference, 5-9 April, South Padre Island, TX.

Line, W. E., 2017: GOES-R: What can you expect? 2017 StormCenter Live Conference, 10-11 March, San Antonio, TX.

Goodman, S. J., T. J. Schmit, D. T. Lindsey, M. J. Pavolonis, and W. Line, 2017: NOAA New Generation Satellite Capabilities for Improved Severe Storm Forecasts and Warnings. AMS Special Symposium on Severe Local Storms: Observation needs to advance research, prediction and communication, 22-26 January, Seattle, WA.

Meyer, T. C., K. M. Calhoun, G. S. Garfield, A. Gerard, J. J. Gourley, C. Karstens, D. M. Kingfield, D. LaDue, W. Line, C. Ling, S. M. Martinaitis, L. Rothfusz, T. M. Smith, and G. J. Stumpf, 2017: The Experimental Warning Program at the Hazardous Weather Testbed. AMS Seventh Conference on Transition of Research to Operations, 22-26 January, Seattle, WA.

Zavodsky, B. T., N. Smith, J. F. Dostalek, E. Stevens, K. Nelson, E. Weisz, E. Berndt, W. Line, C. D. Barnet, A. Gambacorta, T. Reale, and D. Hoese, 2017: A Gridded CrIS/ATMS Visualization for Operational Forecasting. AMS 28th Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting / 24th Conference on Numerical Weather Prediction, 22-26 January, Seattle, WA. Line, W. E., 2016: GOES-R: What can you expect? 2016 Great Plains / Rocky Mountain American Association of Geographers Conference, 22 October, Colorado Springs, CO.

Line, W. E., 2016: GOES-R. NWS/OUN Brownbag, 30 August, Norman, OK.

Line, W. E., 2016: Overview of GOES-R Series. 2016 NWS SOO Development Course, 23 August 2016, Norman, OK.

Line, W. E., 2016: Results from GOES-R and JPSS Proving Ground Demonstrations at the HWT 2016 Spring Experiment. AMS Joint 21st Satellite Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climatology Conference, 15-18 August, Madison, WI.

Line, W. E., 2016: NUCAPS Evaluation at the HWT 2016 Spring Experiment. Remote Presentation for 3rd NOAA/STAR JPSS Annual Science Team Meeting, 8-12 August, College Park, MD.

Line, W. E., 2016: GOES-R: What It Means for You. 2016 WSB Weather Seminar, 15 May, Atlanta, GA.

Line, W. E., 2016: Satellite Training at the Hazardous Weather Testbed. 3rd NOAA Satellite Proving Ground/User Readiness Meeting, 9-13 May, Norman, OK.

Line, W. E., 2016: HWT 2016 Spring Experiment Overview. 3rd NOAA Satellite Proving Ground/User Readiness Meeting, 9-13 May, Norman, OK.

Line, W. E., 2016: Preparing for GOES-R, the Next Generation of Geostationary Weather Satellites. 27th Annual Steamboat Weather Summit, 17-22 January, Steamboat Springs, CO.

Barnet, C. D., A. Gambacorta, B. Sjoberg, W. Line, and D. M. Goldberg, 2016: The Use of Temperature and Water Vapor Profiles for Weather Applications: Recent Activities in the NOAA/JPSS Proving Ground. AMS 12th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 10-14 January, New Orleans, LA.

Kuhlman, K. M., G. S. Garfield, D. M. Kingfield, C. D. Karstens, D. LaDue, W. Line, T. C. Meyer, T. M. Smith, and G. J. Stumpf, 2016: The Experimental Warning Program at the NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed. AMS Sixth Conference on Transition of Research to Operations, 10-14 January, New Orleans, LA.

Line, W. E., 2016: Results from GOES-R and JPSS Proving Ground Demonstrations at the HWT 2015 Spring Experiment. AMS 12th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 10-14 January, New Orleans, LA.

Line, W. E., 2015: Results from GOES-R Proving Ground Demonstrations at the 2015 HWT Spring Experiment. 40th NWA Annual Meeting, 17-22 October, Oklahoma City, OK.

Line, W. E., 2015: On the Use of 1-Minute Satellite Imagery in the Storm Prediction Center. 40th NWA Annual Meeting, 17-22 October, Oklahoma City, OK.

Line, W. E., 2015: GOES-R Overview. Society of Environmental Journalists Visit to the National Weather Center, 8 October 2016, Norman, OK.

Line, W. E., 2015: NUCAPS demonstration at the HWT 2015 Spring Experiment. Remote Presentation for 2nd NOAA/STAR JPSS Annual Science Team Meeting, 24-28 August, College Park, MD.

Line, W. E., 2015: Current State of 1-minute Imagery User Readiness. 2nd NOAA Satellite Proving Ground/User Readiness Meeting, 15-19 June, Kansas City, MO.

Line, W. E., 2015: On the Use of 1-Minute Satellite Imagery in the Storm Prediction Center. 2015 NOAA Satellite Conference, 27 April - 1 May, Greenbelt, MD.

Line, W. E., 2015: Results from GOES-R Proving Ground Demonstrations at the 2014 HWT Spring Experiment. Presented Remotely for 6th NOAA Testbeds & Proving Grounds Workshop, 14-16 April, Boulder CO.

Line, W. E., 2015: Results from GOES-R Proving Ground Activities within the Storm Prediction Center. AMS 11th Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 4-8 January, Phoenix, AZ.

Line, W. E., 2014: Results from the GOES-R Proving Ground Portion of the 2014 HWT Spring Experiment. 27th Conference on Severe Local Storms, 3-7 November, Madison, WI.

Line, W. E., 2014: Results from the GOES-R Proving Ground Portion of the 2014 HWT Spring Experiment. 39th NWA Annual Meeting, 18-23 October, Salt Lake City, UT.

Line, W. E., 2014: Satellite Proving Ground at the Storm Prediction Center and Hazardous Weather Testbed. 1st NOAA Satellite Proving Ground/User Readiness Meeting, 2-6 June, Kansas City, MO.

Line, W. E., 2014: GOES-R Proving Ground Activities within the Storm Prediction Center and Hazardous Weather Testbed. GOES-R Science Seminar, 24 January, remote presentation. Line, W. E., 2014: A Retrospective Look at the CIMSS NearCast Model Performance during the May 2013 Tornado Events in Central Oklahoma. AMS Tenth Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 2-6 February, Atlanta, GA.

Terborg, A. M., M. J. Folmer and W. Line, 2014: The GOES-R/JPSS Proving Ground: A National Centers Perspective. AMS Tenth Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 2-6 February, Atlanta, GA.

Weiss, S. J. and W. Line, 2014: On the Role of Next Generation Geostationary Satellite Data in Improving Severe Storm and Tornado Prediction. AMS Tenth Annual Symposium on New Generation Operational Environmental Satellite Systems, 2-6 February, Atlanta, GA.

Line, W. E., 2013: GOES-R Proving Ground Activities within the Storm Prediction Center. 38th NWA Annual Meeting, 12-17 October, Charleston, SC.

Line, W.E., R.A. Petersen, and R. Aune, 2013: Improving the depiction of moisture transport in short-range forecasts of the pre-convective environment. 2013 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conf./19th Conf. on Satellite Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climatology, 16-20 September, Vienna, Austria.

Line, W. E., 2013: Using Isentropic Techniques to Improve the Utility of GOES Moisture Observations. M.S. Thesis Oral Defense, AOS Department Seminar, University of Wisconsin – Madison, 28 April, Madison, WI.

Line, W. E., R. A. Petersen, R. Aune, and R. Dworak, 2012: Future improvements to very-short-range forecasts of the pre-convective environment using operational geostationary satellite observations. 37th NWA Annual Meeting, 6-11 October, Madison, WI.

Line, W. E., R.A. Petersen, and R. Aune, 2012: A Data-Driven Method of Integrating Satellite Moisture Information with NWP Products. 2012 Unidata Users Workshop, 9-13 July, Boulder, CO.