type of item

Type of Item Acronyms
(and Cachet Manufacturers)


Below is an explanation of Standard acronyms, initialisms, or abbreviations related to stamps, sheets, covers, and cards, as well as Cachet and cinderella manufacturers, as used in the Type of Item column of the tables on this Website.

Sections/divisions of the tables below
Standard acronyms: Stamps, sheets, covers, and cards
Cachet and cinderella manufacturer names or logos and acronyms
Definitions of 'front/back' and 'label/tab'


Acronym, Initialism, or AbbreviationType of Item
Standard acronyms: Stamps, sheets, covers, and cards
BEP(USA) Bureau of Engraving and Printing
CDTCommon Design Type
DCPDigital Color Printing
FDCFirst Day Cover
FDOIFirst Day Of Issue
FDOSFirst Day Of Sale
IRCInternational Reply Coupon
LDOILast Day Of Issue
MS#*Miniature Sheet*, where # (≥2) = number of stamps in the strip or sheet (less any labels); and the numbers in parentheses are the catalog numbers of the stamps in the sheet
PHQ(British) Postal HeadQuarters
PPOPrinted to Private Order
PTTPostal Telegraph and Telephone
QSLA written confirmation, meaning, either "do you confirm receipt of my transmission", or "I confirm receipt of your transmission". QSL is not an acronym but is one of the many three-letter Q-codes used in radio-communication.
SDCSecond Day Cover
SDOISecond Day Of Issue
SNVSample No Value
SS1*Souvenir Sheet* of 1 (one) stamp

*The use of "souvenir sheet" and "miniature sheet" are arbitrary, with "sheet" being the key word.


Name or Logo1Acronym2
Cachet and cinderella manufacturer names or logos and acronyms
3 Muskateers
Astronautikc Annaalid / TKK (Tartuski Klub Kollektsionerov)AA / TKK
AALL (????) Stamps & Collectibles (Milltown NJ)AALL
Aero philatelic Federation of the AmericasAFA
Alto
All Star Cachets
(radio) AMateur SATellite corporationAMSAT
American First Day Cover SocietyAFDCS
American Philatelic SocietyAPS
American Radio Relay LeagueARRL
American Stamp Dealers AssociationASDA
American Topical AssociationATA
American Topical Association (ATA) Space Satellite Unit
Andrews CachetAC
Andromeda Cover [numbered] / Andromeda [see also Cygnus and Riser]A
Anklam / W Anklam / Wolfgang Anklam [orientation may vary]
Aquila Associates Cachets
ARIzona Philatelic EXposition (Mesa AZ)Aripex
Aristocrat Cachets / The Aristocrats
Ardee Covers
ArtCraft (The Washington Press, Florham Park NJ; or Washington Stamp Exchange)
Artmaster / Artmaster
Artopages (Clay Center OH)
Asociación Nacional de Filatelia y Numismática de EspañaANFIL
Asociación ? de FilateliaALFIL
Association of Essex Philatelic Societies (http://www.stampessex.org.uk/)AEPS
Astro Covers
Astro Documenta [numbered]
Barry
Bazaar / Bazaar / Bazaar [numbered]
BECKman employees Philatelic (Society) EXposition (Fullerton CA)Beckpex
Benham (High Street, Hythe, Kent)
Bevil
Barry and Gerry CoversBGC
Bi-Color Craft American history series
Bobby G (FD Covers, Plainfield NJ)
(Alfred) Boerger / AB Covers / AB Covers / Boerger / Boerger / ABC (Toledo OH)AB
Bonnevalle?
Brad and Dave (Silcox) (Shillington PA)B&D
Brasil Cover
Brenn
Brookman Limited Edition
Butler Publications
Cachet Craft Cachets / Cachet Craft Cover Service (Framingham MA)
CALhoun COunty (SC, Stamp Club) Philatelic EXpositionCalcopex
CAnadian international Philatelic EXpositionCAPEX
Capital-City
Capitol Cachets
Capitolium
Carlos Albright
Carol Murry
Éditions CEF (Nice, France)CEF
Celestial
CENtral? CO??? Philatelic EXposition (Santa Maria CA)Cencopex
Centennial Covers (Edward Hacker, Huntsville AL) [no logo on most covers] / Centennial Covers
Círculo Filatélico de Liniers (Liniers Philatelic Club, Argentina)CFL
CHAMplain valley (VT) Philatelic EXpositionChampex
Chickering/Cachet Craft
CL Cachets
Consortium Industrial Franco-Allemande pour le satellite SymphonieCIFAS
Chambre syndicale française des Négociants et Experts en Philatélie (French Stamp Dealers Association)CNEP
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (France)CNES
?? (Walnut Creek CA) Philatelic EXpositionCoalpex
Cole Cover
Collectors Club of Seattle
Collins
Colorano "Silk" Cachet (Paul Schmid, Huntington NY) / R&R Colorano "Silk" Cachet
COMbined (Chicagoland) Philatelic EXpositionCompex
Colonial Cachet
Congress of Racial Equality (New York NY)
Cotswold Covers / Cotswold Covers
Club Philatélique de KourouCPK
Cygnus Cover [numbered, orientation may vary] [see also Andromeda and Riser]
D. Saffer
D.W. Knapp/Fleetwood
Day Lowry
???DLF
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.DLR
Dome
? Rich Chase (Waterloo IA) / various artists / DRC CachetsDRC
R. Dubeau
Durrens
???DWc
Dynamite
Edila
Éditions So.Ge.Im. (Société de Gestion et d'Impression, ville de Clamart, France)
Éditions U.Des.Co (Éditions Union des Collectionneurs)
Edken
Edsel / Edsel / Edsel
Elite
EntwicklungsRing NOrd (German aerospace company)ERNO
European Space AgencyESA
ESA Space Operations CentreESOC
????ESPA
ESTEC (European Space research and TEchnology Centre) Philatelic Club / ESTEC (European Space research and TEchnology Centre) Philatelic Club
European Space AgencyESA
European Space Research Organization (now merged into ESA)ESRO
ExcelsiorE
Exposición Filatélica Internacional de MéxicoEFIMEX
Exquisite
???E&T
F.R. Ferryman
Fidelity ?F. S. / F.S.
Fidelity ? ?FSC
Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y TimbreFNMT
FIrst DAy COverS (started by Paul-Heinz Mädler in 1952, continued by his partner Oscar Anhut in 1981, West Germany)FIDACOS
Fédération des Organisations Sociales des P.T.T. (unclear what the "06" means)FOS06
'FDC' cachets (Éditions J.F. / Éditions J.F. Courbevoie, France)'FDC'
First Rank (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
Fisher
Geo(rge) Fisher
Fleetwood / Fleetwood
FLORida philatelic EXpositionFlorex
Fluegel Cover / Fluegel Covers
Fort Myers Florida (local post)FMF
Fridson
Fydo "Eyewitness to Space" / CISCO [numbered]
(Ms) Gerry Adlman + MMGAMM
C. George
Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung (now DLR)GFW
Gill Craft
Ginny
Ginza Watanabe Inc.
Glen Cachet / Glen Cachet
Glory
Goldberg / Bernard Goldberg
Goldcraft Cachets (George Goldey, Canton TX)
Great Pictures Covers [numbered]
Grimsland
Goddard Space Flight Center Stamp Club (NASA) (John Webster, Greenbelt MD)GSFC
GULF coast stamp club (Biloxi MS) Philatelic EXpositionGulfpex
Hans J. MuellerHJM
Harris Cachet
HDW/American Air Mail Society [numbered]HDW/AAMS
H.E. Harris and Co. Inc.
Highway Stamp Club (Revere MA)
Historical Space Cover
Hobby Link / Hobby Link Limited EditionHL
Hobo Art Cachet
???HOC
Hoff
House of FarnumHF
Howard FarleyH F
Hughes
HUNTSville (AL) Philatelic EXpositionHuntspex
? and ? (designed by Hearl Grasiadei)H&E
International Association of Space Philatelists [numbered] (Yonkers NY) [see also Zaso]IASP
Imperial
INTERnational Philatelic EXposition (New York NY?)Interpex
International Stamp Collectors Society
InterSpace Cover [see also Space Voyage] (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
??? (T. Palmer)IPM
Jackson/Goldblum
James Lee Roth
JapanCover [numbered]
(Cachet by) Jerryscovers
Jim Butcher (artist associated with Fleetwood cachers)
Jet Propulsion Laboratory Stamp Club (NASA) (Jim Rose, La Canada CA)JPL
Japan Philatelic Society Space Stamp ClubJPS
Johnson Space Center (NASA, Houston TX)JSC
C.G. Junior III
Juvelar
Ken Boll/Cachet Craft / Ken Boll/Cachet Craft
Kennedy Space Center Philatelic Society
Kniga / Kniga
KSC Philatelic Society
Knoble
Kolor Kover
Koslow (artist associated with Fleetwood cachets)MC
Kribbs Kover / Kribbs Kover (Jekyll Island GA)
Kennedy Space Center, Western Launch Operations Division or NASA Kennedy Space Center, Western Launch Operations DivisionKSC-WLOD
(NASA) Kennedy Space Center, Western Operations Support OfficeKSC-WOSO
LINN COunty (NY) Philatelic society EXpositionLinncopex
LINcoln (NE) Philatelic society EXpositionLinpex
(Espace) Lollini (Nice, France)
Lou Jac
Lunar Voyage Cachets (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
LUdhiana (city) Philatelic (club) EXpositionLupex
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Stamp Club
L.W. Staehle (designer) / L.W. Staehle/Cachet Craft
The Manned Spaceflight Cover SocietyMSCS
MANchester (CT) Philatelic expositionManPhil
Marg
Memphis Collectibles ?MC
The Meter Digest (Waukegan IL)
MICHIgan Philatelic EXpositionMichipex
MILwaukee (Philatelic Society) COunty Philatelic EXpositionMilcopex
B. Minne
Mission 57 (Jim Roth)M57
Milestones of Flight Commemorative Series (Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum) [numbered] (Washington DC)MoF
Motorola Stamp Club Cachet
Mystic Stamp Company
National Aeronautics and Space Administration / National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA
NASA Manned Spacecraft Center Stamp Club
NASA Philatelic Documentation
NASA COMmunications NetworkNASCOM
The National Cash Register Company (Dayton OH)NCR
NEw Britain (CT) Philatelic EXpositionNebpex
R.E. Nichol Handcrafted Covers
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration / National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNOAA
NOAA Space Philatelic Society (Jesse Rodriquez, Suitland MD)
Nova
Naval Research LaboratoryNRL
New York Postmaster's Office ?NYPO
Orbit Covers (William Ronson, Bronx NY)
Éditions P.A.C. (Soissons, Aisne, France)PAC
Panda Cachets
PArk FORest (IL) philatelic EXpositionParforex
Paul Calle and Chris Calle
Postal Commemorative Society / Postal Commemorative Society / PCS golden-replicaPCS
Pent Arts
Petosky artist cachet / Lou Holowasko
David Peterman
Piétri Mare
Polar Covers
Postal Progress Series
Pretty Girl Cachets [numbered]PG
space philatelic exposition, 1985Philespace
Premier Jour / Premier Jour d'Emission Historique FDC [numbered]PJ
Pugh Cachets Inc.
QC GraphicsQC
Rank velvet, silkscreened, and printed [no logo] (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
Rank II (velvet) [no logo] (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
J (John) Ranto (Hamilton Township NJ)
Radio Corporation of AmericaRCA
Reader's Digest (flying horse) / Reader's Digest (flying horse)
Regal
????RES&C
Riser [see also Andromeda and Cygnus]
Robert C. Graebner Chapter #17, AFDCS / Graebner Chapter
ROchester (NY) Philatelic EXpositionRopex
Rockwell International
Roma (L. Fraschetti)
Ron Miller
Rosecraft
Ross silver foil
Rochester (NY) Philatelic AssociationRPA
Rocket Research Institute (Glendale CA)RRI
Royal / Royal / Royal
RUMford (ME) philatelic EXpositionRumex
S&T Cachets (Tom O'Hagan)S&T
??? (Eddie Mendlowitz, with Swanson artwork)SAC
??SV
(Clyde) Sarzin / Sarzin metallic (Port Washington, Long Island NY)
Schering
Sérigraphie de Zaster
Shadro
Shue
Smartcraft / Smartcraft
Société Européenne de PropulsionSEP
Sociedad Filatélica?SFC
Sokolsky [orientation may vary]
Solar Covers [numbered] (Roger Jarrell, Huntington WV)
Space City Cover Society / SCCS (Jack McMahan, Houston TX)SCCS
Softones
Space Coast Philately (Inc., Angelo Taiani, Cape Canaveral FL)SCP
Space Coast Philatelic Society (Florida)SCPS
Space Master / Space-Master [numbered]
Space Voyage [see also InterSpace Cover] (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
SpaceCraft / SpaceCraft - Swanson / C. Swanson / C. Swanson(Carl Swanson and Joe Fitzpatrick, Huntington WV)
Spartan / Spartan / Spartan / Spartan
Spectrum CoversS
Spurgeon [numbered]
STAMP EXposition (Salem OR)Stampex
C. Stephen Anderson
Steve Wilson Design (signature) and Steve Wilson Design (logo) / Steve Wilson Design (signature and logo)
SUNneyvale (CA) Philatelic EXpositionSunpex
SUburban (collectors club of Chicago IL) Philatelic EXpositionSupex
Sun Craft
(James) Szostek (El Paso TX) [see also White Sands Missile Range (WSMR)]
Texture Craft (Robert G. Rank, Union NJ)
Tidbinbilla Deep Space Communication ComplexTDSCC
THAMES (Stamp Club) Philatelic EXpositionThamespex
Therome CachetsTC
C. Thompson
???THS
Titusville Moonport Stamp Club (circular logo) / Titusville-Moonport Stamp Club / official commemorative cover / Titusville Moonport Stamp Club (rubber-stamp)
???TMC
Tre Stelle (three stars)
Thompson Ramo Wooldridge (Inc.) Systems GroupTRW
Tudor House
Uncovers
Unicover Corporation (Cheyenne WY)
United NationsUN
United Nations Postal AdministrationUNPA
United States Air ForceUSAF
United States Postal ServiceUSPS
Universal Ship Cancellation Society [numbered, and dated]USCS
Velvatone (A.W. Dargis)
Virgil Crow
Wakefield CompanyW. Co. / W. Co.
(Mae) Weigand
Winfred M. GrandyWMG
WALworth COunty (Stamp Cub) Philatelic EXposition (Lake Geneva WI)Walcopex
WAterloo (IA, Cedar Valley Stamp Club) philatelic EXpositionWATEX
Weapons Research Establishment (Woomera SA)WRE
WEltRAum Briefmarken Ausstellung (space stamp exhibition)WERABA
WCS Wesley First Day Cover / Wesley Cover ServicesWCS
Western Electric stamp and coin club (Kearny NJ) Philatelic EXpositionWepex
Western Heritage Association (Hacienda Heights CA)
WESTern Philatelic EXposition (San Francisco CA)Westpex
Western "Silk" Cachet [numbered]W
(Robert B. "Bob") Whitney [no logo] (Florida)
World Stamp Expo 2000WSE2000
White Sands Missile Range [numbered] (US Army) (El Paso TX) [see also Szostek]WSMR
World Federation of United Nations Associations CachetWFUNA
???WII
Z-Special
Zaso (Yonkers NY) [see also IASP]Z

1A logo is text, an acronym, a drawing, or a symbol (or some combination of them) that identifies the manufacturer.
2A manufacturer may be referred to by an acronym based on its name. The acronym may or may not form all or a part of the manufacturer's logo. This column lists the manufacturers' acronyms known to the authors.


For two-sided postal materials, the following definitions of front and back apply:


For un-denominated stamp-like items that accompany postage stamps, the following definitions of label and tab apply:


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.
Back to Weather and Climate Philately.
Back to Metric and Related-Standards Philately.
Back to Amateur (Ham) Radio and Shortwave Radio Philately.



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Updated: 2017-12-10