scientific satellite

Scientific/research/technology
satellites


Below are checklists of scientific/research/technology satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

More-specific scientific/research/technology disciplines/categories are covered elsewhere on this Website.


Satellite series covered:


US Explorer-series satellites:

Notes on the Explorer series: The numbering of the Explorer-series satellites is consistent among sources only through Explorer-55. Beyond that number there is controversy over what constitutes an Explorer satellite. Of the numbered Explorer satellites, only Explorer-2 and Explorer-5 failed but were numbered in sequence. This occurred before it was common practice to delay final numbering until a launch was successful.

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Explorer-11958-01-31Explorer-1
Explorer-1
Explorer-1
Explorer-1Explorer-1
Explorer-2 [failed]1958-03-05Explorer (except Explorer-1)Explorer (except Explorer-1)
Explorer-31958-03-26
Explorer-41958-07-26Explorer-4
Explorer-5 [failed]1958-08-24
Explorer-S1 / Explorer-7X [failed]1959-07-16
Explorer-6 (S2) (like Pioneer-5)11959-08-07Explorer-6
Explorer-6
Explorer-6
Explorer-6
Explorer-7 (S1A)1959-10-13Explorer-7
Explorer-7
Explorer-7
Explorer-S46 [failed]1960-03-23Explorer-S46
Explorer-8 (S30)1960-11-03Explorer-8
Explorer-8
Explorer-S56 [failed]1960-12-04
Explorer-9 (S56A) (identical to Explorer-19)1961-02-16
Explorer-S45 [failed]1961-02-24Explorer-S45
Explorer-S45
Explorer-S45
Explorer-10 (P14)1961-03-25Explorer-10
Explorer-10
Explorer-11 (S15)1961-04-27Explorer-11
Explorer-11
Explorer-S45A [failed]1961-05-24
Explorer-S55 [failed]1961-06-30
Explorer-12 (EPE-A, S3)1961-08-16Explorer-12
Explorer-13 (S55A)1961-08-25Explorer-13
Explorer-13
Explorer-14 (EPE-B, S3A)1962-10-02
Explorer-15 (EPE-C, S3B)1962-10-29
Explorer-16 (S55B)1962-12-16
Explorer-17 (AE-A, S6)1963-04-03Explorer-17
Explorer-18 / IMP-1 (IMP-A)1963-11-27Explorer-18
Explorer-18/21 type
Explorer-19 (ADE-A, S56B) (identical to Explorer-9)1963-12-19
Explorer-S66 (BE-A) [failed]1964-03-19
Explorer-20 (IE-A, S48, Topsi)1964-08-25Explorer-20
Explorer-21 / IMP-2 (IMP-B)1964-10-04Explorer-18/21 type
Explorer-21
Explorer-22 (S66A, BE-B)1964-10-09Explorer-22
Explorer-23 (S55C)1964-11-06
Explorer-24 (ADE-B, S56C)1964-11-21Explorer-24
Explorer-24+25
Explorer-25 (IE-B) / Injun-41964-11-21Explorer-25
Explorer-25
Explorer-24+25
Explorer-26 (EPE-D)1964-12-21
Explorer-27 (BE-C)1965-04-29Explorer-27
Explorer-28 / IMP-3 (IMP-C)1965-05-29
Explorer-29 / GEOS-1 (GEOS-A)1965-11-06Explorer-29
Explorer-29
Explorer-30 (SE-A) / SolRad-81965-11-19Explorer-30
Explorer-31 (DME-A) / ISIS-X1965-11-28Explorer-31
Explorer-32 (AE-B)1966-05-25Explorer-32
Explorer-33 / AIMP-1 (IMP-D)1966-07-01Explorer-33
Explorer-33/35 type
Explorer-34 / IMP-4 (IMP-F)1967-05-24Explorer-34
Explorer-35 / AIMP-2 (IMP-E)1967-07-19Explorer-35
Explorer-33/35 type
Explorer-36 / GEOS-2 (GEOS-B)1968-01-11
Explorer-37 (SE-B) / SolRad-91968-03-05Explorer-37
Explorer-38 / RAE-1 (RAE-A)1968-07-04Explorer-38
Explorer-38/49 type
Explorer-38/49 type
Explorer-39 (ADE-C)1968-08-08
Explorer-40 (IE-C) / Injun-51968-08-08Explorer-40
Explorer-40
Explorer-41 / IMP-5 (IMP-G)1969-06-21Explorer-41
Explorer-42 (SAS-A) / Uhuru1970-12-12Explorer-42 (Uhuru)
Explorer-42
Explorer-43 / IMP-6 (IMP-H)1971-03-13Explorer-43
Explorer-44 (SE-C) / SolRad-101971-07-09Explorer-44
Explorer-45 (SSS-A / S-Cubed-A)1971-11-15Explorer-45
Explorer-46 / MTS1972-08-13Explorer-46
Explorer-47 / IMP-7 (IMP-I)1972-09-22
Explorer-48 (SAS-B)1972-11-15Explorer-48
Explorer-48
Explorer-49 / RAE-2 (RAE-B)1973-06-10Explorer-38/49 type
Explorer-38/49 type
Explorer-49
Explorer-49
Explorer-50 / IMP-8 (IMP-J)1973-10-26Explorer-50
Explorer-50
Explorer-51 (AE-C)1973-12-16Explorer-51
Explorer-52 (IE-D) / Hawkeye / Injun-61974-06-03Explorer-52
Explorer-53 (SAS-C)1975-05-07Explorer-53
Explorer-54 (AE-D)1975-10-06Explorer-54
Explorer-55 (AE-E)1975-11-20
Explorer: DAD-A (DADE-A), DAD-B (DADE-B) [failed]1975-12-05DAD-A
Explorer-56 / ISEE-1 (ISEE-A)1977-10-22ISEE-1
ISEE-1
ISEE-1+2
Explorer-57 (SAS-D) / IUE1978-01-26Explorer-57 (IUE)
Explorer-57 (IUE)
Explorer-58 / HCMM / AEM-1 (AEM-A)1978-04-26Explorer-58
Explorer-58/60 type
Explorer-59 / ISEE-3 (ISEE-C) / ICE21978-08-14ISEE-3
ISEE-3
ISEE-3
Explorer-60 / SAGE / AEM-2 (AEM-B)1979-02-18Explorer-60
Explorer-58/60 type
Explorer-61 / MagSat1979-10-30Explorer-61
Explorer-61
Explorer-62 (DE-1)1981-08-03Explorer-62/63 type
Explorer-62/63 type
Explorer-63 (DE-2)1981-08-03
Explorer-64 / SME1981-10-06Explorer-64 (SME)
Explorer-64 (SME)
Explorer-65 / AMPTE (CCE, IRM, and UKS)1984-08-16Explorer-65 (AMPTE)
UKS
Explorer-66 / COBE1989-11-18COBE (patch, early-design)3
Explorer-66 (COBE, early-design)3
Explorer-66 (COBE, final-design)3
Explorer-66 (COBE, final-design)3
Explorer-67 / EUVE1992-06-07Explorer-67 (EUVE)
Explorer-67 (EUVE)
Explorer-68 / SMEX-1 / SAMPEX1992-07-03Explorer-68 (SAMPEX)
Explorer-68 (SAMPEX)
SAMPEX (patch)
Explorer-69 / XTE / RXTE / MIDEX-(-2)1995-12-30Explorer-69 (XTE)
Explorer-69 (XTE)
Explorer-70 / SMEX-2 / FAST1996-08-21Explorer-70 (FAST)
Explorer-70 (FAST)
FAST (patch)
Explorer-71 / ACE / MIDEX-(-1)1997-08-25Explorer-71 (ACE)
Explorer-71 (ACE)
Explorer-71 (ACE)
ACE (patch)
Explorer-72 / STEDI-1 / SNOE1998-02-26Explorer-72 (SNOE)
Explorer-73 / SMEX-4 / TRACE1998-04-02Explorer-73 (TRACE)
TRACE (patch)
Explorer-74 / SMEX-3 / SWAS1998-12-06Explorer-74 (SWAS)
Explorer-74 (SWAS)
SWAS (patch)
Explorer-75 / SMEX-5 / WIRE [failed]1999-03-05Explorer-75 (WIRE)
Explorer-76 / STEDI-2 / TERRIERS [failed]1999-05-18Explorer-76 (TERRIERS)
Explorer-77 / MIDEX-0 / FUSE1999-06-23Explorer-77 (FUSE)
Explorer-77 (FUSE)
FUSE (patch)
Explorer-78 / MIDEX-1 / IMAGE2000-03-25Explorer-78 (IMAGE)
Explorer-79 / HETE-22000-10-09Explorer-79 (HETE-2)
Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2 / MAP / WMAP (astronomy mission)2001-06-30Explorer-80 (MAP)
Explorer-81 / SMEX-6 / HESSI / RHESSI2002-02-05Explorer-81 (HESSI)
Explorer-81 (HESSI)
Explorer-82 / UNEX-1 / CHIPSat2003-01-12Explorer-82 (CHIPSat)
Explorer-83 / SMEX-7 / GALEX2003-04-28Explorer-83 (GALEX)
Explorer-84 / MIDEX-3 / Swift2004-11-20Explorer-84 (Swift)
Explorer-85 — 89 / MIDEX-5A — E / THEMIS-A — E2007-02-17Explorer-85/89 type (THEMIS)
Explorer-90 / SMEX-9 / AIM2007-04-25Explorer-90 (AIM)
Explorer-91 / SMEX-10 / IBEX2008-10-19Explorer-91 (IBEX)
Explorer-92 / MIDEX-6 / WISE / NGSS (astronomy mission)2009-12-14Explorer-92 (WISE)
Explorer-93 / SMEX-11 / NuSTAR2012-06-13Explorer-93 (NuSTAR)
Explorer-93 (NuSTAR patch)

1Explorer-6 and Pioneer-5 were similar "paddlewheel" satellites. It is believed that Explorer-6 contained two short antennas on its "top", whereas Pioneer-5 contained only a single short antenna. When there are no antennas on top, the distinction is unclear, but of the two, Pioneer-5 is assumed.
2Explorer-59 / ISEE-3 was renamed ICE in 1983.
3COBE (early-design) was intended for Space Shuttle launch; COBE (final-design) was intended for rocket launch.

US Injun-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Injun-11961-06-29Injun
Injun-1+SolRad-3
Transit-4a+Injun-1+SolRad-3
Transit-4a+Injun-1+SolRad-3
InjunInjun
Injun-21962-01-24Injun-2
Injun-31962-12-13Injun-3
Injun-4 / Explorer-25 (IE-B)1964-11-21Explorer-25
Explorer-25
Explorer-24+25
Injun-5 (Injun-C) / Explorer-40 (IE-C)1968-08-08Explorer-40
Explorer-40
Injun-6 (Injun-F) / Explorer-52 (IE-D) / Hawkeye1974-06-03Explorer-52

US Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (GEOS-1/2), PAssive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (PAGEOS), and Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite (GEOS-3) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GEOS-1 (GEOS-A) / Explorer-291965-11-06Explorer-29
Explorer-29
GEOSGEOS
PAGEOS1966-06-23PAGEOS
GEOS-2 (GEOS-B) / Explorer-361968-01-11
GEOS-3 (GEOS-C)1975-04-09GEOS-3

US International Sun-Earth Explorer (ISEE) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ISEE-1 (ISEE-A) / Explorer-561977-10-22a href="ISEE-1_image.jpg">ISEE-1
ISEE-1
ISEE-1+2
ISEEISEE
ISEE-2 (ISEE-B)1977-10-22ISEE-2
ISEE-1+2
ISEE-3 (ISEE-C) / Explorer-59 / ICE11978-08-14ISEE-3
ISEE-3
ISEE-3

1ISEE-3 / Explorer-59 was renamed ICE in 1983.

US Vanguard-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Vanguard-TV0 [sub-orbital]1956-12-08VanguardVanguard
Vanguard-TV1 [sub-orbital]1957-05-01
Vanguard-TV2 [sub-orbital]1957-10-23
Vanguard-TV3 [failed]1957-12-06Vanguard-TV3
Vanguard-1
Vanguard-1
Vanguard-1
Vanguard-1
Vanguard-TV3 (backup) [failed]1958-02-05
Vanguard-1 (TV4)1958-03-17
Vanguard-TV5 [failed]1958-04-28Vanguard-TV5
Vanguard-SLV1 [failed]1958-05-27Vanguard-SLV2
Vanguard-SLV2 [failed]1958-06-26
Vanguard-SLV3 [failed]1958-09-26Vanguard-2
Vanguard-2
Vanguard-2
Vanguard-2 (SLV4)1959-02-17
Vanguard-SLV5 [failed]1959-04-13Vanguard-SLV5
Vanguard-SLV6 [failed]1959-06-22Vanguard-SLV6
Vanguard-3 (SLV7)1959-09-18Vanguard-3
Vanguard-3
Vanguard-3

(Earlier) US Pioneer-series (non-planetary) satellites:

Of the numbered Pioneer satellites, only Pioneer-2 failed but was numbered in sequence. This occurred before it was common practice to delay final numbering until a launch was successful.

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Pioneer-0 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1958-08-17Pioneer-0/1/2 type
Pioneer-1
Pioneer-1
Pioneer (non-planetary)Pioneer (non-planetary)
Pioneer-1 (lunar orbit attempt)1958-10-11
Pioneer-2 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1958-11-08
Pioneer-3 (lunar flyby attempt)1958-12-06Pioneer-3
Pioneer-3/4 type
Pioneer-4
Pioneer-4
Pioneer-4 (solar orbit)1959-03-03
Pioneer-P1 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1959-09-24Pioneer-P3
Pioneer-P3 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1959-11-26
Pioneer-5 (P2) (like Explorer-6)1 (interplanetary)1960-03-11Pioneer-5
Pioneer-5
Pioneer-5
Pioneer-5
Pioneer-P30 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1960-09-25Pioneer-P3
Pioneer-P31 (lunar orbit attempt) [failed]1960-12-15
Pioneer-6 (Pioneer-A)1965-12-16Pioneer-6
Pioneer-6
Pioneer-6
Pioneer-6
Pioneer-7 (Pioneer-B)1966-08-17Pioneer-7
Pioneer-8 (Pioneer-C)1967-12-13Pioneer-6/7/8/9 type
Pioneer-6/7/8/9 type
Pioneer-9 (Pioneer-D)1968-11-08
Pioneer-E [failed]1969-08-27Pioneer-E
(Later) Pioneer-series (planetary) satellites
(Pioneer-10 — Pioneer-13)
referencePioneer (planetary)Pioneer (planetary)

1Pioneer-5 and Explorer-6 were similar "paddlewheel" satellites. It is believed that Explorer-6 contained two short antennas on its "top", whereas Pioneer-5 contained only a single short antenna. When there are no antennas on top, the distinction is unclear, but of the two, Pioneer-5 is assumed.

US Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (OGO) / Polar Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (POGO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
OGO-1 (OGO-A)1964-09-05OGO
OGO-1
OGOOGO
OGO-2 (OGO-C) / POGO-11965-10-14OGO-2
OGO-3 (OGO-B)1966-06-07OGO-3
OGO-4 (OGO-D) / POGO-21967-07-28
OGO-5 (OGO-E)1968-03-04
OGO-6 (OGO-F) / POGO-31969-06-05OGO-6

US SURveillance CALibration (SurCal) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SurCal-1 [failed]1962-01-24SurCal-1SurCal-1 (with Injun-2 and SolRad-4A)
SurCal-2 [partial-failure]1962-12-13SurCal-5SurCal-2 (with Injun-3)
SurCal-3 [partial-failure]1963-06-15SurCal-3 (with SolRad-6)
SurCal-41965-03-09SurCal-4 (with SolRad-7B and OSCAR-3)
SurCal-51965-08-13

US CalSphere (CALibration SPHERE) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CalSphere-11962-12-13CalSphereCalSphere-1 (with Injun-3)
CalSphere-21966-08-13
CalSphere-3, CalSphere-41967-05-31

US DODECAhedron (Dodecapole) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Dodecapole-1 / Porcupine-11965-03-09Dodecapole-1
Dodecapole-1
Dodecapole-1 (with SolRad-7B and OSCAR-3)
Dodecapole-2 / Porcupine-21965-08-13

US Owl-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Owl-1Not launchedOwl
Owl-1
Owl-2Not launched

US Pegasus-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Pegasus-11965-02-16Pegasus
Pegasus
PegasusPegasus
Pegasus-21965-05-25
Pegasus-31965-07-30

US (Apollo-deployed) Particles and Fields Sub-satellite (P&FS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
P&FS (Apollo-15 deployed)1971-07-26 (launched with Apollo-15)
1971-08-04 (deployed from Apollo-15)
P&FS
P&FS
P&FS (with Apollo)
P&FSP&FS
P&FS (Apollo-16 deployed)1972-04-16 (launched with Apollo-16)
1972-04-24 (deployed from Apollo-16)

US (Mercury and Gemini-deployed) Sub-satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Mercury Balloon-1 (Mercury-MA-7 deployed)1962-05-24 (launched with Mercury-MA-7 [Carpenter])
1962-05-25 (deployed from Mercury-MA-7)
Mercury Balloon-2Sub-satellitesSub-satellites
Mercury Balloon-2, Flashing Light Unit (Mercury-MA-9 deployed)1963-05-15 (launched with Mercury-MA-9 [Cooper])
1963-05-15 (deployed from Mercury-MA-9)
Mercury Balloon-2
Flashing Light Unit
REP (Gemini-5 deployed)1965-08-21 (launched with Gemini-5 [Cooper and Conrad])
1965-08-21 (deployed from Gemini-5)
REP

US LAser GEOdynamics Satellite (LAGEOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LAGEOS-1 (LAGEOS-A)1976-05-04LAGEOS
LAGEOS
LAGEOSLAGEOS
LAGEOS-2 (LAGEOS-B) [STS-52/Columbia-deployed]1992-10-22LAGEOS-2
LAGEOS-2 (patch)
LAGEOS-2 (patch, with STS-52)
LAGEOS-2 (patch, with STS-52, back)

US Gravity Probe (GP) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GP-A [sub-orbital]1976-06-18GPGP
GP-B2004-04-20GP-B
GP-B
GP-B (prototype)

US Space Electric Rocket Test (SERT) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SERT-11964-07-20SERT-1SERTSERT
SERT-21970-02-03SERT-2
SERT-2

US TEst and TRaining (TETR) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TETR-1 (TETR-A)1967-12-13TETRTETR-1 (with Pioneer-8)
TETR-2 (TETR-B)1968-11-08TETR-2 (with Pioneer-9)
TETR-3 (TETR-C) [failed]1969-08-27TETR-3 (with Pioneer-E)
TETR-4 (TETR-D)1971-09-29TETR-4 (with OSO-7)

US Beacon series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Beacon-1 [failed]1958-10-23
Beacon-2 [failed]1959-08-14Beacon-2

US Plasma Interaction eXperiment (PIX) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
PIX-11978-03-05PIXPIX-1 (with Landsat-3 and OSCAR-8)
PIX-21983-01-26PIX-2 (with IRAS)

US Wake Shield Facility (WSF) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
WSF-1 [STS-60/Discovery-deployed, failed]1994-02-03WSF-1
WSF-2 [STS-69/Endeavour-deployed]1995-09-07WSF-2WSF-2
WSF-3 [STS-80/Columbia-deployed]1996-11-19WSF-3 (patch, with STS-80/Columbia)
WSF-3 (patch, with STS-80/Columbia, back)
WSF-3

US Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Equipment (STARSHINE) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STARSHINE-1 [STS-96/Discovery-deployed]1999-05-27STARSHINE-1STARSHINE-1
STARSHINE-3 / OSCAR-432001-09-30STARSHINE-3 / OSCAR-43STARSHINE-3 / OSCAR-43
STARSHINE-2 [STS-108/Endeavour-deployed]2001-12-05STARSHINE-2STARSHINE-2

US Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Sphere (ODERACS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ODERACS [STS-53/Discovery-carried, but not deployed?]1992-12-02ODERACS-1ODERACS
ODERACS-1 [STS-60/Discovery-deployed]1994-02-03ODERACS-1
ODERACS-2 [STS-63/Discovery-deployed]1995-02-03ODERACS-2

Canadian Alouette-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Alouette-1 (Alouette-A)1962-09-28Alouette-1
Alouette-1
Alouette-1
AlouetteAlouette
Alouette-2 (Alouette-B)1965-11-28

Canadian International Satellite for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ISIS-X / Explorer-31 (DME-A)1965-11-28Explorer-31ISISISIS
ISIS-1 (ISIS-A)1969-01-29ISIS-1
ISIS-1
ISIS-2 (ISIS-B)1971-03-31ISIS-2
ISIS-CCanceled

United Kingdom (UK) / Ariel-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ariel-1 / UK-1 (S-51)1962-04-26Ariel-1
Ariel-1
Ariel / UKAriel / UK
Ariel-2 / UK-2 (UK-C, S-52)1964-03-27Ariel-2
Ariel-3 / UK-3 (UK-E)1967-05-05Ariel-3
Ariel-3
Ariel-3
Ariel-3/4 type
Ariel-3/4 type
Ariel-4
Ariel-4
Ariel-4 / UK-41971-12-11
Ariel-5 / UK-51974-10-15Ariel-5
Ariel-6 / UK-61979-06-02Ariel-6
Ariel-6

Italian San Marco-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
San Marco-1 [sub-orbital] test rocket (Shotput-6)1963-04-22ShotputSan MarcoSan Marco
San Marco-2 [sub-orbital] test rocket (Shotput-7)1963-08-02
San Marco-1 (San Marco-A)1964-12-15San Marco-1
San Marco-1
San Marco-2 (San Marco-B)1967-04-26San Marco-2
San Marco-3 (San Marco-C)1971-04-24San Marco-4
San Marco-4 (San Marco-C2)1974-02-18
San Marco-5 (San Marco-D/L)1988-03-25San Marco-5
San Marco-5
San Marco-5
San Marco-D/MCanceled

German Aeros-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Aeros-1 (Aeros-A)1972-12-16AerosAeros
Aeros-2 (Aeros-B)1974-07-16Aeros-2

French A-1, FR-1, and D-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
A-1 / Astérix1965-11-26A-1
A-1
A-1 / AstérixA-1 / Astérix
FR-1 / France-11965-12-06FR-1FR-1 / France-1FR-1 / France-1
D-1A / Diapason1966-02-18D-1
D-1
D-1A
D-1A
D-seriesD-series
D-1BCanceled
D-1C / Diademe-11967-02-08D-1C/D type
D-1D / Diademe-21967-02-15
D-2A / Tournesol1971-04-15D-2A
D-2A
D-2A / Polaire [failed]1971-12-06
D-2B / Aura1975-09-27D-2B
D-3Changed to FR-2 or CAS-B and canceled
D-4Unknown/canceled
D-5A / Pollux, D-5B / Castor [failed]1973-05-21D-5A
D-5B
D-5A / Pollux, D-5B / Castor1975-05-17
SIGNE-31 (D-2B type)1977-06-17D-2B

1SIGNE-1 and SIGNE-2 were payloads on Prognoz-2 and (possibly) Prognoz-6 spacecraft, respectively.

French Eole / Cooperative Applications Satellite (CAS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Peole (Preliminary Eole)1970-12-12PeoleEoleEole
Eole / FR-2 / CAS-A1971-08-16Eole
Eole

French-Russian Satellite de Recherches et d'Études Technologiques (SRET) / Maliy Avtonomiy Sputnik (MAS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SRET-1 / MAS-11972-04-04SRET-1SRET / MASSRET / MAS
SRET-2 / MAS-21975-06-05SRET-2

European Scientific Research Organization (ESRO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ESRO-2A / IRIS-1 [failed]1967-05-29ESRO-2
ESRO-2A
ESROESRO
ESRO-2B / IRIS-21968-05-16ESRO-2B
ESRO-2B
ESRO-1A / Aurorae1968-10-03ESRO-1
ESRO-1
ESRO-1A
ESRO-1B / Boreas1969-10-01
ESRO-TD1A1972-03-11ESRO-TD1A
ESRO-TD1A
ESRO-41972-11-21ESRO-4
ESRO-4

European Highly Eccentric Orbit Satellite (HEOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HEOS-1 (HEOS-A1)1968-12-05HEOS-1
HEOS-1
HEOS-1
HEOSHEOS
HEOS-2 (HEOS-A2)1972-01-31

European Space Agency (ESA) Geostationary Earth Orbit Satellite (GEOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ESA-GEOS-11977-04-20ESA-GEOS
ESA-GEOS
ESA-GEOS
ESA-GEOS-1
ESA-GEOSESA-GEOS
ESA-GEOS-21978-07-14

Japanese Ionospheric Sounding Satellite (ISS) / Ume series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ISS-1 (ISS-A) / Ume-11976-02-29ISS-1ISS-1
ISS-2 (ISS-B) / Ume-21978-02-16ISS-2
ISS-2

Japanese EXOspheric Satellite (EXOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EXOS-A / Kyokko1978-02-04EXOS-AEXOSEXOS
EXOS-B / Jikiken1978-09-16EXOS-B
EXOS-C / Ohzora1984-02-14EXOS-C
EXOS-D / Akebono1989-02-21EXOS-D
EXOS-D

Japanese Engineering Test Satellite (ETS) / Kiku series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ETS-1 / Kiku-11975-09-09ETS-1
ETS-1
ETS / KikuETS / Kiku
ETS-2 / Kiku-21977-02-23ETS-2
ETS-4 / Kiku-31981-02-11ETS-3
ETS-3 / Kiku-41982-09-03ETS-4
ETS-5 / Kiku-51987-08-27ETS-5
ETS-6 / Kiku-6 [failed]1994-08-28ETS-6
ETS-6
ETS-6
ETS-6
ETS-7 / Kiku-7 (Orihime, Hikoboshi)1997-11-27ETS-7
ETS-7
ETS-8 / Kiku-82006-12-18ETS-8

Japanese Tansei-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Tansei-1 / MS-T11971-02-16Tansei-1TanseiTansei
Tansei-2 / MS-T21974-02-16Tansei-2
Tansei-3 / MS-T31977-02-19Tansei-3
Tansei-4 / MS-T41980-02-17Tansei-4

Japanese Ohsumi series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ohsumi (#1) [failed]1966-09-26OhsumiOhsumiOhsumi
Ohsumi (#2) [failed]1966-12-20
Ohsumi (#3) [failed]1967-04-13
Ohsumi (#4) [failed]1969-09-22
Ohsumi (#5)1970-02-11

Other (selected) Japanese scientific/research/technology satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Shinsei / SS-11971-09-28ShinseiShinsei
Shinsei
"Shinsei"
REXS / Denpa1972-08-19REXSREXS
SRATS / Taiyo1975-02-24SRATS
CORSA-A [failed]1976-02-04
CORSA-B / Hakucho1979-02-21CORSA-B
CORSA-B
CORSA-B
CORSA-B
MABES / Jindai1986-08-12MABESMABES
EGP / EGS / Ajisai1986-08-12EGSEGS (with OSCAR-12)
DEBUT / Orizuru1990-02-07DEBUTDEBUT (with MOS-1b and OSCAR-20)
MDS-1 / Tsubasa2002-02-04MDS-1MDS-1
SERVIS-12003-10-30SERVIS-1
INDEX / Reimei2005-08-23INDEXINDEX (launch)
OICETS / Kirari2005-08-23OICETSOICETS (launch)
SSSst-22006-09-22SSSatSSSat-2 (with Solar-B and OSCAR-59)
IKAROS2010-05-20IKAROSIKAROSIKAROS
UNITEC-1 / Shi'nen2010-05-20UNITEC-1UNITEC-1
KSAT / Hayato2010-05-20KSATKSAT
NegaiStar2010-05-20NegaiStarNegaiStar
WasedaSAT-22010-05-20WasedaSAT-2WasedaSAT-2
SERVIS-22010-06-02SERVIS-1SERVIS-2
Horyu-4 / AEGIS2016-02-17Horyu-4Horyu (with Astro-H)
ChubuSat-2 / Kinshachi-2, ChubuSat-3 / Kinshachi-32016-02-17ChubuSat-2ChubuSat-2 and 3 (with Astro-H)

(Selected) Indian scientific/research/technology satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Aryabhata (Ariabata)1975-04-20AryabhataAryabhataAryabhata
Bhaskara-1 / SEO-11979-06-07BhaskaraBhaskaraBhaskara
Bhaskara-2 / SEO-21981-11-20Bhaskara-2+Rohini-1B
Rohini-1A [failed]1979-08-10Rohini-1RohiniRohini
Rohini-1 (Rohini-1B)1980-07-18Rohini-1B
Bhaskara-2+Rohini-1B
Rohini-21981-05-31
Rohini-31983-04-17
SROSS-1 (SROSS-A) [failed]1987-03-24SROSS-1
SROSS-2 (SROSS-B) / SRS-2 [failed]1988-07-13
SROSS-3 (SROSS-C)1992-05-20
SROSS-C21994-05-04

Pakistani Badr-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Badr-1 (Badr-A)1990-07-16Badr-1
Badr-1
BadrBadr
Badr-2 (Badr-B)2001-12-10Badr-2

South Korean Science and Technology SATellite (STSAT) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STSAT-1 (KAISTSat)2003-09-27STSAT-1
STSAT-2a [failed]2009-08-25STSAT-2STSAT-2
STSAT-2b [failed]2010-06-10
STSAT-2c2013-02-30STSAT-2c"STSAT-2c"
STSAT-32013-11-21STSAT-3

(Selected) Chinese Shi Jian (SJ) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SJ-1 / PRC-2 / China-21971-03-03SJ-1
SJ-2A / PRC-11 / China-111981-09-19SJ-2
SJ-2B / PRC-9 / China-91981-09-19
SJ-2C / PRC-10 / China-101981-09-19
SJ-4 / Practice-41994-02-08SJ-4
SJ-4 (back)
SJ-4
SJ-5 / Practice-51995-05-10SJ-5 (with FY-1C)FY-1C+SJ-5
SJ-6A, SJ-6B2004-09-08SJ-6A/6BSJ-6A+6B
SJ-6A+6B (back)
SJ-6C, SJ-6D2006-10-23SJ-6C+6D
SJ-6C+6D (back)
SJ-72005-07-05
SJ-82006-09-09SJ-8SJ-8
SJ-8 (back)
SJ-9A, SJ-9B2012-10-14
SJ-11-0120096-11-12SJ-11SJ-11-01
SJ-11-01 (back)
SJ-122010-06-15
SJ-152013-07-19"SJ-15"
SJ-172016-11-03SJ-17SJ-17

Chinese Chuang Xin (CX) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CX-1-012003-10-21CX-1CX-1-01 (with ZY-1-02)
CX-1-022008-11-05
CX-1-032011-11-20
CX-1-042014-09-04

Korea (North) Kwangmyongsong (KMS) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Kwangmyongsong-1 / KMS-1 [failed]1998-08-30KMS-1KwangmyongsongKwangmyongsong
Kwangmyongsong-2 / KMS-2 [failed]2009-04-05KMS-2
Kwangmyongsong-3 / KMS-3 [failed]2012-04-12KMS-3
KMS-3
Kwangmyongsong-3-2 / KMS-3-22012-12-12
Kwangmyongsong-4 / KMS-4 [partial failure]2016-02-07KMS-4

(Selected) Swedish scientific/research/technology satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Viking1986-02-22Viking
Viking
Viking
VikingViking
Freja1992-10-06Freja
Freja
FrejaFreja
Astrid-11995-01-24Astrid-1
Astrid-1
AstridAstrid
Astrid-21998-12-10Astrid-2
Munin2000-11-21MuninMuninMunin
Odin2001-02-20OdinOdinOdin
PRISMA2010-06-15PRISMAPRISMAPRISMA

German / US Shuttle PAllet Satellite (SPAS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SPAS-1 [STS-7/Challenger-deployed-and-recovered]1983-06-22SPAS-1SPASSPAS
SPAS-1A [STS-41B/Challenger-deployed-and-recovered]1984-02-03
IBSS-SPAS (SPAS-2) [STS-39/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1991-04-28SPAS-2
ORFEUS-SPAS-1 [STS-51/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1993-09-12ORFEUS-SPAS
CRISTA-SPAS-1 [STS-66/Atlantis-deployed-and-recovered]1994-11-03CRISTA-SPAS
CRISTA-SPAS-1 (patch, with STS-66/Atlantis)
CRISTA-SPAS-1 (patch, with STS-66/Atlantis, back)
ORFEUS-SPAS-2 [STS-80/Columbia-deployed-and-recovered]1996-11-19ORFEUS-SPAS
ORFEUS-SPAS-2 (patch, with STS-80/Columbia)
ORFEUS-SPAS-2 (patch, with STS-80/Columbia, back)
CRISTA-SPAS-2 [STS-85/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1997-08-07CRISTA-SPAS
CRISTA-SPAS-2 (patch, with STS-85/Discovery)
CRISTA-SPAS-2 (patch, with STS-85/Discovery, back)

Italian Tethered Satellite System (TSS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TSS [STS-46/Atlantis-deployed-and-recovered]1992-07-31TSS-1
TSS-1
TSS-1 (patch)
TSS-1TSS-1
TSS-1R [STS-75/Columbia-deployed-and-recovered]1996-02-22TSS-1R

Micro Electro-mechanical systems-based PicoSat Inspector (MEPSI) [tethered] series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MEPSI-1 [STS-113/Endeavour-deployed]2002-11-23MEPSI-1A+B+PLAMEPSI-1
MEPSI-2 [STS-116/Discovery-deployed]2006-12-10MEPSI-2

Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) satellite [Shuttle-deployed and recovered]:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
LDEF [STS-41C/Challenger-deployed]1984-04-06LDEFLDEF (deployed)LDEF
LDEF [STS-32R/Columbia-recovered]1990-01-09LDEF (recovered)

EUropean REtrievable CArrier (EURECA) satellite [Shuttle-deployed and recovered]:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EURECA-1 [STS-46/Atlantis-deployed]1992-07-31EURECA
EURECA-1 (STS-46/Atlantis-deployment)
EURECA-1 (deployed)
EURECA-1 [STS-57/Endeavour-recovered]1993-06-21EURECA-1 (recovered)

PicoSatellite Solar Cell Testbed (PSSCT) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
PSSCT-1 [STS-126/Endeavour-deployed]2008-11-14PSSCT-1PSSCT-1
PSSCT-2 [STS-135/Atlantis-deployed]2011-07-08PSSCT-2PSSCT-2

European Capsule Ariane Technologique (CAT) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CAT-11979-12-24CAT-1
CAT-2 [failed]1980-05-23CAT-2 (with Amsat-P3A)
CAT-31981-06-19CAT-3 (with Meteosat-2)
CAT-41981-12-20CAT-4 (with Marecs-1)

European Project for On-Board Autonomy (PROBA) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
PROBA-12001-10-22PROBA-1"MOS"+"PROBA"+"Uribyol"
"PROBA" (mission)
PROBA-22009-11-02PROBA-2PROBA-2 (with SMOS)
PROBA-32017-?PROBA-3
PROBA-4?
PROBA-52013-05-07PROBA-5"PROBA-5"

(Selected) US Space Technology (ST) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ST-3 / DS-3 / Starlight / NMPCanceledDeep SpaceDeep Space
ST-4 / DS-4 / Champollion / NMPCanceledDeep Space-4 (single-spacecraft concept)
Deep Space-4 (original concept)
ST-5a, b, c / NCT-1, 2, 3 / NMP2006-03-22NCT
ST-6 / NMPUnknown
ST-7 / LISA-Pathfinder / NMP2015-12-03LISA-Pathfinder
LISA-Pathfinder (patch)
LISA-Pathfinder
"LISA-Pathfinder"
"LISA-Pathfinder"
ST-8 / NMPCanceledST-8

US Space Technology Research Vehicle (STRV) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STRV-1A, STRV-1B1994-06-17STRV-1A
STRV-1C, STRV-1D2000-11-16STRV-1C+1D (with OSCAR-40)

European Satellite Test Vehicle (STV) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
STV-1 [failed]1968-11-29STV-1
STV-2 [failed]1989-07-02
STV-3 [failed]1970-06-12STV-1STV-3
STV-4 [failed]1971-11-05STV-4STV-4

UK X-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
X-1UnknownX-seriesX-series
X-2 / Orba [failed]1970-09-02Orba
X-3 / Prospero1971-10-28Prospero
Prospero
X-4 / Miranda1974-03-08Miranda

China/PRC DoubleStar / Tan Ce (TC) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DoubleStar-1 / TC-12003-12-30TC-1
TC (patch)
TC-1
TC-1
TC-1
TC-1
TC-1
TC-1
TC
TC
TC
TC
DoubleStar-2 / TC-22004-07-26TC-2
TC-2
TC-2
TC-2 (back)

(Selected) European (ESA) Cluster-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Cluster-1 (FM1, FM2, FM3, FM4) [failed]1996-06-04Cluster
Cluster-2 (patch)
ClusterCluster
Cluster-2 (FM6/Salsa, FM7/Samba)2000-07-16
Cluster-2 (FM5/Rumba, FM8/Tango)2000-08-09

Canadian Advanced Nanospace eXperiments (CanX) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CanX-12003-06-30CanX-1
CanX-22008-04-28CanX-2
CanX-3A — 3F satellites; see BRITE satellites
CanX-42014-06-30CanX-4CanX-4 and CanX-5 (with SPOT-7)
CanX-52014-06-30
CanX-62008-04-28CanX-6
CanX-72016-09-26CanX-7

Other (selected) US scientific/research/technology satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Mercury-MS11961-11-01Mercury-MS-1Mercury-MS-1
TAVE1962-09-29TAVETAVE (with Alouette-1)
Saturn-SA-51964-01-29Saturn-SA-5Saturn-SA-5 ("S-4 satellite")
Saturn-SA-5 ("S-4 satellite")
Aurora1967-06-29AuroraSECOR-9+Aurora
PAC-1 (PAC-A)1969-08-09PAC-1 (with OSO-6)
RM-1 / RMS1970-11-09RM-1RM-1RM-1
CEP-11970-12-11CEP-1 (with NOAA-1)
RadCat-2, RadSat (Pi-in-the-Sky)1972-10-02Radsat+RadcatRadCat-2+Radsat
RadCat-2+Radsat
SPHINX [failed]1974-02-11SPHINXSPHINX (with Viking-DS)
CAMEO1978-10-24CAMEO (with Nimbus-7)
SCATHA / P78-21979-01-30SCATHASCATHASCATHA
Solwind / P78-11979-02-24SolwindSolwind
Solwind (cancel month should be "Feb", not "Mar")
Solwind
HILAT / P83-1 / Transit-O-161983-06-27HILAT
NUSAT [amateur-built, STS-51B/Challenger-deployed]1985-04-29NUSAT
NUSAT (patch, with STS-51B/Challenger)
NUSAT
PDP [STS-51F/Challenger-deployed]1985-07-29PDPPDP
OEX-Target [STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed]1985-11-26OEX-TargetOEX-Target
PegSat1990-04-05PegSat
CRRES1990-07-25CRRES"CRRES"
"CRRES"
"CRRES"
REX-1 / P89-1A / ISES1991-06-29REX-2REX-1
Geotail / GTL1992-07-24Geotail
Geotail (patch)
Geotail
Wind1994-11-01WindWind
Wind
Wind (insert)
METEOR [formerly COMET] [NASA, failed]1995-10-23METEORMETEOR (payload included materials, biological, and GPS/radar correlation tracking experiments)
REX-2 / P94-21996-03-09REX-2
MSX1996-04-24MSX
PAMS-STU [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed]1996-05-19PAMS-STU (STS-77/Endeavour-deployment)PAMS-STU
AERCam-Sprint [STS-87/Columbia-deployed]1997-11-18AERCam-SprintAERCam-Sprint
Celestis-3 (space burial)1998-02-10Celestis-4"Celestis-3 (not "Celestis-2", with GFO)
Acrimsat1999-12-20Acrimsat
Acrimsat
Acrimsat (and Kompsat) (patch)
Acrimsat
Acrimsat
STEPProposedSTEPSTEP (early-design)
STEP (early-design)
STEP (early-design)
STEP
STEP
SimpleSat [STS-105/Discovery-deployed]2001-08-10SimpleSatSimpleSat
SAPPHIRE / OSCAR-452001-08-31SAPPHIRE / OSCAR-45SAPPHIRE / OSCAR-45
PICOSat2001-08-31PICOSatPICOSat (with OSCAR-43+44+45)
TIMED2001-12-07TIMED
TIMED (patch)
TIMED (patch)
TIMED (with Jason-1)
GRACE / ESSP-22002-03-17GRACEGRACE
GRACE
UNOSAT [failed]2003-08-22UNOSAT
Falconsat-2 [failed]2006-03-24Falconsat-2Falconsat-2
Falconsat-2 (back)
Falconsat-2
Falconsat-2 (back)
CX-1 (USA)Not launchedCX-1 (USA)
IMEX / UNEX-2CanceledIMEX
CATSAT / STEDI-3CanceledCATSAT
Bevo-1 / PARADIGM / DRAGONSAT-1 [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]2009-07-15Bevo-1Bevo-1
AggieSat-2 / DRAGONSAT-2 [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]2009-07-15AggieSat-2AggieSat-2
ANDE-2-AA (Active, Castor), ANDE-2-PA (Passive, Pollux) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]2009-07-15ANDE-2-AA+PAANDE-2
FASTSat2010-11-20FASTSatFASTSat
NanoSail-D2010-11-20NanoSail-DNanoSail-D
KySat-1 [failed]2011-03-04KySat-1KySat-1 (with Glory)
E1P / HRBE [failed]2011-03-04E1PE1P (with Glory)
RBSP-A/B2012-08-30RBSPRBSP
RBSP (back)
RBSP
"RBSP"
"RBSP"
PhoneSat-1 / Graham / Bell2013-04-21PhoneSat-1.0_Graham
PhoneSat-1.0_Bell
"PhoneSat-1.0"
ELaNA, CalPoly, STP, ORS, and others2013-11-19ELaNa-4+CalPoly+STP+ORS+others
MMS2015-03-13MMSMMS
MMS
Sunjammer20??-?Sunjammer
Sunjammer

Other (selected) non-US scientific/research/technology satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
WRESATAustralia1967-11-29WRESATWRESAT
Azur / GRSWest Germany1969-11-07AzurAzur / GRSAzur / GRS
Dial-WikaFrance / West Germany1970-03-10Dial-WikaDial-WikaDial-Wika
Dial-MikaFrance / West Germany1970-03-10Dial-Mika
IntasatSpain1974-11-15IntasatIntasatIntasat
STARLET (STARLETTE)France1975-02-06Stella (nearly identical)STARLETSTARLET
Firewheel [failed]West Germany / USA1980-05-23FirewheelFirewheel (with Amsat-P3A)"Firewheel" (in cachet text only)
TUBsat-AGermany1991-07-17TUBsat-ATUBsat-A (with ERS-1 and OSCAR-22)
CarianeFrance (CNES)Proposed/Canceled"Cariane"
"Cariane"
"Cariane"
"Cariane"
"Cariane"
"Cariane"
StellaFrance1993-09-26StellaStellaStella
BremSat [STS-60/Discovery-deployed]Germany1994-02-03BremSatBremSat
Cerise, Upm/lbFrance / Spain1995-07-07Helios-1A+Cerise+Upm/lb
Helios-1A+Cerise+Upm/lb
FASat-Alpha [failed]Chile / UK1995-08-31
YESEurope (ESA)1997-10-30YES
Equator-SGermany1997-12-02Equator-S
Equator-S
Equator-S
Equator-S
Equator-S
Equator-S
Equator-S
FASat-BravoChile / UK1998-07-10FASat-Bravo
OerstedDenmark / USA1999-02-23OerstedOerstedOersted
MegSat-0Italy1999-04-28Megsat-1ABRIXAS+MegSat
Clementine (cubesat)France1999-12-03ClementineClementine
SNAP-1UK2000-06-28SNAP-1
CHAMPGermany2000-07-15CHAMP
MegSat-1Italy2000-09-26Megsat-1
BIRD-1Germany2001-10-22BIRD-1
SciSat-1Canada2003-08-12SciSat-1
SciSat-1
SciSat-1
SciSat-1
DEMETERFrance (CNES)2004-06-29DEMETER"DEMETER"
"DEMETER"
"DEMETER"
FSW-3-2 / recoverable satellite-19China/PRC2004-08-29FSW-3FSW-3-2
FSW-3-2 (back)
FSW-3-3 / recoverable satellite-20China/PRC2004-09-27FSW-3FSW-3-3
FSW-3-3 (back)
Turkmenistan Memorial CapsuleTurkmenistan2005-08-23Turkmenistan Memorial CapsuleTurkmenistan Memorial Capsule (launch)
Libertad-1 [amateur-built]Colombia2007-04-17Libertad-1"Libertad-1"
YES-2Europe (ESA)2007-09-14YES-2"YES-2"
"YES-2"
OmidIran2009-02-02Omid"Omid"
"Omid"
GOCE / Earth Explorer-1Europe (ESA)2009-03-17GOCEGOCE
GOCE
GOCE
GOCE
GOCE
GOCE
GOCE
BeeSat-1Germany2009-09-23BeeSat-1
SwissCube-1Switzerland2009-09-23SwissCube"SwissCube"
"SwissCube"
ALMASat-1Italy2012-02-13ALMASat-1"ALMASat-1"
"ALMASat-1"
LARESItaly2012-02-13LARESLARES
LARES
PROITERESJapan2012-09-09PROITERESPROITERES (with SPOT-6)
mRESINSJapan2012-09-09mRESINS (with SPOT-6)
AAUSat-3Denmark2013-02-25AAU-Cubesat"AAUSat-3"
STRaND-1United Kingdom2013-02-25STRaND-1"STRaND-1"
OSSIKorea (South)2013-04-19OSSI-1"OSSI-1"
BeeSat-2, BeeSat-3Germany2013-04-19BeeSat-1BeeSat-2 (not "BeeSat-1")
SOMPGermany2013-04-19SOMP"SOMP"
CubeBug-1Argentina2013-04-26CubeBug-1"CubeBug-1"
NEE-01_PegasoEcuador2013-04-26NEE-01_Pegaso"NEE-01_Pegaso"
"NEE-01_Pegaso"
ESTCube-1Estonia2013-05-07ESTCube-1"ESTCube-1"
"ESTCube-1"
"ESTCube-1"
"ESTCube-1"
CASSIOPECanada2013-09-29CASSIOPE-1
CubeBug-2Argentina2013-11-21CubeBug-1
Swarm-A / Earth Explorer-5AEurope (ESA)2013-11-22Swarm"Swarm"
"Swarm"
Chasqui-1 [Progress-M-22M deployed]Peru / Russia2014-02-05 (launched to ISS)
2014-08-18 (deployed from ISS)
Chasqui-1Chasqui-1
CBNT-1UK2015-07-10CBNT-1
DeorbitSailUK2015-07-10DeorbitSail
Mesbah-1, Mesbah-2Iran20??Mesbah-1
Mesbah-2
Mesbah-1+Mesbah-2
"Mesbah-2"
AntelsatUruguay2014-06-19AntelsatAntelsat
Antelsat
XY-2 / Kaituo-1AChina/PRC2015-09-19XY-2XY-2+19-others
M3MSatCanada2016-06-22M3MSat
TKChina/PRC2017-03-02TK-1TK-1


Links to scientific/research/technology satellite information:

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Updated: 2017-06-23