stamp

Soviet
propaganda-design
satellites

cachet

This page contains philatelic information on the Soviet propaganda-design satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

All of these items show a widely-used propaganda satellite design, intended as a substitute for actual satellite designs. The use of Soviet propaganda-design satellites is common on early space-age postal items. The designs may have been a compromise between stamp and cachet designers need to represent the new spacecraft and the Soviet censors need to keep secret many aspects of the Soviet space program.

The most-widely-used propaganda design has an overall shape similar to Sputnik-3, but with a more cylindrical body, and a more rounded nose than the conical-shaped Sputnik-3. At the base of the cylindrical body or "thimble" is a larger-diameter ring or "collar". In addition to the body style, most images of the propaganda design have two or more of the following distinguishing features:

Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Propaganda design Propaganda design
Propaganda design variants Propaganda design variants
Other propaganda designs
Compilation/summary of the various cachets


Below is a list of Soviet propaganda-design satellites postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueDistinguishing FeaturesIntended Spacecraft
Propaganda design
AjmanBL36A
BL36B
On stamp of embossed-perforation SS1 (Mi269)
On stamp of imperforate SS1
1968Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)
Albania817 (Mi942)1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)"Voskhod-2" (in text)
Bulgaria1394 (Mi1516)
i1394 (Mi1521)

Imperforate
1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant."Voskhod" (in text)
Burundi131 (Mi172A)
i131 (Mi172B)

Imperforate
1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Burundii126-i127+i131+i133 fdcOne of four imperforate stamps on FDC
Burundi127+130-132 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Burundi133a (BL7A)
i133a (BL7B)
One of MS2 (131+133)
One of imperforate MS2 (i131+i133)
Cuba878 (Mi942)One of block of 5 (882a (878-882 + label)) (Mi938-942), or four of MS20 (882b (4x (878-882 + label)))1964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Cuba1285 (Mi1354)1967Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant."Cosmos" (in text)
Cuba1284-1286+1289 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Cuba1289a (BL30)One of simulated-perforation MS8 (1282-1289)
Cuba1289a fdcMS8 on FDC
FujeiraMi963A
Mi963B
One of MS20 (Mi957A-976A)
Imperforate
1972Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)(supposedly) Voskhod-2 (spacewalk)
Germany (West)NoneCinderella (poster stamp), one of MS30 cinderella~1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant."Kosmos-3" (in text)
HungaryC219 (Mi1864A)
iC219 (Mi1864B)
One of pair (C220a (C219-C220))
One of imperforate pair (iC220a (iC219-iC220))
1962Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant."Vostok-3" and "Vostok-4" (in text)
HungaryB242 (Mi2056A)
iB242 (Mi2056B)
One of strip of 4 (B242a (B239-B242))
One of imperforate strip of 4 (iB242a (iB239-iB242))
1964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
HungaryB242b (BL42A)
iB242b (BL42B)
On one of MS4 (B239-B242)
On one of imperforate MS4 (iB239-iB242)
HungaryB242c (Mi2053A-2056A)
iB242c (Mi2053B-2056B)
On one of MS4 (B239-B242), horizontal
On one of imperforate MS4 (iB239-iB242), horizontal
Jordan496a (BL18)Imperforate SS11965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Jordan496b (BL19)Imperforate SS1, 496a overprinted in black"Voskhod-1" (in overprinted text)
Jordan527f (BL30)Imperforate SS1, 496a overprinted in red with realistic Voskhod image1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant."Voskhod-1" (in overprinted text)
Jordan527g (BL31)Imperforate SS1, 496b overprinted in red with realistic Voskhod image
MexicoC323 fdc (Mi1227 fdc)Cachet on FDC, also detail1967Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant."Cosmos" (in text)
Poland1183 (Mi1442)1963No paper-clip ant., 1 fin, 2-sets radial ant. (on side and on bottom)"Vostok-1" (in text)
Poland1182-1184 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
Poland1185 (Mi1444)Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 2 of 3 radial ant. (no vertical component)"Vostok-3 and 4" (in text)
Poland1178+1181+1185 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
Ras Al KhaimaMi54A
Mi54B

Imperforate
1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, no radial ant.(supposedly) Gemini
Ras Al KhaimaMi54A-55A ms10
Mi54B-55B ms10
MS10 (5x (Mi54A-55A))
Imperforate MS10 (5x (Mi54B-55B))
Ras Al KhaimaBL10Imperforate MS4 (Mi48 + Mi53-55)
Ras Al KhaimaBL10 fdcImperforate MS4 on FDC
Ras Al KhaimaMi130A
Mi130B
Mi54A overprinted new currency
Mi54B overprinted new currency
1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, no radial ant.(supposedly) Gemini
Ras Al KhaimaMi130A-131A ms10MS10 (5x (Mi130A-131A)), Mi54A-55A ms10 overprinted new currency
Ras Al KhaimaBL22Imperforate MS4 (Mi123 + Mi129-131), BL10 overprinted new currency
Ras Al KhaimaMi201A
Mi201B
Mi130A overprinted
Mi130B overprinted
1967Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, no radial ant.(supposedly) Gemini
Ras Al KhaimaMi201A-202A ms10MS10 (5x (Mi201A-202A)), Mi130A-131A ms10 overprinted
Ras Al KhaimaMi195B-196B+198B+201B fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Ras Al KhaimaBL37Imperforate MS4 (Mi195 + Mi200-202), BL22 overprinted
RomaniaC135 (Mi2143)1963Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant."Luna-4" (in text)
RomaniaC136 (Mi2144)Imperforate
RomaniaC135-C136 fdc (Mi2133-2134 fdc)Two stamps (perforated and imperforate) on FDC
Russia (USSR)2586 (Mi2595)1962Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.Not "Soyuz", as in text (nor Kosmos-3)3
Russia (USSR)2586 maxiMaxicard
Russia (USSR)None(Red) cancel on cover1962Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.Same design as Russia 2586
Russia (USSR)2732b (Mi2748)From block of 6 (2732 (a-f)), or from MS30 (2732g (5x 2732))1963Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 2-sets radial ant."Vostok" (in text on spacecraft)
Russia (USSR)2732e (Mi2751)2732b changed colors ("10k" value in pink rather than white)
Russia (USSR)2889 (Mi2897A)
i2889 (Mi2897B)

Imperforate
1964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.(supposedly) Vostok-1
Russia (USSR)NonePostal card1964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.
Russia (USSR)None(TKK blue printed) cachet on cover (AA no.19)41964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant."Vostok-1" (in text)
Russia (USSR)3015 (Mi3032A)
i3015 (Mi3032B)

Imperforate
1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)
Russia (USSR)3016 (BL38)SS1 (Mi3041)
Russia (USSR)3015 cover (Mi3032A cover)Stamp and cancel on cover1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)"Voskhod-2" (in text) (spacewalk)
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back (containing reproductions of Russia 2764 (Mi2785) and 3015 (Mi3032) + 3115 (Mi3136))1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)"Voskhod-2" (in text)
Russia (USSR)3043-3044 cover (Mi? cover)Cancel and cachet (design like Russia 3016) on cover1966Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)"Voskhod-2" (in text) (spacewalk)
UdmurtiaLocal fdc1(Black) cancel on strip of 5 FDC1997Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, 1-set radial ant.
UdmurtiaLocal fdc2(Black) cancel (same) on two strips of 5 on FDC (different)
UdmurtiaLocal fdc3(Purple) cancel on strip of 5 FDC (different)
UdmurtiaLocal fdc4(Purple) cancel (same) and cachet on two strips of 5 FDC (different)
UdmurtiaLocal fdc5(Green) cancels (on all) and cachet (on one of) three strip of 5 FDCs
United StatesNone(Rank silkscreened) cachet on cover1967Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.
United StatesNone(Rank silkscreened) cachet on cover1968Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.
Vietnam (North)386 (Mi402)1965No paper-clip ant., no fins, 3-sets radial ant. (1-set on top)(supposedly) Voskhod-2
Vietnam (North)385-388 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Propaganda design variants1
BulgariaC85 (Mi1280)1961Paper-clip ant. (on bottom and on top), no fins, 2-sets radial ant."Vostok-2" (in text)
Czechoslovakia1233 (Mi1463)1964Paper-clip ant. (on bottom and on top), no fins, 2-sets radial ant.(supposedly) Vostok-1
PolandNoneCachet on cover1967Paper-clip ant. (on bottom and on top), no fins, 2-sets radial ant.
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard1966Paper-clip ant. (on top and sides), no finsVostok?
Other propaganda designs2
Albania655 (Mi728)
i655 (Mi732)

Imperforate, changed colors
1963"Vostok-3" and "Vostok-4" (in text)
Albania655 dot
i655 dot
White dot
Imperforate, changed colors, white dot
Albania654-656 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
Albania657 (BL17)
i657 (BL18)
SS1
Imperforate SS1, changed colors
Bulgaria1280 (Mi1390)1963Paper-clip ant. (on bottom)
Bulgaria1278-1280 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
CamerounC59 (Mi449)19663 fins (design variants), 2-sets radial ant. (on top and on bottom, but no vertical component)"Vostok-6" (in text)
CamerounC59 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Cuba877 (Mi936)One of block of 5 (877a (873-877 + label)) (Mi933-937)19642 fins, 2-sets radial ant. (on top and on bottom, but no vertical component)
Cuba881 (Mi940)One of block of 5 (882a (878-882 + label)) (Mi938-942)Paper-clip ant. (on bottom)
Czechoslovakia1107 (Mi1331)19623 fins (design variants), 2-sets radial ant. (on top and on bottom, but no vertical component)"Vostok-2" (in text)
Czechoslovakia1107-1109 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
CzechoslovakiaC57 (Mi1413)19633 fins (design variants), 2-sets radial ant. (on top and on bottom, but no vertical component)"Vostok-5" (in text)
CzechoslovakiaC58 (Mi1414)"Vostok-6" (in text)
CzechoslovakiaC57-C58 fdcTwo stamps on FDC(As above)(As above)
FujeiraMi961A
Mi961B
One of MS20 (Mi957A-976A)
Imperforate
1972Paper-clip ant. (on bottom)(supposedly) Kosmos-110 (as indicated in some catalogs), separating from a booster stage
FujeiraBL102A
BL102B
In (lower-right) margin of SS1
In (lower-right) margin of imperforate SS1
Germany (East)655 (Mi970)From pair (656a (655-656))1963"Vostok-6" (in text)
Germany (East)656 (Mi971)"Vostok-5" (in text)
Germany (East)794 (Mi1140)One of strip of 3 (794a (792-794))1965"Vostok-2" (in text)
Guinea Republic390 (Mi310A)
i390 (Mi310B)
From block of 6 (388-393), or from MS15 (393a (4x (388-389) + 390-392 + 4x 393))
From imperforate MS15 (i393a (4x (i388-i389) + i390-i392 + 4x i393))
1965Paper-clip ant. (on bottom)"Vostok-3" and "Vostok-4" (in text)
Guinea Republic393 (Mi313A)
i393 (Mi313B)
(supposedly) Voskhod-2 (spacewalk)
Hungary1564 (Mi1993A)
i1564 (Mi1993B)

Imperforate
1964"Vostok" (in text)
Hungary1566 (Mi1995A)
i1566 (Mi1995B)

Imperforate
(supposedly) Vostok-3 and Vostok-4
Hungary1618 fdc (BL44A fdc)Cachet on SS1 FDC1964"Voskhod-1" (by dates in text)
HungaryC252 (Mi2121A)
iC252 (Mi2121B)

Imperforate
1965(supposedly) Voskhod-2 (spacewalk)
HungaryC260 (BL52A)
iC260 (BL52B)
In (upper) margin of SS1
In (upper) margin of imperforate SS1
1965"Voskhod-2" (in text) (spacewalk)
HungaryC260 fdc
iC260 fdc
SS1 and cachet on FDC
Imperforate SS1 and cachet on FDC
Mongolia362 (Mi366)1964"Vostok" (in text)
Mongolia366 (Mi370)"Luna-4" (in text)
NigerC64 (Mi137)
iC64

Imperforate
1966"Voskhod-1" (in text)
Romania1715 (Mi2373)1965"Voskhod" (in text)
Romania1716 (Mi2374)
RomaniaC258 cover (Mi3936 cover)Cancel and cachet on cover198925th anniv. Voskhod
Russia (USSR)2666 (Mi2676)1962Paper-clip ant. (on top and bottom)"Mars-1" (in text)
Russia (USSR)2666 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Russia (USSR)2748 (Mi2782)From se-tenant pair (2749a (2748-2749)) (Mi2782-2783)1963"Vostok-5" (in text)
Russia (USSR)2749 (Mi2783)"Vostok-6" (in text)
Russia (USSR)2751 (Mi2769A)
i2751 (Mi2769B)

Imperforate
"Vostok-5" (in text)
Russia (USSR)3854 (Mi3885)1971Paper-clip ant. (at angles on top), 2-sets radial ant. (on top and bottom)(possible) symbolic scanning of Earth
Russia (USSR)3854 cover (Mi3854 cover)Extra stamp and cancel on stamped envelope1971Paper-clip ant. (at angles on top), 2-sets radial ant. (on top and bottom)(possible) symbolic scanning of Earth
Russia (USSR)5547a (Mi5700)In (upper-right) margin of MS8 (5547a (8x 5547))1987Paper-clip ant. (on top and bottom)
Togo543 (Mi487A)
i543 (Mi487B)
From MS12 (543a (12x 543))
Imperforate
19651-set radial ant. (on side)"Voskhod-2" (in text) (spacewalk)
Togo565_1st5 (Mi515Aa)
i565_1st5 (Mi515Ba)
From strip of 2 (566a_1st (565-566)) (Mi515Aa-516Aa), or from MS12 (566b_1st (6x (565-566))); each is 543 overprinted in red
From imperforate strip of 2 (i566a_1st (i565-i566)) (Mi515Ba-516Ba), or from imperforate MS12 (i566b_1st (6x (i565-i566))); each is i543 overprinted in red
19661-set radial ant. (on side)"Voskhod-2" (in text) (spacewalk)
Togo566_1st5 (Mi516Aa)
i566_1st5 (Mi516Ba)
Togo565_2nd5 (Mi515Ab)
i565_2nd5 (Mi515Bb)
From strip of 2 (566a_2nd (565-566)) (Mi515Ab-516Ab), or six of MS12 (566b_2nd (6x (565-566))); each is 543 overprinted (differently) in red
From imperforate strip of 2 (i566a_2nd (i565-i566)) (Mi515Bb-516Bb), or six of imperforate MS12 (i566b_2nd (6x (i565-i566))); each is i543 overprinted (differently) in red
Togo566_2nd5 (Mi516Ab)
i566_2nd5 (Mi516Bb)

1Propaganda design variants are similar to the most-widely-used propaganda design, having paper-clip-like antennas on both the top and the bottom.
2Other propaganda designs have a body style similar to the most-widely-used propaganda design, a general "thimble and collar" design, but missing most of the other distinguishing featues common to the most-widely-used propaganda design.
3"Soyuz" in the text is the word "Union" in the quote from N.S. Khrushchev: "Socialism - this is that reliable launching (starting) pad (ground) which Soviet Union uses to launch its space ships." Therefore, the stamp was not intended to show Soyuz. Rather, the satellite on this item is often mis-interpreted as being Kosmos-3, since the stamp was issued on the launch date for Kosmos-3, 1962-04-24.
4AA no. = Tartuski Klub Kollektsionerov (TKK) [Tartu Collector Club] "Astronautika Annaalid" number. See Jim Reichman's Philatelic Study Report on Tartu Space Club Covers, 1962-1978, 2011. (e-mail: jgreichman (at) datawest.net).
5These stamps exist in two different printings. The second printing has brighter colors than the first. Also, in the second printing the red overprint text is shifted a little to the right compared with that of the first printing (a vertical shift may occur as well).


Below is a list of Soviet propaganda-design satellites launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Propaganda design
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24Magnetogorsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24Magnetogorsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24MoscowStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24MinskStamp on cover (different)Kosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24BayanulStamp on cover (different)Kosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24MoscowStamp on cover (different)Kosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-24MoscowStamp on cover (different)Kosmos-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-26BayanulStamp on coverKosmos-4 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-04-26BayanulStamp on cover (different)Kosmos-4 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28KaliningradStamp and (blue and red printed) cachet on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28Magnetogorsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28MinskStamp and (red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28Minsk (different cancel)(Printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-05-28Baku(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-5 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-06-30Magnetogorsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-6 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-06-30BayanulStamp on coverKosmos-6 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-06-30DonetskStamp and (blue and black rubber-stamp) cachets on coverKosmos-6 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-06-30MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-6 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-07-28BayanulStamp on coverKosmos-7 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-07-28MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-7 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-08-15Taganrog(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverVostok-3/4 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-08-18MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-8 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-08-18Magnetogorsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-8 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-08-19Bayanul(Red rubber-stamp) cachet (different) on coverKosmos-8 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-09-27MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-9 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-10-17MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-10 launch
Russia (USSR)1962-10-20MagnetogorskStamp and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-11 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-04-13Magnetogorsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-14 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-04-13Stanislav RegionStamp on coverKosmos-14 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-04-22Magnetogorsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-15 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-05-24BakuStamp on coverKosmos-18 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-10-18TartuStamp on cover (AA no.3)2Kosmos-20 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-10-18ArchangelskStamp and (blue and red rubber-stamp) cachets on coverKosmos-20 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-11Tartu(Yellow) cachet on coverKosmos-21 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-11Tartu(Black and red) cachet on coverKosmos-21 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-11Tartu(Red and green) cachets on coverKosmos-21 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-16TartuStamp on cover (AA no.8)2Kosmos-22 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-16Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-22 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-16Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on cover (different)Kosmos-22 launch
Russia (USSR)1963-11-16Archangelsk(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-22 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-01-30BakuStamp and (red and black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverElektron-1/2 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-02-27Tartu(Blue printed) cachet on cover (AA no.11)2Kosmos-25 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-02-27Tartu(Tan printed) cachet on cover (AA no.11)2Kosmos-25 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-02-27BakuStamp and (red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-25 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-03-18Baku(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-26 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-03-27Baku(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-27 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-04-04Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-28 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-04-04Archangelsk(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-28 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-04-04Tartu(Black printed and black rubber-stamp) cachets on (black and white) cover (AA no.17)2Kosmos-28 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-04-25TartuStamp on cover (AA no.21)2Kosmos-29 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-05-18Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-30 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-05-18BakuStamp on coverKosmos-30 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-05-18Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.22)2Kosmos-30 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-06-06Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.23)2Kosmos-31 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-06-10Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.26)2Kosmos-32 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-06-10Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachets on coverKosmos-32 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-06-10Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (different)Kosmos-32 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-06-23Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.27)2Kosmos-33 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-07-15 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.30)2Kosmos-35 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-07-30 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.31)2Kosmos-36 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-07-30 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.31)2 (different)Kosmos-36 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-07-30 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.31)2 (different)Kosmos-36 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.32)2Kosmos-37 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.32)2 (different)Kosmos-37 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.32)2 (different)Kosmos-37 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-18 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.33)2Kosmos-38/39/40 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-18 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.33)2 (different)Kosmos-38/39/40 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.34)2Kosmos-41/42/43 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.34)2 (different)Kosmos-41/42/43 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.34)2 (different)Kosmos-41/42/43 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-08-28Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-44 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-09-25Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.38)5Kosmos-46 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-06Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-47 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-14Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-48 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.46)2Kosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.46)2 (different)Kosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.46)2 (different)Kosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.46)2 (different)Kosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Baku(Black printed) cachet on coverKosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-10-28Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-50 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-12-01Archangelsk(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-51 launch
Russia (USSR)1964-12-01Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-51 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-01-11Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-52 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-01-30Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-53 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-02-25Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-58 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-03-07Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.54)2Kosmos-59 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-03-07Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-59 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-05-07Archangelsk(Brown rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-66 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-06-16 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.65)2Kosmos-68 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-06-16 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.65)5Kosmos-68 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-06-25Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverKosmos-69 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-06-25Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover (different)Kosmos-69 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-06-25Archangelsk(Black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover (different)Kosmos-69 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-07-23Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.71)2Kosmos-76 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-08-03 (from cachet)Tartu club(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.72)2Kosmos-77 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-03 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.75)Kosmos-80/81/82/83/84 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.76)2Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.76)2 (different)Kosmos-85 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-18 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.77)Kosmos-86/87/88/89/90 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-18 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.77)2 (different)Kosmos-86/87/88/89/90 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-09-23 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.78)2Kosmos-91 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-10-19 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.81)2Kosmos-93 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-10-19 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.81)2 (different)Kosmos-93 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-10-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.82)2Kosmos-94 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-10-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.82)2 (different)Kosmos-94 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-04 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.84)2Kosmos-95 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-04 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.84)2 (different)Kosmos-95 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-04 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.84)2 (different)Kosmos-95 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-26 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.88)2Kosmos-97 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-26 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.88)2 (different)Kosmos-97 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-10 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.91)2Kosmos-99 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-10 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.91)2 (different)Kosmos-99 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.92)2Kosmos-100 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-17Simferopol(Black rubber-stamp) cachet (no.19) on coverKosmos-100 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-21 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.93)2Kosmos-101 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-21 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.93)2 (different)Kosmos-101 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-21 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.93)2 (different)Kosmos-101 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-12-27 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.94)2Kosmos-102 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-02-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.103)2Kosmos-110 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-02-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.103)2 (different)Kosmos-110 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-02-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.103)2 (different)Kosmos-110 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-02-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.103)2 (different)Kosmos-110 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-08 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.114)2Kosmos-120 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.115)2Kosmos-121 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.115)2 (different)Kosmos-121 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.115)2 (different)Kosmos-121 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-25 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.116)2Kosmos-122 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-06-25 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.116)2 (different)Kosmos-122 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.118)2Kosmos-123 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.118)2 (different)Kosmos-123 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.118)2 (different)Kosmos-123 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.119)2Kosmos-124 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.119)2 (different)Kosmos-124 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.119)2 (different)Kosmos-124 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-20 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.120)2Kosmos-125 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-20 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.120)2 (different)Kosmos-125 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.121)2Kosmos-126 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.121)2 (different)Kosmos-126 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.121)2 (different)Kosmos-126 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.121)2 (different)Kosmos-126 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-08-08 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.122)2Kosmos-127 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-08-08 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.122)2 (different)Kosmos-127 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-08-08 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.122)2 (different)Kosmos-127 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-08-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.124)2Kosmos-128 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-08-28 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.124)2 (different)Kosmos-128 launch
Russia (USSR)1967-02-14 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.140)2Kosmos-142 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-04-14Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.206)2Kosmos-213 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-04-14Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.206)2 (different)Kosmos-213 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-04-15Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.206)2Kosmos-212+213 docking
Russia (USSR)1968-04-15Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.206)2 (different)Kosmos-212+213 docking
Russia (USSR)1968-06-21Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.202)2Kosmos-228 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-06-21Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.202)2 (different)Kosmos-228 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-06-21Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.202)2 (different)Kosmos-228 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-06-21Tartu(Multi-color printed) cachet on cover (AA no.202)2 (different)Kosmos-228 launch
Russia (USSR)1968-12-10Baikonur(Magenta and green printed and red rubber-stamp) cachet on (known fake)3 coverKosmos-258 launch
Russia (USSR)1969-03-17Baikonur(Red and blue rubber-stamp) cachets on (known fake)3 coverKosmos-272 launch
Propaganda design variants1
United States2002-07-10Cape Canaveral FL(Multi-color) cachet (with reproduction of Bulgaria C85) on Telstar-1 anniversary coverPaper-clip ant. (on bottom and on top), no fins, 2-sets radial ant.; "Vostok-2" (in text)

1Propaganda design variants are similar to the most-widely-used propaganda design, having paper-clip-like antennas on both the top and the bottom.
2AA no. = Tartuski Klub Kollektsionerov (TKK) [Tartu Collector Club] "Astronautika Annaalid" number. See Jim Reichman's Philatelic Study Report on Tartu Space Club Covers, 1962-1978, 2011. (e-mail: jgreichman (at) datawest.net).

3Known fake cover, with a made-up Baikonur postmark, suspected to have been created by Boris Khoroshev from Moscow, and sold by a stamp dealer in Western Europe. There were no Baikonur Cosmodrome official postmarks until 1975 for the Apollo-Soyuz events. Reference the article written by Russian collector Oleg Vaisberg published as an Appendix called "Russian (Soviet) Space Covers" to Bruce Cranford's book Space Covers: Dictionary and Identifier. See also, an analysis of the situation in a book published in 2008 called Commemorative Space Covers from Collector Clubs of the Soviet Union, 1957 to 1980. Another indicator on these fakes is the use of a "first day" cachet that appears on most, but not all, of these fakes.


Below is a compilation/summary of the various cachets, from the launch cover table immediately above, which include propaganda-design satellites.

Cancel Location [and launch covers]Different Cachets and Color VariationsDistinguishing Features
Archangelsk (no.1)
[Kosmos-20]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Archangelsk (no.2)
[Kosmos-20]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Archangelsk (no.3)
[Kosmos-22, 30, 32, 44, 47, 48, 51, 59, 66]



Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Archangelsk (no.4)
[Kosmos-28]

Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Archangelsk (no.5)
[Kosmos-50, 51, 52, 53, 58, 69]


Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Baikonur (from known fake covers)1
[Kosmos-258, 272]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Baku (no.1)
[Kosmos-25, 27; Elektron-1/2]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.
Baku (no.2)
[Kosmos-26, 50]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.
Baku (no.3)
[Kosmos-5]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Bayanul
[Kosmos-8]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.
Donetsk
[Kosmos-6]

Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.
Kaliningrad
[Kosmos-5]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.
Magnetogorsk
[Kosmos-3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15]

Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, no radial ant.
Minsk
[Kosmos-5]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, 1-set radial ant.
Moscow
[Kosmos-3]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 1-set radial ant.
Taganrog
[Vostok-3/4]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, no radial ant.
Tartu club (no.1)
[Kosmos-25]

Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, no radial ant.
Tartu club (no.2)
[Kosmos-30 through Kosmos-228]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 1 fin, no radial ant.
Tartu club (no.3)
[Kosmos-77]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), no fins, no radial ant.
Tartu club (no.4)
[Kosmos-21, 25, 28]



Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, no radial ant.
Simferopol club
[Kosmos-100, cachet no.19]
Paper-clip ant. (on bottom), 2 fins, 2-sets radial ant.

1Known fake cover, with a made-up Baikonur postmark, suspected to have been created by Boris Khoroshev from Moscow, and sold by a stamp dealer in Western Europe. There were no Baikonur Cosmodrome official postmarks until 1975 for the Apollo-Soyuz events. Reference the article written by Russian collector Oleg Vaisberg published as an Appendix called "Russian (Soviet) Space Covers" to Bruce Cranford's book Space Covers: Dictionary and Identifier. See also, an analysis of the situation in a book published in 2008 called Commemorative Space Covers from Collector Clubs of the Soviet Union, 1957 to 1980. Another indicator on these fakes is the use of a "first day" cachet that appears on most, but not all, of these fakes.



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