navigation satellite

Navigation
satellites


Below are checklists of navigation satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


(Selected) US Transit-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Transit-1A [failed]1959-09-17Transit-1BTransitTransit
Transit-1B1960-04-13
Transit-2A1960-06-22Transit-2A
Transit-2A+SolRad-1
Transit-2BNot launched
Transit-3A [failed]1960-11-30Transit-3B
Transit-3B+LOFTI-1
Transit-3B [partial failure]1961-02-21
Transit-4A1961-06-29Transit-4A+Injun-1+SolRad-3
Transit-4a+Injun-1+SolRad-3
Transit-4B1961-11-15Transit-4B
Transit-4B+TRAAC
TRAAC1961-11-15TRAAC
Transit-4B+TRAAC
Transit-5A-11962-12-19Transit-5A-1
Transit-5A-2 [failed]1963-04-05
Transit-5A-31963-06-16
Transit-5BN-11963-09-28Transit-5BN
Transit-5BN-21963-12-05
Transit-5BN-3 [failed]1964-04-21
Transit-5C-11964-06-03Transit-5C-1
Transit-5C-2Not launched
Transit-5E-11963-09-28Transit-5E-1
Transit-5E-21964-04-21Transit-5E-2
Transit-5E-31963-12-05Transit-5E-3
Transit-5E-4Not launched
Transit-5E-51964-12-13Transit-5E-5
Transit-O31965-03-11Transit-O (Oscar)1
Transit-O (Oscar)1
Transit-O71966-01-28
Transit-O191970-08-27
Triad-1 / TIP-11972-09-02TIP-1
TIP-1
Triad-2 / TIP-21975-10-11TIP-2 or 3
Triad-3 / TIP-31976-09-01
Transit-O11 / Transat1977-10-27Transat
Transit-Nova-11981-05-25Transit-Nova
Transit-Nova
Transit-Nova-21988-06-16
Transit-Nova-31984-10-11

1These are US Navy Transit-Oscar navigational satellites, not to be confused with the amateur-radio OSCAR series.

US Army, Navy, NASA, and Air Force (ANNA) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ANNA-1 (ANNA-1A)1962-05-10ANNAANNA
ANNA-2 (ANNA-1B)1962-10-31ANNA-2

US SEquential COllation of Range (SECOR) / Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite (EGRS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SECOR-(1) / EGRS-(1) [failed]1962-01-24SECOR-(1)
SECOR-(1)
SECORSECOR
SECOR-1 / EGRS-11964-01-11SECOR-1
SECOR-2 / EGRS-21965-03-11
SECOR-3 / EGRS-31965-03-09
SECOR-4 / EGRS-41965-04-03
SECOR-5 / EGRS-51965-08-10SECOR-5(+SEV)
SECOR-6 / EGRS-61966-06-09SECOR-1
SECOR-7 / EGRS-71966-08-19
SECOR-8 / EGRS-81966-10-05
SECOR-9 / EGRS-91967-06-29
SECOR-10 / EGRS-10 [failed]1968-05-18
SECOR-11 / EGRS-11 [failed]1968-08-16
SECOR-12 / EGRS-12 [failed]
SECOR-13 / EGRS-131969-04-14

Russian Nadezhda-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Nadezhda #1 / Kosmos-1383 / COSPAS-11982-06-29Kosmos-1383NadezhdaNadezhda
Nadezhda #2 / Kosmos-1447 / COSPAS-21983-03-24
Nadezhda #3 / Kosmos-1574 / COSPAS-31984-06-21
Nadezhda-1 / COSPAS-41989-07-04Nadezhda
Nadezhda-2 / COSPAS-51990-02-27
Nadezhda-3 / COSPAS-61991-03-12
Nadezhda-4 / COSPAS-71994-07-14
Nadezhda-5 / COSPAS-81998-12-10
Nadezhda-6 / COSPAS-92000-06-28
Nadezhda-7 / COSPAS-102002-09-26

Russian Sterkh-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sterkh-1 / COSPAS-112009-07-21Sterkh-1Sterkh-1"Sterkh"
"Sterkh"
"Sterkh"
"Sterkh"
Sterkh-2 / COSPAS-122009-09-17Sterkh-2 (with Meteor-M1 and OSCAR-67 and IRIS and RS-28 and RS-38 and BLITS)
Sterkh-3 / COSPAS-13201x-?
Sterkh-4 / COSPAS-14201x-?

US TIMe navigATION (TIMATION) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TIMATION-11967-05-31TIMATION-1
TIMATION-21969-09-30

US Navigation Technology Satellite (NTS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NTS-1 / TIMATION-31974-07-13NTS-1NTSNTS
NTS-21977-06-23NTS-2

(Selected) US Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GPS-1 / NAVSTAR-1 (series)1978-02-22 — 1985-10-08NAVSTARGPS / NAVSTARGPS / NAVSTAR
GPS-2 / NAVSTAR-2 (series)1989-02-14 — 1990-10-01NAVSTAR-2
GPS-2A / NAVSTAR-2A (series)1990-11-26 — 1997-11-06NAVSTAR-2A
GPS-2R / NAVSTAR-2R (series)1997-01-16 — 2004-11-06NAVSTAR-2R
GPS-2RM / NAVSTAR-2RM (series)2005-09-26 — 2009-08-17NAVSTAR-2RM
GPS-2F / NAVSTAR-2F (series)2010-05-28 →NAVSTAR-2F

(Selected) Russian GLObalnaya NAvigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (GLONASS) / Uragan constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GLONASS / Uragan / Kosmos (series)1982-10-12 — 2005-12-25GLONASSGLONASS / UraganGLONASS / Uragan
GLONASS-M / Uragan-M / Kosmos (series)2001-12-01 →GLONASS-M
GLONASS-K / Uragan-K / Kosmos (series)2011-02-26 →GLONASS-K

(Selected) European Galileo constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GIOVE-A / GSTB-A2005-12-28GIOVE-AGalileoGalileo
GIOVE-B / GSTB-B2008-04-26GIOVE-B
Galileo-IOV-PFM-1 / Tils, Galileo-IOV-PFM-2 / Natalia2011-10-21Galileo
Galileo-IOV
Galileo-IOV-PFM-3 / David, Galileo-IOV-PFM-4 / Sif2012-10-12

(Selected) China/PRC Beidou (BD) constellation satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Beidou-1 (series)2000-10-30 — 2007-02-02BD-1BeidouBeidou
Beidou-2G (series)2010-01-16 →BD-2G
Beidou-2I (series)2010-07-31 — 2011-12-01BD-2M
Beidou-2M (series)2007-04-13 →BD-2M

(Selected) Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) / NAVIC constellation:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
IRNSS-1A2013-07-01IRNSSIRNSSIRNSS
IRNSS-2B2014-04-04

Japanese Quasi Zenith Satellite (System) (QZS(S)) constellation:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
QZS-1 / Michibiki2010-09-11QZS-1QZSQZS
QZS-220??
QZS-320??
QZS-420??

Other (selected) navigation satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Topo-1 (Topo-A)USA1970-04-08SECOR-1 (Topo-1 similar)Topo-1 (with Nimbus-4)
Geo-IK (series)Russia1981-01-23 — 1994-11-29Geo-IK"Geo-IK"
GFZ-1 (geodesy) [Progress-M27 launched]Germany1995-04-09 (launched to Mir)
1995-04-18 (deployed from Mir)
GFZ-1
GFZ-1
GFZ-1GFZ-1
ANGELS / USA-255USA2014-07-28ANGELSGSSAP-1/2+ANGELS


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Updated: 2017-12-14