lunar-exploration

Lunar-exploration
satellites


Below are checklists of Lunar-exploration satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Ranger-series (lunar) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ranger-1 [incomplete mission]1961-08-23Ranger-1RangerRanger
Ranger-2 [incomplete mission]1961-11-18
Ranger-31962-01-26Ranger-3/4/5 type
Ranger-41962-04-23
Ranger-51962-10-18
Ranger-61964-01-30Ranger-6/7/8/9 type
Ranger-6/7/8/9 type
Ranger-7
Ranger-71964-07-28
Ranger-81965-02-17
Ranger-91965-03-21

US Lunar Orbiter-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Lunar Orbiter-1 (Lunar Orbiter-A)1966-08-10Lunar Orbiter
Lunar Orbiter
Lunar Orbiter
Lunar OrbiterLunar Orbiter
Lunar Orbiter-2 (Lunar Orbiter-B)1966-11-06
Lunar Orbiter-3 (Lunar Orbiter-C)1967-02-05
Lunar Orbiter-4 (Lunar Orbiter-D)1967-05-04
Lunar Orbiter-5 (Lunar Orbiter-E)1967-08-01

US Surveyor-series (lunar) satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Surveyor-Pre-Model1963-11-27SurveyorSurveyor
Surveyor-Model1964-12-11Surveyor model
Surveyor-SD1 [failed]1965-03-02Surveyor-SD1
Surveyor-SD21965-08-11
Surveyor-SD31966-04-08
Surveyor-1 (Surveyor-A)1966-05-30Surveyor
Surveyor-2 (Surveyor-B) [mission not completed]1966-09-20
Surveyor-SD41966-10-26
Surveyor-3 (Surveyor-C)1967-04-17Surveyor-3
Surveyor-4 (Surveyor-D) [mission not completed]1967-07-14
Surveyor-5 (Surveyor-E)1967-09-08
Surveyor-6 (Surveyor-F)1967-11-07
Surveyor-7 (Surveyor-G)1968-01-07

Russian Luna (Lunik) series satellites (and Lunokhod rovers):

Satellite (Spacecraft Bus*)Launch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Luna-(1a) (Ye-1 #1) [failed]1958-09-23Luna-1
Luna-1
LunaLuna
Luna-(1b) (Ye-1 #2) [failed]1958-10-11
Luna-(1c) (Ye-1 #3) [failed]1958-12-04
Luna-1 (Ye-1 #4) / Mechta1959-01-02
Luna-(2a) (Ye-1A #1) [failed]1959-06-18Luna-2
Luna-2 (Ye-1A #2)1959-09-12
Luna-3 (Ye-2A #1)1959-10-04Luna-3
Luna-3
Luna-(4a) (Ye-3 #1) [failed]1960-04-15
Luna-(4b) (Ye-3 #2) [failed]1960-04-16
Luna-(4c) (Ye-6 #1) / Sputnik-25 [failed]1963-01-04Kosmos-60 / Luna-(5c) (cruise)
Kosmos-60 / Luna-(5c) (surface)
Luna-(4d) (Ye-6 #2) [failed]1963-02-03
Luna-4 (Ye-6 #3)1963-04-02
Luna-(5a) (Ye-6 #4) [failed]1964-03-21
Luna-(5b) (Ye-6 #5) [failed]1964-04-20
Luna-(5c) (Ye-6 #6) / Kosmos-60 [failed]1965-03-12
Luna-(5d) (Ye-6 #7) [failed]1965-04-10
Luna-5 (Ye-6 #8)1965-05-09
Luna-6 (Ye-6 #9)1965-06-08
Luna-7 (Ye-6 #10)1965-10-04
Luna-8 (Ye-6 #11)1965-12-03
Luna-9 (Ye-6 #12)1966-01-31
Luna-(10a) (Ye-6S #1) / Kosmos-111 [failed]1966-03-01Luna-10 (cruise)
Luna-10 (orbit)
Luna-10 (Ye-6S #2)1966-03-31
Luna-11 (Ye-6LF #1)1966-08-24Luna-12
Luna-12 (Ye-6LF #2)1966-10-22
Luna-13 (Ye-6M #1)1966-12-21Luna-13 (cruise)
Luna-13 (surface)
Kosmos-159 / Luna? (E-6LS #1)1965-03-12
Luna-(14) (Ye-6LS #2) [failed]1968-02-07
Luna-14 (Ye-6LS #3)1968-04-07
Luna-(15b) (Ye-8-5 No.402) [failed]1969-04-14Luna-16
Luna-15 (Ye-8-5 No.401)1969-07-13
Luna-(16a) (Ye-8-5 No.403) / Kosmos-300 [failed]1969-09-23
Luna-(16b) (Ye-8-5 No.404) / Kosmos-305 [failed]1969-10-22
Luna-(16c) (Ye-8-5 No.405) [failed]1970-02-06
Luna-16 (Ye-8-5 No.406)1970-09-12
Luna-18 (Ye-8-5 No.407)1971-09-02
Luna-20 (Ye-8-5 No.408)1972-02-14
Luna-(17) / Lunokhod-(1) (Ye-8 No.201) [failed]1969-02-19Luna-17
Lunokhod-2
Luna-17 / Lunokhod-1 (Ye-8 No.203)1970-11-10
Luna-21 / Lunokhod-2 (Ye-8 No.204)1973-01-08
Luna-19 (Ye-8LS No.202)1971-09-28
Luna-22 (Ye-8LS No.206)1974-05-29
Luna-23 (Ye-8-5M No.410)1974-10-28
Luna-(24a) (Ye-8-5M No.412) [failed]1975-10-16
Luna-24 (Ye-8-5M No.413)1976-08-09
Luna-25 / Luna-Glob2021-?Luna-Glob

*Spacecraft Bus designations and reference images were obtained from Gunter's Space Page.

Russian Zond-series satellites:

Satellite (Spacecraft Bus*)Launch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Zond-(1a) (3MV-1A #1) (Venus) [failed]1964-02-19Zond-1
Zond
ZondZond
Zond-1 (3MV-1 #2) (Venus)1964-04-02
Zond-2 (3MV-4 #1) (Mars)1964-11-30Zond-3
Zond-3 (3MV-4 #2) (Moon)1965-07-18
Zond-(4a) (L1 #4) [failed]1967-09-27Zond-L1
Zond-(4b) (L1 #5) [failed]1967-11-22
Zond-4 (L1 #6)1968-03-02
Zond-(5a) (L1 #7) [failed]1968-04-22
Zond-5 (L1 #9) (Moon)1968-09-14
Zond-6 (L1 #12) (Moon)1968-11-10
Zond-(7a) (L1 #13) [failed]1969-01-20
Zond-7 (L1 #7) (Moon)1969-08-07
Zond-8 (L1 #14) (Moon)1970-10-20

*Spacecraft Bus designations and reference images were obtained from Gunter's Space Page.

US Clementine / DSPSE (Deep Space Program Science Experiment) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Clementine-1 / DSPSE-1 (lunar orbiter)1994-01-25Clementine-1Clementine / DSPSEClementine / DSPSE
Clementine-2 / DSPSE-2CanceledClementine-2

Chinese (PRC) Chang'e-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Chang'e-1 (lunar orbiter)2007-10-24Chang'e-1Chang'eChang'e
Chang'e-2 (lunar orbiter and asteroid flyby)2010-10-01Chang'e-2
Chang'e-3 (lunar lander) / Yutu (lunar rover)2013-12-01Chang'e-3 (lander)
Chang'e-3 (Yutu lunar rover)
Chang'e-5-T1 (lunar orbiter and re-entry capsule)2014-10-23Chang'e-5-T1 (orbiter)
Chang'e-5-T1 (capsule)
Chang'e-4 (lunar lander) / Yutu (lunar rover)2018-12-07

India (ISRO) Chandrayaan-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Chandrayaan-1 / MIP2008-10-22Chandrayaan-1
Chandrayaan-1
Chandrayaan-MIP (probe)
ChandrayaanChandrayaan
Chandrayaan-2 / Vikram2019-07-22Chandrayaan-2
Chandrayaan-2 (orbiter)
Chandrayaan-2 (lander)
Chandrayaan-2 (rover)

Other (selected) US lunar-exploration satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Lunar Prospector / Discovery-3 (lunar orbiter)1998-01-07Lunar Prospector
Lunar Prospector (patch)
Lunar ProspectorLunar Prospector
LRO (lunar orbiter)2009-06-18LRO
LRO and LCROSS (patch)
LRO and LCROSSLRO
LCROSS (lunar impact)2009-06-18LCROSS
LRO and LCROSS (patch)
LCROSS
GRAIL-A/B / Ebb/Flow / Discovery-11 (lunar orbiter)2011-09-10GRAIL
GRAIL (patch)
GRAILGRAIL
LADEE (lunar orbiter)2013-09-06LADEE
LADEE (patch)
LADEELADEE

Japanese Muses-series lunar-exploration satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Muses-A / Hiten
Muses-A lunar orbiter / Hagoromo
1990-01-24Muses-A + lunar orbiter
Muses-A lunar orbiter
MusesMuses
Muses-series astronomical satellites
(Muses-B)
Muses-series asteroid-exploration satellites
(Muses-C — Muses-C follow-on)

Other (selected) non-US lunar-exploration satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SMART (lunar orbiter)Sweden (ESA)2003-09-27SMART-1
SMART-1 (patch)
SMARTSMART
Kaguya / SELENE (lunar orbiter)Japan (JAXA)2007-09-14SELENESELENESELENE
Lunar-A (lunar orbiter)Japan (JAXA)CanceledLunar-A"Lunar-A"
"Lunar-A"
Queqiao1 (Chang'e-4 lunar relay)China/PRC2018-05-20QueqiaoQueqiao (launch)
Queqiao (enters L2 halo orbit)
BeresheetIsrael2019-02-27Beresheet
Beresheet
Beresheet+Nusantara-1+S5
Beresheet+Nusantara-1+S5
Beresheet+Nusantara-1+S5
Beresheet (crash landing)

1The Chang'e-4 lander and the Yutu-2 rover are on the far side of the Moon and so cannot communicate directly with Earth. The Queqiao lunar relay satellite, in orbit at a location beyond the Moon from which it has a clear view of both the landing site and Earth, receives signals from the lander and rover and relays them to Earth.


Links to lunar-exploration satellite information:

(The links below lead to information sources that are maintained by others. They are not part of this Website.)


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



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This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2020-07-05