radar

Ground-Based Remote
Sensing in Meteorology
(radar, lidar, sodar, etc.)


Below are checklists of Ground-based remote sensing instruments used in meteorology on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.). Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the items featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Weather radar1 Weather radar1
Non-weather radar
Lidar2 Lidar2
Sodar3


Below is a list of Ground-based remote sensing instuments used in meteorology on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Weather radar1
Afghanistan1358 (Mi1642)1989Weather radar antenna
Afghanistan1360 (Mi1644)Weather radar antenna (feedhorn missing)
Algeria351 fdc (Mi451 fdc)Cachet on FDC1966Weather radar antenna
Austria1857 (Mi2358)2001Weather radar (or satellite receiving)9 antenna
Austria1857 fdcStamp and cancel on FDC
Bahamas347 (Mi355)1973Weather radar antenna
Bahamas635c (Mi660)One of strip of 5 (635 (a-e))1987Radome4 on tower
Bahamas732 (Mi760)1991PPI5 "weather radar shows Hurricane Hugo 20-9-89 105 mph"
Bangladesh606 (Mi723)2000Radome4, symbolic weather radar display (PPI)5 with distance rings5 (inset)
Bangladesh738a (Mi?)
i738a
One of MS4 (738 (a-d))
One of imperforate MS4 (i738 (a-d))
2008Khepupara weather radar station
Bangladesh738 misperf1738 mis-perforation
Bangladesh738 misperf2738 mis-perforation (different)
Bangladesh738 fdcMS4 on FDC
Barbados303 (Mi271)1968Weather radar antenna
Belgium836 (Mi1714)
i836

Imperforate
1973Weather radar antenna on building; also APT antenna
Belgium836 fdc1Stamp on FDC
Belgium836 fdc2Stamp on FDC (different)
Belgium836 fdc3Stamp on FDC (different)
Belgium836 fdc4Stamp on FDC (different)
Belgium836 fdc5Stamp on FDC (different)
Belgium836 fdc6Stamp on FDC (different)
Belgium836 cardFDC card
Belgium836 sc1Souvenir card
Belgium836 sc2Souvenir card (different)
Belgium836 sc3Souvenir card (different)
Belgium836 sc4Souvenir card (different)
Belgium836 maxiMaxicard
Belgium836 cardStamp on card1980Weather radar antenna on building; also APT antenna
Belgium2655 (Mi?)On one stamp of MS5 (2655 (a-e))2013Radome4 on building
Belgium2655 changedMS5 (2655 (a-e)) with changed colors (when above 25°C in strip of 4 (2655f) and also in lower-left margin); see also hot-and-cold animation
Belgium2655a-e fdcOne of five stamps on FDC
Belize813a (Mi876)One of strip of 3 (813 (a-c)) (Mi876-878), or three of MS9 (813d (3x (813 (a-c))))1986Weather radar antenna
Belize812a-c+813a-c fdcOne of six stamps on FDC
Belize971 (Mi1070)1991Weather radar console
Belize972 (Mi1071)Weather radar antenna (exposed); also weather balloon tracking antenna shelter dome
Canada479 (Mi420)1968Weather radar antenna
Canada479 fdc1Stamp on FDC (H&E cachet)
Canada479 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Cole Cover cachet)
Canada479 fdc3Stamp on FDC (Rosecraft cachet)
Canada479 fdc4Stamp on FDC (Jackson Covers/C. Chickering cachet)
Canada479 fdc5Stamp on FDC (Jackson Covers/C. Chickering and purple rubber-stamp cachet)
Canada479 fdc6Stamp on FDC (Schering cachet), also back
Canada479 fdc7Stamp on FDC (? cachet)
Canada479 fdc8Stamp on FDC (? cachet, different)
Canada479 fdc9Stamp on FDC (Mapleaf cachet)
Canada479 scSouvenir card
Central African RepublicC18 (Mi56)1964Weather radar antenna, like detail in the cachet of Libya 359 fdc
Central African RepublicC18 proof1Signed proof (red)
Central African RepublicC18 proof2Signed proof (black)
Central African RepublicC18 fdc1Stamp on FDC ('FDC' cachet)
Central African RepublicC18 fdc2Stamp and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC
Central African RepublicC115 (Mi326A)
iC115 (Mi326B)

Imperforate
1973Weather radar (or weather balloon tracking)9 antenna
Central African RepublicC115 proof1Signed proof (blue)
Central African RepublicC115 proof2Signed proof (black)
Central African RepublicC115 proof3Signed proof (red)
Central African RepublicC115 proofsColor proof strip
Central African RepublicC115 fdc1Stamp on FDC
Central African RepublicC115 fdc2Stamp on FDC (different)
China (People's Republic)1385 (Mi1395)1978Weather radar station
China (People's Republic)1384-1388 fdcOne of five stamps on FDC
China (People's Republic)NoneCachet on (un-stamped) cover?Radome4 on tower/building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2002Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2003Weather radar (or satellite receiving)9 antenna
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2004Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card (different)2004Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card back (different), also front2005Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2005Radome4 on tower/building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2006Radome4 on tower/building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2006new-generation weather radar in Jianyang
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2007Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card (different)2007Radome4 on building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card (different)2007Radome4 on tower/building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card200?Radome4 on tower/building
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card (different)2008Radome4 for Doppler weather radar at Ganzhou City Meteor. Bureau
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card back, also front2009Radome4 on tower
China (People's Republic)NonePostal card2009Radome4 on building
China (Taiwan)1512 (Mi623)1967Radome4 on building
China (Taiwan)2222 (Mi1374)1981Radome4 on tower
China (Taiwan)2221-2222 fdcOne of two stamps and (printed and magenta rubber-stamp) cachets on FDC
China (Taiwan)2221-2222 folderOne of two stamps in folder, also inside and outside (front and back)
China (Taiwan)3574k_1 (Mi2986-2995)In (lower) margin of MS10 (3574k (a-j + 10 labels))2004Radome4 on tower in front of Central Weather Bureau (CWB) HQ in Taipei
China (Taiwan)3574k_2 (Mi2986-2995)In (lower) margin of MS10 (3574k (a-j + 7 labels)) (different)
China (Taiwan)3574k_3 (Mi2986-2995)In (lower) margin of MS10 (3574k (a-j + 5 labels)) (different)
China (Taiwan)3574k_2 label3+4+5 (Mi2986-2995 label3+4+5)Label from MS10 (3574k_2 (a-j + 7 labels))Map with Taiwanese meteorological observing network. Red text indicates weather radar locations.
Congo (Democratic Republic)559-560 fdc (Mi252-253 fdc)Cachet on FDC1966Weather radar antenna on building
CroatiaNoneCachet on postal card2012Radome4 on tower
Cuba1592 (Mi1666)1971Weather radar display of hurricane with eye (PPI)5
Cuba1589-1592 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Dominica357 (Mi357)1973Weather radar display of hurricane with eye (PPI)5
Dominica354-360 fdcOne of seven stamps on FDC
Dominica354-360 proofs1Proof sheet
Dominica354-360 proofs2Proof sheet (different)
FranceNoneCachet on cover2008?Adour-Momuy weather radar station with radome
Ghana506 (Mi523A)
i506 (Mi523B)

Imperforate
1973Weather radar display of hurricane with eye8 (PPI)5
Ghanai503-i506 fdcOne of four imperforate stamps on FDC
Gilbert and Ellice Islands220 (Mi215)1973Wind-finding (weather balloon tracking) radar
Gilbert and Ellice Islands218-221 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
GreeceNoneCancel on WMD cover1975Weather radar antenna
GreeceNoneCachet on WMD cover1977Weather radar antenna
GreeceNoneCachet on WMD cover1981Weather radar antenna
GreeceNoneCachet (different) on WMD cover1981Weather radar antenna
Grenada492 (Mi518)1973Weather radar display (PPI)5
Guinea-Bissau889 (Mi1119)1990PPI5 radar image
Iran2506 (Mi2470)1992Weather radar antenna on a trailer
Iraq644 (Mi716)1972Radome4
Iraq645 (Mi717)
Jamaica746 (Mi760)1991Weather radar antenna
Jamaica747 (Mi761)
Jamaica746-747 fdcTwo stamps and (reproductions of stamps on) cachet on FDC
Japan833 (Mi881)1965Mt. Fuji meteor. radar station, radome4
Japan833 fdc1Stamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
Japan833 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and cachet (different) on FDC
Japan833 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and cachet (different) on FDC
Japan833 fdc4Stamp and cancel (same) and cachet (different) on FDC
Japan833 fdc5Stamp and cancel (same) and cachet (different) on FDC
JapanNonePhonecard, also back199?Weather radar display (PPI)
Jersey (Great Britain)453 (Mi436)1988Radome4, PPI5 radar image
Jersey (Great Britain)452-453 fdcOne of two stamps and cancel on FDCRadome4, PPI5 radar image; weather radar antenna (on cancel)
Korea (North)3730 (Mi4032)Two of MS4 (2x 3730+2x 3731)1998Radome4 on building
Libya359 fdc (Mi274 fdc)Cachet on FDC, also detail1969Weather radar antenna similar to unusual weather radar antenna design of Central Africa C18
Libya817 (Mi724)1979Radome4 on tower, radar display (PPI)5
Libya817 proofProof
Libya818 (Mi725)
Libya818 proofProof
Libya819 (Mi726)
Libya819 proofProof
Libya817-819 fdcThree stamps on FDC
Malagasy RepublicC116 (Mi696)1973Weather radar antenna
Malagasy RepublicC116 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Montserrat865a+gutter (Mi933)On gutter of gutter pair; part of 865 (a-b + 2 gutters)1995Radar use in weather forecasting (in text)
Mozambique1104 (Mi1186)1989Weather radar display (RHI)6
Mozambique1106 (Mi1188)Weather radar computer display
Mozambique1103-1106 fdcOne of four stamps on FDCWeather radar display (RHI)6, weather radar computer display
New Caledonia523 (Mi759)
i523

Imperforate
1985Weather radar antenna on building tower
New Caledonia523 dsDeluxe sheet (523)
New Caledonia523 fdc1Stamp on FDC (Edila cachet)
New Caledonia523 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Edila and blue rubber-stamp cachets)
New Caledonia523 maxiMaxicard
Norfolk Island840 fdc (Mi? fdc)Cachet on FDC2005Radome4 on building
Pakistan338 (Mi341)1973Weather radar antenna
Pakistan338 fdc1Stamp on FDC (Karachi cancel)
Pakistan338 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Lahore cancel)
Philippines922 (Mi771)1965Weather radar antenna
Philippines922 fdc1Stamp and cachet on FDC
Philippines922 fdc2Stamp on FDC
Philippines923 (Mi772)
Philippines923 fdcStamp on FDC
Philippines924 (Mi773)
Philippines924 fdcStamp on FDC
Philippines922-924 fdc1Three stamps on FDC
Philippines922-924 fdc2Three stamps on FDC (different)
Philippines922-924 fdc3Three stamps on FDC (different)
Philippines1069 (Mi936)922 overprinted1970Weather radar antenna
Qatar350 (Mi564)1973Weather radar antenna
RomaniaNoneCachet on stamped envelope1984Radome4 on building
RomaniaNoneCachet on stamped envelope1994Radome4 on building
RomaniaNoneCachet on stamped envelope (different)1994Radome4 on building
Russia (USSR)None(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1987Radome4 on building
Senegal1441 (Mi1952)
i1441

Imperforate
2000Weather radar antenna
Senegal1441 dsDeluxe sheet (1441)
SpainNoneAerogramme1999Radome4 on tower
Tunisia620 (Mi824)1973Weather radar antenna on National Meteorological Institute headquarters building in Tunis
Turkey2331 fdc (Mi2730 fdc)Cachet on FDC1985Weather radar antenna on building
United Nations188 (Mi204)1968Weather radar antenna
United Nations188 fdc1Four stamps and (?) cachet on FDC
United Nations188 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Schering cachet)
United Nations188 fdc3Stamp on FDC (Cachet Craft Cachets cachet)
United Nations188 fdc4Stamp on FDC (ArtCraft cachet, 2-line cancel)
United Nations188 fdc5Stamp on FDC (ArtCraft cachet, 3-line cancel)
United Nations188 fdc6Stamp on FDC (Artmaster cachet)
United Nations188 fdc7Stamp and (Chickering/Cachet Craft) cachet on FDC
United Nations188-189 fdc1Two stamps on FDC
United Nations188-189 fdc2Two stamps on FDC (ArtCraft cachet)
United Nations188-189 fdc3Two stamps on FDC (ArtCraft cachet, different)
United Nations189 (Mi205)
United Nations189 fdc1Stamp and (Fleetwood) cachet on FDC
United Nations189 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Artmaster cachet)
United Nations189 fdc3Stamp and (Chickering/Cachet Craft) cachet on FDC
United Nations189 fdc4Stamp and (WFUNA) cachet on FDC
United StatesNoneCachet on cover2010radar display (PPI)5 of Hurricane Donna
Vietnam (South)447 fdc (Mi525 fdc)Cachet on FDC1973Weather radar antenna
Vietnam (South)447 folderCachet (different color) from FDC folder
Vietnam2338 (Mi2413)
i2338

Imperforate
1992Weather radar antenna
Vietnam2338-2339 fdcOne of two stamps on FDC
Non-weather radar
Denmark1099 (Mi1187)One of pair (1099a (1098-1099))1998(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5, Copenhagen harbor entrance
Denmark1099a fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Denmark1099b (Mi1186-1187)MS2 (1098-1099)
Great Britain518 (Mi471)1967(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Great Britain518 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Great Britain1107-1110 fdc (Mi1031-1034 fdc)Cancel on FDC, also back and insert1985Ship-borne radar display (PPI)5
Great Britain1109 fdc (Mi1033 fdc)Cancel (same) on FDC
Great Britain1362 (Mi1322)1991(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Great Britain1362 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC (Benham silk cachet)
Great Britain1360-1363 fdc1One of four stamps on FDC (Royal Mail cachet)
Great Britain1360-1363 fdc2One of four stamps on FDC (Fleetwood cachet)
Great BritainNoneCancel and cachet on cover2001Aircraft-borne radar (in text)
Hong Kong998 (Mi?)One of MS12 (1009a (998-1009)), or one of booklet pane of 12 (1009b (998-1009))2002(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Jersey (Great Britain)455 (Mi438)1988(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Jersey (Great Britain)454-455 fdcOne of two stamps and cancel on FDC(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5; radar antenna (on cancel)
LiberiaMi2909One of MS17 (Mi2893-2909 + label)2000Development of radar (in left margin text), radar (on stamp)
Poland992 (Mi1245)1961(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Poland991-993 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
Poland993aOn one of MS3 (993a (991-993)) (BL24)
Poland993a fdcMS3 on FDC
Rwanda1176 (Mi1260)1984(Non-weather) radar display (PPI)5
Sierra Leone2405h (Mi?)One of MS8 (2405 (a-h))2001The development of radar, 1940
Solomon Islands269 (Mi257)1974(Non-weather) marine radar antenna, radar display (PPI)5
Lidar2
Australian Antarctic TerritoryL119a (Mi149)One of block of 4 (L119 (a-d))2002Davis Station lidar, Antarctica
Australian Antarctic TerritoryL119a maxiMaxicard
Australian Antarctic TerritoryNoneCachet (design simialr to cancel on 2007 item, but not dated)2002Davis Station lidar, Antarctica
Australian Antarctic TerritoryNoneCancel (design simialr to non-dated cachet on 2002 item) on cover2007Davis Station lidar, Antarctica
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC131 (Mi327)1994Lidar station (at Dumont d´Urville)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Triangular purple) cachet on cover1997Lidar (in text)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Pale red-violet) cachet on cover1997lidar
French Southern and Antarctic Territories218 cover (Mi? cover)Cachet (same, except black) on cover1997lidar
French Southern and Antarctic Territories232a cover (Mi368-370 cover)(Triangular black) cachet on cover1998Lidar (in text)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on cover2008"Lidar, Ozone, Aerosols"
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet (same) on postcard2008"Lidar, Ozone, Aerosols"
Niger843Fg (Mi1147A)
i843Fg (Mi1147B)
In (upper) margin of SS1 (843F)
In (upper) margin of imperforate SS1 (i843F)
1991Incorrectly noted as "Lidar"7 satellite; ERS satellite depicted
Niger843Fg o/p1 (Mi1147A o/p1)In (upper) margin of SS1, 843Fg overprinted in silver1996Incorrectly noted as "Lidar"7 satellite; ERS satellite depicted
Niger843Fg o/p2 (Mi1147A o/p2)In (upper) margin of SS1, 843Fg overprinted in gold
Sodar3
China (People's Republic)3067 (Mi3195)2000Sodar
China (People's Republic)3066-3069 fdc1One of four stamps on FDC
China (People's Republic)3066-3069 fdc2One of four stamps on FDC (different)
French Southern and Antarctic Territories206 (Mi334)1995Sodar station at Dumont d'Urville base, Antarctica
French Southern and Antarctic Territories206 fdc1Stamp and cachet on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic Territories206 fdc2Stamp and cachet (different) on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic Territories206 cover (Mi334 cover)Stamp on cover1996Sodar station at Dumont d'Urville base, Antarctica
Hong Kong420 (Mi420)1983Sodar
Hong Kong419-422 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC

1Radar: RAdio Detection And Ranging. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)
2Lidar: LIght Detection And Ranging. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)
3Sodar: SOund Detection And Ranging. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)
4Radome: RAdar DOME. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)
5PPI: Plan Position Indicator (quasi-horizontal/conical surface).
6RHI: Range Height Indicator (vertical cross section).
7The ERS satellites did not carry a lidar instrument, and the stamp incorrectly refers to a "lidar satellite". The graphic above the satellite probably shows lidar returns (vertical axis) versus time (horizontal axis) obtained from a ground-based lidar instrument.
8Although a hurricane eye appears to be depicted, hurricanes probably never occur in Ghana in Western Africa!
9It is not clear whether these antennas are for radar, satellite downlinks, or weather balloon tracking.


Below is a list of Ground-based remote sensing instruments used in meteorology on satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Weather radar1
United States2006-04-28Vandenberg AFB, CA(Printed) cachet on CloudSat and CALIPSO launch cover"weather radar"
Lidar2
United States1994-09-09Kennedy Space Center FLInsert from SPARTAN-201-F2 launch cover (Mission patch cachet), also front"LITE-1 (LIDAR in-space Technology Experiment) ... is a LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) system"
United States2006-04-28Vandenberg AFB, CA(Printed) cachet on CloudSat and CALIPSO launch cover"lidar"

1Radar: RAdio Detection And Ranging. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)
2Lidar: LIght Detection And Ranging. (Our preferred style is to capitalize only the first letter.)


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