geostationary satellite

Geostationary
weather satellites


Below are checklists of geostationary weather satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Applications Technology Satellite (ATS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ATS-1 (ATS-B)1966-12-07ATS-1
ATS-1
ATS-1
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATSATS
ATS-2 (ATS-A)1967-04-06ATS-2
ATS-3 (ATS-C)1967-11-05ATS-3
ATS-3
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATS-1/3
ATS-4 (ATS-D)1968-08-10ATS-4
ATS-4
ATS-4/5
ATS-4/5
ATS-5 (ATS-E)1969-08-12
ATS-6 (ATS-F)1974-05-30ATS-6
ATS-6

US Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SMS-1 (SMS-A)1974-05-17SMS/GOES-1/3
SMS/GOES-1/3
SMS/GOES-1/3
SMSSMS and GOES
SMS-2 (SMS-B)1975-02-06SMS-2

US Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GOES-1 (GOES-A / SMS-C)1975-10-16GOES-1GOESSMS and GOES
GOES-2 (GOES-B)1977-06-16
GOES-3 (GOES-C)1978-06-16
GOES-4 (GOES-D)1980-09-09GOES-4/7
GOES-G
GOES-7
GOES-7
GOES-7
GOES-5 (GOES-E)1981-05-22
GOES-6 (GOES-F)1983-04-28
GOES-G [failed]1986-05-03
GOES-7 (GOES-H) / SARSAT1987-02-26
GOES-8 (GOES-I) / SARSAT1994-04-13GOES-8
GOES-8
GOES-8/12
GOES-8/12
GOES-8/12
GOES-9 (GOES-J) / SARSAT1995-05-23
GOES-10 (GOES-K) / SARSAT1997-04-25
GOES-11 (GOES-L) / SARSAT2000-05-03
GOES-12 (GOES-M) / SARSAT2001-07-23
GOES-13 (GOES-N) / SARSAT2006-05-24GOES-13
GOES-13
GOES-N
GOES-14 (GOES-O) / SARSAT2009-06-27GOES-O
GOES-O
GOES-15 (GOES-P) / SARSAT2010-03-04GOES-P
GOES-QCanceled
GOES-R2016-?GOES-R
GOES-R
GOES-R
GOES-S2017-?

European METEOrological SATellite (Meteosat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Meteosat-1 (Meteosat-A)1977-11-22Meteosat
Meteosat
Meteosat
Meteosat (not MSG)
MeteosatMeteosat
Meteosat-2 (Meteosat-B)1981-06-19
Meteosat-3 (Meteosat-P2)1988-06-15Meteosat-3
Meteosat-4 (MOP-1)1989-03-06Meteosat-4
Meteosat-4
Meteosat-5 (MOP-2)1991-03-02
Meteosat-6 (MOP-3)1993-11-20
Meteosat-7 (MTP)1997-09-02Meteosat-7
Meteosat-7

European Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MSG-1 / Meteosat-8 / SARSAT2002-08-28MSGMSGMSG
MSG-2 / Meteosat-9 / SARSAT2005-12-21
MSG-3 / Meteosat-10 / SARSAT2012-05-07
MSG-4 / Meteosat-112015-?

European Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MTG-I2018->MTG-IMTGMTG
MTG-S2021-?MTG-S

Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) / Himawari series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GMS-1 / Himawari-11977-07-14GMS
GMS
GMS
GMS
GMS-1
GMS-1
GMSGMS
GMS-2 / Himawari-21981-08-10GMS-2
GMS-3 / Himawari-31984-08-03
GMS-4 / Himawari-41989-09-06
GMS-5 / Himawari-51995-03-18GMS-5

Japanese Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSat) / Himawari (continued) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MTSat-1 [failed]1999-11-15MTSat
MTSat-1
MTSatMTSat
MTSat-1R / Himawari-62005-02-26
MTSat-2 / Himawari-72006-02-18MTSat-2
Himawari-82014Himawari-8
Himawari-92016

Indian National Satellite (Insat) series (with meteorological instrumentation):

(In addition to their communications function, Insats carried remote-sensing equipment that allowed them to act as weather satellites. The complete Insat series is found in the communications satellites page)

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Insat-1A1982-04-10Insat
Insat-1
Insat-1A
InsatInsat
Insat-1B [STS-8/Challenger-deployed]1983-08-30
Insat-1C1988-07-21
Insat-1D1990-06-12
Insat-2A1992-07-09Insat-2
Insat-2
Insat-2A
Insat-2B1993-07-22
Insat-2E / Intelsat-APR-21999-04-03Insat-2E
Insat-3A / SARSAT2003-04-09Insat-3A
Insat-3C2002-01-23Insat-3C
Insat-3D (meteorological only)2013-07-25Insat-3D

Indian METeorological SATellite (MetSat) / Kalpana series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MetSat-1 / Kalpana-12002-09-12MetSat-1MetSatMetSat

Russian Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite (GOMS) / Elektro series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GOMS / Elektro-11994-10-31GOMS
GOMS
GOMS
GOMS / ElektroGOMS / Elektro
GOMS / Elektro-L1 / SARSAT2011-01-20Elektro-L
GOMS / Elektro-L22013-?

China (PR) Feng Yun (FY-2 and FY-4) geostationary satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
first FY-2A [accident/explosion]1994-04-02FY-2FY-2
FY-2A1997-06-10FY-1+FY-2A
FY-2B2000-06-25FY-2B
FY-2C2004-10-19
FY-2D2006-12-08
FY-2E2008-12-23
FY-42015-?FY-4AFY-4FY-4

South Korean geostationary satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
COMS / Chollian2010-06-26COMSCOMS
COMS
Geo-KOMPSAT-2A2017-?
Geo-KOMPSAT-2B2018-?


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Updated: 2014-04-04