communications satellite

Communications
satellites


Below are checklists of communications satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Communications satellites are often referred to as "comsats", but the authors in general do not use this terminology.

Unlike most of our web pages, no attempt is made to be complete for the satellite series accompanied by "selected" on this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Echo-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Shotput-1 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1959-10-28ShotputEchoEcho
Shotput-2 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1960-01-16
Shotput-3 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1960-02-27
Shotput-4 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1960-04-01
Echo-1 [failed]1960-05-13Echo
Echo
Echo-1
Shotput-5 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1960-05-31Shotput
Echo-1A1960-08-12Echo-1
Big Shot-1 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket [failed]1962-01-15
Big Shot-2 (sub-orbital Echo test) rocket1962-07-18
Echo-2 (Echo-C)1964-01-25Echo-2

US Courier-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Courier-1A [failed]1960-08-18Courier-1ACourier-1A
Courier-1B1960-10-04Courier-1BCourier-1B
Courier-1B
"Courier-1B"

US Telstar-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Telstar-11962-07-10Telstar-1
Telstar-1
Telstar
Telstar
Telstar
Telstar
Telstar
Telstar-1
TelstarTelstar
Telstar-21963-05-07
Telstar-301 / Telstar-3A / Arabsat-1E1983-07-28Telstar-301
Telstar-3
Telstar-3
Telstar-302 / Telstar-3C [STS-41D/Discovery-deployed]1984-08-30
Telstar-303 / Telstar-3D1 [STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]1985-06-17
Telstar-4011993-12-16Telstar-401
Telstar-4021994-09-09
Telstar-402R / Telstar-41995-09-23
Telstar-5 / Intelsat Americas-5 / Galaxy-251997-05-24Telstar-5/6/7 type
Telstar-6 / Intelsat Americas-6 / Galaxy-261999-02-15
Telstar-7 / Intelsat Americas-7 / Galaxy-271999-09-25
Telstar-8 / Intelsat Americas-8 / Galaxy-282005-06-23Telstar-8
Telstar-9Canceled
Telstar-10 / APStar-2R1997-10-17Telstar-10
Telstar-11 / Orion-11994-11-29Telstar-11
Telstar-12 / Orion-21999-10-19Telstar-12
Telstar-13 / Intelsat Americas-13 / Galaxy-23 / EchoStar-92003-08-08Telstar-13
Telstar-14 / Estrela do Sul-12004-01-11Telstar-14
Telstar-18 / APStar-52004-06-29Telstar-18
Telstar-11N2009-02-26Telstar-11N
Telstar-14R / Estrela do Sul-22011-05-20Telstar-14R

1There is disagreement among various sources on whether this should be called Telstar-3D or Telstar-3B!

US Relay-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Relay-11962-12-13Relay-1RelayRelay
Relay-21964-01-21

US SYNchronous COMmunications satellite (Syncom) / LEAsed SATellite (Leasat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Syncom-11963-02-14Syncom-1
Syncom-1
Syncom
Syncom
SyncomSyncom
Syncom-21963-07-26
Syncom-31964-08-19
Syncom-4-2 / Leasat-F1 [STS-41D/Discovery-deployed]1984-08-30Leasat
Syncom-4-1 / Leasat-F2 [STS-51A/Discovery-deployed]1984-11-08
Syncom-4-3 / Leasat-F3 [STS-51D/Discovery-deployed]1985-04-12
Syncom-4-3 / Leasat-F3 [STS-51I/Discovery-repaired]1985-08-29
Syncom-4-4 / Leasat-F4 [STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]1985-08-29
Syncom-4-5 / Leasat-F5 [STS-32R/Columbia-deployed]1990-01-09

US WEstern union STAR (Westar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Westar-1 (Westar-A)1974-04-13Westar-1
Westar
WestarWestar
Westar-2 (Westar-B)1974-10-10
Westar-3 (Westar-C)1979-08-10
Westar-41982-02-26Westar-4
Westar-51982-06-09
Westar-6 [STS-41B/Challenger-deployed]1984-02-03
Westar-6 [STS-51A/Discovery-recovered] / now AsiaSat-11984-11-08

US Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TDRS-1 (TDRS-A) [STS-6/Challenger-deployed, partial failure]1983-04-04TDRS-1 (STS-6/Challenger-deployment)
TDRS-1
TDRS-1 (patch, with STS-6/Challenger)
TDRSTDRS
TDRS-2 (TDRS-B) [STS-51L/Challenger, failed]1986-01-28TDRS-2 (patch)
TDRS-3 (TDRS-C) [STS-26R/Discovery-deployed]1988-09-29
TDRS-4 (TDRS-D) [STS-29R/Discovery-deployed]1989-03-13
TDRS-5 (TDRS-E) [STS-43/Atlantis-deployed]1991-08-02
TDRS-6 (TDRS-F) [STS-54/Endeavour-deployed]1993-01-13
TDRS-7 (TDRS-G) [STS-70/Discovery-deployed]1995-07-13TDRS-7
TDRS-8 (TDRS-H)2000-06-30TDRS-8
TDRS-9 (TDRS-I)2002-03-08
TDRS-10 (TDRS-J)2002-12-05
TDRS-11 (TDRS-K)2013-01-30TDRS-11
TDRS-12 (TDRS-L)2014-01-24
TDRS-13 (TDRS-M)2017-08-18

(Selected) INternational TELecommunications SATellite consortium (Intelsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Intelsat-1 / Early Bird1965-04-06Intelsat-1
Intelsat-1
Intelsat-1+2+3+4+4A
Early Bird (Intelsat-1)Early Bird (Intelsat-1), Bird-named Intelsat-2s, and Intelsat-2-4
Intelsat-2-1 / Blue Bird / Atlantic-1 [partial failure]1966-10-26Intelsat-2
Intelsat-2
Blue Bird (Intelsat-2-1)
Intelsat-2-2 / Lani Bird / Pacific-11967-01-11Lani Bird (Intelsat-2-2)
Intelsat-2-3 / Canary Bird / Atlantic-21967-03-23Canary Bird (Intelsat-2-3)
Intelsat-2-4 / Pacific-21967-09-28Intelsat-2-4
Intelsat-3 series (1 — 8)1968-09-19 — 1970-07-23Intelsat-3Intelsat-3 seriesIntelsat-3+4+4A+6 series
Intelsat-4 series (1 — 8)1971-01-25 — 1975-05-22Intelsat-4
Intelsat-4-4
Intelsat-4-8
Intelsat-4 series
Intelsat-4A series (1 — 6)1975-09-26 — 1978-03-31Intelsat-4A
Intelsat-4A
Intelsat-4A series
Intelsat-5 series (1 — 9)1980-12-06 — 1984-06-09Intelsat-5Intelsat-5 seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
Intelsat-5A series (10 — 15)1985-03-23 — 1989-01-27Intelsat-5AIntelsat-5A series
Intelsat-6-11991-10-29Intelsat-6Intelsat-6 seriesIntelsat-3+4+4A+6 series
Intelsat-6-21989-10-27
Intelsat-6-3 [rocket-launched]1990-03-14
Intelsat-6-3 [STS-49/Endeavour-repaired and re-deployed]1992-05-07
Intelsat-6-41990-06-23
Intelsat-6-51991-08-14
Intelsat-K / NSS-K (like Astra-1B, ex Satcom-K4)1992-06-10Intelsat-K
Intelsat-7 series (1 — 5, and 9)1993-10-22 — 1996-06-15Intelsat-7
Intelsat-7 (patch)
Intelsat-7 seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
Intelsat-7A series (6 — 8)1995-05-17 — 1996-02-14Intelsat-7AIntelsat-7A series
Intelsat-24 / AMOS-11996-05-16AMOS-1AMOS-1AMOS
Intelsat-8 series (1 — 4)1997-03-01 — 1997-12-22Intelsat-8Intelsat-5+7 and later seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
Intelsat Americas series (5 — 9, 13)1997-05-24 — 2008-09-24
Intelsat-8A series (5 — 6)1998-06-18 — 1998-02-27Intelsat-8A
Intelsat-APR-2 / Insat-2E1999-04-03Insat-2EInsatInsat
Intelsat-9 series (1 — 7)2001-06-09 — 2003-02-15Intelsat-9Intelsat-5+7 and later seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
Intelsat-10-1Canceled
Intelsat-10-22004-06-16Intelsat-10-2
Intelsat-11 / Panamsat-112007-10-05Panamsat-11
Intelsat-12 / formerly Panamsat-12 / formerly EuropeStar-12000-10-29EuropeStar-1
Intelsat-1W / Thor-62009-10-29Thor-6
Intelsat-152009-11-30Intelsat-15
Intelsat-16 / formerly Panamsat-11R2010-02-12Intelsat-16
Intelsat-28 / New Dawn2011-04-22New Dawn
Intelsat-202012-08-02Intelsat-20
Intelsat-232012-10-14Intelsat-23
Intelsat-25 / ProtoStar-12008-07-07ProtoStar-1

Canada/USA American Mobile Satellite Corporation (AMSC) / Mobile SATellite (M-Sat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
AMSC-1 / M-Sat-21995-04-07AMSC-1AMSC / M-SatAMSC / M-Sat
AMSC-2 / M-Sat-11996-04-20

Canadian Anik / Telesat series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Anik-A1 / Telesat-1 (Telesat-A)1972-11-10Anik-A
Anik-A
Anik / TelesatAnik / Telesat
Anik-A2 / Telesat-2 (Telesat-B)1973-04-19
Anik-A3 / Telesat-3 (Telesat-C)1975-05-07
Anik-B1 / Telesat-4 (Telesat-D)1978-12-15Anik-B1
Anik-B1
Anik-C1 / Telesat-9 (Telesat-I) / Nahuel-I1 / Brazil-1T [STS-51D/Discovery-deployed]1985-04-12Anik-C/D type
Anik-C2 / Telesat-7 (Telesat-G) / Nahuel-I2 [STS-7/Challenger-deployed]1983-06-18
Anik-C3 / Telesat-6 (Telesat-E) [STS-5/Columbia-deployed]1982-11-11
Anik-D1 / Telesat-5 (Telesat-F)1982-08-26
Anik-D2 / Telesat-8 (Telesat-H) / Satcom-4R / Arabsat-1DR [STS-51A/Discovery-deployed]1984-11-08
Anik-E11991-09-26Anik-E1
Anik-E21991-04-04
Anik-E2R / formerly Galaxy-3R1995-12-15
Anik-F12000-11-21Anik-F1
Anik-F1R2005-09-08Anik-F1R
Anik-F22004-07-18Anik-F2
Anik-F32007-04-09Anik-F3
Anik-G12013-04-15Anik-G1

Indian National Satellite (Insat) series:

(Insat [with meteorological instrumentation] are hightlighted in pale yellow)

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Insat-1A1982-04-10Insat
Insat-1
Insat-1A
InsatInsat
Insat-1B [STS-8/Challenger-deployed]1983-08-30
Insat-1C1988-07-21
Insat-1D1990-06-12
Insat-2A / SARSAT1992-07-09Insat-2
Insat-2
Insat-2A
Insat-2B / SARSAT1993-07-22
Insat-2C / SARSAT1995-12-06Insat-2C
Insat-2D / SARSAT1997-06-04
Insat-2DT / Arabsat-1C1992-02-26
Insat-2E / Intelsat-APR-21999-04-03Insat-2E
Insat-3A / SARSAT2003-04-09Insat-3A
Insat-3B2000-03-21Insat-3B
Insat-3C2002-01-23Insat-3C
Insat-3D [meteorological only] / SARSAT2013-07-25Insat-3D
Insat-3E2003-09-27Insat-3E
Insat-4A2005-12-21Insat-4A
Insat-4B2007-03-11Insat-4B
Insat-4C [failed]2006-07-10Insat-4C
Insat-4CR2007-09-02
Insat-4D (GSat-5)20xx-?Insat-4D
Insat-4E (GSat-6)201x-?Insat-4E
Insat-4F (GSat-7)2013-08-09Insat-4F
Insat-4G (GSat-8)2011-05-20Insat-4G
GSat-8
Insat-3DR [meteorological only]2016-09-08Insat-3DR

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
NATO-1 (also known as IDCSP-1-1/20 or DSCS-1)1966-06-16 — 1968-06-13IDCSPIDCSP
NATO-2A1970-03-20NATO-2NATONATO
NATO-2B1971-02-03
NATO-3A1976-04-22NATO-3A
NATO-3B1977-01-28
NATO-3C1978-11-19
NATO-3D1984-11-14
NATO-4A1991-01-08NATO-4A
NATO-4B (USA-98)1993-12-08

French-German Symphonie-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Symphonie-1 (Symphonie-A)1974-12-19Symphonie-1
Symphonie-1
Symphonie (patch)
Symphonie (patch)
SymphonieSymphonie
Symphonie-2 (Symphonie-B)1975-08-27

Satellite Italiano Ricerca Industriale Orientata (SIRIO) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SIRIO-1 (SIRIO-A)1977-08-25SIRIO-1
SIRIO
SIRIOSIRIO
SIRIO-2 (SIRIO-B) [failed]1982-09-10SIRIO-2

German TeleVision SATellite (TV-Sat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TV-Sat-11987-11-21TV-Sat-1TV-SatTV-Sat
TV-Sat-21989-08-08

French TéléDiffusion de France (TDF) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
TDF-11988-10-28TDF-1TDFTDF
TDF-21990-07-24

European Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
OTS-1 (OTS-A) [failed]1977-09-13OTS-1
OTS
OTSOTS
OTS-2 (OTS-B)1978-05-11

(Selected) Luxembourg Astra-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Astra-1A1988-12-11Astra-1A
Astra-1A
AstraAstra
Astra-1B (like Intelsat-K, ex Satcom-K3)1991-03-02Astra-1B
Astra-1C1993-05-12Astra-1C
Astra-1D1994-11-01
Astra-1E1995-10-19Astra-1E
Astra-1F1996-04-08
Astra-1G1997-12-02Astra-2A
Astra-1H1999-06-18
Astra-1K [partial failure]2002-11-25Astra-1K
Astra-1KR2006-04-20Astra-1KR
Astra-1L2007-05-05Astra-1L
Astra-1M2008-11-05Astra-1M
Astra-1N2011-08-06Astra-1N
Astra-2A1998-08-30Astra-2A
Astra-2B2000-09-14Astra-2B
Astra-2C2001-06-16Astra-2A
Astra-2D2000-12-20Astra-2D
Astra-2E2013-09-29Astra-2E
Astra-2F2012-09-28
Astra-2G2014-12-27
Astra-3A2002-03-29Astra-3A (similar to Astra-2D)
Astra-3B2010-05-21Astra-3B
Astra-5A / formerly Sirius-21997-11-12Sirius-2
Astra-5B2014-03-22Astra-5B

(Selected) General Electric (GE) / AMeriCom (AMC) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GE-1 / AMC-11996-09-08GE-1GE / AMCGE / AMC
GE-2 / AMC-21997-01-30
GE-3 / AMC-3 / Eagle-11997-09-04
GE-4 / AMC-41999-11-13GE-4
GE-5 / AMC-51998-10-28GE-5
GE-18 / AMC-182006-12-08

(Selected) Luxembourg Société Européenne des Satellites (SES) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SES-1 (ex AMC-4R)2010-04-24SES-1SESSES
SES-2 (ex AMC-5R)2011-09-21SES-2
SES-3 (ex AMC ground spare)2011-07-15
SES-62013-06-03SES-6
SES-82013-12-03SES-8
SES-11 / EchoStar-1052017-10-11EchoStar-105/SES-11
SES-122018-06-04SES-12
SES-14 / GOLD2018-01-25SES-14/GOLD

Norway Thor-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Thor-1 / MarcoPolo-21990-08-18Marcopolo-1"Thor"
"Thor"
Thor-21997-05-21Thor-2
Thor-31998-06-09
Thor-5 (Thor-2r)2008-02-11Thor-2r
Thor-6 / Intelsat-1W2009-10-29Thor-6
Thor-72015-04-26Thor-7

European HotBird-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HotBird-1 / formerly Eutelsat-2-F6X1995-03-28HotBird-1HotBirdHotBird
HotBird-21996-11-21HotBird-2
HotBird-31997-09-02
HotBird-41998-02-27
HotBird-51998-10-09
HotBird-62002-08-21HotBird-6
HotBird-7 [failed]2002-12-11HotBird-7
HotBird-7A2006-03-11HotBird-7A
HotBird-82006-08-04HotBird-8
HotBird-92006-12-02
HotBird-102009-02-12

MARitime communications SATellite (Marisat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Marisat-1 (Marisat-A)1976-02-19Marisat-1
Marisat-1
MarisatMarisat
Marisat-2 (Marisat-B)1976-06-09
Marisat-3 (Marisat-C)1976-10-14

MARitime European Communications Satellite (Marecs) / MARitime Orbital Test Satellite (MARots) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Marecs-1 (Marecs-A)1981-12-20MarecsMarecsMarecs
Marecs-B [failed]1982-09-10
Marecs-2 (Marecs-B2)1984-11-10

INternational MARitime SATellite (Inmarsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Inmarsat-2-F11990-10-30Inmarsat-2InmarsatInmarsat
Inmarsat-2-F21991-03-08
Inmarsat-2-F31991-12-16
Inmarsat-2-F41992-04-15
Inmarsat-3-F11996-04-03Inmarsat-3
Inmarsat-3-F21996-09-06
Inmarsat-3-F31996-12-18
Inmarsat-3-F41997-06-03
Inmarsat-3-F51998-02-04
Inmarsat-4-F12005-03-11Inmarsat-4
Inmarsat-4-F22005-11-08
Inmarsat-4-F32008-08-19
Inmarsat-4A-F4 / Alphasat2013-07-25Alphasat
Inmarsat-5-F12013-12-08Inmarsat-5
Inmarsat-5-F22015-02-01
Inmarsat-5-F32015-08-28
Inmarsat-5-F42017-05-15

COMmunications STAR (Comstar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Comstar-1A (Comstar-D1)1976-05-13Comstar-1ComstarComstar
Comstar-1B (Comstar-D2)1976-07-22
Comstar-1C (Comstar-D3)1978-06-29
Comstar-1D (Comstar-D4)1981-02-21

(Selected) ECHO STAR (EchoStar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
EchoStar-11995-12-28EchoStar-1EchoStarEchoStar
EchoStar-21996-09-11
EchoStar-31997-10-05EchoStar-3
EchoStar-41998-05-07
EchoStar-51999-09-23
EchoStar-62000-07-14EchoStar-6
EchoStar-72002-02-21
EchoStar-82002-08-22EchoStar-8
EchoStar-9 / Telstar-132003-08-08TelstarTelstar
EchoStar-172012-07-05EchoStar-17EchoStarEchoStar
EchoStar-192016-12-18
EchoStar-105 / SES-112017-10-11EchoStar-105/SES-11

SPACE NETwork (Spacenet) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Spacenet-1 / now ChinaSat-51984-05-23Spacenet-1SpacenetSpacenet
Spacenet-2 / now ChinaSat-5R1984-11-10
Spacenet-3 [failed]1985-09-12
Spacenet-3R1988-03-11
Spacenet-4 / formerly ASC-21991-04-13ASC-2

Brazilian Brasilsat series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Brasilsat-A11985-02-08Brasilsat-A1BrasilsatBrasilsat
Brasilsat-A21986-03-28
Brasilsat-B11994-08-10Brasilsat-B
Brasilsat-B21995-03-28
Brasilsat-B31998-01-22
Brasilsat-B42000-08-17

Brazilian Satelites de Coleta de Dados (SCD) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SCD-11993-02-09SCD-1SCDSCD
SCD-2A [failed]1997-11-02SCD-2
SCD-21998-10-23
SCD-3canceledSCD-3

(Selected) Brazilian StarOne (Star One) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
StarOne-C12007-11-14StarOne-C1StarOneStarOne
StarOne-C32012-11-10StarOne-C3
StarOne-C42015-07-15StarOne-C4
StarOne-D12016-12-21StarOne-D1

Indonesian Palapa-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Palapa-A11976-07-08Palapa-A1PalapaPalapa
Palapa-A21977-03-10
Palapa-B1 [STS-7/Challenger-deployed]1983-06-18Palapa-B1
Palapa-B2 [STS-41B/Challenger-deployed]1984-02-03
Palapa-B2 [STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]1984-11-08
Palapa-B2P1987-03-20
Palapa-B2R1990-04-13
Palapa-B41992-05-14
Palapa-C1 / HGS-3 / Anatolia-1 / Paksat-11996-02-01Palapa-C
Palapa-C21996-05-16
Palapa-D2009-08-31Palapa-D

Indonesian TELeKOMmunications (Telkom) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Telkom-11999-08-12Telkom-1Telkom-1Telkom-1
Telkom-22005-11-16Telkom-2
Telkom-2
Telkom-2
Telkom-32012-08-06Telkom-3

UK Skynet (SKY NETwork) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Skynet-1A1969-11-22Skynet-1ASkynetSkynet
Skynet-1B1970-08-19
Skynet-2A [partial failure]1974-01-19Skynet-2A
Skynet-2B1974-11-23
Skynet-3Canceled
Skynet-4A1990-01-01Skynet-4A
Skynet-4B1988-12-11
Skynet-4C1990-08-30
Skynet-4D1998-01-10
Skynet-4E1999-02-26
Skynet-4F2001-02-07
Skynet-5A2007-03-11Skynet-5A
Skynet-5B2007-11-14
Skynet-5C2008-06-12
Skynet-5D2012-12-19

UK Marcopolo / British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Marcopolo-1 / BSB-R1 / Sirius-11989-08-27Marcopolo-1"Marcopolo-1"
"Marcopolo-1"
Marcopolo-2 / BSB-R2 / Thor-11990-08-18

German Deutscher Fernmelde Satellit (DFS) / Kopernikus-series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DFS-1 / Kopernikus-11989-06-05DFSDFSDFS
DFS-2 / Kopernikus-21990-07-24
DFS-3 / Kopernikus-3 / now HellasSat-11992-10-12

Swedish Sirius-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sirius-1 / formerly Marcopolo-1 / BSB-R11989-08-27Marcopolo-1"Marcopolo-1"
"Marcopolo-1"
Sirius-2 / now Astra-5A1997-11-12Sirius-2Sirius-2 (see Astra-5A)
Sirius-31998-10-05Sirius-3Sirius-3 (with Eutelsat-W2)

Japanese Ayame / Experimental Communications Satellite (ECS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ayame-1 (ECS-A) [failed]1979-02-06Ayame-1Ayame-1
Ayame-1
Ayame-2 (ECS-B)1980-02-22Ayame-2
Ayame-2
Ayame-2
Ayame-2 (insert)

Japanese Yuri / Broadcasting Satellite (BS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Yuri-1 / BSE1978-04-07Yuri / BSYuri / BS
Yuri-2a / BS-2a1984-01-23BS-2a
Yuri-2b / BS-2b1986-02-12
Yuri-2x / BS-2x [failed]1990-02-22
Yuri-3a / BS-3a1990-08-28BS-3a
Yuri-3h / BS-3h [failed]1991-04-19BS-3h
Yuri-3b / BS-3b1991-08-25
Yuri-3n / BS-3n1994-07-08

(Selected) Japanese Broadcasting Satellite (BSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
BSat-1a1997-04-16BSat-1aBSatBSat
BSat-1b1998-04-28
BSat-2a2001-03-08BSat-2a
BSat-2b [partial failure]2001-07-12
BSat-2c2003-06-11
BSat-3a2007-08-14BSat-3a
BSat-3c / JCSat-110R2011-08-06BSat-3c

Japanese Communications Satellite (CS) / Sakura series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sakura-1 / CS-11977-12-15CS-1Sakura / CSSakura / CS
Sakura-2A / CS-2A1983-02-04CS-2a
Sakura-2B / CS-2B1983-08-05
Sakura-3A / CS-3A1988-02-19CS-3a
Sakura-3B / CS-3B1988-09-16

(Selected) Japanese Communications SATellite (JCSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
JCSat-11989-03-06JCSat-1JCSatJCSat
JCSat-21990-01-01
JCSat-31995-08-29JCSat-3/4 type
JCSat-41997-02-18
JCSat-51997-12-02JCSat-5/6 type
JCSat-61999-02-16
JCSat-82002-03-29JCSat-8
JCSat-9 (JCSat-5a) / N-Star-d2006-04-12JCSat-9
JCSat-102006-08-11JCSat-10
JCSat-11 [failed]2007-05-09
JCSat-122009-08-21
JCSat-132012-05-15JCSat-13
JCSat-110R / BSat-3c2011-08-06BSat-3c
JCSat-142016-05-06JCSat-14
JCSat-152016-12-21JCSat-15
JCSat-162016-08-14JCSat-16
JCSat-172019-?

(Selected) Japanese Superbird series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Superbird-A1989-06-05Superbird-ASuperbirdSuperbird
Superbird-A11992-12-01
Superbird-B [failed]1990-02-22
Superbird-B11992-02-26
Superbird-4 (Superbird-B2)2000-02-18Superbird-4

(Selected) EUropen TELcommunications SATellite (Eutelsat) / European Communications Satellite (ECS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Eutelsat-1-F1 / ECS-11983-06-16Eutelsat-1EutelsatEutelsat
Eutelsat-1-F2 / ECS-21984-08-04
Eutelsat-1-F3 / ECS-3 [failed]1985-09-12
Eutelsat-1-F4 / ECS-41987-09-16
Eutelsat-1-F5 / ECS-51988-07-21
Eutelsat-2-F11990-08-30Eutelsat-2
Eutelsat-2
Eutelsat-2-F21991-01-16
Eutelsat-2-F31991-12-07
Eutelsat-2-F41992-07-10
Eutelsat-2-F51994-01-24
Eutelsat-W21998-10-05Eutelsat-W2
Eutelsat-16C / SESAT2000-04-17SESAT
Eutelsat-W12000-09-06Eutelsat-W1R
Eutelsat-12-West-A / Atlantic Bird-12002-08-28
eBird-1 / Eutelsat-33A/31A2003-09-27eBird-1
Eutelsat-25B / Es'hail-12013-08-29Eutelsat-25B
Eutelsat 115 West B (formerly SatMex-7)2015-03-02SatMex-7
Eutelsat 117 West A (formerly SatMex-8)2013-03-26SatMex-8
Eutelsat 117 West B (formerly SatMex-9)2016-06-15SatMex-9
Eutelsat-9B / EDRS-A2016-01-29Eutelsat-9B

French TELECOMmunications (Telecom) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Telecom-1A1984-08-04Telecom-1ATelecomTelecom
Telecom-1B1985-05-08
Telecom-1C1988-03-11
Telecom-2A1991-12-16Telecom-2A
Telecom-2
Telecom-2B1992-04-15
Telecom-2C1995-12-06
Telecom-2D1996-08-08

(Selected) AUStralian communications SATellite (Aussat) / Optus series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Aussat-A1 / Optus-A1 [STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]1985-08-27Aussat-AAussat / OptusAussat / Optus
Aussat-A2 / Optus-A2 [STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed]1985-11-27
Aussat-A3 / Optus-A31987-09-16
Aussat-B1 / Optus-B11992-08-13Optus-B
Aussat-B2 / Optus-B21992-12-21
Aussat-B3 / Optus-B31994-08-27
Optus-D12006-10-13Optus-D1
Optus-D22007-10-05Optus-D2
Optus-D32009-08-21
Optus-102014-09-11Optus-10

Mexican Morelos-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Morelos-1 (Morelos-A) [STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]1985-06-17Morelos-1MorelosMorelos
Morelos-2 (Morelos-B) [STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed]1985-11-27

Mexican Solidaridad-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Solidaridad-11993-11-20Solidaridad-1
Solidaridad-1/2 type
SolidaridadSolidaridad
Solidaridad-21994-10-08

SATellite MEXico (SatMex) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SatMex-5 (Morelos-3) / Eutelsat 115 West A1998-12-06SatMex-5SatMexSatMex
SatMex-6 (Morelos-4) / Eutelsat 113 West A2006-05-27SatMex-6
SatMex-7 (now Eutelsat 115 West B)2015-03-02SatMex-7EutelsatEutelsat
SatMex-8 (now Eutelsat 117 West A)2013-03-26SatMex-8
SatMex-9 (now Eutelsat 117 West B)2016-06-15SatMex-9

MEXican SATellite (SatMex) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
MexSat-1 [failed]2015-05-15MexSat-1MexSatMexSat
MexSat-22015-10-02
MexSat-3 / Morelos-32012-12-29MexSat-3

Spanish HISPAnic SATellite (Hispasat) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Hispasat-1A1992-09-10Hispasat-1AHispasatHispasat
Hispasat-1B1993-07-22
Hispasat-1C2000-03-02Hispasat-1D
Hispasat-1D2002-09-18
Hispasat-1E2012-10-29Hispasat-1E
Hispasat-AG1 / Hispasat 36W-12017-01-28Hispasat-AG1
Hispasat-1F / Hispasat 30W-62018-03-06Hispasat-1F

(Selected) Amazonas-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Amazonas-1 / Hispasat-55W-12004-08-05Amazonas-1AmazonasAmazonas
Amazonas-22009-10-01Amazonas-2
Amazonas-32013-02-07Amazonas-3
Amazonas-4A2014-03-22Amazonas-4A

ITALian SATellite (Italsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Italsat-11991-01-15Italsat-1ItalsatItalsat
Italsat-21996-08-08

(Selected) Malaysia East Asia SATellite (Measat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Measat-1 / Africasat-11996-01-13Measat-1MeasatMeasat
Measat-2 / Africasat-21996-11-13
Measat-32006-12-11Measat-3
Measat-3a2009-06-21Measat-3a
Measat-3b / Jabiru-22014-09-11Measat-3b
Measat-5 / iPStar-1 / Thaicom-42005-08-11iPStar-1

(Selected) Saudi Arabia / ARABian SATellite (Arabsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Arabsat-1E / Telstar-301 / Telstar-3A1983-07-28Telstar-301
Telstar-3
Telstar-3
TelstarTelstar
Arabsat-1A1985-02-08Arabsat-1ArabsatArabsat
Arabsat-1DR / Anik-D2 / Telesat-8 / Satcom-4R [STS-51A/Discovery-deployed]1984-11-08Anik / TelesatAnik / Telesat
Arabsat-1B [STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]1985-06-17ArabsatArabsat
Arabsat-1C / Insat-2DT1992-02-26
Arabsat-2A1996-07-09Arabsat-2
Arabsat-2B1996-11-13
Arabsat-3A1999-02-26Arabsat-3A
Arabsat-4A [partial failure]2006-02-28Arabsat-4A
Arabsat-4B2006-11-08
Arabsat-4AR2008-07-07
Arabsat-5A2010-06-26Arabsat-5A
Arabsat-5C2011-09-21Arabsat-5C
Arabsat-6B2015-11-10Arabsat-6B

(Selected) TURKish SATellite (Turksat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Turksat-1A [failed]1994-01-24Turksat-1ATurksatTurksat
Turksat-1B1994-08-11
Turksat-1C1996-07-09
Turksat-2A / Eurasiasat-12001-01-10Turksat-2A
Turksat-3A2008-06-12
Turksat-3uSat2013-04-26Turksat-3uSat
Turksat-4A2014-02-14Turksat-4A
Turksat-4B2015-10-16Turksat-4B
Turksat-5A201x-?Turksat-5A
Turksat-6A2020-?Turksat-6A

(Selected) PAN-AMerican SATellite (Panamsat / PAS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Panamsat-11988-06-15Panamsat-1Panamsat / PASPanamsat / PAS
Panamsat-2 / Intelsat-2 (new series)1994-07-08Panamsat-2/3/3R/4 type
Panamsat-3 [failed]1994-12-01
Panamsat-4 / Intelsat-4 (new series)1995-08-03
Panamsat-3R / Intelsat-3R (new series)1996-01-12
Panamsat-61997-08-07Panamsat-6/7/8 type
Panamsat-5 / Intelsat-5 (new series)1997-08-28Panamsat-5
Panamsat-22 / AsiaSat-3 / HGS-11997-12-24
Panamsat-7 / Intelsat-7 (new series)1998-09-16Panamsat-6/7/8 type
Panamsat-7
Panamsat-8
Panamsat-8 / Intelsat-8 (new series)1998-11-04
Panamsat-6B / Intelsat-6B (new series)1998-12-22Panamsat-6B
Panamsat-9 / Intelsat-10 (new series)2000-07-28Panamsat-9
Panamsat-1R / Intelsat-1R (new series)2000-11-16Panamsat-1R
Panamsat-10 / Intelsat-10 (new series)2001-05-15
Panamsat-11 / Intelsat-112007-10-05Panamsat-11Intelsat-5+7 and later seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
Panamsat-12 / Intelsat-12 / formerly EuropeStar-12009-10-29EuropeStar-1
Panamsat-11R / Intelsat-162010-02-12Intelsat-16

American Satellite Company (ASC) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ASC-1 [STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]1985-08-27ASC-1
ASC-2 / now Spacenet-41991-04-13ASC-2SpacenetSpacenet

Gte STAR (GStar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GStar-11985-05-08GStar-1GStar-1 (with Telecom-1B)
GStar-21986-03-28GStar-2 (with Brasilsat-A2)
GStar-31988-09-08GStar-3 (with SBS-5)
GStar-41990-11-20GStar-4 (with Satcom-C1)

Satellite Business Systems (SBS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SBS-1 (SBS-A)1980-11-15SBS-1SBSSBS
SBS-2 (SBS-B)1981-09-24
SBS-3 (SBS-C) [STS-5/Columbia-deployed]1982-11-11
SBS-4 (SBS-D) [STS-41D/Discovery-deployed]1984-08-30
SBS-51988-09-08
SBS-61990-10-12SBS-6

US Air Force (USAF) Satellite Data System (SDS) / Quasar series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SDS-1 / Quasar-11976-06-02SDS / QuasarSDS / Quasar
SDS-2 / Quasar-21976-08-06
SDS-3 / Quasar-31978-08-05
SDS-4 / Quasar-41980-12-13
SDS-5 / Quasar-5 / USA-41984-08-28
SDS-6 / Quasar-6 / USA-91985-02-08
SDS-7 / Quasar-7 / USA-211987-02-12
SDS-2-1 / Quasar-8 / USA-40 [STS-28R/Columbia-deployed]1989-08-08SDS-2
SDS-2-2 / Quasar-9 / USA-67 [STS-38/Atlantis-deployed]1990-11-16
SDS-2-3 / Quasar-10 / USA-87 [STS-53/Discovery-deployed]1992-12-02
SDS-2-4 / Quasar-11 / USA-1251996-07-03
SDS-3-1 / Quasar-12 / USA-1371998-01-29
SDS-3-2 / Quasar-13 / USA-1552000-12-06
SDS-3-3 / Quasar-14 / USA-1622001-10-11
SDS-3-4 / Quasar-15 / USA-1792004-08-31
SDS-3-5 / Quasar-16 / USA-1982007-12-10
SDS-3-6 / Quasar-17 / NROL-27 / USA-2272011-03-11
SDS-3-7 / Quasar-18 / NROL-38 / USA-2362012-06-20
SDS-3-8 / Quasar-19 / NROL-33 / USA-2522014-05-23
SDS-4-1 / Quasar-20 / NROL-61 / USA-2692016-07-28
SDS-4-2 / Quasar-21 / NROL-52 / USA-2792017-10-15

Radio Corporation of America (RCA) SATellite COMmunications (Satcom) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Satcom-1 (Satcom-A)1975-12-12Satcom-1
Satcom-1
SatcomSatcom
Satcom-2 (Satcom-B)1976-03-26
Satcom-3 (Satcom-C) [partial failure]1979-12-07
Satcom-3R (Satcom-D)1981-11-20
Satcom-41982-01-16
Satcom-51982-10-28
Satcom-1R (Satcom-F)1983-04-11
Satcom-2R (Satcom-H)1983-09-08
Satcom-4R / Anik-D2 / Telesat-8 / Arabsat-1DR [STS-51A/Discovery-deployed]1984-11-08
Satcom-Ku2 [STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed]1985-11-27
Satcom-Ku1 [STS-61C/Columbia-deployed]1986-01-12Satcom-Ku1 (patch)
Satcom-C11990-11-20
Satcom-C2Canceled
Satcom-C51991-05-29Satcom-C5
Satcom-C41992-08-31
Satcom-C31992-09-10

(US Navy) FLeeT SATellite COMmunications (FltSatCom) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
FltSatCom-11978-02-09FltSatCom-1FltSatComFltSatCom
FltSatCom-21979-05-04
FltSatCom-31980-01-18
FltSatCom-41980-10-31
FltSatCom-5 [partial failure]1981-08-06
FltSatCom-6 [failed]1987-03-26
FltSatCom-7 / USA-201986-12-05FltSatCom-7
FltSatCom-8 / USA-461989-09-25

Orion-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Orion-1 / Telstar-111994-11-29Telstar-11TelstarTelstar
Orion-2 / Telstar-121999-10-19Telstar-12
Orion-31999-05-05Orion-3

Estrela do Sul-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Estrela do Sul-1 / Telstar-142004-01-11Telstar-14TelstarTelstar
Estrela do Sul-2 / Telstar-14R2011-05-20Telstar-14R

(Selected) Galaxy-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Galaxy-11983-06-28Galaxy-1GalaxyGalaxy
Galaxy-21983-09-22
Galaxy-31984-09-21
Galaxy-41993-06-25Galaxy-4
Galaxy-4
Galaxy-51992-03-13
Galaxy-61990-10-12
Galaxy-71992-10-28
Galaxy-3R (Galaxy-8, now Anik-E2R)1995-12-15Galaxy-3R
Galaxy-111999-12-21Galaxy-11
Galaxy-10R2000-01-25Galaxy-10R
Galaxy-4R2000-04-19
Galaxy-25 / Telstar-5 / Intelsat Americas-51997-05-24Telstar-5/6/7 typeTelstarTelstar
Galaxy-26 / Telstar-6 / Intelsat Americas-61999-02-15
Galaxy-27 / Telstar-7 / Intelsat Americas-71999-09-25
Galaxy-28 / Telstar-8 / Intelsat Americas-82005-06-23Telstar-8
Galaxy-23 / Telstar-13 / Intelsat Americas-13 / EchoStar-92003-08-08Telstar-13
Galaxy-13 / Panamsat-9 / Galaxy-3C2002-06-15Galaxy-3CGalaxyGalaxy
Galaxy-122003-04-09Galaxy-12
Galaxy-152005-10-13
Galaxy-172007-05-05
Galaxy-19 / Intelsat Americas-92008-09-24Galaxy-19

(Selected) Global Star (Globalstar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Globalstar-1/2/3/41998-02-14Globalstar-1
Globalstar-1 (launch configuration)
GlobalstarGlobalstar
Globalstar-5+7+9+10+11+12+13+16+17+18+20+21 [failed]1998-09-09
Globalstar-6+8+14+151998-04-24
Globalstar-2 (72-120)2010-10-19 →Globalstar-2
Globalstar-2 (launch configuration)

(Selected) DIRECt TV (DirecTV) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DirecTV-11993-12-18DirecTV-1DirecTVDirecTV
DirecTV-21994-08-03
DirecTV-31995-06-10
DirecTV-4S2001-11-27DirecTV-4S

China/PRC Dongfanghong / Dong Fang Hong (DFH) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DFH-11970-04-23DFH-1DFHDFH
DFH-2 series (1 — 2)1984-01-29 — 1984-04-08DFH-2
DFH-2A series (1 — 5)1986-02-01 — 1991-12-28DFH-2A
DFH-3 series (1 — 2)1994-11-29 — 1997-05-11DFH-3

China/PRC ASIA SATellite (AsiaSat) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
AsiaSat-1 / formerly Westar-61990-04-07AsiaSatAsiaSat
AsiaSat-2 / AMOS-5i1995-11-28AsiaSat-2
AsiaSat-3 / HGS-1 / Panamsat-221997-12-24AsiaSat-3
AsiaSat-3S1999-03-21
AsiaSat-42003-04-11AsiaSat-4
AsiaSat-52009-08-11AsiaSat-5
AsiaSat-7 / Thaicom-6A2011-11-25
AsiaSat-6 / Thaicom-72014-09-07AsiaSat-6
AsiaSat-82014-08-05AsiaSat-8
AsiaSat-92017-09-28AsiaSat-9

China/PRC Asia-Pacific STAR (APStar) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
APStar-11994-07-21APStar-1APStar-1APStar-1
APStar-21995-01-26APStar-2
APStar-1A1996-07-03
APStar-2R / Telstar-101997-10-16APStar-2RTelstarTelstar
APStar-5 / Telstar-182004-06-29
APStar-62005-04-12APStar-6APStar-1APStar-1
APStar-72012-03-31APStar-7
APStar-92015-10-16APStar-9

(Selected) CHINA/PRC SATellite (ChinaSat) / ZhongXing (ZX) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ChinaSat-5 / formerly Spacenet-11984-05-23Spacenet-1SpacenetSpacenet
ChinaSat-5R / formerly Spacenet-21984-11-10
ChinaSat-20 / ZX-20 / ST-12003-11-14ST-1 (PRC)ChinaSatChinaSat
ChinaSat-22A / ZX-22A / FH-182006-09-12
ChinaSat-9 / ZX-92008-06-09ZX-9

China/PRC Asia Broadcasting Satellite series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ABS-3A2015-03-02ABS-3AABSABS
ABS-2A2016-06-15ABS-2A

(Selected) Indian Geostationary SATellite (GSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
GSat-1 (GramSat)2001-04-18GSat-1GSatGSat
GSat-22003-08-05GSat-2
GSat-3 (EduSat)2004-09-20GSat-3
GSat-4 (HealthSat) [failed]2010-04-15GSat-4
GSat-5 (Insat-4D)20xx-?Insat-4DInsatInsat
GSat-6 (Insat-4E)201x-?Insat-4E
GSat-7 (Insat-4F)2013-08-09Insat-4F
GSat-8 (Insat-4G)2011-05-20GSat-8
Insat-4G
GSat-102012-09-28GSat-10GSatGSat
GSat-112018-12-04GSat-11
GSat-152015-11-10GSat-15
GSat-172017-06-28GSat-17
GSat-182016-10-05GSat-18

THAIland COMmunications (Thaicom) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Thaicom-11993-12-18Thaicom-1ThaicomThaicom
Thaicom-21994-10-08
Thaicom-31997-04-17Thaicom-5
Thaicom-52006-05-27
Thaicom-4 / iPStar-1 / Measat-52005-08-11iPStar-1
Thaicom-6 / Africom-12014-01-06Thaicom-6
Thaicom-6A / AsiaSat-72011-11-25
Thaicom-7 / AsiaSat-62014-09-07AsiaSat-6
Thaicom-82016-05-27Thaicom-8

Japanese N-Star series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
N-Star-a1995-08-29N-Star-aN-StarN-Star
N-Star-b1996-02-05
N-Star-c2002-07-05N-Star-c
N-Star-d / JCSat-9 (JCSat-5a)2006-04-12JCSat-9

Russian Molniya-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Molniya-1 series (1-1 — 1-31)1965-04-23 — 1975-09-02Molniya-1
Molniya-1
Molniya-1
Molniya-1
Molniya-1
MolniyaMolniya
Molniya-1S-11974-07-29Molniya-1S
Molniya-1T series (1-32 — 1-93)1976-01-22 — 2004-02-18
Molniya-2 series (2-1 — 2-17)1971-11-24 — 1977-02-11Molniya-2
Molniya-3 series (3-1 — 3-50)1974-11-21 — 1999-07-08Molniya-3
Molniya-3
Molniya-3K series (3K-1 — 3K-3)2001-07-20 — 2008-?Molniya-3K

Israeli Affordable Modular Optimized Satellite (AMOS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
AMOS-5i / AsiaSat-21995-11-28AsiaSat-2
AMOS-1 / Intelsat-241996-05-16AMOS-1AMOS-1 (with Palapa-C2)AMOS
AMOS-22003-12-27AMOS-2
AMOS-32008-04-28AMOS-3
AMOS-42013-08-31AMOS-4"AMOS-4" (in text, but fantasy depiction)
AMOS-52011-12-11AMOS-5
AMOS-6 [destroyed]2016-09-01AMOS-6

KAZakhstan SATellite (KazSat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
KazSat-12006-06-17KazSat-1KazSat-1
KazSat-1
KazSat
KazSat-1 and 2
KazSat-22011-07-15KazSat-2KazSat-1 and 2
KazSat-32014-04-28KazSat-3

US Air Force (USAF) Initial Defense Communications Satellite Program (IDCSP) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
IDCSP-1 — 7 / DSCS-1-1 — 71966-06-16IDCSP
IDCSP
IDCSPIDCSP
IDCSP-8 — 14 / DSCS-1-8 — 14 [failed]1966-08-26
IDCSP-8 — 15 / DSCS-1-8 — 15 [redo]1967-01-18
IDCSP-16 — 19 / DSCS-1-16 — 191967-07-01
IDCSP-20 — 27 / DSCS-1-20 — 271968-06-13

US Air Force (USAF) Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
DSCS-1 or IDCSP-1-1/20 (also known as NATO-1)1966-06-16 — 1968-06-13DSCSDSCS
DSCS-2-1/21971-11-03DSCS-2
DSCS-2
DSCS-2-3/41973-12-13
DSCS-2-5/61975-05-20
DSCS-2-7/81977-05-12
DSCS-2-9/10 [failed]1978-03-25
DSCS-2-11/121978-12-13
DSCS-2-13/141979-11-21
DSCS-3-B4/B5 / USA-11/12 [STS-51J/Atlantis-deployed]1985-10-03DSCS-3
DSCS-3 (patch)
DSCS-2-E14 / USA-431989-09-04
DSCS-3-A2 / USA-441989-09-04
DSCS-3-B14 / USA-781992-02-11

(Selected) Strela-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Strela-1 #1 / Kosmos-381964-08-18Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Strela-1 #2 / Kosmos-39
Strela-1 #3 / Kosmos-40
Strela-1 #4 / Kosmos-421964-08-22
Strela-1 #5 / Kosmos-43
Strela-1 #6 / Kosmos-(49) [failed]1964-10-23
Strela-1 #7 / Kosmos-(50) [failed]
Strela-1 #8 / Kosmos-(51) [failed]
Strela-1 #9 / Kosmos-541965-02-21
Strela-1 #10 / Kosmos-55
Strela-1 #11 / Kosmos-56
Strela-1 #12 / Kosmos-611965-03-15
Strela-1 #13 / Kosmos-62
Strela-1 #14 / Kosmos-63
Strela-1 #15 / Kosmos-711965-07-16
Strela-1 #16 / Kosmos-72
Strela-1 #17 / Kosmos-73
Strela-1 #18 / Kosmos-74
Strela-1 #19 / Kosmos-75
Strela-1 #20 / Kosmos-801965-09-03
Strela-1 #21 / Kosmos-81
Strela-1 #22 / Kosmos-82
Strela-1 #23 / Kosmos-83
Strela-1 #24 / Kosmos-84
Strela-1 #25 / Kosmos-861965-09-18
Strela-1 #26 / Kosmos-87
Strela-1 #27 / Kosmos-88
Strela-1 #28 / Kosmos-89
Strela-1 #29 / Kosmos-90
Strela-1M (series)1970-04-25 — 1992-06-03Strela-1M"Strela-M1" (Strela-1M)
Strela-3 #137 / Kosmos-24372008-05-23"Strela-3"
Strela-3 #138 / Kosmos-2438
Strela-3 #139 / Kosmos-2439
Strela-3 #140 / Kosmos-24512009-07-06
Strela-3 #141 / Kosmos-2453
Strela-3 #142 / Kosmos-24672010-09-08
Strela-3 #143 / Kosmos-24812012-05-17
Strela-3M #4 / Rodnik-S #4 / Kosmos-24822012-05-17
Strela-3M #5 / Rodnik-S #5 / Kosmos-2483
Strela-3M #6 / Rodnik-S #6 / Kosmos-2484

Europen HIghLy Adaptable Satellite (HYLAS) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HYLAS-12010-11-26HYLAS-1"HYLAS-Ariane"
"HYLAS-1"
"HYLAS-1"
"HYLAS-1"
HYLAS-22012-08-02HYLAS-2"Hylas-2"
HYLAS-3 / EDRS-C2019-?HYLAS-3

(Sirius) XM-radio series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
XM-1 / Roll2001-08-05XM-1"XM satellite"
"XM-1"
"XM-1"
"XM-1"
XM-2 / Rock2001-03-18
XM-3 / Rhythm2005-03-01XM-4
XM-4 / Blues2006-10-30XM-4
XM-52010-10-14XM-5

(Selected) Russian Ekspress-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Ekspress-11994-10-13Ekspress
Ekspress-1
Ekspress-AT2
Ekspress-MD1
EkspressEkspress
Ekspress-21996-09-26
Ekspress-A (series)1999-10-27 — 2000-06-24Ekspress-A
Ekspress-AM (series)2004-10-30 →Ekspress-AM
Ekspress-AM6
Ekspress-AM33/AM44

(Selected) Russian Luch-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Luch-11994-12-16LuchLuchLuch
Luch-5A / GEOSAT2011-12-11Luch-5A
Luch-5B2012-11-02Luch-5B
Luch-5V / GEOSAT2014-04-28

ARgentina SATellite (Arsat) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Arsat-12014-10-16Arsat-1 (early-design?)
Arsat-1
"Arsat-1"
"Arsat-1"
"ArSat-1"
"ArSat-1"
"ArSat-1"
Arsat-22015-09-30Arsat-2

KOREA SATellite (Koreasat) / Mugungwha series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Koreasat-1 / Mugungwha-1 [failed]1995-08-05Koreasat-1Koreasat / MugungwhaKoreasat / Mugungwha
Koreasat-2 / Mugungwha-21996-01-14
Koreasat-3 / Mugungwha-31999-09-04Koreasat-3
Koreasat-4 / Mugungwha-4?
Koreasat-5 / Mugungwha-52006-08-22Koreasat-5
Koreasat-5A / Mugungwha-5A2017-10-30Koreasat-5A
Koreasat-5A (patch)
Koreasat-6 / Olleh-12010-12-29Koreasat-6
Koreasat-7 / Mugungwha-72017-05-04Koreasat-7
Koreasat-8 / Mugungwha-82014-02-06Koreasat-8

(Selected) Greek HellasSat series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HellasSat-1 / formerly DFS-3 / Kopernikus-31992-10-12
HellasSat-22003-05-13HellasSat-2HellasSat-2 (not "Intelsat-901")
HellasSat-2 (in cachet)
HellasSat-32017-06-28HellasSat-3 (with GSat-17)

(Selected) ORBital COMMunications (Orbcomm) series:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Orbcomm-X1991-07-17Orbcomm-XOrbcommOrbcomm
Orbcomm-FM05/FM121997-12-23Orbcomm-FM
Orbcomm-FM03/FM041998-02-10
Orbcomm-FM105/FM1192015-12-21

(Selected) Iridium series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Iridium (series: 1 — 98)1995-05-05 — 2002-02-20IridiumIridiumIridium
Iridium-NEXT (series: 101 →)2017-01-14 →Iridium-NEXT

Other (selected) US communications satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SCORE / Chatterbox1958-12-18SCORESCORE
SCORE
SCORE (launch)1
SCORE (launch)1
SCORE (launch)1
SCORE (launch)1
"SCORE"
AdventCanceledAdvent
Tacomsat-1 / TacSat-11969-02-09TacSatTacomsat-1
Tacomsat-1
Tacomsat-1
"TacSat"
BATSat / Teledesic-T11988-02-25BATSatBATSat (with Explorer-72)
ACTS [STS-51/Discovery-deployed]1993-09-12ACTSACTS (with ORFEUS-SPAS-1)ACTS
ACTS
Healthsat-21993-09-26Healthsat-2Healthsat-2 (with SPOT-3 and OSCAR-25/28)
AfriStar1998-10-28AfriStarAfriStar (with GE-5)"AfriStar"
"AfriStar"
AfriStar
MUBLCOM1999-05-18MUBLCOMMUBLCOM (with Explorer-76)
AsiaStar2000-03-21AsiaStar (with Insat-3B)
PCSat-1 / OSCAR-442001-08-31OSCAR-44
OSCAR-44
PCSat-1 / OSCAR-44
Syracuse-3A2005-10-15Syracuse-3Syracuse-3A (with Galaxy-15)
WildBlue-12006-12-08WildBlue-1WildBlue-1 (with AMC-18)
TacSat-22006-12-16TacSat-2
Spaceway-32007-04-18SpacewaySpaceway-3 (with BSat-3a)
ProtoStar-1 / Intelsat-252008-07-07ProtoStar-1
Hermes [failed]2011-03-04HermesHermes (with Glory)
New Dawn / Intelsat-282011-04-22New DawnIntelsat-5+7 and later seriesIntelsat-5+7 and later series
MUOS-12012-02-24MUOS-1
MUOS-22013-07-19"MUOS-2"

1The Atlas-B launch rocket, without its booster engines, constituted the SCORE satellite. It is depicted in the upper part of the stamp.

Other (selected) non-US communications satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
CTS-A (CAS-C) / HermesUSA / Canada1976-01-17CTSCTSCTS
Ekran / Statsionar (series)Russia (USSR)1976-10-26 — 2001-04-07EkranEkranEkran
Gorizont (series)Russia (USSR)1978-12-19 — 2000-06-06GorizontGorizontGorizont
APPLEIndia1981-06-19APPLE (with Meteosat-2)"APPLE"
Potok / Gezier (series)Russia1982-05-17 →Potok"Potok"
Tele-XSweden, Norway, and Finland1989-04-02Tele-XTele-XTele-X
Olympus / L-satEurope (ESA)1989-07-12OlympusOlympus / L-SatOlympus / L-Sat
Gonets (series)Russia1996-02-19 — 2001-12-28Gonets-D1"Gonets-D1"
"Gonets"
"Gonets"
Nahuel-1AArgentina1997-01-30Nahuel-1ANahuel-1A (with GE-2 / AMC-2)
Indostar-1 / Cakrawarta-1Indonesia1997-11-12Indostar-1Sirius-2+Indostar-1"Indostar-1"
Nilesat-101Egypt1998-04-28Nilesat-101Nilesat-101 (with BSat-1b)
Sinosat (series)China/PRC1998-07-18 →Sinosat-1
Sinosat-2
Sinosat-3
SinosatSinosat
ST-1China (Sinpapore/Taiwan)1998-08-27ST-1ST-1
Nimiq-1Canada1999-05-20Nimiq-1/2 type
Nimiq-1/2 type
"Nimiq-1"
"Nimiq-1"
"Nimiq-1"
SESAT / Eutelsat-16CRussia2000-04-17SESAT"SESAT"
Nilesat-102Egypt2000-08-17Nilesat-101Nilesat-102 (with Brasilsat-B4)
N-Sat-110Japan2000-10-06N-Sat-110N-Sat-110
Thuraya-1United Arab Emirates2000-10-21Thuraya"Thuraya-1"
"Thuraya-1"
"Thuraya-1"
SICRAL-1Italy2001-02-07SICRAL
ARTEMIS [partial failure]Europe (ESA)2001-07-12ARTEMIS
ARTEMIS
ARTEMIS (with BSat-2b)"ARTEMIS" (mission)
ARTEMIS
ARTEMIS
ARTEMIS (early-design)
APMTChina/PRCCanceledAPMTAPMT
APMT
Atlantic Bird-1 / Eutelsat-12-West-AEurope (Eutelsat)2002-08-28Atlantic Bird-1 (with MSG-1)
DRTS / KodamaJapan (NASDA)2002-09-10DRTS-1/Kodama
STENTOR [failed]France (CNES)2002-12-11STENTOR"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
"STENTOR"
NSS-6Netherlands2002-12-17NSS-6"NSS-6"
"NSS-6"
AGORAFrance (CNES)Canceled"Sonde AGORA"
"Sonde AGORA"
XTAR-EURSpain / USA2005-02-12XTAR-EURXTAR-EUR+MaqSat-B2+SloshSat-FLEVO
SpainSatSpain2006-03-11SpainSat-1SpainSatSpainSat
Meridian (series)Russia2006-12-24 →Meridian"Meridian"
"Meridian"
"Meridian"
"Meridian"
NigComSat-1Nigeria2007-05-13NigComSat-1"NigComSat-1" (JCSat-14 depicted)
Raduga-1M-1Russia2007-12-09Raduga-M1Raduga-1M-1
Raduga-1M-1
Raduga-1M-1
Rascom-QAF-1International2007-12-21Rascom-QAF-1"Rascom-QAF-1"
"Rascom-QAF-1"
"Rascom-QAF-1"
Vinasat-1Vietnam2008-04-18Vinasat-1
Venesat-1 / Simon BolivarVenezuela2008-10-29Venesat-1"Simon Bolivar"
Comsat-Bw-1Germany2009-10-01Comsat-Bw-1Comsat-Bw-1 (with Amazonas-2)
EuropeStar-1 / Panamsat-12 / Intelsat-12France / USA2009-10-29EuropeStar-1EuropeStar-1
YahSat-1AUAE2011-04-22YahSat-1AYahSat-1A (with Intelsat-28)
PakSat-1RPakistan2011-08-11PakSat-1R"PakSat-1R"
YahSat-1BUAE2012-04-23YahSat-1B"YahSat-Y1B"
"YahSat-Y1B"
"YahSat-1B"
Yamal-300KRussia2012-11-02Yamal-300K"Yamal-300K"
"Yamal-300K"
"Yamal-300K"
Azerspace-1 / AfricaSat-1aAzerbaijan2013-02-07Azerspace-1Azerspace-Africasat-1a (with Amazonas-3)"Azerspace-1"
"Azerspace-1"
"Azerspace-1"
Azerspace-1
Azerspace-1
Azerspace-1
Azerspace-1
O3b-FM1/FM2/FM4/FM5UK (Channel Islands)2013-06-25O3b"O3b"
Gonets-M5/M6/M7Russia2013-09-11Gonets-M"Gonets-M"
"Gonets-M"
TürkmenÄlem-52E / MonacoSat-1Turkmenistan2015-04-27TürkmenÄlem-52ETürkmenÄlem-52E"MonacoSat"
Belintersat-1 / BelarusSat-1 / ZX-15 / ChinaSat-15Belarus / China/PRC2016-01-15Belintersat-1"Belintersat-1"
"Belintersat-1"
"Belintersat-1"
Belintersat-1
SkyMuster-2Australia2016-10-05SkyMuster-2SkyMuster-2 (with GSat-18)
BRIsatIndonesia2016-06-18BRIsat"BRIsat"
"BRIsat"
BY70-1China/PRC2016-12-28BY70-1BY70-1
BulgariaSat-1Bulgaria2017-06-23BulgariaSat-1BulgariaSat
OneWeb (constellation) UK (Channel Islands)2019-?OneWeb"OneWeb"
"OneWeb"
"OneWeb"


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