HST

Astronomical/telescope
satellites


Below are checklists of astronomical/telescope satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. Many solar-observing and planetary-exploration satellites are listed elsewhere on this Website. Also, astronomical/telescope satellites (such as Explorer-38/49 / RAE, Explorer-42/48/53 / SAS, and Explorer-74 / SWAS) that are part of mostly non-astronomical series (in this case the Explorer-series) are found listed under those series rather than separating them out of those series or listing them twice. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


US Orbiting Astronomical Observatory (OAO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
OAO-1 (OAO-A)1966-04-08OAO-1
OAO-1
OAO (patch)
OAOOAO
OAO-2 (OAO-A2) / Stargazer1968-12-07OAO-2
OAO-2
OAO-2
OAO-B / Goddard [failed]1970-11-30OAO-B
OAO-B
OAO-B
OAO-3 (OAO-C) / Copernicus1972-08-21OAO-3

US High-Energy Astronomical Observatory (HEAO) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HEAO-1 (HEAO-A)1977-08-12HEAO-1
HEAO-1
HEAOHEAO
HEAO-2 (HEAO-B) / Einstein1978-11-13HEAO-2
HEAO-3 (HEAO-C)1979-09-20HEAO-3

Japanese Astro-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Astro-A / Hinotori1981-02-21Astro-AAstroAstro
Astro-B / Tenma1983-02-20Astro-B
Astro-C / Ginga1987-02-05Astro-C
Astro-C
Astro-D / Asuka / ASCA1993-02-20Astro-D
Astro-E [failed]2000-02-10Astro-E
Astro-E2 / Suzaku2005-07-10
Astro-F / Akari / IRIS2006-02-21Astro-F
Astro-H / Hitomi / NeXT2016-02-17Astro-H

US Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for AstroNomy (SPARTAN) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SPARTAN-101 [STS-51G/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1985-06-20SPARTAN-101SPARTANSPARTAN
SPARTAN-203 / HCED [STS-51L/Challenger, failed]1986-01-28SPARTAN-203
SPARTAN-201-F1 [STS-56/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1993-04-08SPARTAN-201
SPARTAN-201 (patch, with STS-56/Discovery)
SPARTAN-201 (patch, with STS-56/Discovery, back)
SPARTAN-201-F2 [STS-64/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1994-09-09SPARTAN-201
SPARTAN-204 [STS-63/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1995-03-02SPARTAN-204
SPARTAN-204 (patch, with STS-63/Discovery)
SPARTAN-204 (patch, with STS-63/Discovery, back)
SPARTAN-201-F3 [STS-69/Endeavour-deployed-and-recovered]1995-09-07SPARTAN-201
SPARTAN-206 / OAST Flyer [STS-72/Endeavour-deployed-and-recovered]1996-01-13SPARTAN-206
SPARTAN-207 / IAE [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed-and-recovered]1996-05-19SPARTAN-207
SPARTAN-201-F4 [STS-87/Columbia-deployed-and-recovered]1997-11-18SPARTAN-201
SPARTAN-201-F5 [STS-95/Discovery-deployed-and-recovered]1998-10-29SPARTAN-201

US High Energy Transient Explorer (HETE) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
HETE-11996-11-04HETE-1HETE-1 (with SAC-B)
HETE-2 / Explorer-792000-10-09HETE-2 (Explorer-79)HETE-2

US Hubble Space Telescope (HST) satellite [launch and repair1 missions]:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Hubble / HST [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed]1990-04-25Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST (with Space Shuttle)
Hubble / HST (with Space Shuttle)
Hubble / HST (patch)
Hubble / HST (patch)
Hubble / HST (patch, with STS-61/Endeavour)
Hubble / HST (deployed)Hubble / HST
Hubble / HST [STS-61/Endeavour-repaired]1993-12-02Hubble / HST (1st repair1)
Hubble / HST [STS-82/Discovery-repaired]1997-02-11Hubble / HST (2nd repair1)
Hubble / HST [STS103/Discovery-repaired]1999-12-19Hubble / HST (3rd repair1)
Hubble / HST [STS-109/Columbia-repaired]2002-03-01Hubble / HST (4th repair1)
Hubble / HST [STS-125/Atlantis-repaired]2009-05-11Hubble / HST (5th repair1)

1HST "repair" missions 1 — 5 were officially known as Service Missions (SM) 1, 2, 3A, 3B, and 4, respectively.

Japanese Space Flyer Unit (SFU) satellite [rocket launch and Shuttle-recovery]:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
SFU [rocket-launched]1995-03-18SFUSFU (launched)SFU
SFU [STS-72/Endeavour-recovered]1996-01-13SFU (recovered)

European (ESA) COsmic ray Satellite (COS):

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
COS-ACanceledCOS-A
COS-B1975-08-09COS-B
COS-B
COS-B
COS-BCOS-B

Russian ASTRONomy (Astron) / Granat Satellite:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Astron-11983-03-23Astron-1
Astron
AstronAstron
Astron-2 / Granat1989-12-01Granat
Granat

BRIght-star Target Explorer (BRITE) / Canadian Advanced Nanospace eXperiments (CanX) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
UniBRITE / CanX-3A2013-02-25CanX-3A
BRITE-Austria / CanX-3B / TUGSat-12013-02-25TUGSat-1BRITE-Austria
BRITE-Austria
"TUGSat-1"
BRITE-PL / CanX-3C / Lem2013-11-21CanX-3CBRITE-PL
BRITE-PL
BRITE-PL
BRITE-PL
BRITE-PL2 / CanX-3D / Heweliusz2014-08-19
BRITE-CA1 / CanX-3E2014-06-19CanX-3E
BRITE-CA2 / CanX-3F [partial failure]2014-06-19
Remainder of CanX satellites

Other (selected) US astronomical/telescope satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
IRAS1983-01-25IRAS
IRAS
IRASIRAS
Compton / CGRO [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]1991-04-05CGRO
CGRO
CGRO
CGRO (patch, with STS-37/Atlantis)
Compton / CGROCompton / CGRO
ALEXIS1993-04-25ALEXIS
ALEXIS
ARGOS1999-02-23ARGOS
ARGOS (patch)
ARGOS (patch)
ARGOS (with Oersted and OSCAR-35)
Chandra / CXO / AXAF [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]1999-07-23CXO (early-design)
CXO
CXO
CXO (patch, with STS-93/Columbia)
Chandra / CXOChandra / CXO
Spitzer / SST / SIRTF2003-08-25SST (early-design)
SST
SST
SST (patch)
SST (patch)
Spitzer / SSTSpitzer / SST
FAME / MIDEX-4CanceledFAME
SPIDR / SMEX-8CanceledSPIDR
Fermi / FGST / GLAST2008-06-11FGSTFermi / FGSTFermi / FGST
Kepler / Discovery-102009-03-07Kepler
Kepler (patch)
KeplerKepler
GEMS / SMEX-13CanceledGEMS
Webb / JWST / NGST2018-?JWST
JWST (patch)
JWSTJWST

Other (selected) non-US astronomical/telescope satellites:

SatelliteCountryLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
ANSNetherlands1974-08-30ANSANSANS
EXOSATEurope (ESA)1983-05-26EXOSAT (early-design)
EXOSAT
EXOSAT
EXOSAT
EXOSAT
EXOSATEXOSAT
HIPPARCOSEurope (ESA)1989-08-08HIPPARCOSHIPPARCOSHIPPARCOS
RosatGermany / UK / USA1990-06-01Rosat
Rosat
RosatRosat
GammaFrance / Russia1990-07-11Gamma
SARAGermany1991-07-17SARASARA (with ERS-1 and OSCAR-22)
ISOEurope (ESA)1995-11-17ISO
ISO
ISO (patch)
ISOISO
MinisatSpain1997-04-21Minisat"Minisat-01"
ABRIXASGermany1999-04-28ABRIXASABRIXAS(+MegSat)
Newton / XMMEurope (ESA)1999-12-10XMM
XMM
XMM (patch)
Newton / XMMNewton / XMM
INTEGRALEurope (ESA)2002-10-17INTEGRALINTEGRALINTEGRAL
STARSEurope (ESA)Canceled"STARS"
DarwinEurope (ESA)Canceled"Darwin"
"Darwin"
"Darwin"
"Darwin"
XEUSEurope (ESA)Canceled"XEUS"
"XEUS"
COROTFrance2006-12-27COROT
COROT (patch)
COROTCOROT
AGILEItaly2007-04-23AGILE"AGILE"
"AGILE"
Herschel / HSO / FIRSTEurope (ESA)2009-05-14HSO
HSO (patch)
Herschel / HSOHerschel / HSO
Planck / COBRAS-SAMBAEurope (ESA)2009-05-14Planck
Planck
Planck (patch)
PlanckPlanck
Spektr-R / Radio-AstronRussia, etc.2011-07-18Spektr-RSpektr-R"Spektr-R"
"Radioastron"
"Radioastron"
Spektr-R (detail)
SPRINT-A / EXCEED / HisakiJapan (JAXA)2013-09-14SPRINT-A"SPRINT-A"
GAIAEurope (ESA)2013-12-19GAIA
GAIA (patch)
GAIAGAIA
MVL-300 / LomonosovRussia2016-02-28MVL-300
MVL-300
Spektr-RGRussia, etc.2017-?Spektr-RG"Spektr-RG"
SVOMFrance (CNES)2021-?SVOMSVOM
SVOM
"SVOM"
ATHENAJapan (JAXA)2028-?"ATHENA"


Links to astronomical/telescope satellite information:

(The links below lead to information sources that are maintained by others. They are not part of this Website.)


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2004-2018, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2018-01-07