acronyms

Master List
of Names, Acronyms,
Initialisms, and Abbreviations
for Un-Manned Satellites
(and atmospheric research rockets)


Below is a master list of the names, acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations associated with the un-manned satellites that are mentioned in this Website. Each satellite acronyn and/or name is associated with a type/discipline which links to the page where the satellite (or satellites in that series) is (are) found. Individual satellites or satellite series are linked to satellite-specific pages when available.

Although not all shortened satellite names are acronyms, the term "acronym" is often used to cover all three types of compound terms.

Sections/divisions of the tables below
Acronyms
Non-Acronym Names


Satellite or Rocket Acronym (Other Names)Satellite or Rocket NameType/Discipline
Compound-term "Acronyms"
A-1Astérixscientific/research
AAUSatAAlborg University SATellitescientific/research
ABRIXASA BRoadband Imaging X-Ray All-Sky Surveyastronomical/telescope
ACE (Explorer-71, MIDEX-(-1))Advanced Composition Explorerscientific/research
AcrimsatActive Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor SATellitescientific/research
ACTS [STS-51/Discovery-deployed]Advanced Communications Test Satellitecommunications
ADEOS (Midori)ADvanced Earth Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ADE (Explorer-19/24/39)Atmospheric Dynamics Explorerscientific/research
ADM-Aeolus / Earth Explorer-4Atmospheric Dynamics Missionenvironmental-observing
AE (Explorer-17/32/51/54/55)Atmospheric Explorerscientific/research
AEHFAdvanced Extreme High Frequency (satellite)military
AEM (Explorer-58/60)Applications Explorer Missionscientific/research
AERCam-Sprint [STS-87/Columbia-deployed]Autonomous Extra-vehicular Robotic CAMera - Sprintscientific/research
AggieSat (DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]AGGIE SATellitescientific/research
AGILEAstro-rivelatore Gamma a Immagini LEggeroastronomical/telescope
AIM (Explorer-90, SMEX-9)Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesospherescientific/research
AIMP (Explorer-33/35)Anchored Interplanetery Monitoring Platformscientific/research
Aistscientific/research
ALEXISArray of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensorsastronomical/telescope
ALMASatALma MAter SATellitescientific/research
ALOS (Daichi)Advanced Land Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
AlsatALgeria SATelliteenvironmental-observing
AMOSAffordable Modular Optimized Satellitecommunications
AMPTE (Explorer-65)Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer (CCE, IRM, and UKS)scientific/research
AMS (DMSP)Advanced Meteorological Satellitemilitary
Amsat (OSCAR)radio AMateur SATellite corporationamateur radio
ANDE (OSCAR-61)Atmospheric Neutral Density Experimentamateur radio
ANNAArmy, Navy, NASA, and Air Force (joint satellite)navigation
ANSAstronomical Netherlands Satelliteastronomical/telescope
AOSO [canceled]Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
APPLEAriane Passenger PayLoad Experiment (geo test communications satellite)communications
APStarAsia Pacific STARcommunications
APT [system, not a satellite]Automatic Picture Transmission
Arabsat [Arabsat-1B was STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]ARABian SATellitecommunications
ARCAD (Aureole / Oreol)ARCtic Aurora Densityscientific/research
ARCASAll-purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundingsatmospheric research rockets
ARGOSAdvanced Research Global Observation Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ARISSat (Kedr, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Amateur Radio on the International Space Station sATelliteamateur radio
ARTEMISAdvanced Relay and TEchnology MISsioncommunications
ASC [ASC-1 was STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]American Satellite Companycommunications
ASCA (Asuka / Astro-D)Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astronomyastronomical/telescope
AsiaSatASIA SATellitecommunications
ASTRO (Orbital Express)Autonomous Space Transport Robotic Operationsmilitary
ATLAS [STS-payload]ATmospheric Laboratory for Application and ScienceShuttle and satellites
ATN (NOAA)Advanced TIROS-Npolar-weather
ATSApplication Technology Satellitegeostationary-weather
AubieSat (OSCAR-71)AUBurn university SATelliteamateur radio
Aussat (Optus) [Aussat-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Discovery-deployed, respectively]AUStralian communications SATellitecommunications
AXAF (CXO, CXRO) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facilityastronomical/telescope
BATSat (Teledesic-T1)Broadband Advanced Technologies SATellitecommunications
BDBeiDounavigation
BE (Explorer-S66/22/27)Beacon Explorerscientific/research
BeeSatBerlin Experimental and Educational SATellitescientific/research
BilsatBILten SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Biosatellite (Biosat)BIOlogical SATELLITEbiological
BIRDBispectral InfraRed Detectionscientific/research
BLITSBall Lens In The Spacescientific/research
BremSat [STS-60/Discovery-deployed]university of BREMen SATellitescientific/research
BRITE (Tugsat-1)BRIght-star Target Explorerastronomical/telescope
BS (BSAT, BSE, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellitecommunications
BSAT (BS, BSE, Yuri)Broadcasting SATellitecommunications
BSB (Marcopolo)British Satellite Broadcastingcommunications
BSE (BS, BSAT, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellite Experimentalcommunications
CALIPSO (ESSP-3)Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observationenvironmental-observing
CAMEOChemically Active Material Ejected in Orbitscientific/research
CanXCanadian Advanced Nanospace eXperimentsastronomical/telescope
CAS-A (Eole)Cooperative Applications Satellitescientific/research
CASSIOPECAscade SmallSat and IOnospheric Polar Explorerscientific/research
CATCapsule Ariane Technologiquescientific/research
CATSAT (STEDI-3) [canceled]Cooperative Astrophysics and Technology SATellitescientific/research
CBERS (ZY-1)China (PR) Brazil Earth Resources Satelliteenvironmental-observing
CCE (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Charge Composition Explorerscientific/research
CEPCylindrical Electrostatic Probescientific/research
CGRO [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]Compton Gamma Ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CHAMPChallenging Mini-Satellite Payloadscientific/research
ChinaSatCHINA (PR) SATellitecommunications
CHIPSat (Explorer-82 / UNEX-1)Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer (satellite)scientific/research
CloudSat (ESSP-4)CLOUD SATelliteenvironmental-observing
COBE (Explorer-66)COsmic Background Explorerscientific/research
COBRAS-SAMBA (Planck)COsmic Background Radiation Anisotropy Satellite / SAtellite for Measurement of Background Anisotropiesastronomical/telescope
COMS (Chollian)Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellitegeostationary weather
ComstarCOMmunications STARcommunications
Contour (Discovery-6)COmet Nucleus TOURcometary-exploration
CORSA-B (Hakucho)COsmic Radiation SAtellitemilitary
CORONAS (KORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
COROTCOnvection ROtation and planetary Transitsastronomical/telescope
COSCOsmic ray Satelliteastronomical/telescope
COSMIC (Formosat-3 / Rocsat-3)Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climatescientific/research
COSMO-SkyMedCOnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observationenvironmental-observing
COSPAS (KOSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]COsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
CR (China Resource / ZY-2 and ZY-3)China (PR) earth Resource (satellite)environmental-observing
CRAF [canceled]Comet Rendezvous and Asteroid Flybycometary-exploration
CRISTA-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers & Telescopes for the Atmosphere - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
CRRESCombined Release and Radiation Effects Satellitescientific/research
CryoSat / Earth Explorer-3CRYOgenic SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CS (Sakura)Communications Satellitecommunications
CTS (Hermes)Communications Technology Satellitecommunications
CubeBug / El Capitán Beto / ManolitoCUBE BUGscientific/research
CX-1Citizen Explorerscientific/research
CXO (CXRO, AXAF) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CXRO (CXO, AXAF) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CYGNSS (ESSP-?)Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite Systemenvironmental-observing
D-seriesDiapason or Diademescientific/research
DAD (DADE)Dual Air Density (Explorer)scientific/research
DARPASatDefense Advanced Research Projects Agency SATellitemilitary
DASHDensity And Scale Heightmilitary
DE (Explorer-62/63)Dynamics Explorerscientific/research
DEBUT (Orizuru)DEployable Boom and Umbrella Testscientific/research
DEMETERDetection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regionsscientific/research
DFHDong Fang Hong (The East is Red) / Dongfanghongcommunications
DFS (Kopernikus)Deutscher Fernmelde Satellitcommunications
Dial (Wika and Mika)DIamant ALlemagnescientific/research
DME (Explorer-31)Direct Measurements Explorerscientific/research
DMSP (AMS, USA)Defense Meteorological Satellite Programmilitary
DODGEDepartment Of Defense Gravity Experimentmilitary
DRAGONSAT (AggieSat, Bevo / PARADIGM) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Dual Rf Astrodynamic Gps Orbital Navigator SATellitescientific/research
DSDeep Spacecometary-exploration
DSAPDefense Satellite Application Programmilitary
DSCOVR (Triana)Deep Space Climate ObserVatoRyscientific/research
DSCS [DSCS-3-B4/5 (USA-11/12) were STS-51J/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Satellite Communications Systemcommunications
DSP (IMEWS, USA) [DSP-F16 was STS-44/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Support Programmilitary
DSPSE (Clementine)Deep Space Program Science Experimentplanetary/lunar
DWSS (formerly part of NPOESS)Defense Weather Satellite Systemmilitary
E1PExplorer-1 Primescientific/research
EarthCARE / Earth Explorer-6EARTH Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorerenvironmental-observing
EchostarECHO STARcommunications
ECS (Eutelsat)European Communications Satellitecommunications
ECS (Ayame)Experimental Communications Satellitecommunications
EGP (EGS / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Payloadscientific/research
EGRS (SECOR)Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellitenavigation
EGS (EGP / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Satellitescientific/research
EnvisatENVIronment SATelliteenvironmental-observing
EOEarth Observingenvironmental-observing
EOS (Aqua, Terra, Aura)Earth Observing Systemenvironmental-observing
EP (TOMS-EP)Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
EPE (Explorer-12/14/15/26)Electrostatic Particle Explorerscientific/research
EPOXI (Deep Impact / (Discovery-7)Extrasolar Planet Observations / eXtended Investigation of cometscometary-exploration
ERBS [STS-41G/Challenger-deployed]Earth Radiation Budget Satelliteenvironmental-observing
EROSEarth Remote Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
ERS (ORS / TRS) [USAF version]Environmental Research Satellitemilitary
ERS [ESA version]European Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
ERTS (Landsat)Earth Resources Technology Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ESA (-GEOS)European Space Agencyscientific/research
ESRO (ESA in 1973)European Space Research Organizationscientific/research
ESSAEnvironmental Science Services Administrationpolar-weather
ESSP (each in this series has another name)Earth System Science Pathfinder
ETS (Kiku)Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research
EURECA [STS-46/Atlantis-deployed, STS-57/Endeavour-retrieved]EUropean REtrievable CArrierscientific/research
Eutelsat (ECS)EUropean TELecommunications SATellitecommunications
EUVE (Explorer-67)Extreme UltraViolet Explorerscientific/research
EXOS (Akebono, Jikiken, Kyokko, and Ohzora)EXOspheric Satellitescientific/research
EXOSATEuropean X-ray Observatory SATelliteastronomical/telescope
FAME (MIDEX-4) [canceled]Full-sky Astrometric Mapping Explorer
FASatFuerza Aéra de Chile SATellitescientific/research
FASTRAC (OSCAR-69+70)Formation Autonomy Spacecraft with Thrust, Relnav, Attitude and Crosslinkamateur radio
FAST (Explorer-70 / SMEX-2)Fast Auroral SnapshoT explorerscientific/research
FASTSatFast Affordable Science and Technology SATellitescientific/research
FGST (GLAST, Fermi)Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FIREFlight Investigation of Re-Entryatmospheric research rockets
FIRST (HSO, Herschel)Far Infrared and Sub-millimetre Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FltSatComFLeeT SATellite COMmunications systemcommunications
Formosat (Rocsat / Chunghua)FORMOsa SATelliteenvironmental-observing
FR-1 (France-1)FRancescientific/research
FSW (recoverable satellite)Fanhui Shijan Weixingscientific/research
FUSE (Explorer-77 / MIDEX-0)Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorerscientific/research
FY-1 and FY-3
FY-2 and FY-4
Feng Yunpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
GAIAGlobal Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysicsastronomical/telescope
GALEX (Explorer-83 / SMEX-7)GALaxy evolution EXplorerscientific/research
Galileo-IOV-PFMGalileo In-Orbit Validation Proto-Flight Modelnavigation
GCOM-W (Shizuku)Global Change Observation Mission - Waterenvironmental-observing
GeoEye (formerly OrbView-5)Geo??? Eyeenvironmental-observing
GEOS [ESA version]Geostationary Earth Orbit Satellitescientific/research
GEOS (Explorer-29/36) [US version]Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (GEOS-1 and 2)
Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite (GEOS-3)
scientific/research
GeosatGEOdetic SATellitescientific/research
Geotail (GTL)GEOmagnetic TAIL labscientific/research
Geo-IK?navigation
Geo-KOMPSATGEOstationary KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellitegeostationary weather
GFOGeosat Follow Onscientific/research
GFZ [ISS-deployed]GeoForschungsZentrumnavigation
GGSEGravity Gradient Stabilization Experimentmilitary
GGTSGravity Gradient Test Satellitemilitary
GIOVE (GSTB, Galileo)Galileo In-Orbit Validation Experimentnavigation
GLAST (FGST, Fermi)Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
GlobalStarGLOBAL STARcommunications
GLOMR [STS-deployed]Global Low Orbiting Message Relaymilitary
GLONASS (Uragan)GLObalnaya NAvigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistemanavigation
GMS (Himawari)Geostationary Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
GOCE / Earth Explorer-1Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer
Global Ocean Circulation Explorer
scientific/research
GOES (SMS)Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellitegeostationary-weather
Gokturk? TURKish (satellite)military
GOMS (Elektro)Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
GOSAT (Ibuki)Greenhouse gases Observing SATelliteenvironmental-observing
GPGravity Probescientific/research
GPMGlobal Precipitation Measurementenvironmental-observing
GPS (NAVSTAR)Global Positioning System (satellite)navigation
GRAB (GREB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation And Backgroundsolar-observing
GRACE (ESSP-2)Gravity Recovery And Climate Experimentscientific/research
GRAIL-A/B (Ebb/Flow / Discovery-11)Gravity Recovery And Interior Laboratoryplanetary/lunar
GREB (GRAB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation Energy Backgroundsolar-observing
GRS (Azur)German Research Satellitescientific/research
GRS [USAF version]Geophysical Research Satellitemilitary
GSTB (GIOVE, Galileo)Galileo System Test Bednavigation
GSat (some are also Insat) [also referred to as GramSat]Geostationary SATellitecommunications
GTL (Geotail)Geomagnetic Tail Labscientific/research
GYGao Fenenvironmental-observing
HALCA (Haruka / Muses-B)Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomyplanetary/lunar
HASPHigh Altitude Sounding Projectileatmospheric research rockets
HCED / SPARTAN-203 [STS-51L/Challenger, failed]Halley's Comet Experiment Deployableastronomical/telescope
HCMM (Explorer-58)Heat Capacity Mapping Missionscientific/research
HEAO (HEAO-2 / Einstein)High-Energy Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HEOSHighly Eccentric Orbit Satellitescientific/research
HESSI (RHESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research
HETE-1
HETE-2 (Explorer-79)
High Energy Transient Explorerastronomical/telescope
scientific/research
HGSHughes Global Servicescommunications
HILAT (P83-1, Transit-O16)HIgh LATitude (research satellite)scientific/research
HIPPARCOSHIgh Precision PARalax COllecting Satelliteastronomical/telescope
HispasatHISPAnic SATellitecommunications
HJHuan Jing (environment)environmental-observing
HotBirdHOT BIRDcommunications
HSO (Herschel, FIRST)Herschel Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HST (Hubble) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Hubble Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
HTV (Kounotori)H-2 Transfer Vehiclescientific/research
HY (Ocean)Hai Yangenvironmental-observing
Hydros (ESSP-7)HYDROsphere Stateenvironmental-observing
HYLASHIghLy Adaptable Satellitecommunications
IAE / SPARTAN-207 [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Inflatable Antenna Experimentastronomical/telescope
IBEX (Explorer-91, SMEX-10)Interstellar Boundary Explorerscientific/research
IBSS-SPAS [STS-39/Discovery-deployed and recovered]Infrared Background Signature Survey - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
ICE (ISEE / Explorer-59)International Cometary Explorerscientific/research
ICESatIce, Cloud, and land Elevation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
IDCSPInitial Defense Communication Satellite Programcommunications
IE (Explorer-20/25/40/52)Ionospheric Explorerscientific/research
IKAROSInterplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sunscientific/research
IMAGE (Explorer-78 / MIDEX-1)Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Explorationscientific/research
IMEWS (DSP)Integrated Missile Early Warning Satellitemilitary
IMEX (UNEX-2) [canceled]Inner Magnetosphere Explorerscientific/research
IMP (Explorer-18/21/28/34/41/43/47/50)Interplanetary Monitoring Platformscientific/research
INDEX (Reimei)INnovative technology Demonstration EXperimentscientific/research
InmarsatINternational MARitime SATellite organizationcommunications
Insat [Insat-1B was STS-8/Challenger-deployed, some are also GSat]Indian National SATellitegeostationary-weather
InSight (Discovery-12)INterior exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transportplanetary/lunar
IntasatInstituto Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA) SATellitescientific/research
INTEGRALINTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratoryastronomical/telescope
Intelsat (Early Bird / Blue Bird / Lani Bird / Canary Bird)
[Intelsat-6-3 rocket-launched, STS-49/Endeavour-repaired and re-deployed]
INternational TELecommunications SATellite consortiumcommunications
IRASInfraRed Astronomy Satelliteastronomical/telescope
IRIS (ESRO-2B)International Radiation Investigation Satellitescientific/research
IRIS (Astro-F) [Japanese version]InfraRed Imaging Surveyorastronomical/telescope
IRIS [Russian version]Inflatable and Rigidizable Structurescientific/research
IRIS (SMEX-12) [US version]Interface Region Imaging Spectrographastronomical/telescope
IRM (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Ion Release Modulescientific/research
IRNSSIndian Regional Navigational Satellite Systemnavigation
IRSIndian Remote Sensingpolar-weather
ISEE (Explorer-56/59)International Sun-Earth Explorerscientific/research
ISISInternational Satellite for Ionospheric Studiesscientific/research
ISOInfrared Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
ISS (Ume)Ionospheric Sounding Satellitescientific/research
ISSInternational Space Station
ItalsatITALian SATellitecommunications
IUE (Explorer-57)International Untraviolet Explorerscientific/research
ITOS (NOAA)Improved TIROS Operational Satellitepolar-weather
JAS (Fuji / OSCAR)Japanese Amateur Satelliteamateur radio
JPSS (formerly part of NPOESS)Joint Polar Satellite Systempolar-weather
JCSatJapanese Communications SATellitecommunications
JERS (Fuyo)Japanese Environmental Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
JUNO (New Frontiers-2)JUpiter Near-polar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
JWST (NGST, Webb)James Webb Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
KAISTSatKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology SATellite 4scientific/research
KH (Discoverer, Corona, others)KeyHolemilitary
Kompsat (Arirang)KOrean Multi-Purpose SATelliteenvironmental-observing
KORONAS (CORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
KOSPAS (COSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]KOsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
KRT-10 [Mir-deployed]???Russian
KSAT (Hayato)Kagoshima SATellitescientific/research
KySatKentuckY SATellitescientific/research
LADEELunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorerplanetary/lunar
Landsat (ERTS)LAND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LAGEOS [LAGEOS-2 was STS-52/Columbia-deployed]LAser GEOdynamics Satellitescientific/research
LARESLAser RElativity Satellitescientific/research
LCROSSLunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satelliteplanetary/lunar
LDCM (Landsat-8)Landsat Data Continuity Missionenvironmental-observing
LAPAN-TUBsat"National Institute of Aeronautics and Space" - Technical University of Berlin (TUB) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LCSLincoln Calibration Spheremilitary
LDEF [STS-41C/Challenger-deployed, STS-32R/Columbia-retrieved]Long Duration Exposure Facilityscientific/research
Leasat (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5) [all 5 were STS-deployed]LEAsed SATellitecommunications
LESLincoln Experimental Satellitemilitary
LOLunar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
LOADS (Cannonball)LOw Altitude Density Satellitemilitary
LOFTILOw Frequency Trans Ionosphericmilitary
LRPT [system, not a satellite]Low Rate Picture Transmission
LROLunar Reconnaissance Orbiterplanetary/lunar
L-Sat (Olympus)Large-SATellitecommunications
LUSat (OSCAR-19)LU [prefix for radio amateurs in Argentina] SATelliteamateur radio
MABES (Jindai)MAgnetic Bearing flywheel Experimental Systemscientific/research
MagionMAGnetospheric and IONospheric (satellite)Russian
MagSat (Explorer-61)MAGnetosphere SATellitescientific/research
MAK [Mir-deployed]???Russian
MAP (WMAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research
MarecsMARitime European Communications Satellitecommunications
MarisatMARItime communications SATellitecommunications
MarotsMARitime Orbital Test Satellitecommunications
MAS (SRET)Maliy Avtonomiy Sputnik (Russian acronym for 'Small Automatic Satellite')scientific/research
MaSat (OSCAR-72)MAgyar SATelliteamateur radio
MAVENMars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioNplanetary/lunar
MCOMars Climate Orbiterplanetary/lunar
MDS (Tsubasa)Mission Demonstration Satellitescientific/research
MeasatMiddle East Asia SATellitecommunications
MegsatMEGgiorin SATe6llitescientific/research
MEPSI [STS-deployed]Micro Electro-mechanical systems-based PicoSat Inspectorscientific/research
MERMars Exploration Rover / Spirit (rover) / Opportunity (rover)planetary/lunar
MESSENGER (Discovery-8)MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Rangingplanetary/lunar
MeteosatMETEOrological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MetOpMETeorological OPerationalpolar-weather
MetSat (Kalpana)METeorological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MGSMars Global Surveyorplanetary/lunar
MIDASMIssile Defense Alarm Systemmilitary
MIDEX (Explorer-77/78/80/84/85-89/92)Medium-class EXplorerscientific/research
Mightysat-1 (P97-2) [STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]
Mightysat-2 (P97-2, Sindri)
MIGHTY SATellitemilitary
Mika (Dial)MIni KApsel (German for capsule)scientific/research
MinisatMINIature SATelliteastronomical/telescope
MITEXMIcro-satellite Technology Experimentmilitary
MOPMeteosat Operational Programgeostationary-weather
MOS (Momo)Marine Observation Satelliteenvironmental-observing
MPEMax-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische physikscientific/research
MPEC (USA-70) [STS-39/Discovery-deployed]Multi-Purpose rElease Canistermilitary
MPLMars Polar Landerplanetary/lunar
MROMars Reconaissance Orbiterplanetary/lunar
MSGMeteosat Second Generationgeostationary-weather
MS-T (Tansei, Sakigake / Planet-prototype / Planet-A1)cherry blossomscientific/research
cometary-exploration
MSLMars Science Laboratory / Curiosity (rover)planetary/lunar
MSXMidcourse Space eXperimentscientific/research
MTG-IMeteosat Third Generation - Imaginggeostationary-weather
MTG-SMeteosat Third Generation - Soundinggeostationary-weather
MTIMulti-spectral Thermal Imagerenvironmental-observing
MTPMeteosat Transition Programgeostationary-weather
MTS (Explorer-46)Meteoroid Technology Satellitescientific/research
MTSat (Himawari)Multi-functional Transport SATellitegeostationary-weather
MUBLCOMMUltiple path Beyond Line of sight COMmunicationcommunications
MUOSMobile User Objective Systemcommunications
N-Star? STARcommunications
NAVSTAR (GPS)NAVigation System using Timing And Rangingnavigation
NEAR (Discovery-2) / ShoemakerNear Earth Asteroid Rendezvousplanetary/lunar
NGSS (WISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Next Generation Sky Surveyscientific/research
NegaiStar (Excelsior)NEGAI STARscientific/research
NGST (JWST, Webb)Next Generation Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NMPNew Millennium Programpolar-weather
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organizationcommunications
NExT (Discovery-4, Stardust)New EXploration of Tempel 1cometary-exploration
NEE-01_Pegaso???scientific/research
NEXTSat/CSC (Orbital Express)NEXT generation SATellite and Commodities SpaceCraftmilitary
NigeriaSatNIGERIA SATelliteenvironmental-observing
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationpolar-weather
NOSS (Intruder and Whitecloud)Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellitemilitary
NPOESS (now JPSS and DWSS)National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite Systempolar-weather
NPP (Suomi)formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Project (now part of JPSS), renamed the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnershippolar-weather
NROLNational Reconaissance Office Launchmilitary
NTSNavigation Technology Satellitenavigation
NUSAT [amateur-built, STS-51B/Challenger-deployed]Northern Utah SATellitescientific/research
NuSTAR / Explorer-93NUclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARrayscientific/research
OAOOrbiting Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
OAST Flyer / SPARTAN-206 [STS-72/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Office of Aeronautical and Space Technology Flyerastronomical/telescope
OceanSat (IRS)OCEAN SATelliteenvironmental-observing
OCO (ESSP-5)Orbiting Carbon Observatoryscientific/research
ODERACSOrbital Debris Radar Calibration Spherescientific/research
OEX-Target [STS-61B-deployed]Orbiter EXperiments - Targetscientific/research
OFOOrbiting Frog Otolithbiological
OGO (POGO)Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research
OICETS (Kirari)Optical Inter-orbit Communication Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research
Orbcomm-XORBital COMMunicationscommunications
ORBISOrbiting Radio Beacon Ionospheric Satellitemilitary
OrbViewORBital VIEWenvironmental-observing
OREFUS-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Orbiting & REtrievable Far & extreme Uv Spectrometer - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
ORS (ERS / TRS)Octahedral Research Satellitemilitary
OSCAR (Amsat)Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radioamateur radio
OSIRIS-REx (New Frontiers-3)Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security –Regolith EXplorerplanetary/lunar
OSOOrbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
OSSIOpen Source Satellite Initiativescientific/research
OSTM (Jason)Ocean Surface Topography Missionenvironmental-observing
OT (TIROS)Operational TIROSpolar-weather
OTSOrbital Test Satellitecommunications
OVOrbiting Vehiclemilitary
PAGEOSPAssive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellitescientific/research
PAMS-STU [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed]Passive Aerodynamically-stabilized Magnetically-damped Satellite
- Satellite Test Unit
scientific/research
Panamsat (PAS)PAN-AMerican SATellitecommunications
Pansat (OSCAR-34) [STS-95/Discovery-deployed]Petite Amateur Navy SATelliteamateur radio
PARADIGM (Bevo / DRAGONSAT [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Platform for Autonomous Rendezvous And Docking with Innovative Gn&c Methodsscientific/research
PARASOLPolarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Science
coupled with Observations from a LIDAR
environmental-observing
PAS (Panamsat)Pan-American Satellitecommunications
PDP [STS-51F/Challenger-deployed]Plasma Diagnostics Packagescientific/research
PegSatPEGasus rocket-booster launched SATellitescientific/research
PeolePreliminary EOLEscientific/research
PhoneSat-1 / Graham / BellPHONE SATellitescientific/research
PIXPlasma Interaction eXperimentscientific/research
PLA [device, not a satellite]Picosat Launcher Assemblyscientific/research
PMLPhoenix Mars Landerplanetary/lunar
POGO (OGO)Polar Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research
PRC (China)People's Republic of Chinascientific/research
PRISMAPrototype Research Instruments and Space Mission technology Advancementscientific/research
PROBAPRoject for On-Board Autonomyscientific/research
PRSSPakistan Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
PSSCT [STS-deployed]PicoSatellite Solar Cell Testbedscientific/research
P&FS [Apollo-deployed]Particle and Field Sub-satellitescientific/research
QuickBirdQUICK BIRDenvironmental-observing
QuikScatQUIcK SCATterometerenvironmental-observing
QuikTOMSQUIcK TOMSenvironmental-observing
QZS (or QZSS / Michibiki)Quasi-Zenith Satellite (System)navigation
RadarsatRADAR SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RadCatRADar CAlibration Targetscientific/research
RadSat (Pi-in-the-sky)RADiation SATellitescientific/research
RadioSkaf (SuitSat / OSCAR-54, ARISSat-1) [ISS-deployed]Radio Skafamateur radio
RAE (Explorer-38/49)Radio Astronomy Explorerscientific/research
RBSPRadiation Belt Storm Probesscientific/research
RCMRadar satellite Constellation Missionenvironmental-observing
ResourceSat (IRS)RESOURCE SATelliteenvironmental-observing
REXS (Denpa)Radiation EXperiments Satellitescientific/research
RHESSI (HESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)Ramathy High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research
RM (Discoverer, Corona)Research Modulemilitary
RMRadiation Meteroidscientific/research
Rocsat (Formosat / Chunghua)Republic Of China (Taiwan) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RosatROentgen SATellitescientific/research
RS [some were [Mir-deployed] or ISS-deployed]Radio Sputnik (Radio Sport Federation)amateur
RSS (Yaogan)Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
RXTE (XTE / Explorer-69 / MIDEX-(-2))Rossi X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research
SAC [SAC-A was STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientificoenvironmental-observing
SACISAtellite CIentíficoenvironmental-observing
SAGE (Explorer-60)Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experimentscientific/research
SAMOSSatellite And Missile Observation Satellitemilitary
SAMPEX (Explorer-68 / SMEX-1)Solar Anomalous Magnetospheric Particle EXplorerscientific/research
SAPPHIRE (OSCAR-45)Stanford Audio Phonic Photographic InfraRed Experimentamateur radio
SARSynthetic Aperture Radarscientific/research
SAR-LupeSynthetic Aperture Radar - "magnifier"military
SARASatellite Amateur de Radio-Astronomie, or Satellite pour Astronomie Radio Amateurastronomical/telescope
SARALSatellite with ARgos and ALtikaenvironmental-observing
SARSAT (COSPAS, KOSPAS) [system, not a satellite]Search And Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking
SAS (Explorer-42/48/53)Small Astronomy Satellitescientific/research
Satcom [Satcom-Ku1 and Ku2 were STS-61C/Columbia launched and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]SATellite COMmuicationscommunications
SatMexSATellite MEXicocommunications
SBIRSSpace Based InfraRed Sensormilitary
SBS [SBS-3 and 4 were STS-5/Columbia-deployed and STS-41C/Discoverylaunched, respectively]Satellite Business Systemscommunications
SBSSSpace-Based Space Surveillance Systemmilitary
SCATHA (P78-2)Spacecraft Charging AT High Altitudescientific/research
SCORE (Chatterbox)Signal Communication by ORbiting RElaycommunications
SciSatSCIence SATellitescientific/research
SDOSolar Dynamics Observatorysolar-observing
SDS (USA) [SDS-2-1, 2-2, and 2-3 were STS-28R/Columbia-deployed, STS-38/Atlantis-deployed, and STS-53/Discovery-deployed, respectively]Satellite Data Systemcommunications
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)SEA STARenvironmental-observing
SeaWiFS (SeaStar / OrbView-2)SEA-viewing WIde Field-of-view Sensor (instrument)environmental-observing
SeaSatSpecialized Experimental Applications SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SECOR (EGRS)SEquential COllation of Rangenavigation
SELENE (Kaguya)SELenological and ENgineering Explorerplanetary/lunar
SEO (Bhaskara)Satellite for Earth Observationscientific/research
SERTSpace Electric Rocket Testscientific/research
SERVISSpace Environment Reliability Verification Integrated Systemscientific/research
SESSociété Européenne des Satellitescommunications
SESATSiberia - Europe SATellitecommunications
SFU [rocket-launched, STS-72/Endeavour-retrieved]Space Flyer Unitastronomical/telescope
SIGNE (D-2)Solar Interplanetary Gamma-Neutron Experimentscientific/research
SimpleSat [STS-105/Discovery-deployed]SIMPLE SATellitescientific/research
SIR [STS-payload]Shuttle Imaging RadarShuttle and satellites
SIRIOSatellite Italiano Ricerca Industriale Orientatacommunications
SIRTF (SST, Spitzer)Space InfraRed Telescope Facilityastronomical/telescope
SJ (Practice)Shi Jianscientific/research
SkySatSKY SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SLDCOMSatellite Launch Dispenser Communicationsmilitary
SMAPSoil Moisture Active-Passiveenvironmental-observing
SMARTSmall Missions for Advanced Research in Technologyplanetary/lunar
SME (Explorer-64)Solar Mesosphere Explorerscientific/research
SMEX (Explorer-68/70/73/74/75/81/83/90/91)SMall EXplorerscientific/research
SMM [rocket-launched, STS-41C/Challenger-repaired and re-deployed]Solar Maximum Missionsolar-observing
SMOS / Earth Explorer-2Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinityenvironmental-observing
SMS (GOES)Synchronous Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
SNAPSurrey Nanosatellite Applications Platformscientific/research
Snapshot (carrying a SNAP RTG)(Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator)military
SNOE (Explorer-72 / STEDI-1)Student Nitric Oxide Explorerscientific/research
SOHOSOlar and Heliospheric Observatorysolar-observing
SolRad (GREB / GRAB / Explorer-30/37/44)SOLar RADiationsolar-observing
Solwind (P78-1)SOlar WINDscientific/research
SOMPStudent's Oxygen Measurement Projectscientific/research
SORCESOlar Radiation and Climate Experimentscientific/research
SpainSatSPAIN SATellitecommunications
SPARTAN [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for AstroNomyastronomical/telescope
SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
SPHINXSpace Plasma High voltage INteraction eXperimentscientific/research
SPIDR (SMEX-8) [canceled]Spectroscopy and Photometry of the Intergalactic medium's Diffuse Radiationastronomical/telescope
SPOTSatellite Probatoire de l'Observation de la Terre
Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre
environmental-observing
SPRINT / EXCEED / Hisaki??????astronomical/telescope
SRATS (Taiyo)Solar Radiation And Thermospheric Satellitescientific/research
SRET (MAS)Satellite des Recherches et d'Etudes Technologiquesscientific/research
SRL [STS-payload]Space Radar LaboratoryShuttle and satellites
SROSSStretched ROhini Satellite Seriesscientific/research
SRTM [STS-payload]Shuttle Radar Topography MissionShuttle and satellites
SSF (USA-41, others)???military
SSS (Explorer-45)Small Scientific Satellitescientific/research
SST (SIRTF)Spitzer Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
STARLETTESatellite de Taille Adaptée avec Réflecteurs Laser por les ETudes de la TErrescientific/research
STARS [canceled]Seismic Telescope for Astrophysical Research from Spaceastronomical/telescope
STARSHINE-1, 2, and 4
STARSHINE-3 (OSCAR-43)
Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Equipmentscientific/research
amateur radio
STEDI (Explorer-72/76)STudent Explorer Demonstration Initiativescientific/research
STEP (military)Space Test Experimental Programmilitary
STEP (proposed)Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principlescientific/research
STEREOSolar-TErrestrial RElations Observatorysolar-observing
STP P78 (Solwind, SCATHA)Space Test Programscientific/research
STPSat (with TCTE)Space Technology Program SATellite (with TSI Calibration Transfer Experiment)military
STS (Space Shuttle)Space Transportation System: Atlantis, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Endeavour, and Enterprise (tests only)Shuttle-related
STSATScience and Technology SATellitescientific/research
STVSatellite Test Vehiclescientific/research
SuitSat (RadioSkaf-1, OSCAR-54) [ISS-deployed]SUIT SATelliteamateur radio
SunSat (OSCAR-35)SUN SATelliteamateur radio
SVOMSpace-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitorastronomical/telescope
SWAS (Explorer-74 / SMEX-3)Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellitescientific/research
SY (TS, Tansuo)ShiYan (Experiment)environmental-observing
Syncom (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5 (Leasat) [all 5 were STS-deployed])SYNchronous COMmunications (satellite)communications
Tacomsat (Tacsat)TActical COMmunications SATellitecommunications
Tacsat (Tacomsat)TActical Communications SATellitecommunications
TAVEThor Agena Vibration Experimentscientific/research
TC (DoubleStar)Tan Cescientific/research
TD (ESRO)Thor Deltascientific/research
TDFTélédiffusion de Francecommunications
TDRS [TDRS-1 — TDRS-7 were STS-deployed]Tracking and Data Relay Satellitecommunications
TelecomTELECOMmunications (satellite)communications
TelkomTELeKOMmunications (satellite)communications
Telesat (Anik) [Telesat-6 — Telesat-9 were STS-deployed]TELEphone SATellitecommunications
Telstar [Telstar-3C and 3D were STS-41D/Discovery-deployed and STS-51G/Discovery-deployed, respectively]TELephone STARcommunications
TemisatTElespazio MIcro SATelliteenvironmental-observing
TERRIERS (Explorer-76 / STEDI-2)Tomographic Experiment using Radiative Recombinative Ionospheric EUV
and Radio Sources
scientific/research
TETRTEst and TRaining (satellite)scientific/research
ThaicomTHAIland COMmumicationscommunications
THEMIS (Explorer-85 — Explorer-89 / MIDEX-5)Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substormsscientific/research
THEOSTHailand Earth Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
TIMATIONTIMe navigATIONnavigation
TIMEDThermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamicsscientific/research
TIP (Triad)Transit Improvement Programnavigation
TIROSTelevision and InfraRed Observation Satellitepolar-weather
TNS [ISS-deployed]Technologicesky NanoSputnikscientific/research
TOMS-EPTotal Ozone Mapping Spectrometer - Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
TOPEX (Poseidon)ocean TOPography EXperimentenvironmental-observing
TopoTOPOgraphic (satellite)navigation
Topsi (Explorer-20)TOPSIde sounderscientific/research
TOS (TIROS)TIROS Operational Systempolar-weather
TRAACTransit Research And Altitude Controlnavigation
TRACE (Explorer-73 / SMEX-4)Transition Region And Coronal Explorerscientific/research
TRMMTropical Rainfall Measuring Missionenvironmental-observing
TRS (ERS / ORS)Tetrahedral Research Satellitemilitary
TS (SY, Shiyan)TanSuoenvironmental-observing
TSS [STS-deployed and recovered]Tethered Satellite Systemscientific/research
TUBsatTechnical University of Berlin (TUB) SATellitescientific/research
Tugsat-1 (BRITE)Technology University Graz SATelliteastronomical/telescope
TurksatTURKish SATellitecommunications
TV-SatTeleVision SATellitecommunications
UARUpper Atmospheric Researchatmospheric research rockets
UARS [STS-41G/Discovery-deployed]Upper Atmosphere Research Satelliteenvironmental-observing
UGATUSAT (RS-28)Ufimskiy Gosudarstvenniy Aviatsionniy Tekhnicheskiy Universitet SATelliteamateur radio
UK (Ariel)United Kingdomscientific/research
UKS (AMPTE / Explorer-65)United Kingdom Subsatellitescientific/research
UNEX (Explorer-82)UNiversity-class EXplorerscientific/research
UNITEC (Shi'nen)UNIversity space engineering consortium TEChnology (satellite)scientific/research
UNOSATUNdergraduate Orbital student SATellitescientific/research
UoSat (OSCAR)University of Surrey (U.K.) SATelliteamateur radio
Upm/lb?scientific/research
US-K (Oko)???Russian
USA (DMSP, DSCS, DSP, Lacrosse, Magnum, Misty, Onyx, Orion, SDS)
[some were STS-deployed]
United States of Americamilitary
VCL (ESSP-1)Vegetation Canopy Lidarenvironmental-observing
VCO (Planet-C)Venus Climate Orbitercometary-exploration
VegaVEnera GAlleicometary-exploration
VeneSat (Simon Bolivar)VENEzuela SATellitecommunications
VNREDSatVietnam Natural Resources, Environment and Disaster monitoring SATelliteenvironmental-observing
WasedaSATWadesa university SATellitescientific/research
WEFAX [system, not a satellite]WEather Facsimilie
Westar [Westar-6 was STS-41B/Challenger-deployed and STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]WEstern union STARcommunications
Wika (Dial)WIssenschafts-KApselscientific/research
WindSat (Coriolis)WIND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
WIRE (Explorer-75 / SMEX-5)Wide-field InfraRed Explorerscientific/research
WISE (NGSS, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorerscientific/research
WMAP (MAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research
WorldViewWORLD VIEWenvironmental-observing
WRESATWeapon Research Establishment SATellitescientific/research
WSF [STS-deployed]Wake Sheild Facilityscientific/research
XMM (Newton)X-ray Multi-mirror Missionastronomical/telescope
XTE (RXTE / Explorer-69, MIDEX-(-2))X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research
ZY-1 (CBERS)
ZY-2 and ZY-3 (China Resouce / CR)
Zi Yuan
Zhong Guo Zi Yuan
environmental-observing

Satellite Name (Other Names or Acronyms)Meaning (or Named After)Type/Discipline
Non-compound-term (Non-"Acronym") Names
Advent [canceled]communications
Aerosscientific/research
Ajisai (EGP / EGS)hydrangeascientific/research
Akari (Astro-F)lightastronomical/telescope
Akatsuki (Planet-C)daybreakcometary-exploration
Akebono (EXOS-D)dawnscientific/research
Almazdiamondenvironmental-observing
Alouettemeadowlarkscientific/research
Anik (Telesat) [Anik-C1 — Anik-C3 and Anik-D2 were STS-deployed]brothercommunications
Aqua (EOS)waterenvironmental-observing
Aquacade (Rhyolite)military
Aquarius (SAC-D / ESSP-6)environmental-observing
Argos [system, not a satellite, not an acronym; data collection and location system]
Arirang (Kompsat)environmental-observing
Ariabata (Aryabhata)scientific/research
Ariel (UK)spirit of the airscientific/research
Arsene (OSCAR-24)amateur radio
Aryabhata (Ariabata)scientific/research
Aurorahydrangeascientific/research
Astérix (A-1)scientific/research
Astracommunications
Astridscientific/research
Astro (Hinotori, Tenma, Ginga, Asuka / ASCA, and Akari / IRIS)astronomical/telescope
Astronastronomical/telescope
Asuka (Astro-D / ASCA)Japanese districtastronomical/telescope
Atlantic Birdcommunications
Aura (D-2B)bluescientific/research
Aura (EOS)blueenvironmental-observing
Aureole (Oreol / ARCAD)haloscientific/research
Aurorae (ESRO-1A)scientific/research
Ayame (ECS)iriscommunications
Azur (GRS)sky bluescientific/research
Badrfull moonscientific/research
Baumanets-1 (RS-27)amateur radio
Beaconscientific/research
Beidou (BD)compassnavigation
Bevo (PARADIGM, DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]University of Texas mascot namescientific/research
Bhaskara (SEO)scientific/research
Big Bird (KH9)military
Biomass / Earth Explorer-7environmental-observing
Bionbiological
Blue Bird (Intelsat-2-1)communications
Boreas (ESRO-1B)scientific/research
Canary Bird (Intelsat-2-3)communications
Cannonball (LOADS)military
Canyonmilitary
Cassini (-Huygens)planetary/lunar
Castor (D-5B)scientific/research
Cerisescientific/research
Chalet (Vortex)military
ChampollionJean-François Champollioncometary-exploration
Chatterbox (SCORE)communications
Chibis-M (RS-39)amateur radio
China (PR)scientific/research
Chollian (COMS)geostationary weather
Clementine (DSPSE)planetary/lunar
Cluster (Salsa, Samba, Rumba, Tango)scientific/research
Copernicus (OAO-3)Nicolaus Copernicusastronomical/telescope
Coriolis (WindSat)Gaspard-Gustave Coriolisenvironmental-observing
Corona (Discoverer, KH, RM)military
Cosmos (Kosmos)spaceRussian
Couriercommunications
Chunghua (Rocsat / Formosat)environmental-observing
Cygnusscientific/research
Daichi (ALOS)great first son OR great landenvironmental-observing
Dawn (Discovery-9)planetary/lunar
Deep Impact (EPOXI / Discovery-7)cometary-exploration
Denpa (REXS)radio wavescientific/research
Diademe (D-1C and D-1D)scientific/research
Diapason (D-1A)wavebandscientific/research
Discoverer (Corona, KH, RM)military
Discovery (each in this series has another name)
DoubleStar (TC)scientific/research
Early Bird (Intelsat-1)communications
Ebb / GRAIL-A (Discovery-11)planetary/lunar
Echocommunications
Einstein (HEAO-2)Albert Einsteinscientific/research
Ekran (Statsionar)screencommunications
Elektro (GOMS)geostationary-weather
ElektronelectronRussian
Eolewindscientific/research
Equator-Sscientific/research
Excelsior (NegaiStar)scientific/research
Explorer (many other names as well)
Explorer-1
scientific/research
Ekspressexpresscommunications
Fengyun (FY-1 and FY-3)
Fengyun (FY-2 and FY-4)
wind-cloudpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
Feniks (Yantar)Russian
Fermi (GLAST, FGST)Enrico Fermiastronomical/telescope
Firewheelscientific/research
Flow / GRAIL-B (Discovery-11)planetary/lunar
Fobos (Phobos)planetary/lunar
FotonphotonRussian
France-1 (FR-1)scientific/research
Frejascientific/research
Fuji (JAS / OSCAR)wisteriaamateur radio
Fuyo (JERS)rose mallowenvironmental-observing
Galileo [US version] [STS-34/Atlantis-deployed]Galileo Galileiplanetary/lunar
Galileo (GIOVE, GSTB) [ESA version]Galileo Galileinavigation
Gammascientific/research
Genesis (Discovery-5)scientific/research
Ginga (Astro-C)galaxyastronomical/telescope
Giottocometary-exploration
Gloryenvironmental-observing
GoddardRobert H. Goddardastronomical/telescope
Gonetsmessengercommunications
Gorizonthorizoncommunications
Granat (Astron-2)astronomical/telescope
Gurwin (TechSat, Technion, OSCAR)amateur radio
Hakucho (CORSA-B)swabscientific/research
Haruka (HALCA / Muses-B)far-awayplanetary/lunar
Hawkeye (Explorer-52)scientific/research
Hayabusa (Muses-C)falconplanetary/lunar
Hayato (KSAT)scientific/research
Helios (French)military
Helios (German)solar-observing
Hermes (CTS)communications
Hermes (CubeSat design)communications
Herschel (HSO / FIRST)William Herschelastronomical/telescope
Himawari (GMS, MTSat)sunflowergeostationary-weather
Hinode (Solar-B)sunrisesolar-observing
Hinotori (Astro-A)phoenixastronomical/telescope
Hiten (Muses-A)planetary/lunar
Hubble (HST) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Edwin Hubbleastronomical/telescope
Ibuki (GOSAT)breathenvironmental-observing
Ikonosimageenvironmental-observing
Informator (RS-14)amateur radio
Injun (Explorer-25/40/52)scientific/research
Inspector-1 [Mir-deployed]Russian
InterbolRussian
Intercosmos (Interkosmos)Russian
Interkosmos (Intercosmos)Russian
Intruder (NOSS)military
Ionosfernaya (Kosmos-318/381)Russian
Iskra [Iskra-2 and 3 were Salyut-deployed]sparkamateur radio
Jason (OSTM)environmental-observing
Jikiken (EXOS-B)magnetospherescientific/research
Jindai (MABES)cherry treescientific/research
Jumpseatmilitary
Kaguya (SELENE)planetary/lunar
Kalpana (MetSat)Chawla Kalpana (astronaut)geostationary-weather
Kanopusenvironmental-observing
Kedr (ARISSat-1, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Siberian pineamateur radio
Kepler (Discovery-10)Johannes Keplerastronomical/telescope
Kiku (ETS)chrysanthemumscientific/research
Kirari (OICETS)scientific/research
Kitsat (Uribyol / OSCAR)amateur radio
Kolibri (RS-21)amateur radio
Kondorenvironmental-observing
Kopernikus (DFS)Nicolaus Copernicuscommunications
Korabl-SputnikRussian
Kosmos (Cosmos)spaceRussian
Kounotori (HTV)scientific/research
Kuaizhouenvironmental-observing
Kuiper Express / now New Horizons (New Frontiers-1)planetary/lunar
Kwangmyongsongbright star or brilliant starcommunications
Kyokko (EXOS-A)aurorascientific/research
Lacrosse (Onyx, USA) [Lacrosse-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
Lani Bird (Intelsat-2-2)communications
Libertad [amateur-built]libertyscientific/research
Luchbeamcommunications
Luna (Lunik)moonplanetary/lunar
Lunar-Aplanetary/lunar
Lunar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
Lunar Prospector (Discovery-3)planetary/lunar
Lunik (Luna)occasionally used by western mediaplanetary/lunar
Lunokhodmoon walker (lunar rover)planetary/lunar
Magellan [STS-30R/Atlantis-deployed]planetary/lunar
Magnum (Orion, USA) [Magnum-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Marcopolo (BSB)Marco Polocommunications
Marco Polo [canceled]Marco Poloplanetary/lunar
Marinerplanetary/lunar
Marsplanetary/lunar
Mars Odyssey (formerly Mars Surveyor Orbiter)planetary/lunar
Mars Pathfinder (Sojourner) rover, Discovery-1)planetary/lunar
Mars Surveyor (now Mars Odyssey)planetary/lunar
Mechta (Luna-1, Lunik-1)dreamplanetary/lunar
Meridiancommunications
Meteor (Priroda)polar-weather
Michibiki (or QZS(S))guidancenavigation
Midori (ADEOS)greenenvironmental-observing
Mir (space station)
Miranda (X-4)scientific/research
Misty (USA) [Misty-1 was STS-36/Atlantis-deployed]military
Molniyalightningcommunications
Momo (MOS)peach blossomenvironmental-observing
Monitor-Eenvironmental-observing
Morelos [Morelos-A and B were STS-51G/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]communications
Mozhayets (RS-16, RS-20, RS-22, RS-25)amateur radio
Muninscientific/research
Muses (Hiten, Haruka / HALCA, Hayabusa)planetary/lunar
Nadezhda (Kosmos-1383/1447/1574)hopenavigation
Naduvaniy Hazovoy Ballon [Mir-deployed]Russian
New Horizons (New Frontiers-1) / formerly Kuiper Expressplanetary/lunar
Newton (XMM)Isaac Newtonastronomical/telescope
Nimbusrainstorm or cloudpolar-weather
Nova (Transit)navigation
Nozomi (Planet-B)hopecometary-exploration
Ocean (HY)oceanenvironmental-observing
Odinscientific/research
Ofeqhorizonmilitary
OhsumiJapanese provincescientific/research
Ohzora (EXOS-C)skyscientific/research
Okeanoceanenvironmental-observing
Olympus (L-Sat)communications
Omega (Kosmos)Russian
Omidscientific/research
Onyx (Lacrosse, USA) [Onyx-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
Orba (X-2)scientific/research
Orbital Express (ASTRO and NEXTSat/CSC)military
Oreol (Aureole / ARCAD)scientific/research
Orion (Magnum, USA) [Orion-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Orizuru (DEBUT)folded paper cranescientific/research
OerstedHans Christian Ørstedscientific/research
Oko (US-K)Russian
Optus (Aussat) [Optus-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]communications
Oscar (Transit)navigation
Owl (Explorer)scientific/research
Palapa [Palapa-B1 and B2 were STS-7/Challenger-deployed and STS-41B/Challenger-deployed, respectively; Palapa-B2 was STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]fruit of laborcommunications
Pegasuswinged flying horsescientific/research
Philae (Rosetta lander)cometary-exploration
Phobos (Fobos)planetary/lunar
Picardsolar-observing
Pion [Resurs-deployed]Russian
Pioneer (Pioneer-0 — Pioneer-E)
Pioneer (Pioneer-10 — Pioneer-13)
scientific/research
planetary/lunar
Planet (Sakigake, Suisei, and Nozomi)cometary-exploration
Planck (COBRAS-SAMBA)Max Planckastronomical/telescope
Pleiadesenvironmental-observing
Polaire (D-2A)scientific/research
Pollux (D-5A)scientific/research
PolyotflightRussian
Poppymilitary
Poseidon (TOPEX)environmental-observing
Practice (SJ)practicescientific/research
Priroda (Meteor)naturepolar-weather
PrognozforecastRussian
Prospero (X-3)scientific/research
ProtonprotonRussian
Prowlermilitary
Radio-Astron (Spektr-R)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
Rangerplanetary/lunar
Rasatobservationenvironmental-observing
Reimei (INDEX)scientific/research
Relaycommunications
ReliktRussian
Resursresourceenvironmental-observing
Rhyolite (Aquacade)military
Rohiniscientific/research
Rosettacometary-exploration
Sakigake (Planet-prototype / Planet-A1 / MS-T5)pioneercometary-exploration
Sakura (CS)communications
Salyut (space station)
San MarcoSaint Markscientific/research
Suzaku (Astro-E2)city nameastronomical/telescope
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)environmental-observing
Shi'nen (UNITEC)scientific/research
Shinseinew star, novascientific/research
Shiyan (SY, TS, Tansuo)environmental-observing
Shizuku (GCOM-W)dripenvironmental-observing
Shoemaker (Discovery-2) / NEAREugene M. Shoemakerplanetary/lunar
Sichsickleenvironmental-observing
Simon Bolivar (VeneSat)Simon Bolivarcommunications
Sindri (Mightysat-2, P97-2)military
Skynetcommunications
Sojourner (Mars Pathfinder) rover, Discovery-1)planetary/lunar
Solar-A (Yohkoh)solar-observing
Solar-B (Hinode)solar-observing
Solar Orbitersolar-observing
Solidaridadsolidaritycommunications
Space Shuttle (STS)Shuttle-related
Spektr-R (Radio-Astron)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
Spitzer (SST, SIRTF)Lyman Spitzerastronomical/telescope
Sputnik
Sputnik-3
companion, satelliteRussian
Stardust (Discovery-4, NExT)cometary-exploration
Stargazer (OAO-2)astronomical/telescope
Statsionar (Ekran)communications
Stellascientific/research
Sterkhnavigation
STRaNDSurrey Training Research and Nanosatellite Demonstratorscientific/research
Strela (Kosmos)arrowcommunications
Suisei (Planet-A / Planet-A2)cometcometary-exploration
Sumbandila (OSCAR-67)lead the wayamateur radio
Sunjammer (Solar Sail Technology Demonstration Mission)scientific/research
Suomi (NPP)Vern Suomipolar-weather
Surveyorplanetary/lunar
Swarm / Earth Explorer-5scientific/research
Swift (Explorer-84 / MIDEX-3)scientific/research
Symphoniecommunications
Taiyo (SRATS)sunscientific/research
Tansei (MS-T1 — MS-T4)light bluescientific/research
Tansuo (TS, SY, Shiyan)environmental-observing
Tatyana (Universitatsky, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Technion (TechSat, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
TechSat (Technion, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
Tele-Xcommunications
Teledesic-T1 (BATSat)communications
Tenma (Astro-B)pegasusastronomical/telescope
Terilen (Yantar)Russian
Terra (EOS)earthenvironmental-observing
Thorcommunications
Tournesol (D-2A)scientific/research
Transat (Transit-O11)navigation
Transit (Transat, Nova, and Oscar)navigation
Triad (TIP)navigation
Triana (DSCOVR)scientific/research
Tsinghuaenvironmental-observing
Tsubasa (MDS)windscientific/research
Uhuru (Explorer-42)freedom (in Swahili)scientific/research
Ulysses [STS-41/Discovery-deployed]solar-observing
Ume (ISS)plum blossomscientific/research
Universitatsky (Tatyana, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Uragan (GLONASS)navigation
Uribyol (Kitsat / OSCAR)our staramateur radio
Vanguardout aheadscientific/research
Velawatch or vigil (in Spanish)military
Venera (Venus / Venusik)venusplanetary/lunar
Venus (Venera / Venusik)venusplanetary/lunar
Venusik (Venera / Venus)venusplanetary/lunar
Viking [US version]
Viking [Swedish version]
planetary/lunar
scientific/research
Vortex (Chalet)military
Voyagerplanetary/lunar
Webb (JWST, NGST)James Webbastronomical/telescope
Whitecloud (NOSS)military
Windscientific/research
Yantar (Feniks, Terilen)Russian
Yaogan (RSS)environmental-observing
Yohkoh (Solar-A)sunlightsolar-observing
Yubileiny (RS-30, RS-40)jubileeamateur radio
Yuri (BS, BSAT, BSE)lilicommunications
Zeya (Mozhayets-2, RS-16)amateur radio
Zondprobeplanetary/lunar


Other satellite acronym lists:

(The links below lead to information sources that are maintained by others. They are not part of this Website.)


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2001-2014, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2014-08-28