acronyms

Master List
of Names, Acronyms,
Initialisms, and Abbreviations
for Un-Manned Satellites
(and atmospheric research rockets)


Below is a master list of the names, acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations associated with the un-manned satellites that are mentioned in this Website. Each satellite acronym and/or name is associated with a type/discipline which links to the page where the satellite (or satellites in that series) is (are) found. Individual satellites or satellite series are linked to satellite-specific pages when available.

Although not all shortened satellite names are acronyms, the term "acronym" is often used to cover all three types of compound terms.

This list includes all satellite names found in our web pages, with the exception of some of the (usually small) sub-satellites (often with single-use names) carried aboard ISS-related transfer vehicles/systems. Those "missing" satellite names are found on the ISS-related launches page.

Sections/divisions of the tables below
Acronyms
Non-Acronym Names


Satellite or Rocket Acronym (Other Names)Satellite (or Rocket) NameType/Discipline
Compound-term "Acronyms"
A-1Astérixscientific/research
AAUSatAAlborg University SATellitescientific/research
ABRIXASA BRoadband Imaging X-Ray All-Sky Surveyastronomical/telescope
ABSAsia Broadcast Satellitecommunications
ACE (Explorer-71, MIDEX-(-1))Advanced Composition Explorerscientific/research
AcrimsatActive Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor SATellitescientific/research
ACTS [STS-51/Discovery-deployed]Advanced Communications Test Satellitecommunications
ADEOS (Midori)ADvanced Earth Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ADE (Explorer-19/24/39)Atmospheric Dynamics Explorerscientific/research
ADM-Aeolus / Earth Explorer-4Atmospheric Dynamics Missionenvironmental-observing
AE (Explorer-17/32/51/54/55)Atmospheric Explorerscientific/research
AEGIS (Horyu)Arc Event Generator and Investigation Satellitescientific/research
AEHFAdvanced Extreme High Frequency (satellite)military
AEM (Explorer-58/60)Applications Explorer Missionscientific/research
AERCam-Sprint [STS-87/Columbia-deployed]Autonomous Extra-vehicular Robotic CAMera - Sprintscientific/research
AfricaSatAFRICA SATellitecommunications
AfriStarAFRIca STARcommunications
AFSPC / GSSAP / HornetAir Force SPace Commandmilitary
AggieSat (DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]AGGIE SATellitescientific/research
AGILEAstro-rivelatore Gamma a Immagini LEggeroastronomical/telescope
AGORA [canceled]Affordable and Guaranteed Offers for Rural Areascommunications
AIM (Explorer-90, SMEX-9)Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesospherescientific/research
AIMP (each in this series has another name)Anchored Interplanetery Monitoring Platform
AL YahAL YAH satellite Communications Companycommunications
ALEXISArray of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensorsastronomical/telescope
ALMASatALma MAter SATellitescientific/research
ALOS (Daichi)Advanced Land Observing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
AlsatALgeria SATelliteenvironmental-observing
AMC / GEAMeriComcommunications
AMOSAffordable Modular Optimized Satellitecommunications
AMPTE (Explorer-65)Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer (CCE, IRM, and UKS)scientific/research
AMS (DMSP)Advanced Meteorological Satellitemilitary
Amsat (OSCAR)radio AMateur SATellite corporationamateur radio
AMSC (M-Sat)American Mobile Satellite Corporationcommunications
ANDE-MAA/FCal (OSCAR-61/62)Atmospheric Neutral Density Experimentamateur radio
ANDE-2-AA/PAAtmospheric Neutral Density Experimentscientific/research
ANGELSAutomated Navigation and Guidance Experiment for Local Spacemilitary
ANNAArmy, Navy, NASA, and Air Force (joint satellite)navigation
ANSAstronomical Netherlands Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ANTELsatAdministración Nacional de TELecomunicaciones SATellitescientific/research
AOSO [canceled]Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
APMT [canceled]Asia Pacific Mobile Telecomcommunications
APPLEAriane Passenger PayLoad Experiment (geo test communications satellite)communications
APStarAsia-Pacific STARcommunications
APT [system, not a satellite]Automatic Picture Transmission
Arabsat [Arabsat-1B was STS-51G/Discovery-deployed]ARABian SATellitecommunications
ARCAD (Aureole / Oreol)ARCtic Aurora DensityRussian
ARCASAll-purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundingsatmospheric research rockets
ARDAdvanced Reentry Demonstratorscientific/research
ArdusatARDuino SATellitescientific/research
ARGOSAdvanced Research Global Observation Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ARISSat (Kedr, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Amateur Radio on the International Space Station sATelliteamateur radio
ArsatARgentina SATellitecommunications
ARTEMISAdvanced Relay and TEchnology MISsioncommunications
ASC [ASC-1 was STS-51I/Discovery-deployed]American Satellite Companycommunications
ASCA (Asuka / Astro-D)Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astronomyastronomical/telescope
AsiaSatASIA SATellitecommunications
ASTEX / FRUSAAdvanced Space Technology EXperimentmilitary
ASTRO (Orbital Express)Autonomous Space Transport Robotic Operationsmilitary
AT&T / DirecTVAmerican Telephone and Telegraphcommunications
ATHENAAdvanced Telescope for High-Energy Astrophysicsastronomical/telescope
ATLAS [STS-payload]ATmospheric Laboratory for Application and ScienceSpace Shuttle and satellites
ATN (NOAA)Advanced TIROS-Npolar-weather
ATSApplication Technology Satellitegeostationary-weather
ATVAutonomous Transfer VehicleISS-related
AubieSat (OSCAR-71)AUBurn university SATelliteamateur radio
Aussat (Optus) [Aussat-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Discovery-deployed, respectively]AUStralian communications SATellitecommunications
AXAF (CXO, CXRO) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facilityastronomical/telescope
AzerSky (SPOT-7)AZERbaijan SKYenvironmental-observing
AzerSpaceAZERbaijan SPACEcommunications
BATSat (Teledesic-T1)Broadband Advanced Technologies SATellitecommunications
BD [Bangladesh]BangabanDhucommunications
BD [China/PR]BeiDounavigation
BE (Explorer-S66/22/27)Beacon Explorerscientific/research
BeeSatBerlin Experimental and Educational SATellitescientific/research
BelintersatBELarus INTERnational? SATellitecommunications
BelKA (BKA)BELarus Kosmic Apparatenvironmental-observing
BilsatBILten SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Biosatellite (Biosat)BIOlogical SATELLITEbiological
BIRDBispectral InfraRed Detectionscientific/research
BKA (BelKA)Belarus Kosmic Apparatenvironmental-observing
BLITSBall Lens In The SpaceRussian
BMEWS (DSP)Ballistic Missile Early Warning Satellitemilitary
BrasilsatBRASIL (Brazil) SATellitecommunications
BremSat [STS-60/Discovery-deployed]university of BREMen SATellitescientific/research
BRIsatBank Rakyat Indonesia SATellitecommunications
BRITE (Tugsat-1, CanX-3B)BRIght-star Target Explorerastronomical/telescope
BS (BSE, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellitecommunications
BSatBroadcasting SATellitecommunications
BSB (Marcopolo)British Satellite Broadcastingcommunications
BSE (BS, Yuri)Broadcasting Satellite Experimentalcommunications
BY70-1Bayi Kepu Weixing-1communications
CAESARComet Astrobiology Exploration Sample Returncometary-exploration
CALIPSO (ESSP-3)Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observationenvironmental-observing
CalSphereCALibration SPHEREscientific/research
CAMEOChemically Active Material Ejected in Orbitscientific/research
ChubuSat (Kinshachi)CHUBU (?) university SATellitescientific/research
CanX (BRITE)Canadian Advanced Nanospace eXperimentsscientific/research
CartoSat (IRS)CARTOgraphy SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CAS-A (Eole)Cooperative Applications Satellitescientific/research
CASSIOPECAscade SmallSat and IOnospheric Polar Explorerscientific/research
CATCapsule Ariane Technologiquescientific/research
CATSAT (STEDI-3) [canceled]Cooperative Astrophysics and Technology SATellitescientific/research
CBERS (ZY-1)China/PRC Brazil Earth Resources Satelliteenvironmental-observing
CBNTCaractérisation de l'Environement Radioélectrique par un Instrument Spatial Embarquescientific/research
CCE (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Charge Composition Explorerscientific/research
CEPCylindrical Electrostatic Probescientific/research
CERISECaractérisation de l'Environement Radioélectrique par un Instrument Spatial Embarquescientific/research
CESARCooperation ESpañola-ARgentinaenvironmental-observing
CGRO (Compton) [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]Compton Gamma Ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CHAMPCHAllenging Mini-aatellite Payloadscientific/research
CHEOPSCHaracterising ExOPlanets Satelliteastronomical/telescope
ChinaSat (ZX, and some ST)China/PRC SATellitecommunications
CHIPSat (Explorer-82 / UNEX-1)Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer (satellite)scientific/research
CLIO / Nemesis-2????military
CloudSat (ESSP-4)CLOUD SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CNSR [canceled]Comet Nucleus Sample Returncometary-exploration
COBE (Explorer-66)COsmic Background Explorerscientific/research
COBRAS-SAMBA (Planck)COsmic Background Radiation Anisotropy Satellite / SAtellite for Measurement of Background Anisotropiesastronomical/telescope
COMET (renamed METEOR) [failed]COMmercial Experiment Transporterscientific/research
COMETS / KakehashiCommunication Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research
COMS (Cheollian / Geo-Kompsat)Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellitegeostationary weather
Comsat-BwCOMmunications SATellitecommunications
ComstarCOMmunications STARcommunications
Contour (Discovery-6)COmet Nucleus TOURcometary-exploration
CORSA-B (Hakucho)COsmic Radiation SAtellitescientific/research
CORONAS (KORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
COROTCOnvection ROtation and planetary Transitsastronomical/telescope
COSCOsmic ray Satelliteastronomical/telescope
COSMIC (Formosat)Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climateenvironmental-observing
COSMO-SkyMedCOnstellation of small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observationenvironmental-observing
COSPAS (KOSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]COsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
CRAF [canceled]Comet Rendezvous and Asteroid Flybycometary-exploration
CRL (GRS, ESRS)Cambridge Research Labmilitary
CRISTA-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
CRRESCombined Release and Radiation Effects Satellitescientific/research
CryoSat / Earth Explorer-3CRYOgenic SATelliteenvironmental-observing
CS (Sakura)Communications Satellitecommunications
CTS (Hermes)Communications Technology Satellitecommunications
CubeBug / El Capitán Beto / ManolitoCUBE BUGscientific/research
CX-1 (China/PRC)Chuang Xin (Creation)scientific/research
CX-1 (USA)Citizen Explorer [not launched]scientific/research
CXO (CXRO, AXAF, Chandra) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CXRO (CXO, AXAF, Chandra) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]Chandra X-Ray Observatoryastronomical/telescope
CYGNSS (ESSP-EVM1)Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite Systemenvironmental-observing
D-seriesDiapason or Diademescientific/research
DAD (DADE)Dual Air Density (Explorer)scientific/research
DARPASatDefense Advanced Research Projects Agency SATellitemilitary
DARTDouble Asteroid Redirect Testplanetary/lunar
DASHDensity And Scale Heightmilitary
DE (Explorer-62/63)Dynamics Explorerscientific/research
DEBUT (Orizuru)DEployable Boom and Umbrella Testscientific/research
DEMETERDetection of Electro-Magnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regionsscientific/research
DeorbitSailDEORBIT SAILscientific/research
DESPATCH (OSCAR-81)DEep SPace Amateur Troubadour's CHallengeamateur radio
DFHDong Fang Hong (The East is Red) / Dongfanghongcommunications
DFS (Kopernikus)Deutscher Fernmelde Satellitcommunications
DHFRDARPA High Frequency Receiver experimentmilitary
Dial (Wika and Mika)DIamant ALlemagnescientific/research
DirecTV / AT&TDIRECt TVcommunications
DMDelta ?military
DMCDisaster Monitoring Constellationenvironmental-observing
DME (Explorer-31)Direct Measurements Explorerscientific/research
DMSP (AMS, USA)Defense Meteorological Satellite Programmilitary
DODGEDepartment Of Defense Gravity Experimentmilitary
Dodecapole (Porcupine)DOCECAhedron ??scientific/research
Dragon(ISS transfer vehicle)ISS-related
DRAGONSAT (AggieSat, Bevo / PARADIGM) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Dual Rf Astrodynamic Gps Orbital Navigator SATellitescientific/research
DRTS / KodamaData Relay and Tracking Satellitecommunications
DS-1Deep Space-1cometary-exploration
DS-2Deep Space-2planetary/lunar
DSAPDefense Satellite Application Programmilitary
DSCOVR (Triana, "GoreSat")Deep Space Climate ObserVatoRysolar-observing
DSCS [DSCS-3-B4/B5 (USA-11/12) were STS-51J/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Satellite Communications Systemcommunications
DSNDeep Space Network
DSP (IMEWS, BMEWS, USA) [DSP-F16 was STS-44/Atlantis-deployed]Defense Support Programmilitary
DSPSE (Clementine)Deep Space Program Science Experimentplanetary/lunar
DSLWP / LongjiangDiscovering the Sky at Longest Wavelengths Pathfinderplanetary/lunar
DubaiSat (KhalifaSat)DUBAI SATelliteenvironmental-observing
DWSS [canceled]Defense Weather Satellite Systemmilitary
E1P / HRBEExplorer-1 Primescientific/research
EarthCARE / Earth Explorer-6EARTH Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorerenvironmental-observing
EchoStarECHO STARcommunications
ECS (Eutelsat)European Communications Satellitecommunications
ECS (Ayame)Experimental Communications Satellitecommunications
EDM (Schiaparelli, ExoMars 2016)Entry, Descent and landing demonstrator Moduleplanetary/lunar
EDRS / EutelsatEuropean Data Relay Satellitecommunications
EduSat (Endusat?) / GSat-3EDUcation SATellitecommunications
EGP (EGS / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Payloadscientific/research
EGRS (SECOR)Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellitenavigation
EGS (EGP / Ajisai)Experimental Geodetic Satellitescientific/research
EKAEksperimental'niy Kosmicheskiy ApparatRussian
EMM / Al-Amal / Hopeplanetary/lunar
EnvisatENVIronment SATelliteenvironmental-observing
EOEarth Observingenvironmental-observing
EOS (Aqua, Terra, Aura)Earth Observing Systemenvironmental-observing
EP (TOMS-EP)Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
EPE (Explorer-12/14/15/26)Electrostatic Particle Explorerscientific/research
EPOXI (Deep Impact / (Discovery-7)Extrasolar Planet Observations / eXtended Investigation of cometscometary-exploration
ERBS [STS-41G/Challenger-deployed]Earth Radiation Budget Satelliteenvironmental-observing
EROSEarth Remote Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
ERS (ORS / TRS) [USAF version]Environmental Research Satellitemilitary
ERS [ESA version]European Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
ERTS (Landsat)Earth Resources Technology Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ESA (-GEOS)European Space Agencyscientific/research
ESRO (ESA in 1973)European Space Research Organizationscientific/research
ESRS (CRL-2)Environmental Sciences Research Satellitemilitary
ESSAEnvironmental Science Services Administrationpolar-weather
ESSP (each in this series has another name)Earth System Science Pathfinder
EstCubeESTonia CUBEsatscientific/research
ETS (Kiku)Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research
EurasiasatEURope ASIA SATellitecommunications
EURECA [STS-46/Atlantis-deployed, STS-57/Endeavour-retrieved]EUropean REtrievable CArrierscientific/research
EuropeStarEUROPEan STARcommunications
EurobirdEUROpe BIRDcommunications
Eutelsat (ECS)EUropean TELecommunications SATellitecommunications
EUVE (Explorer-67)Extreme UltraViolet Explorerscientific/research
ExoMars (TGO, EDM, rover 2020)EXObiology MARSplanetary/lunar
EXOS (Akebono, Jikiken, Kyokko, and Ohzora)EXOspheric Satellitescientific/research
EXOSATEuropean X-ray Observatory SATelliteastronomical/telescope
EXPRESSEXPeriment RE-entry Space System)scientific/research
Falcon EyeFALCON EYEmilitary
FalconSatFALCON SATellitescientific/research
FAME (MIDEX-4) [canceled]Full-sky Astrometric Mapping Explorerastronomical/telescope
FASatFuerza Aéra de Chile SATellitescientific/research
FASTRAC (OSCAR-69/70)Formation Autonomy Spacecraft with Thrust, Relnav, Attitude and Crosslinkamateur radio
FAST (Explorer-70 / SMEX-2)Fast Auroral SnapshoT explorerscientific/research
FASTSatFast Affordable Science and Technology SATellitescientific/research
FGST (GLAST, Fermi)Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FIREFlight Investigation of Re-Entryatmospheric research rockets
FIRST (HSO, Herschel)Far Infrared and Sub-millimetre Telescopeastronomical/telescope
FLEX / Earth Explorer-8FLuorescence EXplorerenvironmental-observing
FltSatComFLeeT SATellite COMmunications systemcommunications
Formosat (Rocsat / Chunghua; some also COSMIC)FORMOsa SATelliteenvironmental-observing
FR-1 (France-1)FRancescientific/research
FRUSA / ASTEXFlexible Rolled-Up Solar Arraymilitary
FSW (JB)Fanhui Shijan Weixingscientific/research
FUSE (Explorer-77 / MIDEX-0)Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorerscientific/research
FY-1 and FY-3
FY-2 and FY-4
Feng Yunpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
GAIAGlobal Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysicsastronomical/telescope
GALEX (Explorer-83 / SMEX-7)GALaxy evolution EXplorerscientific/research
Galileo-IOV-PFMGalileo In-Orbit Validation Proto-Flight Modelnavigation
GCOM-C (Shikisai)Global Change Observation Mission - Waterenvironmental-observing
GCOM-W (Shizuku)Global Change Observation Mission - Waterenvironmental-observing
GE / AMCGeneral Electriccommunications
GEMS (SMEX-13)Gravity and Extreme Magnetism Smexastronomical/telescope
GeoEye (formerly OrbView-5)Geo??? Eyeenvironmental-observing
GEOS [ESA version]Geostationary Earth Orbit Satellitescientific/research
GEOS (Explorer-29/36) [USA version]Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (GEOS-1 and 2)
Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite (GEOS-3)
scientific/research
GeosatGEOdetic SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Geotail (GTL)GEOmagnetic TAIL labscientific/research
Geo-IK?navigation
Geo-Koompsat / GKGEOstationary KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellitegeostationary weather
GFGaoFenenvironmental-observing
GFOGeosat Follow Onscientific/research
GFZ [Mir-deployed]GeoForschungsZentrum (geodesy)navigation
GGSEGravity Gradient Stabilization Experimentmilitary
GGTSGravity Gradient Test Satellitemilitary
GIOVE (GSTB, Galileo)Galileo In-Orbit Validation Experimentnavigation
GLAST (FGST, Fermi)Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
GlobalstarGLOBAL STAR (satellite telephone constellation)communications
GLOMR [STS-deployed]Global Low Orbiting Message Relaymilitary
GLONASS (Uragan)GLObalnaya NAvigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistemanavigation
GMS (Himawari)Geostationary Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
GOCE / Earth Explorer-1Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer
Global Ocean Circulation Explorer
scientific/research
GOES (SMS)Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellitegeostationary-weather
Gokturk? TURKish (satellite)military
GOLD / SES-14Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (payload on SES-14)communications
GOMS (Elektro)Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite geostationary-weather
"GoreSat" (DSCOVR, Triana)(Albert) GORE (Jr.) SATellitesolar-observing
GOSAT (Ibuki)Greenhouse gases Observing SATelliteenvironmental-observing
GPGravity Probescientific/research
GPMGlobal Precipitation Measurementenvironmental-observing
GPS (NAVSTAR)Global Positioning System (satellite)navigation
GridSphereGRID SPHEREmilitary
GSSAP / AFSPC / HornetGSSAP / AFSPCmilitary
HRBE / E1P(William A.) Hiscock Radiation Belt Explorerscientific/research
GRAB (GREB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation And Backgroundsolar-observing
GRACE (ESSP-2) and GRACE-FOGravity Recovery And Climate Experiment - Follow-Onscientific/research
GRAIL-A/B (Ebb/Flow / Discovery-11)Gravity Recovery And Interior Laboratoryplanetary/lunar
GRASP [canceled]Gamma-Ray Astronomy with Spectroscopy and Positioningastronomical/telescope
GREB (GRAB / SolRad / Explorer-30/37/44)Galactic Radiation Energy Backgroundsolar-observing
GRS (Azur) [ESA version]German Research Satellitescientific/research
GRS (CRL-1) [USAF version]Geophysical Research Satellitemilitary
GSTB (GIOVE, Galileo)Galileo System Test Bednavigation
GSat (EduSat, HealthSat; some are also Insat) [also referred to as GramSat]Geostationary SATellitecommunications
GStarGte STARcommunications
GTL (Geotail)Geomagnetic Tail Labscientific/research
GYGao Fenenvironmental-observing
HALCA (Haruka / VSOP / Muses-B)Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomyplanetary/lunar
HASPHigh Altitude Sounding Projectileatmospheric research rockets
HCED / SPARTAN-203 [STS-51L/Challenger, failed]Halley's Comet Experiment Deployableastronomical/telescope
HCMM (Explorer-58)Heat Capacity Mapping Missionscientific/research
HealthSat / GSat-4HEALTH SATellitecommunications
HEAO (HEAO-2 / Einstein)High-Energy Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HellasSatHELLAS (Greece) SATellitecommunications
HEOSHighly Eccentric Orbit Satellitescientific/research
HESSI (RHESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research
HETE-1
HETE-2 (Explorer-79)
High Energy Transient Explorerastronomical/telescope
scientific/research
HGSHughes Global Servicescommunications
HILAT (P83-1, Transit-O16)HIgh LATitude (research satellite)scientific/research
HIPPARCOSHIgh Precision PARalax COllecting Satelliteastronomical/telescope
HispasatHISPAnic SATellitecommunications
HJHuan Jing (environment)environmental-observing
HotBird (Hot Bird)HOT BIRDcommunications
HSO (Herschel, FIRST)Herschel Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
HST (Hubble) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Hubble Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
HTV (Kounotori)H-2 Transfer VehicleISS-related
HY (Ocean)Hai Yangenvironmental-observing
Hydros (ESSP-7)HYDROsphere Stateenvironmental-observing
HYLASHIghLy Adaptable Satellitecommunications
IAE / SPARTAN-207 [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Inflatable Antenna Experimentastronomical/telescope
IBEX (Explorer-91, SMEX-10)Interstellar Boundary Explorerscientific/research
IBSS-SPAS [STS-39/Discovery-deployed and recovered]Infrared Background Signature Survey - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
ICE (ISEE / Explorer-59)International Cometary Explorerscientific/research
ICESatIce, Cloud, and land Elevation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
ICOIntermediate Circular Orbitcommunications
ICON (MIDEX-9)IOnospheric COnnectionscientific/research
IDCSPInitial Defense Communications Satellite Programcommunications
IE (Explorer-20/25/40/52)Ionospheric Explorerscientific/research
IKAROSInterplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sunscientific/research
IMAGE (Explorer-78 / MIDEX-1)Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Explorationscientific/research
IMEWS (DSP)Integrated Missile Early Warning Satellitemilitary
IMEX (UNEX-2) [canceled]Inner Magnetosphere Explorerscientific/research
IMP (each in this series has another name)Interplanetary Monitoring Platform
INDEX (Reimei)INnovative technology Demonstration EXperimentscientific/research
Indostar (Cakrawarta)INDOnesia STARcommunications
InmarsatINternational MARitime SATellite organizationcommunications
Insat [Insat-1B was STS-8/Challenger-deployed, some are also GSat]Indian National SATellitegeostationary-weather
InSight (Discovery-12)INterior exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transportplanetary/lunar
IntasatInstituto Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA) SATellitescientific/research
INTEGRALINTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratoryastronomical/telescope
Intelsat (Early Bird / Blue Bird / Lani Bird / Canary Bird)
[Intelsat-6-3 rocket-launched, STS-49/Endeavour-repaired and re-deployed]
INternational TELecommunications SATellite consortiumcommunications
iPStar??????communications
IRASInfraRed Astronomy Satelliteastronomical/telescope
IRCBInfra-Red Calibration Balloonmilitary
IRIS (ESRO-2) [European version]International Radiation Investigation Satellitescientific/research
IRIS (Astro-F) [Japanese version]InfraRed Imaging Surveyorastronomical/telescope
IRIS [Russian version]Inflatable and RIgidizable StructureRussian
IRIS (SMEX-12 / Explorer-94) [USA version]Interface Region Imaging Spectrographsolar-observing
IRM (AMPTE / Explorer-65)Ion Release Modulescientific/research
IRNSSIndian Regional Navigational Satellite Systemnavigation
IRSIndian Remote Sensingenvironmental-observing
ISEE (Explorer-56/59)International Sun-Earth Explorerscientific/research
ISARAIntegrated Solar Array and Reflectarray Antenna (with imaging payload)scientific/research
ISES (REX)Integrated Space Experiment Systemscientific/research
ISISInternational Satellite for Ionospheric Studiesscientific/research
ISOInfrared Space Observatoryastronomical/telescope
ISS (Ume)Ionospheric Sounding Satellitescientific/research
ISS [space station]International Space StationISS-related
ItalsatITALian SATellitecommunications
IUE (Explorer-57)International Untraviolet Explorerscientific/research
ITOS (NOAA)Improved TIROS Operational Satellitepolar-weather
JAS (Fuji / OSCAR)Japanese Amateur Satelliteamateur radio
JB (FSW)Jian Bingscientific/research
JCSatJapanese Communications SATellitecommunications
JERS (Fuyo)Japanese Environmental Remote Sensing (satellite)environmental-observing
JPSS (formerly NPOESS)Joint Polar Satellite Systempolar-weather
JUNO (New Frontiers-2)JUpiter Near-polar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
JWST (NGST, Webb)James Webb Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
KAISTSatKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology SATellite 4scientific/research
KazEOSatKAZakhstan Earth Observation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
KH (Discoverer, Corona, Argon, Lanyard, Gambit, Hexagon, Big Bird, Kennen, Dorian, Crystal)KeyHolemilitary
KhalifaSat (DubaiSat-3)KHALIFA SATelliteenvironmental-observing
KMS (Kwangmyongsong)Kwang Myong Songscientific/research
Kompsat (Arirang)KOrean Multi-Purpose SATelliteenvironmental-observing
Koreasat (Mugungwha)KOREA SATellitecommunications
KORONAS (CORONAS)Comprehensive ORbital Near-earth Observations of the Active Sunsolar-observing
KOSPAS (COSPAS, SARSAT) [system, not a satellite]KOsmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
(Space System for the Search of Vessels in Distress)
KRT-10 [Salyut-6 payload]"space radio telescope" (in Russian)Russian
KSAT (Hayato)Kagoshima SATellitescientific/research
KySatKentuckY SATellitescientific/research
LADEELunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorerplanetary/lunar
Landsat (ERTS)LAND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LAGEOS [LAGEOS-2 was STS-52/Columbia-deployed]LAser GEOdynamics Satellitescientific/research
LARESLAser RElativity Satellitescientific/research
LCROSSLunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satelliteplanetary/lunar
LDCM (Landsat-8)Landsat Data Continuity Missionenvironmental-observing
LAPAN-A2 (OSCAR-86)"National Institute of Aeronautics and Space"amateur radio
LAPAN-TUBsat / LAPAN-A1 (and A3)"National Institute of Aeronautics and Space" - Technical University of Berlin (TUB) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
LCSLincoln Calibration Spheremilitary
LDEF [STS-41C/Challenger-deployed, STS-32R/Columbia-retrieved]Long Duration Exposure Facilityscientific/research
LDREXLarge-scale Deployable Reflector EXperimentscientific/research
Leasat (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5) [all 5 were STS-deployed]LEAsed SATellitecommunications
LESLincoln Experimental Satellitemilitary
LISA PathfinderLaser Interferometer Space Antenna Pathfinderscientific/research
LitSatLITuania SATelliteISS-related
LituanicaSat / OSCAR-78LITUANICA SATelliteISS-related
LOLunar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
LOADS (Cannonball)LOw Altitude Density Satellitemilitary
LOFTILOw Frequency Trans Ionosphericmilitary
LRPT [system, not a satellite]Low Rate Picture Transmission
LROLunar Reconnaissance Orbiterplanetary/lunar
L-Sat (Olympus)Large-SATellitecommunications
LJ (Loujia)??environmental-observing
LUSat (OSCAR-19)LU [prefix for radio amateurs in Argentina] SATelliteamateur radio
MABES (Jindai)MAgnetic Bearing flywheel Experimental Systemscientific/research
MACSATMultiple Access Communications SATellitemilitary
MagionMAGnetospheric and IONospheric (satellite)Russian
MagSat (Explorer-61)MAGnetosphere SATellitescientific/research
MAK (Mak?) [Mir-deployed]"Small Apparatus for Space" (in Russian, upper atmosphere and ionosphere)Russian
MAP (WMAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research
MaqSatMAQuette SATellitescientific/research
MarecsMARitime European Communications Satellitecommunications
MarisatMARItime communications SATellitecommunications
MarotsMARitime Orbital Test Satellitecommunications
Marsnet [canceled]MARS NETworkplanetary/lunar
MAS (SRET)Maliy Avtonomiy Sputnik (Russian acronym for 'Small Automatic Satellite')scientific/research
MaSat (OSCAR-72)MAgyar SATelliteamateur radio
MASCOT (Hayabusa)Mobile Asteroid Surface sCOuTplanetary/lunar
MAVENMars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioNplanetary/lunar
MCOMars Climate Orbiterplanetary/lunar
MCIM / MCSR [canceled]Multiple Comet Intercept Missioncometary-exploration
MCSR / MCIM [canceled]Multiple Comet Sample Returncometary-exploration
MDS (Tsubasa)Mission Demonstration Satellitescientific/research
MeasatMalaysia East Asia SATellitecommunications
MegsatMEGgiorin SATellitescientific/research
MEPSI [STS-deployed, tethered]Micro Electro-mechanical systems-based PicoSat Inspectorscientific/research
MER / Spirit (rover) / Opportunity (rover)Mars Exploration Roverplanetary/lunar
MESSENGER (Discovery-8)MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Rangingplanetary/lunar
METEOR (originally COMET) [failed]Multiple Experiment Transporter to Earth Orbit and Returnscientific/research
MeteosatMETEOrological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MetOpMETeorological OPerationalpolar-weather
MetSat (Kalpana)METeorological SATellitegeostationary-weather
MexSatMEXican SATellitecommunications
MGSMars Global Surveyorplanetary/lunar
MIDASMIssile Defense Alarm Systemmilitary
MIDEX (each in this series has another name)Medium-class EXplorer
Mightysat-1 (P97-2) [STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]
Mightysat-2 (P97-2, Sindri)
MIGHTY SATellitemilitary
Mika (Dial)MIni KApsel (German for capsule)scientific/research
MilstarMILitary Strategic and TActical Relaymilitary
MINERVA (Hayabusa)MIcro/Nano Experimental Robot Vehicle for Asteroidplanetary/lunar
MinisatMINIature SATelliteastronomical/telescope
MITEXMIcro-satellite Technology Experimentmilitary
MMSMagnetospheric MultiScalescientific/research
MMXMartian Moons eXplorationplanetary/lunar
MOM (Mangalyaan)Mars Orbiter Missionplanetary/lunar
MOPMeteosat Operational Programgeostationary-weather
MOS (Momo)Marine Observation Satelliteenvironmental-observing
MPEMax-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische physikscientific/research
MPEC (USA-70) [STS-39/Discovery-deployed]Multi-Purpose rElease Canistermilitary
MPLMars Polar Landerplanetary/lunar
mRESINSmini REdundant Strapdown Inertial Navigation Systemenvironmental-observing
MROMars Reconaissance Orbiterplanetary/lunar
MSGMeteosat Second Generationgeostationary-weather
MS-T1-T4 (Tansei)?scientific/research
MS-T5 (Sakigake / Planet-prototype / Planet-A1)?cometary-exploration
M-Sat (AMSC)Mobile SATellitecommunications
MSDMultiple Satellite Dispensermilitary
MSL / Curiosity (rover)Mars Science Laboratoryplanetary/lunar
MSXMidcourse Space eXperimentscientific/research
MTG-IMeteosat Third Generation - Imaginggeostationary-weather
MTG-SMeteosat Third Generation - Soundinggeostationary-weather
MTIMulti-spectral Thermal Imagerenvironmental-observing
MTPMeteosat Transition Programgeostationary-weather
MTS (Explorer-46)Meteoroid Technology Satellitescientific/research
MTSat (Himawari)Multi-functional Transport SATellitegeostationary-weather
MUBLCOMMUltiple path Beyond Line of sight COMmunicationcommunications
MUOSMobile User Objective Systemcommunications
MVL-300 (Mikhail Lomonosov)Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov 300astronomical/telescope
M3MSatMaritime Monitoring and Messaging Micro-SATellitescientific/research
N-Sat??? SATellitecommunications
N-Star? STARcommunications
NanosatNANO SATellitescientific/research
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organizationcommunications
NAVSTAR (GPS)NAVigation System using Timing And Rangingnavigation
NAVICNAVigation with Indian Constellationnavigation
NCT-1,2,3 / ST-5a,b.cNanosat Constellation Trailblazerscientific/research
NEAR (Discovery-2) / ShoemakerNear Earth Asteroid Rendezvousplanetary/lunar
NEE-01_Pegaso???scientific/research
NegaiStar (Excelsior)NEGAI STARscientific/research
NEOWISE (NGSS, WISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorerscientific/research
NeXT (Astro-H, Hitomi)NEw X-ray Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NExT (Discovery-4, Stardust)New EXploration of Tempel 1cometary-exploration
NEXTSat/CSC (Orbital Express)NEXT generation SATellite and Commodities SpaceCraftmilitary
NGSS (WISE, NEOWISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Next Generation Sky Surveyscientific/research
NGST (JWST, Webb)Next Generation Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
NilesatNILE SATellitecommunications
NigComSatNIGerian COMmunication SATellitecommunications
NigeriaSatNIGERIA SATelliteenvironmental-observing
NMP (each in this series has another name)New Millennium Program
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationpolar-weather
NOSS (Parcae, Whitecloud, Intruder)Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellitemilitary
NPOESS (now JPSS)National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite Systempolar-weather
NPP (Suomi, S-NPP)Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Projectpolar-weather
NROL (Topaz, Trumpet, Orion, Intruder, Quasar)National Reconnaissance Office Launchmilitary
NSSNetherlands New Skiescommunications
NTSNavigation Technology Satellitenavigation
NUSAT [amateur-built, STS-51B/Challenger-deployed]Northern Utah SATellitescientific/research
NuSat (Aleph, NuSat-1 is OSCAR-87)??environmental-observing
NuSTAR / Explorer-93NUclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARrayscientific/research
OAOOrbiting Astronomical Observatoryastronomical/telescope
OAST Flyer / SPARTAN-206 [STS-72/Endeavour-deployed and recovered]Office of Aeronautical and Space Technology Flyerastronomical/telescope
OceanSat (IRS)OCEAN SATelliteenvironmental-observing
OCO (ESSP-5)Orbiting Carbon Observatoryscientific/research
ODERACSOrbital Debris Radar Calibration Spherescientific/research
OEX-Target [STS-61B-deployed]Orbiter EXperiments - Targetscientific/research
OFOOrbiting Frog Otolithbiological
OGO (POGO)Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research
OICETS (Kirari)Optical Inter-orbit Communication Engineering Test Satellitescientific/research
OneWebONE WEBcommunications
OrbcommORBital COMMunications (Inc.) (satellite telephone constellation)communications
ORBISOrbiting Radio Beacon Ionospheric Satellitemilitary
OrbiscalORBItal ? CALibrationscientific/research
OREX (Ryusei)Orbital Re-entry Experiment Vehiclescientific/research
OrbViewORBital VIEWenvironmental-observing
ORFEUS-SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Orbiting and REtrievable Far and extreme Uv Spectrometer - Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
ORS (ERS / TRS)Octahedral Research Satellitemilitary
ORS [newer series]Operationally Responsive Spacemilitary
OSCAR (Amsat)Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radioamateur radio
OSIRIS-REx (New Frontiers-3)Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security - Regolith EXplorerplanetary/lunar
OSOOrbiting Solar Observatorysolar-observing
OSSIOpen Source Satellite Initiativescientific/research
OSTM (Jason)Ocean Surface Topography Missionenvironmental-observing
OT (TIROS)Operational TIROSpolar-weather
OTSOrbital Test Satellitecommunications
OVOrbiting Vehiclemilitary
O3b???communications
PAGEOSPAssive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellitescientific/research
PakSatPAKistan SATellite)communications
PakTESPAKistan Technology Evaluation Satelliteenvironmental-observing
PAMS-STU [STS-77/Endeavour-deployed]Passive Aerodynamically-stabilized Magnetically-damped Satellite
- Satellite Test Unit
scientific/research
PAN / Nemesis-1Paladium At Nightmilitary
Panamsat (PAS)PAN-AMerican SATellitecommunications
Pansat (OSCAR-34) [STS-95/Discovery-deployed]Petite Amateur Navy SATelliteamateur radio
PARADIGM (Bevo / DRAGONSAT [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]Platform for Autonomous Rendezvous And Docking with Innovative Gn&c Methodsscientific/research
PARASOLPolarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Science
coupled with Observations from a Lidar
environmental-observing
PAS (Panamsat)Pan-American Satellitecommunications
PCSat-1 (OSCAR-44)Prototype Communications SATelliteamateur radio
PDDPrototype Deployment Devicescientific/research
PDP [STS-51F/Challenger-deployed]Plasma Diagnostics Packagescientific/research
PegSatPEGasus rocket-booster launched SATellitescientific/research
PeolePreliminary EOLEscientific/research
PeruSatPERU SATelliteenvironmental-observing
PFOPolar Follow-On systempolar-weather
PhoneSat-1 / Graham / BellPHONE SATellitescientific/research
PICOSatPolymer battery experiment / Ionospheric occultation experiment / Coherent electro magnetic radio tomography / Optical precision platform experiment SATellitescientific/research
PIXPlasma Interaction eXperimentscientific/research
PLA [device, not a satellite]Picosat Launcher Assemblyscientific/research
PMLPhoenix Mars Landerplanetary/lunar
POGO (OGO)Polar Orbiting Geophysical Observatoryscientific/research
POGS & SSR (Stacksat-1)Polar Orbiting Geomagnetic Survey & Solid State Recorderscientific/research
PRC (China)People's Republic of Chinascientific/research
PRISMAPrototype Research Instruments and Space Mission technology Advancementscientific/research
PROCYONPRoximate Object Close flYby with Optical Navigationplanetary/lunar
PROBAPRoject for On-Board Autonomyscientific/research
PROITERESPRoject of OIT Electric-Rocket-Engine onboard small space Shipenvironmental-observing
PRSSPakistan Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
PSP (SPP)Parker Solar Probesolar-observing
PSSCT [STS-deployed]PicoSatellite Solar Cell Testbedscientific/research
P&FS [Apollo-deployed]Particles and Fields Sub-satellitescientific/research
QSS (QUESS, Mozi)Quantum Science Satellite (Quantum Experiments at Space Scale)scientific/research
QuickBirdQUICK BIRDenvironmental-observing
QuikScatQUIcK SCATterometerenvironmental-observing
QuikTOMSQUIcK TOMSenvironmental-observing
QZS (or QZSS / Michibiki)Quasi-Zenith Satellite (System)navigation
RadarsatRADAR SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RadCatRADar CAlibration Targetscientific/research
RadSat (Pi-in-the-sky)RADiation SATellitescientific/research
RadioSkaf (SuitSat / OSCAR-54, ARISSat-1) [ISS-deployed]Radio Skafamateur radio
RAE (Explorer-38/49)Radio Astronomy Explorerscientific/research
Rascom-QAFRegional African Satellite COMmunication organization - ???communications
RBSP (Van Allen Probes)Radiation Belt Storm Probesscientific/research
RCMRadarsat Constellation Missionenvironmental-observing
RDTSRadar Tracking Density Satellitemilitary
REPRendezvous Evaluation Podscientific/research
ResourceSat (IRS)RESOURCE SATelliteenvironmental-observing
REX (ISES)Radiation EXperimentscientific/research
REXS (Denpa)Radiation EXperiments Satellitescientific/research
RHESSI (HESSI, Explorer-81 / SMEX-6)Ramathy High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imagerscientific/research
RigidSphereRIGID SPHEREmilitary
RM (Discoverer, Corona)Research Modulemilitary
RM (RMS)Radiation Meteroid (Satellite)scientific/research
ROSARoll-Out Solar Arrayscientific/research
Rocsat (Formosat / Chunghua)Republic Of China (Taiwan) SATelliteenvironmental-observing
RosatROentgen SATelliteastronomical/telescope
RPP (NROL)Rapid Pathfinder Programmilitary
RS [some were [Mir-deployed or ISS-deployed]Radio Sputnik (Radio Sport Federation)amateur
RSS (Yaogan)Remote Sensing Satelliteenvironmental-observing
RTSResearch Test Seriesmilitary
RXTE (XTE / Explorer-69 / MIDEX-(-2))Rossi X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research
SAC [SAC-A was STS-88/Endeavour-deployed]Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientificoenvironmental-observing
SACISAtellite CIentíficoenvironmental-observing
SAGE (Explorer-60)Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experimentscientific/research
SAMOSSatellite And Missile Observation Satellitemilitary
SAMPEX (Explorer-68 / SMEX-1)Solar Anomalous Magnetospheric Particle EXplorerscientific/research
SamSat / Kontakt-Nanosputnik)SAMara (State Aerospace University (SSAU)) SATellitescientific/research
SAOCOMSatélite Argentino de Observación Con Microondasenvironmental-observing
SAPPHIRE (OSCAR-45)Stanford Audio Phonic Photographic InfraRed Experimentamateur radio
SARSynthetic Aperture Radarscientific/research
SAR-LupeSynthetic Aperture Radar - "magnifier"military
SARASatellite Amateur de Radio-Astronomie, or Satellite pour Astronomie Radio Amateurastronomical/telescope
SARALSatellite with ARgos and ALtikaenvironmental-observing
SARSAT (COSPAS, KOSPAS) [system, not a satellite]Search And Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking
SAS (Explorer-42/48/53)Small Astronomy Satellitescientific/research
Satcom [Satcom-Ku1 and Ku2 were STS-61C/Columbia launched and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]SATellite COMmuicationscommunications
SatMexSATellite MEXicocommunications
SaudiGeoSatSaudi [Arabia] GEOstationary SATellitecommunications
SBIRSSpace Based InfraRed Sensormilitary
SBS [SBS-3 and 4 were STS-5/Columbia-deployed and STS-41C/Discovery-deployed, respectively]Satellite Business Systemscommunications
SBSSSpace-Based Space Surveillance Systemmilitary
SCATHA (P78-2)Spacecraft Charging AT High Altitudescientific/research
SCDSatelites de Coleta de Dadoscommunications
SCE (Stacksat-3)Selective Communications Experimentscientific/research
SciSatSCIence SATellitescientific/research
SCORE (Chatterbox)Signal Communication by ORbiting RElaycommunications
SDIStratgic Defense Initiativemilitary
SDOSolar Dynamics Observatorysolar-observing
SDS (Quasar) [SDS-2-1, 2-2, and 2-3 were STS-28R/Columbia-deployed, STS-38/Atlantis-deployed, and STS-53/Discovery-deployed, respectively]Satellite Data Systemcommunications
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)SEA STARenvironmental-observing
SeaWiFS (SeaStar / OrbView-2)SEA-viewing WIde Field-of-view Sensor (instrument)environmental-observing
SeaSatSpecialized Experimental Applications SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SECOR (EGRS)SEquential COllation of Rangenavigation
SELENE (Kaguya)SELenological and ENgineering Explorerplanetary/lunar
SEO (Bhaskara)Satellite for Earth Observationscientific/research
SEOSAR (Paz)Satélite Español de Observaciónenvironmental-observing
SEOSat (Ingenio)Spanish Earth Observation SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SERTSpace Electric Rocket Testscientific/research
SERVISSpace Environment Reliability Verification Integrated Systemscientific/research
SESSociété Européenne des Satellitescommunications
SESATSiberia - Europe SATellitecommunications
SEVScout Evaluation Vehiclescientific/research
SFU [rocket-launched, STS-72/Endeavour-retrieved]Space Flyer Unitastronomical/telescope
SGDCSatélite Geoestacionário de Defesa e Comunicações Estratégicascommunications
SICRALSistema Italiana de Communicazione Riservente ALlarmicommunications
SIGNE (D-2)Solar Interplanetary Gamma-Neutron Experimentscientific/research
SimpleSat [STS-105/Discovery-deployed]SIMPLE SATellitescientific/research
SinosatSINO (China) SATellitecommunications
SIR [STS-payload]Shuttle Imaging RadarSpace Shuttle and satellites
SIRIOSatellite Italiano Ricerca Industriale Orientatacommunications
SiriusXM (XM)Sirius-XMcommunications
SIRTF (SST, Spitzer)Space InfraRed Telescope Facilityastronomical/telescope
SJ (Practice)Shi Jianscientific/research
SkySatSKY SATelliteenvironmental-observing
SLDCOMSatellite Launch Dispenser Communicationsmilitary
Sloshsat-FLEVOSLOSHSAT Facility for Liquid Experimentation and Verification in Orbitscientific/research
SMAPSoil Moisture Active-Passiveenvironmental-observing
SMARTSmall Missions for Advanced Research in Technologyplanetary/lunar
SME (Explorer-64)Solar Mesosphere Explorerscientific/research
SMEX (each in this series has another name)SMall EXplorer
SMM [rocket-launched, STS-41C/Challenger-repaired and re-deployed]Solar Maximum Missionsolar-observing
SMOS / Earth Explorer-2Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinityenvironmental-observing
SMS (GOES)Synchronous Meteorological Satellitegeostationary-weather
SNAPSurrey Nanosatellite Applications Platformscientific/research
Snapshot (carrying a SNAP RTG)(Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator)military
SNOE (Explorer-72 / STEDI-1)Student Nitric Oxide Explorerscientific/research
S-NPP (Suomi, NPP)Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, formerly known as the NPOESS Preparatory Projectpolar-weather
SOHOSOlar and Heliospheric Observatorysolar-observing
SolRad (GREB / GRAB / Explorer-30/37/44)SOLar RADiationsolar-observing
Solwind (P78-1)SOlar WINDsolar-observing
SOMPStudent's Oxygen Measurement Projectscientific/research
SORCESOlar Radiation and Climate Experimentsolar-observing
SpacenetSPACE NETworkcommunications
SpainSatSPAIN SATellitecommunications
SPARTAN [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for AstroNomyastronomical/telescope
SPAS [STS-deployed and recovered]Shuttle PAllet Satellitescientific/research
SPHINXSpace Plasma High voltage INteraction eXperimentscientific/research
SPIDR (SMEX-8) [canceled]Spectroscopy and Photometry of the Intergalactic medium's Diffuse Radiationastronomical/telescope
SPIRALESystème Préparatoire Infra-Rouge pour l'ALErtemilitary
SPOTSatellite Probatoire de l'Observation de la Terre
Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre
environmental-observing
SPP (PSP)Solar Probe Plussolar-observing
SPRINT / EXCEED / Hisaki??????astronomical/telescope
SRATS (Taiyo)Solar Radiation And Thermospheric Satellitescientific/research
SRET (MAS)Satellite de Recherches et d'Études Technologiquesscientific/research
SRL [STS-payload]Space Radar LaboratorySpace Shuttle and satellites
SROSSStretched ROhini Satellite Seriesscientific/research
SRTM [STS-payload]Shuttle Radar Topography MissionSpace Shuttle and satellites
SS-1 / ShinseiShinSeiscientific/research
SSF (USA-41, others)???military
SSS (Explorer-45)Small Scientific Satellitescientific/research
SSSatSolarsail Subpayload SATellitescientific/research
SST (SIRTF)Spitzer Space Telescopeastronomical/telescope
ST (ZX / ChinaSat) [China/PRC]Shen Tongcommunications
ST [Singapore/Taiwan]Singapore Telecomcommunications
ST (ST-5a,b,c: NCT-1,2,3)Space Technologyscientific/research
Stacksat-1/2/3 (POGS & SSR / TEX / SCE)STACKed SATellitesscientific/research
STARLET (STARLETTE)Satellite de Taille Adaptée avec Réflecteurs Laser por les Etudes de la Terre (Satellite de Taille Adaptée avec Réflecteurs Laser por les ETudes de la TErre)scientific/research
STARS [canceled]Seismic Telescope for Astrophysical Research from Spaceastronomical/telescope
STDNSpacecraft Tracking and Data (Acquisition) Network
STARSHINE-1, 2, and 4
STARSHINE-3 (OSCAR-43)
Student Tracked Atmospheric Research Satellite for Heuristic International Networking Equipmentscientific/research
amateur radio
STEDI (each in this series has another name)STudent Explorer Demonstration Initiative
STENTOR [failed]Satellite de Télécommunications pour Expérimenter les Nouvelles Technologies en ORbitecommunications
STEP (military)Space Test Experimental Programmilitary
STEP (proposed)Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principlescientific/research
STEREOSolar-TErrestrial RElations Observatorysolar-observing
STP P78 (Solwind, SCATHA)Space Test Programscientific/research
STPSat (with TCTE)Space Technology Program SATellite (with TSI Calibration Transfer Experiment)military
STRaNDSurrey Training Research and Nanosatellite Demonstratorscientific/research
STRVSpace Technology Research Vehiclescientific/research
STS (Space Shuttle)Space Transportation System: Atlantis, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Endeavour, and Enterprise (tests only)Shuttle-related
STSATScience and Technology SATellitescientific/research
STVSatellite Test Vehiclescientific/research
SuitSat (RadioSkaf-1, OSCAR-54) [ISS-deployed]SUIT SATelliteamateur radio
SunSat (OSCAR-35)SUN SATelliteamateur radio
SuperbirdSUPER BIRDcommunications
SurCalSURveillance CALibrationscientific/research
SVOMSpace-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitorastronomical/telescope
SWAS (Explorer-74 / SMEX-3)Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellitescientific/research
SWOTSurface Water and Ocean Topographyenvironmental-observing
SY (TS, Tansuo)ShiYan (Experiment)environmental-observing
Syncom (Syncom-4-1 — Syncom-4-5 (Leasat) [STS-deployed])SYNchronous COMmunications (satellite)communications
TacomsatTActical COMmunications SATellitecommunications
TacSatTActical Communications SATellitecommunications
TAOSTechnology for Autonomous Operational Satellitemilitary
TAVEThor Agena Vibration Experimentscientific/research
TC (DoubleStar)Tan Ce (probe)scientific/research
TD (ESRO)Thor Deltascientific/research
TDFTélédiffusion de Francecommunications
TDRS [TDRS-1 — TDRS-7 were STS-deployed]Tracking and Data Relay Satellitecommunications
TEAMSATTechnology education Experiment Added to MaqSAT)scientific/research
TechEdSatTECHnical and EDucational SATellitescientific/research
TelecomTELECOMmunications (satellite)communications
TelkomTELeKOMmunications (satellite)communications
Telesat (Anik) [Telesat-6 — Telesat-9 were STS-deployed]TELEphone SATellitecommunications
Telstar [Telstar-3C and 3D were STS-41D/Discovery-deployed and STS-51G/Discovery-deployed, respectively]TELephone STARcommunications
TemisatTElespazio MIcro SATelliteenvironmental-observing
TEMPESTTemporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems - DemonstratorISS-related
TerreStarTERRE STARcommunications
TERRIERS (Explorer-76 / STEDI-2)Tomographic Experiment using Radiative Recombinative Ionospheric EUV
and Radio Sources
scientific/research
TESS (MIDEX-7 / Explorer-95)Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satelliteastronomical/telescope
TETRTEst and TRaining (satellite)scientific/research
TGO (ExoMars 2016)Trace Gas Orbiterplanetary/lunar
ThaicomTHAIland COMmumicationscommunications
THEMIS (Explorer-85 — Explorer-89 / MIDEX-5A/5E)Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substormsscientific/research
THEOSTHailand Earth Observation Systemenvironmental-observing
TEX (Stacksat-2)Transceiver EXperimentscientific/research
TIMATIONTIMe navigATIONnavigation
TIMEDThermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics and Dynamicsscientific/research
TIP (Triad)Transit Improvement Programnavigation
TIROSTelevision and InfraRed Observation Satellitepolar-weather
TKTianKunscientific/research
TNS [ISS-deployed]Technologicesky NanoSputnikRussian
TOMS-EP (EP)Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer - Earth Probeenvironmental-observing
TOPEX (Poseidon)ocean TOPography EXperimentenvironmental-observing
TopoTOPOgraphic (satellite)navigation
Topsi (Explorer-20)TOPSIde sounderscientific/research
TOS (TIROS)TIROS Operational Systempolar-weather
Tomsk-TPU-120 [ISS deployed]Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityRussian
TRAACTransit Research And Altitude Controlnavigation
TRACE (Explorer-73 / SMEX-4)Transition Region And Coronal Explorerscientific/research
TranstageTRAN??? STAGEscientific/research
TRMMTropical Rainfall Measuring Missionenvironmental-observing
TRS (ERS / ORS)Tetrahedral Research Satellitemilitary
TS (SY, Shiyan)TanSuoenvironmental-observing
TSS [STS-deployed and recovered]Tethered Satellite Systemscientific/research
TUBsatTechnical University of Berlin (TUB) SATellitescientific/research
Tugsat-1 (BRITE, CanX-3B)Technology University Graz SATelliteastronomical/telescope
TurkmenAlemTURKMEN ALEMcommunications
Turkmenistan Memorial Capsule (Dnepr)Turkmenistan Memorial Capsulescientific/research
TurksatTURKish SATellitecommunications
TV-SatTeleVision SATellitecommunications
UAPSatUniversidad Alas Peruanas SATellitescientific/research
UARUpper Atmospheric Researchatmospheric research rockets
UARS [STS-41G/Discovery-deployed]Upper Atmosphere Research Satelliteenvironmental-observing
UFOUhf-Follow Oncommunications
UGATUSAT (RS-28)Ufimskiy Gosudarstvenniy Aviatsionniy Tekhnicheskiy Universitet SATelliteamateur radio
UK (Ariel)United Kingdomscientific/research
UKS (AMPTE / Explorer-65)United Kingdom Sub-satellitescientific/research
UNEX (each in this series has another name)UNiversity-class EXplorer
UNITEC (Shi'nen)UNIversity space engineering consortium TEChnology (satellite)scientific/research
UNOSATUNdergraduate Orbital student SATellitescientific/research
UoSat (OSCAR)University of Surrey (UK) SATelliteamateur radio
UPM-LBSat / UPMSatUniversidad Politécnica de Madrid SATellitescientific/research
US-K (Oko)???Russian
USA (each in this series has another name)United States of America
VCL (ESSP-1)Vegetation Canopy Lidarenvironmental-observing
VCO (Planet-C)Venus Climate Orbitercometary-exploration
VegaVEnera GAlleicometary-exploration
VeneSat (Simon Bolivar)VENEzuela SATellitecommunications
VENuSVegetation and Environment monitoring New Micro (u) Satelliteenvironmental-observing
ViaSatVIA SATellitecommunications
Vinasat[Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group (VNPT)] SATellitecommunications
VNREDSatVietnam Natural Resources, Environment and Disaster monitoring SATelliteenvironmental-observing
VSMVector Sum Experimentmilitary
VSOP (HALCA / Haruka / Muses-B)Very Large Baseline Interferometry Space Observatory Programmeplanetary/lunar
WasedaSATWadesa university SATellitescientific/research
WEFAX [system, not a satellite]WEather Facsimile
Westar [Westar-6 was STS-41B/Challenger-deployed and STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]WEstern union STARcommunications
Wika (Dial)WIssenschafts-KApselscientific/research
WindSat (Coriolis)WIND SATelliteenvironmental-observing
WIRE (Explorer-75 / SMEX-5)Wide-field InfraRed Explorerscientific/research
WISE (NGSS, NEOWISE, Explorer-92, MIDEX-6)Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorerscientific/research
WMAP (MAP / Explorer-80 / MIDEX-2)Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probescientific/research
WorldViewWORLD VIEWenvironmental-observing
WRESATWeapon Research Establishment SATellitescientific/research
WSF [STS-deployed]Wake Sheild Facilityscientific/research
X-series (Orba, Prospero, Miranda)scientific/research
XEUSX-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopyastronomical/telescope
XM (SiriusXM)Sirius-XMcommunications
XMM (Newton)X-ray Multi-mirror Missionastronomical/telescope
XTE (RXTE / Explorer-69, MIDEX-(-2))X-ray Timing Explorerscientific/research
XY (Kaituo)Xin Yanscientific/research
YahSatal YAH SATellite Communications Companycommunications
YESYoung Engineer's Satellitescientific/research
ZX (ChinaSat)ZhongXingcommunications
ZY-1 (CBERS)
ZY-2 and ZY-3 (Resouce)
Zi Yuan
Zhong Guo Zi Yuan
environmental-observing


HJM blue
Satellite Name (Other Names or Acronyms)Meaning (or Named After)Type/Discipline
Non-compound-term (Non-"Acronym") Names
Aqua (EOS)waterenvironmental-observing
Advent [canceled]communications
Aerosscientific/research
AistRussian
Ajisai (EGP / EGS)hydrangeascientific/research
Al-Amal / Hope / EMMplanetary/lunar
Akari (Astro-F)lightastronomical/telescope
Akatsuki (Planet-C)daybreakcometary-exploration
Akebono (EXOS-D)dawnscientific/research
Aleph (NuSat. NuSat-1 is OSCAR-87)environmental-observing
Almazdiamondenvironmental-observing
Alouettemeadowlarkscientific/research
Amazonascommunications
Anik (Telesat) [Anik-C1 — Anik-C3 and Anik-D2 were STS-deployed]brothercommunications
Athena-Fidus??communications
Aquacade (Rhyolite)military
Aquarius (SAC-D / ESSP-6)environmental-observing
Argon (KH5)military
Anatoliacommunications
Argos [system, not a satellite, not an acronym; data collection and location system]
Arirang (Kompsat)environmental-observing
Ariabata (Aryabhata)Indian astronomer and mathematicianscientific/research
Ariel (UK)spirit of the airscientific/research
Arsene (OSCAR-24)amateur radio
Aryabhata (Ariabata)scientific/research
Aurorascientific/research
Astérix (A-1)scientific/research
Astracommunications
Astridbeautiful goddessscientific/research
Astro (Hinotori, Tenma, Ginga, Asuka / ASCA, Akari / IRIS, and Hitori / NeXT)astronomical/telescope
Astronastronomical/telescope
Asuka (Astro-D / ASCA)Japanese districtastronomical/telescope
Atlantic Birdcommunications
Aura (D-2B)bluescientific/research
Aura (EOS)blueenvironmental-observing
Aureole (Oreol / ARCAD)haloRussian
Aurorae (ESRO-1A)scientific/research
Ayame (ECS)iriscommunications
Azur (GRS)sky bluescientific/research
Badrfull moonscientific/research
Baumanets-1 (RS-27)amateur radio
Beaconscientific/research
Beidou (BD)compassnavigation
BepiColomboGiuseppe "Bepi" Colomboplanetary/lunar
Bevo (PARADIGM, DRAGONSAT) [STS-127/Endeavour-deployed]University of Texas mascot namescientific/research
Bhaskara (SEO)scientific/research
BhutanISS-related
Big Bird (KH9 / Hexagon)military
Biomass / Earth Explorer-7environmental-observing
Bionbiological
Blue Bird (Intelsat-2-1)communications
eBird (Eutelsat)communications
Boreas (ESRO-1B)north windscientific/research
Cakrawarta (Indostar)communications
Canary Bird (Intelsat-2-3)communications
Cannonball (LOADS)military
Canyonmilitary
CarbonSat (TanSat)environmental-observing
Cariane [canceled]scientific/research
Cassini (-Huygens)Giovanni Cassini (and Christian Huygens)planetary/lunar
Castor (D-5B)to excel, to shinescientific/research
Celestis (space burial)scientific/research
Chalet (Vortex)military
ChampollionJean-François Champollioncometary-exploration
Chandra (CXO, CXRO, AXAF) [STS-93/Columbia-deployed]S. Chandrasekharastronomical/telescope
ChandrayaanMoon vehicleplanetary/lunar
Chang'eancient Chinese moon goddessplanetary/lunar
Chasqui-1 [ISS-deployed](nanosatellite)scientific/research
Chatterbox (SCORE)communications
Chibis-M (RS-39)amateur radio
China/PRCscientific/research
Cheollian (COMS / Geo-Kompsat)geostationary weather
Chunghua (Rocsat / Formosat)environmental-observing
Clementine (DSPSE)planetary/lunar
Clementine (cubesat)scientific/research
Cluster (Salsa, Samba, Rumba, Tango)scientific/research
Compton (CGRO) [STS-37/Atlantis-deployed]Arthur Comptonastronomical/telescope
Copernicus (OAO-3)Nicolaus Copernicusastronomical/telescope
Copernicus (Sentinel-3)environmental-observing
Coriolis (WindSat)Gaspard-Gustave Coriolisenvironmental-observing
Corona (Discoverer, KH, RM)military
Cosmos (Kosmos)spaceRussian
Couriercommunications
Crystal (Kennen, KH11)military
Curiosity (rover) / Mars Science Laboratoryplanetary/lunar
CygnusISS-related
D-Star-Onecommunications
Daichi (ALOS)great first son OR great landenvironmental-observing
Darwin [canceled]Charles Darwinastronomical/telescope
Dawn (Discovery-9)planetary/lunar
Deep Impact (EPOXI / Discovery-7)cometary-exploration
Delfi-C3 / OSCAR-64amateur radio
Delta-Starmilitary
Denpa (REXS)radio wavescientific/research
Diademe (D-1C and D-1D)scientific/research
Diapason (D-1A)wavebandscientific/research
Discoverer (Corona, KH, RM)military
Discovery (each in this series has another name)
Dnepr (Turkmenistan Memorial Capsule)scientific/research
Dorian (KH10)military
DoubleStar (TC)scientific/research
Dove Pioneer (single-type Flock)scientific/research
DragonISS-related
Early Bird (Intelsat-1)communications
EarlyBird [commercial]environmental-observing
Earth Explorer (each in this series has another name)
Ebb / GRAIL-A (Discovery-11)planetary/lunar
Echocommunications
Einstein (HEAO-2)Albert Einsteinscientific/research
Ekran (Statsionar)screencommunications
Elektro (GOMS)geostationary-weather
ElektronelectronRussian
Eolewindscientific/research
Equator-Sscientific/research
Es'hailcommunications
Essaimswarm (French)military
Excelsior (NegaiStar)scientific/research
Explorer (many other names as well)
Explorer-1
scientific/research
Ekspressexpresscommunications
Fengyun (FY-1 and FY-3)
Fengyun (FY-2 and FY-4)
wind-cloudpolar-weather
geostationary-weather
Feniks (Yantar)Russian
Fermi (GLAST, FGST)Enrico Fermiastronomical/telescope
Firewheelscientific/research
Flashing Light Unitscientific/research
Fleshka [ISS-deployed]flash drive (attached to bag of towels)Russian
Flock (including single Dove Pioneer)scientific/research
Flow / GRAIL-B (Discovery-11)planetary/lunar
Fobos (Phobos)planetary/lunar
FotonphotonRussian
France-1 (FR-1)scientific/research
FrejaOld Norse goddessscientific/research
Fuji (JAS / OSCAR)wisteriaamateur radio
Fuyo (JERS)rose mallowenvironmental-observing
Galaxycommunications
Galileo [USA version] [STS-34/Atlantis-deployed]Galileo Galileiplanetary/lunar
Galileo (GIOVE, GSTB) [ESA version]Galileo Galileinavigation
Gambit (KH7/8)military
Gammascientific/research
GaoJing (SuperView)environmental-observing
Garudacommunications
Genesis (Discovery-5)solar-observing
Gezier (Potok, Kosmos)communications
Ginga (Astro-C)galaxyastronomical/telescope
GiottoGiotto di Bondonecometary-exploration
Gloryenvironmental-observing
GoddardRobert H. Goddardastronomical/telescope
Gonetsmessengercommunications
Gorizonthorizoncommunications
Granat (Astron-2)astronomical/telescope
Gurwin (TechSat, Technion, OSCAR)amateur radio
Hakucho (CORSA-B)swabscientific/research
Haruka (HALCA / VSOP / Muses-B)far-awayplanetary/lunar
Hawkeye (Explorer-52)scientific/research
Hayabusa (Muses-C)falconplanetary/lunar
Hayato (KSAT)scientific/research
Helios (French)military
Helios (German)solar-observing
Heragoddess of marriageplanetary/lunar
Hermes (CTS)communications
Hermes (CubeSat design)communications
Herschel (HSO / FIRST)William Herschelastronomical/telescope
Heweliusz (CanX-3D)astronomical/telescope
Hexagon (KH9 / Big Bird)military
Himawari (GMS, MTSat)sunflowergeostationary-weather
Hinode (Solar-B)sunrisesolar-observing
Hinotori (Astro-A)phoenixastronomical/telescope
Hiten (Muses-A)planetary/lunar
Hitomi (Astro-H, NeXT)astronomical/telescope
Hope / Al-Amal / EMMplanetary/lunar
Horizonscommunications
Hornet / GSSAP / AFSPCmilitary
Horyu (AEGIS)scientific/research
Hubble (HST) [STS-31R/Discovery-deployed and STS-repaired]Edwin Hubbleastronomical/telescope
Humanity Starscientific/research
Ibuki (GOSAT)breathenvironmental-observing
Ikonosimageenvironmental-observing
Informator (RS-14)amateur radio
Ingenio (SEOSat)environmental-observing
Injun (Explorer-25/40/52)scientific/research
Inspector-1 [Mir-deployed]Russian
InterbolRussian
Intercosmos (Interkosmos)Russian
Interkosmos (Intercosmos)Russian
Intruder (NOSS-3)military
Ionosfernaya (Kosmos-318/381 type)Russian
Iridium(satellite telephone constellation)communications
Iridium-NEXT(satellite telephone constellation)communications
Iskra [Iskra-2 and 3 were Salyut-7 deployed]sparkamateur radio
Jason (OSTM)environmental-observing
Jikiken (EXOS-B)magnetospherescientific/research
Jindai (MABES)cherry treescientific/research
Jumpseatmilitary
Kaguya (SELENE)lunar princessplanetary/lunar
Kaituo (XY)Xin Yanscientific/research
Kakehashi / COMETSscientific/research
Kalpana (MetSat)Chawla Kalpana (astronaut)geostationary-weather
Kanopusenvironmental-observing
Kedr (ARISSat-1, RadioSkaf-2) [ISS-deployed]Siberian pineamateur radio
Kennen (Crystal, KH11)military
Kepler (Discovery-10)Johannes Keplerastronomical/telescope
Kiku (ETS)chrysanthemumscientific/research
Kinshachi (ChubuSat)scientific/research
Kirari (OICETS)scientific/research
Kitsat (Uribyol / OSCAR)amateur radio
Kodama / DRTScommunications
Kolibri (RS-21)amateur radio
Kondorenvironmental-observing
Kopernikus (DFS)Nicolaus Copernicuscommunications
Korabl-Sputnik (Sputnik-4/6 and 9/10)Russian
Kosmos (Cosmos)spaceRussian
Kounotori (HTV)ISS-related
Kuaizhouenvironmental-observing
Kuiper Express / now New Horizons (New Frontiers-1)planetary/lunar
Kwangmyongsong (KMS)bright star or brilliant starscientific/research
Kyokko (EXOS-A)aurorascientific/research
Lacrosse (Onyx, USA) [Lacrosse-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
Lani Bird (Intelsat-2-2)communications
Lanyard (KH6)military
Lem (CanX-3C)astronomical/telescope
Lemurscientific/research
Libertad [amateur-built]libertyscientific/research
Lomonosov (MVL-300)Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomomosovastronomical/telescope
Longjiang / DSLWPdragon riverplanetary/lunar
Luchbeamcommunications
Luna (Lunik)moonplanetary/lunar
Lunar-Aplanetary/lunar
Lunar Orbiterplanetary/lunar
Lunar Prospector (Discovery-3)planetary/lunar
Lunik (Luna)occasionally used by western mediaplanetary/lunar
Lunokhod (lunar rover)moon walkerplanetary/lunar
Luojia (LJ)??environmental-observing
Magellan [STS-30R/Atlantis-deployed]Ferdinand Magellanplanetary/lunar
Magnum (Orion, USA) [Magnum-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Mak (MAK?) [Mir-deployed]poppyRussian
Mangalyaan (MOM)Mars craft/vehicleplanetary/lunar
Marcopolo (BSB)Marco Polocommunications
Marco Polo [canceled]Marco Poloplanetary/lunar
Marinerplanetary/lunar
Mariner Mark II [canceled]cometary-exploration
Marsplanetary/lunar
Mars Expressplanetary/lunar
Mars Observerplanetary/lunar
Mars Odyssey (formerly Mars Surveyor Orbiter)planetary/lunar
Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner (rover) (Discovery-1)planetary/lunar
Mars Surveyor Orbiter (now Mars Odyssey)planetary/lunar
Mechta (Luna-1, Lunik-1)dreamplanetary/lunar
Megha-Tropiquesenvironmental-observing
Mercury Balloonscientific/research
Meridiancommunications
Mesbahwindscientific/research
Meteor [USSR/Russia]polar-weather
Michibiki (or QZS(S))guidancenavigation
Midori (ADEOS)greenenvironmental-observing
Mir [space station]"world", "peace", and "village"
Miranda (X-4)scientific/research
Misty (USA) [Misty-1 was STS-36/Atlantis-deployed]military
Mohammedenvironmental-observing
Molniyalightningcommunications
Momo (MOS)peach blossomenvironmental-observing
MonacoSatMONACO SATellitecommunications
Monitor-Eenvironmental-observing
Morelos [Morelos-A and B were STS-51G/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]José María Moreloscommunications
Mozhayets (RS-16, RS-20, RS-22, RS-25)amateur radio
Mozi (QSS, QUESS)scientific/research
KMugungwha (Koreasat)communications
Muninone of two Old Norse ravens, the other being Huginscientific/research
Mylar Balloonmilitary
Nadezhda (Kosmos-1383/1447/1574)hopenavigation
Naduvaniy Hazovoy Ballon [Mir-deployed]Russian
Nahuelcommunications
Nemesis / PAN / CLIOmilitary
NetLander [canceled]planetary/lunar
New Frontiers (each in this series has another name)
New Horizons (New Frontiers-1) / formerly Kuiper Expressplanetary/lunar
Newton (XMM)Isaac Newtonastronomical/telescope
Nimbusrainstorm or cloudpolar-weather
NimiqInuit word used for an object or a force which binds things togethercommunications
Nova (Transit)navigation
Nozomi (Planet-B)hopecometary-exploration
Ocean (HY)oceanenvironmental-observing
OdinOld Norse godscientific/research
Ofeqhorizonmilitary
OhsumiJapanese provincescientific/research
Ohzora (EXOS-C)skyscientific/research
Okeanoceanenvironmental-observing
Olympus (L-Sat)communications
Omega (Kosmos)Russian
Omidscientific/research
Onyx (Lacrosse, USA) [Onyx-1 was STS-27R/Atlantis-deployed]military
Opportunity (rover) / MERplanetary/lunar
Orba (X-2)scientific/research
Orbital Express (ASTRO and NEXTSat/CSC)military
Oreol (Aureole / ARCAD)Russian
Orion [military] (Magnum, USA) [Orion-1 and 2 were STS-51C/Discovery-deployed and STS-33R/Discovery-deployed, respectively]military
Orion [communications]communications
Orizuru (DEBUT)folded paper cranescientific/research
OerstedHans Christian Ørstedscientific/research
Oko (US-K)Russian
Optus (Aussat) [Optus-A1 and A2 were STS-51I/Discovery-deployed and STS-61B/Atlantis-deployed, respectively]second largest telecommunications company in Australiacommunications
Oscar (Transit)navigation
Owl (Explorer)scientific/research
P11military
Palapa [Palapa-B1 and B2 were STS-7/Challenger-deployed and STS-41B/Challenger-deployed, respectively; Palapa-B2 was STS-51A/Discovery-recovered]fruit of laborcommunications
Parcae (NOSS-1, Whitecloud)military
Paz (SEOSAR)environmental-observing
Pearl Rubymilitary
Pegasus (cubesat, Austria)winged flying horsescientific/research
Pegasus (USA)winged flying horsescientific/research
Philae (Rosetta lander)cometary-exploration
Phobos (Fobos)planetary/lunar
Phobos-Grunt (Fobos)planetary/lunar
Picardsolar-observing
PicoDragonscientific/research
Pion [Resurs-deployed]Russian
Pioneer (Pioneer-0 — Pioneer-E)
Pioneer (Pioneer-10 — Pioneer-13)
scientific/research
planetary/lunar
Planet (Sakigake, Suisei, and Nozomi)cometary-exploration
Planck (COBRAS-SAMBA)Max Planckastronomical/telescope
Pleiadesenvironmental-observing
Polaire (D-2A)scientific/research
Pollux (D-5A)scientific/research
PolyotflightRussian
Poppymilitary
Porcupine (Dodecapole)scientific/research
Poseidon (TOPEX)environmental-observing
Potok (Gezier, Kosmos)communications
Practice (SJ)practicescientific/research
Priroda (Meteor)naturepolar-weather
Prognozprognosis or forecastRussian
Prometheusmilitary
Prospero (X-3)scientific/research
ProtonprotonRussian
Prowlermilitary
Quasar (SDS, NROL)military
Radio-Astron (Spektr-R)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
Queqiaobridge of magpiesplanetary/lunar
Radugacommunications
Rangerplanetary/lunar
Rasatobservationenvironmental-observing
Reimei (INDEX)scientific/research
Relaycommunications
ReliktRussian
Resource (ZY-2 and ZY-3)China/PRC earth Resource (satellite)environmental-observing
Resursresourceenvironmental-observing
Rhyolite (Aquacade)military
Rohiniscientific/research
Rosettacometary-exploration
Rubinscientific/research
Ryusei (OREX)scientific/research
S-Netscientific/research
Sakigake (Planet-prototype / Planet-A1 / MS-T5)pioneercometary-exploration
Sakura (CS)cherry blossom?communications
Salyut [space station]"salute" or "fireworks"
San MarcoSaint Markscientific/research
Schiaparelli (EDM, ExoMars 2016)Entry, Descent and landing Demonstrator Moduleplanetary/lunar
SeaStar (OrbView-2, SeaWiFS)environmental-observing
Sentinel (and other names)environmental-observing
Shin'en (UNITEC-1)scientific/research
Shin'en-2 (OSCAR-82)amateur radio
Shinsei / SS-1new star, novascientific/research
Shiyan (SY, TS, Tansuo)environmental-observing
Shikisai (GCOM-C)dripenvironmental-observing
Shizuku (GCOM-W)dripenvironmental-observing
Shoemaker (Discovery-2) / NEAREugene M. Shoemakerplanetary/lunar
Sichsickleenvironmental-observing
Simon Bolivar (VeneSat)Simon Bolivarcommunications
Sindri (Mightysat-2, P97-2)military
Siriuscommunications
Sfera-53 [ISS-deployed]53-cm diameter sphereRussian
SkyMexico (Sky Mexico)communications
SkyMuster (Sky Muster)communications
SkynetSKY NETworkcommunications
Sojourner (rover) / Mars Pathfinder (Discovery-1)planetary/lunar
Solar-A (Yohkoh)solar-observing
Solar-B (Hinode)solar-observing
Solar Orbitersolar-observing
Solidaridadsolidaritycommunications
Sparkenvironmental-observing
Space Shuttle (STS)Shuttle-related
Spacewaycommunications
Spektr-R (Radio-Astron)radio astronomyastronomical/telescope
Spirit (rover) / MERplanetary/lunar
Spitzer (SST, SIRTF)Lyman Spitzerastronomical/telescope
Sputnik
Sputnik-3
companion, satelliteRussian
Stardust (Discovery-4, NExT)cometary-exploration
Stargazer (OAO-2)astronomical/telescope
StarOne (Star One)communications
StarLightSTAR LIGHTcometary-exploration
Statsionar (Ekran)communications
Stellascientific/research
Stellatcommunications
Sterkhnavigation
Strawmanmilitary
Strela (Kosmos)arrowcommunications
Suisei (Planet-A / Planet-A2)cometcometary-exploration
Sumbandila (OSCAR-67)lead the wayamateur radio
Sunjammer (Solar Sail Technology Demonstration Mission)scientific/research
Suomi (NPP, S-NPP)Vern Suomipolar-weather
SuperView (GaoJing)environmental-observing
Surveyorplanetary/lunar
Suzaku (Astro-E2)city nameastronomical/telescope
Swarm / Earth Explorer-5scientific/research
Swift (Explorer-84 / MIDEX-3)scientific/research
Symphoniecommunications
Syracusecommunications
Taiyo (SRATS)sunscientific/research
TanSat (CarbonSat)environmental-observing
Tansei (MS-T1 — MS-T4)light bluescientific/research
Tansuo (TS, SY, Shiyan)environmental-observing
Tatyana (Universitatsky, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Technion (TechSat, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
TechSat (Technion, Gurwin, OSCAR)amateur radio
Tele-Xcommunications
Teledesic-T1 (BATSat)communications
Tenma (Astro-B)pegasusastronomical/telescope
Terilen (Yantar)Russian
Terra (EOS)earthenvironmental-observing
Thorcommunications
Thuraya??communications
Tolooenvironmental-observing
Topaz (NROL)military
Tournesol (D-2A)scientific/research
Transat (Transit-O11)navigation
Transit (Transat, Nova, and Oscar)navigation
Triad (TIP)navigation
Triana (DSCOVR, "GoreSat")Rodrigo de Trianasolar-observing
Trumpet (USA)military
Tselina (Kosmos)military
Tsinghuaenvironmental-observing
Tsubasa (MDS)windscientific/research
Uhuru (Explorer-42)freedom (in Swahili)scientific/research
Ulysses [STS-41/Discovery-deployed]solar-observing
Ume (ISS)plum blossomscientific/research
Universitatsky (Tatyana, RS-23, RS-38)amateur radio
Uragan (GLONASS)navigation
Uribyol (Kitsat / OSCAR)our staramateur radio
Vanguardout aheadscientific/research
Vela (Vela Hotel)watch or vigil (in Spanish)military
Venera (Venus / Venusik)venusplanetary/lunar
Venus (Venera / Venusik)venusplanetary/lunar
Venus Expressplanetary/lunar
Venusik (Venera / Venus)venusplanetary/lunar
VentaVentspils Universityscientific/research
Viking [USA version]planetary/lunar
Viking [Swedish version]scientific/research
Vortex (Chalet)military
Voyagerplanetary/lunar
Webb (JWST, NGST)James Webbastronomical/telescope
WestFord (West Ford) [needles]military
Whitecloud (NOSS-1, Parcae)military
Wideband (P76-5)military
Wild Billmilitary
WildBluecommunications
Windsolar-observing
XTAR-EURX-band TrAnspondeR EURopecommunications
Yamalcommunications
Yantar (Feniks, Terilen)Russian
Yaogan (RSS)environmental-observing
Yijianenvironmental-observing
Yohkoh (Solar-A)sunlightsolar-observing
Yubileiny (RS-30, RS-40)jubileeamateur radio
Yuri (BS, BSE)lilicommunications
Yutu (lunar rover)jade rabbitplanetary/lunar
Zeya (Mozhayets-2, RS-16)amateur radio
Zondprobeplanetary/lunar
Zumamilitary


Other satellite acronym lists:

(The links below lead to information sources that are maintained by others. They are not part of this Website.)


Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2001-2019, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2019-10-11