Viking patch

Viking-series
satellites

Viking patch2
patchpatch2

This page contains philatelic information on the USA Viking-series satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

The two USA Vikings from 1975 should not be confused with the much-later Swedish Viking scientific mission, which was launched in 1986.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Viking (USA) Viking (USA) Viking (USA)
Viking (on other than Viking launch covers)


Below is a list of Viking-series satellite postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Viking (USA)
Angola1107c (Mi1432)One of MS6 (1107 (a-f)) (Mi1430-1435)1999Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Anguilla670 (Mi688)1986Viking lander
Antigua455 (Mi449)1976Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Antigua458a (BL27)On one stamp and in (upper-right) margin of MS4 (455-458)
Antigua and Barbuda2689d (Mi3975)One of MS4 (2689 (a-d)) (Mi3972-3975)2003Viking lander (descending)
Antigua and Barbuda2689 fdcMS4 on FDC
Ascension217 (Mi217)1976Viking lander
BeninC275 (Mi116)
iC275

Imperforate
1977Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander
BeninC275 proofSigned proof (black)
BeninC275+C277 fdcOne of two stamps and (Edila) cachet on FDC
BeninC301 (Mi301)C275 overprinted1982Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander
BeninUnknown ms (Mi?)MS3 (a-c)2015"40th anniv. launch of Viking-1, 1975 - 2015" (in French text)
BeninUnknown fdcMS3 and cachet on FDC
BeninUnknown ss (BL?)SS1
BeninUnknown fdcSS1 and cachet on FDC
Bequia397 (BL43)SS1200630th anniv. landing on Mars: "Viking-1" orbiter (with lander attached)
Bolivia585b (BL72)In (middle) margin of imperforate SS1 (585)1976"Viking" lander
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 45193 (Mi4496), from strip of 5, also overprint template1995Viking lander
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 6066A (Mi262), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 6067A (Mi252), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocal fdc1Overprint on 4x Russia 4519 and 4x Russia 5984 on FDC1995(As above for stamps)
Buriatia RepublicLocal fdc2Overprint on 4x Russia 6066A and 4x Russia 6067A on FDC(As above for stamps)
Burkina Faso1173 (BL201)On stamp of SS12000Viking lander
Central African Republic257 (Mi424)
i257

Imperforate
1976Viking assembly
Central African Republic257a
i257a (BL?)
SS1 (257)
Imperforate SS1 (i257)
Central African Republic257 dsDeluxe sheet (257)
Central African Republic258 (Mi425)
i258

Imperforate
Viking launch
Central African Republic258a
i258a (BL?)
SS1 (258)
Imperforate SS1 (i258)
Central African Republic258 dsDeluxe sheet (258)
Central African RepublicC151 (Mi426)
iC151

Imperforate
Viking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC151a
iC151a (BL?)
SS1 (C151)
Imperforate SS1 (iC151)
Central African RepublicC151 dsDeluxe sheet (C151)
Central African RepublicC152 (Mi427)
iC152

Imperforate
Viking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC152a
iC152a (BL?)
SS1 (C152)
Imperforate SS1 (iC152)
Central African RepublicC152 dsDeluxe sheet (C152)
Central African RepublicC153 (Mi428)
iC153

Imperforate
Viking lander
Central African RepublicC153a
iC153a (BL?)
SS1 (C153)
Imperforate SS1 (iC153)
Central African RepublicC153 dsDeluxe sheet (C153)
Central African RepublicC154 (BL12)
iC154
SS1
Imperforate SS1
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Central African Republic289 (Mi466)257 overprinted in black/silver1977Viking assembly
Central African Republic292 (Mi469)258 overprinted in black/silverViking launch
Central African RepublicC165 (Mi473)C151 overprinted in black/silverViking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC171 (Mi479)C152 overprinted in black/silverViking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC175 (Mi483)C153 overprinted in black/silverViking lander
Central African RepublicC179 (BL17)SS1, C154 overprinted in black/silverViking orbiter (with lander attached)
Central African Republic336 (Mi543A)
i336 (Mi543B)

Imperforate
1978Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Central African Republic336a (BL27A)
i336a (BL27B)
On stamp of SS1 (336)
On stamp of imperforate SS1 (i336)
Central African Republic391 (Mi637)
i391
257 overprinted in black
i257 overprinted in black
1979Viking assembly
Central African Republic392 (Mi638)
i392
258 overprinted in black
i258 overprinted in black
Viking launch
Central African RepublicC212 (Mi639)
iC212
C151 overprinted in black
iC151 overprinted in black
Viking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC213 (Mi640)
iC213
C152 overprinted in black
iC152 overprinted in black
Viking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC214 (Mi641)
iC214
C153 overprinted in black
iC153 overprinted in black
Viking lander
Central African RepublicC215 (BL69)SS1, C154 overprinted in silverViking orbiter (with lander attached)
Central African Republic391 red (Mi637 red)257 overprinted in red1979Viking assembly
Central African Republic392 red (Mi638 red)258 overprinted in redViking launch
Central African RepublicC212 red (Mi639 red)C151 overprinted in redViking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC213 red (Mi640 red)C152 overprinted in redViking orbiter and Viking lander
Central African RepublicC214 red (Mi641 red)C153 overprinted in redViking lander
Central African RepublicC215 red (BL69 red)SS1, C154 overprinted in redViking orbiter (with lander attached)
Central African Republic413 (Mi663)
i413

Imperforate
1980Viking orbiter and Viking lander (on stamp); Viking lander (in lower margin)
Central African Republic413a (BL72)On stamp and in (lower) margin of SS1 (413)
Central African Republic414a (BL73)In (lower) margin of SS1 (414)
Central African Republic415a (BL74)In (lower) margin of SS1 (415)
Central African Republic416a (BL75)In (lower) margin of SS1 (416)
Central African RepublicC221a (BL76)In (lower) margin of SS1 (C221)
Central African RepublicC222a (BL77)In (lower) margin of SS1 (C222)
Central African RepublicC277 fdc (Mi865 fdc)Cachet on FDC1982Viking lander, Viking orbiter
Central African RepublicC279B stamp (Mi869A)
iC279B stamp (Mi869B)
Gold foil
Gold foil, imperforate
Central African RepublicC279B (BL209A)
iC279B (BL209B)
SS1 (Mi869A), gold foil
Imperforate SS1 (Mi869B), gold foil
Central African Republic534 fdcCachet on FDC1982Viking orbiter and lander
Central African Republic537 fdcCachet (same) on FDC
Central African Republic661 (Mi1040)1984Viking lander; "Viking-1 and 2" (in text)
Central African Republic661a (BL288)On stamp and in (right) margin of SS1 (661)Viking lander (?, on stamp); Viking orbiter (no attached lander) and Viking lander (in right margin); "Viking-1 and 2" (in text)
Central African Republic760 (Mi1164A)
i760 (Mi1164B)

Imperforate
1985"Viking" orbiter (with lander attached, on stamp); "Viking" lander (in right margin)
Central African Republic760a (BL346A)
i760a (BL346B)
SS1 (760)
Imperforate SS1 (i760)
Central African Republic762 (Mi1166A)
i762 (Mi1166B)

Imperforate
1985Viking logo
Central African Republic762a (BL348A)
i762a (BL348B)
On stamp of SS1 (762)
Imperforate SS1 (i762)
Central African Republic845 (Mi1270A)
i845 (Mi1270B)

Imperforate
1987Viking-3 "Mars rover"2; (see also Comoro 279)
Central African Republic845a (BL409)
i845a
On stamp of SS1 (845)
On stamp of imperforate SS1 (i845)
Central African Republic1369 (Mi2597-2599)In (upper) margin of MS3 (1369 (a-c))2000Viking lander
Chad314 (Mi747)
i314

Imperforate
1976Viking launch
Chad314 ds (BL?)Deluxe sheet (314)
Chad315 (Mi748)
i315

Imperforate
Viking trajectory, Viking orbiter, Viking lander
Chad315 ds (BL?)Deluxe sheet (315)
ChadC191 (Mi749)
iC191

Imperforate
Viking lander (descending)
ChadC191 ds (BL?)Deluxe sheet (C191)
ChadC192 (Mi750)
iC192

Imperforate
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
ChadC192 ds (BL?)Deluxe sheet (C192)
ChadC193 (Mi751)
iC193

Imperforate
Viking orbiter
ChadC193 ds (BL?)Deluxe sheet (C193)
Chadi315+iC191 proofImperforate proof strip of 2 (i315+iC191)(As above for stamps)
ChadiC192-iC193 proofImperforate proof strip of 2 (iC192-iC193)
ChadC194 (BL66)On stamp and in (upper-left and lower-right) margins of SS1Viking lander (on stamp and in lower-right margin), Viking orbiter (in upper-left margin)
ChadiC194 proofImperforate proof strip of 2x (iC194)
Chad314-315+C191-C194 fdc cachet artwork1Artwork/essay for the FDC cachet for the 314-315 and C191-C194 setViking lander
Chad314-315+C191-C194 fdc cachet artwork2Artwork/essay for the FDC cachet for the FDCs for the 314-315 and C191-C194 set, different
ChadC222 (Mi802)1977Viking lander
Chad379 (Mi861)314 overprinted1976Viking launch
Chad380 (Mi852)315 overprintedViking trajectory, Viking orbiter, Viking lander
ChadC240 (Mi863)C191 overprintedViking lander (descending)
ChadC241 (Mi864)C192 overprintedViking orbiter (with lander attached)
ChadC242 (Mi865)C193 overprintedViking orbiter
ChadC243 (BL77)On stamp and in (upper-left and lower-right) margins of SS1, C194 overprintedViking lander (on stamp and in lower-right margin), Viking orbiter (in upper-left margin)
Chad440A (Mi960)
i440A
Gold foil; also MS4 (4x 440A)
Gold foil, imperforate
1983Viking lander
Chad440Ab (BL150A)
i440Ab (BL150B)
SS1 (440A), gold foil
Imperforate SS1 (i440A), gold foil
Comoro Islands206 (Mi305A)
i206 (Mi305B)

Imperforate
1976"Operation Viking" (in text on stamps), and various Viking elements (elsewhere)
Comoro Islands206a (BL52)SS1 (206)
Comoro Islands206 var206 with black text missing (at bottom)
Comoro Islands207 (Mi306A)
i207 (Mi306B)

Imperforate
Comoro Islands207a (BL53)SS1 (207)
Comoro Islands208 (Mi307A)
i208 (Mi307B)

Imperforate
Comoro Islands208a (BL54)SS1 (208)
Comoro Islands209 (Mi308A)
i209 (Mi308B)

Imperforate
Comoro Islands209a (BL55)SS1 (209)
Comoro Islands210 (Mi309A)
i210 (Mi309B)

Imperforate
Comoro Islands210a (BL56)SS1 (210)
Comoro Islands211 (Mi310A)
i211 (Mi310B)

Imperforate
Comoro Islands211a (BL57)SS1 (211)
Comoro Islands212 (Mi311)
Comoro Islands212a (BL58)SS1 (212)
Comoro Islands213 (BL51A)
i213 (BL51B)
SS1
Imperforate SS1
Comoro Islands214 (BL59)SS1
Comoro Islands279 (Mi373A)
i279 (Mi373B)

Imperforate
1977"Viking-3 Mars" rover2 (see also CAR 845), "Viking-1 and 2" (in text), Viking lander (on stamp); Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander, and Viking logo (in upper-right, lower-left, and upper-left margins)
Comoro Islands279a (BL112)SS1 (279)
Comoro Islands281 (BL107A)
i281 (BL107B)
In (upper-left) margin of SS1
In (upper-left) margin of SS1
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Comoro Islands789 (BL365)On stamp of SS11992Viking lander, "Viking-1 and 2" (in text)
Comoro IslandsUnknown c (Mi?)One of MS6 (a-f)2008"Viking" lander
Comoro IslandsUnknown ss (BL?)In (left) margin of SS1"Viking" orbiter (with lander attached)
Congo RepublicUnknown ss (BL?)In (right) margin of SS12014"Viking-1 and 2", also mission patch
DjiboutiC145 (Mi294)1981Viking lander
DjiboutiC145 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
DjiboutiC145a (BL?)SS1 (C145)
DjiboutiC157 (Mi329)
iC157

Imperforate
1982"Viking-1" lander
DjiboutiC155-C157 fdcOne of three stamps and cachet on FDC
DjiboutiC157a (BL58A)
iC157a (BL58B)
SS1 (C157)
Imperforate SS1 (iC157)
DjiboutiC188a (BL88A)
iC188a (BL88B)
In (lower and upper-right) margins of SS1 (C188)
In (lower and upper-right) margins of imperforate SS1 (iC188)
1983Viking lander
DjiboutiC208a (BL105)In (lower-right) margin of MS2 (C207-C208)1984Viking lander
DjiboutiUnknown c (Mi?)
Unknown ic
One of MS9 (a-i)
One of imperforate MS9 (a-i)
2009"Viking"
DjiboutiUnknown proofSigned-proof imperforate MS9
DjiboutiUnknown ms (Mi?)In (upper-left) margin of MS2 (a-b)2013Viking lander
Dominica494 (Mi497)1976Viking final assembly
Dominica495 (Mi498)Viking on launch vehicle
Dominica496 (Mi499)Viking on launch vehicle
Dominica497 (Mi500)Viking orbiter (with lander separation)
Dominica498 (Mi501)Viking lander (descending)
Dominica499 (Mi502)Viking lander (descending on parachute)
Dominica500 (Mi503)Viking lander (final descent)
Dominica501 (Mi504)Viking lander
DominicaDominica.494+496-497+498 fdcFour stamps and cachet on FDC, also back(As above)
DominicaDominica.494+496-497+501 fdcFour stamps and cachet on FDC(As above)
Dominica501a (BL38)MS2 (500-501)Viking lander (on stamps), Viking on launch vehicle (in right margin)
Dominica2578 (Mi3732-3737)MS6 (2578 (a-f))200630th anniv. "Viking-1"; Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander
East SiberiaLocal1 (200val)Malagasy 932 on 4x Russia 45203 (Mi4496), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template1996Viking-2 lander
East SiberiaLocal2 (600val)
East SiberiaLocal3 (900val)
East SiberiaLocal1 (200val)Malagasy 932 on 4x Russia 57323 (Mi5903), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template
East SiberiaLocal2 (600val)
East SiberiaLocal3 (900val)
East SiberiaLocal1 (200val)Malagasy 932 on 4x Russia 57333 (Mi5904), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template
East SiberiaLocal2 (600val)
East SiberiaLocal3 (900val)
East SiberiaLocal1 (200val)Malagasy 932 on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template
East SiberiaLocal2 (600val)
East SiberiaLocal3 (900val)
Franklin Mint (USA)None(Bronze) medallion, also reverse1970s"Viking-1" orbiter (with lander attached)
GabonC197 (Mi?)1977"Viking" orbiter, "Viking" lander
Gambia2174b (Mi3282)One of MS6 (2174 (a-f)) (Mi3281-3286)1999Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Gambia3048 (Mi5713-5716)MS4 (3048 (a-d))2006Viking orbiter (with lander attached) and Viking lander
Germany (West)NoneImperforate cinderella1977Viking orbiter
Ghana2573 (BL480)SS1200730th anniv. "Viking-1", Viking lander
Grenada760 (Mi794)1976"Viking lander" (descending)
Grenada761 (Mi795)"Viking lander"
Grenada762 (Mi796)"Viking" assembly
Grenada763 (BL59)SS1"Viking orbiter and lander" (with lander attached)
Grenada2001c (Mi2298)From MS6 (2001 (a-f))1991Voyager Mars Program3
Grenada2001d (Mi2299)Viking-2 lander
Grenada2001g (Mi2302)
Grenada2001h (Mi2303)
Grenada2001i (Mi2304)
Guinea Republic931A (BL143A)
i931A (BL143B)
SS1
Imperforate SS1
1985Viking orbiter, Viking lander
Guinea Republic1611 (Mi2679)1999Viking lander
Guinea Republic1620 (BL623)On stamp of SS1Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Guinea RepublicBL990In (left) margin of SS12006Viking lander
Guinea RepublicMi9440-9442_msIn (lower-left) margin of SS1 (Mi9440-9442)2012"Viking" orbiter (with lander attached)
Guinea-BissauC11 (Mi420A)
iC11 (Mi420B)

Imperforate
1977Viking orbiter
Guinea-BissauC11b (BL53?)
iC11b
On stamp of SS1 (C11)
Imperforate SS1 (iC11)
Guinea-BissauC11A (Mi421A)
iC11A (Mi421B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
Guinea-BissauC11Ab (BL53?)
iC11Ab
On stamp of SS1 (C11A)
Imperforate SS1 (iC11A)
Guinea-BissauC23 (Mi578A)
iC23 (Mi578B)

Imperforate
1981"Viking-1"; "Viking-2"; also Viking lander (on stamp and in left margin) and Viking orbiter (in left margin)
Guinea-BissauC23a (BL178A)
iC23a (BL178B)
SS1 (C23)
Imperforate SS1 (iC23)
Guyana2106w (Mi2649 gold)One of MS25 (2106 (a-y)), 280 overprinted in gold1989"Viking-1" (in overprinted text)
Guyana2106w_specimenOne of MS25 (2106_specimen (a-y)), 280 with both gold and specimen overprints ("specimen" overprint on MS25 does not touch this stamp)
Guyana2107w (Mi2649)One of MS25 (2107 (a-y)), 280 overprinted in silver (Mi2627-2651)
Guyana2107w specimenOne of MS25 (2107 specimen (a-y)), 280 with both silver and specimen overprints
HungaryC366 (Mi3148A)
iC366 (Mi3148B)

Imperforate
1976Viking launch
HungaryC367 (Mi3149A)
iC367 (Mi3149B)

Imperforate
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
HungaryC368 (Mi3150A)
iC368 (Mi3150B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
HungaryC366-367+C370-371 fdcTwo of four stamps and cachet on FDC(As above for stamps); Viking lander (in cachet)
HungaryC368-369+C372 fdcOne of three stamps and cachet on FDC
HungaryC373 (BL121A)
iC373 (BL121B)
On stamp of SS1
Imperforate SS1
"Viking-1" lander
HungaryC373 fdcSS1 and cachet on FDC
Hungary2503 (Mi3219A)
i2503 (Mi3219B)

Imperforate
1976"Viking" orbiter (with lander attached)
Hungary2499-2500+2503 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
HungaryC375 (BL125)On stamp of SS1"Viking" lander
HungaryC375 fdcSS1 on FDC
HungaryC375 essayEssay
Isle of Man (Great Britain)KM1006+KM1006a1 crown (copper-nickel and silver coins)1999"Viking lander"
Ivory Coast585 (Mi680)1981Viking lander
Ivory Coast585a (BL?)
i585a
On stamp of SS1 (585)
On stamp of imperforate SS1 (i585)
Korea (North)3113f (Mi3315-3319)In (upper-center-right) margin of strip of 5 (3113 (a-e) + 5 labels)1992Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Korea (North)3878 (BL428)On two stamps of MS3 (3878 (a-c))1999Viking orbiter (with lander attached) and Viking lander
Korea (North)3878+cancelOn two stamps of MS3 and cancel
Korea (North)3878 varOn two stamps of MS3, red missing
Korea (North)4111a (BL483)In (upper-right) margin of MS6 (4111 (4106-4111 + 3 labels))2001Viking orbiter
Malagasy Republic566 (Mi814A)
i566 (Mi814B)

Imperforate
1976Viking orbiter elevation data
Malagasy Republic566 ds1Imperforate deluxe sheet (566)
Malagasy Republic566 ds2Imperforate deluxe sheet (566) on white cardboard
Malagasy Republic567 (Mi815A)
i567 (Mi815B)

Imperforate
Viking orbiter (with lander descending)
Malagasy Republic567 ds1Imperforate deluxe sheet (567)
Malagasy Republic567 ds2Imperforate deluxe sheet (567) on white cardboard
Malagasy Republic568 (Mi816A)
i568 (Mi816B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
Malagasy Republic568 ds1Imperforate deluxe sheet (568)
Malagasy Republic568 ds2Imperforate deluxe sheet (568) on white cardboard
Malagasy Republic569 (Mi817A)
i569 (Mi817B)

Imperforate
Viking orbiter
Malagasy Republic569 ds1Imperforate deluxe sheet (569)
Malagasy Republic569 ds2Imperforate deluxe sheet (569) on white cardboard
Malagasy Republici566+i568 proofImperforate proof strip of 2 (i566+i568)(As above for stamps)
Malagasy Republici567+i569 proofImperforate proof strip of 2 (i567+i569)
Malagasy Republici566-i567+i569 proofImperforate proof strip of 3 (i566-i567+i569)
Malagasy Republici567-i569 proofImperforate proof strip of 3 (i567-i569)
Malagasy Republic570 (BL15A)
i570 (BL15B)
On stamp of SS1
Imperforate SS1
"Viking" orbiter (with lander attached)
Malagasy Republici570 proofImperforate proof strip of 2x (i570)
Malagasy Republic932 (Mi1214A)
i932 (Mi1214B)

Imperforate
1989"Viking-2" lander
Malagasy Republic932 ds (BL?)Imperforate deluxe sheet (932)
Malagasy Republic1462a (Mi2388)One of MS3 (1462 (a-c)) (Mi2388-2390)1999Viking orbiter (with lander attached) and Viking lander
Malagasy Republic1541d (Mi2508)One of MS6 (1541 (a-f)) (Mi2505-2510)2000"Viking" lander
Maldive Islands660 (Mi678A)
i660 (Mi678B)

Imperforate
1976"Viking-1" orbiter (with lander separating)
Maldive Islands661 (BL41A)
i661 (BL41B)
SS1
Imperforate SS1
"Viking-1" lander
Maldive Islands2418g (Mi3351)
i2418g
One stamp and in (upper) margin of MS9 (2418 (a-i)) (Mi3345-3353)
One stamp and in (upper) margin of imperforate MS9 (i2418 (a-i))
2000"Viking lander"
MaliC293 (Mi565A)
iC293 (Mi565B)

Imperforate
1976Viking launch
MaliC294 (Mi566A)
iC294 (Mi566B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
MaliC294a (BL9)MS2 (C293-C294 changed colors)Viking launch, Viking lander
Mali1035b (Mi2260)
i1035b
On one stamp and in (upper-right) margin of MS6 (1035 (a-d)) (Mi2259-2262)
One of imperforate MS6 (i1035 (a-d))
1999"Viking-1": lander (on stamp), orbiter (with lander attached) (in upper-right margin)
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)MS4 (a-d)201540th anniv. "Viking-1" launch
MaliUnknown ss (BL?)SS1
Marshall Islands345t (Mi269)One of MS25 (345 (a-y)) (Mi250-274)1989Viking lander
Marshall IslandsKM54$50. (silver coin)1989Viking-1 orbiter and Viking lander (not "first landing on Mars", as in text)1
Marshall Islands897h (Mi2113)One of MS10 (897 (a-j)) (Mi2106-2115)2007Viking lander
Marshall Islands930i (Mi2356)One of MS10 (930 (a-j)) (Mi2348-2357)2008Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Mauritania352 (Mi552)1977Viking mission control room
Mauritania353 (Mi553)Viking assembly
MauritaniaC173 (Mi554)Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
MauritaniaC174 (Mi555)Viking orbiter
MauritaniaC175 (Mi556)Viking lander (descending)
MauritaniaC176 (BL16)SS1Viking lander (on stamp), Viking orbiter (in right margin)
Mauritania424 (Mi646)352 overprinted1979Viking mission control room
Mauritania425 (Mi647)353 overprintedViking assembly
MauritaniaC192 (Mi648)C173 overprintedViking orbiter (with lander attached)
MauritaniaC193 (Mi649)C174 overprintedViking orbiter
MauritaniaC194 (Mi650)C175 overprintedViking lander (descending)
MauritaniaC195 (BL25)SS1, C176 overprintedViking lander (on stamp), Viking orbiter (in right margin)
Mauritania623 (BL66A)
i623 (BL66B)
In (left) margin of SS1
In (left) margin of imperforate SS1
1986Viking lander
Micronesia344l (Mi732)One of MS20 (344 (a-t)) (Mi721-740)1999"Viking-1" lander
MongoliaC91 (BL49)In (right) margin of SS11977Viking lander
MongoliaC124 (Mi1266)1979"Viking-1", "Viking-2": orbiter and lander
Nevis654 (Mi586)1991Viking lander
Nevis1212d (Mi1566)
i1212d
One of MS6 (1212 (a-f)) (Mi1563-1568)
One of imperforate MS6 (i1212 (a-f))
2000Viking lander (descending)
Nevis1485 (Mi2165-2168)MS4 (1485 (a-d))200630th anniv. "Viking-1", Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander
Niger389 (Mi565A)
i389 (Mi565B)

Imperforate
1976Viking launch
Niger389 dsDeluxe sheet (389)
Niger390 (Mi566A)
i390 (Mi566B)

Imperforate
Viking orbiter
Niger390 dsDeluxe sheet (390)
NigerC283 (Mi567A)
iC283 (Mi567B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
NigerC283 dsDeluxe sheet (C283)
NigerC284 (Mi568A)
iC284 (Mi568B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
NigerC284 dsDeluxe sheet (C284)
NigerC285 (Mi569A)
iC285 (Mi569B)

Imperforate
Viking launch
NigerC285 dsDeluxe sheet (C285)
NigerC286 (BL16)SS1Viking orbiter, Viking lander (descending and on surface)
Niger497 (Mi680)389 overprinted in silver1976Viking launch
Niger498 (Mi691)290 overprinted in blackViking orbiter
NigerC295 (Mi682)C284 overprinted in blackViking lander
NigerC296 (Mi683)C285 overprinted in silverViking launch
NigerC297 (BL25)SS1, C286 overprinted in blackViking orbiter, Viking lander (descending)
Niger497 red (Mi680 red)389 overprinted in red1976Viking launch
Niger498 red (Mi691 red)290 overprinted in redViking orbiter
NigerC295 red (Mi682 red)C284 overprinted in redViking lander
NigerC296 red (Mi683 red)C285 overprinted in redViking launch
NigerC297 red (BL25 red)SS1, C286 overprinted in redViking orbiter, Viking lander (descending)
Niger968f (Mi1338A)
i968f (Mi1338B)
One of MS8 (968 (a-h + label)) (Mi1333-1340)
One of imperforate MS8 (i968)
1997Viking lander
NigerUnknown ms (Mi?)MS3 (a-c)2015Viking orbiter and lander
NigerUnknown ss (BL?)SS1Viking lander
Oman StateUnlisted e (Mi unlisted)
Unlisted ie
One of MS8 (a-h)
One of imperforate MS8 (a-h
1974Viking orbiter; "Viking Mars project"
Oman StateUnlisted fdcMS8 on FDC
Oman StateUnlisted e o/p1 (Mi unlisted)One of MS8 overprinted in silver (a-h)1998Viking orbiter; "Viking Mars project"
Oman StateUnlisted e o/p1 inv (Mi unlisted)One of MS8 overprinted in silver inverted (a-h)
Oman StateUnlisted e o/p2 (Mi unlisted)One of MS8 overprinted in gold (a-h)
Palau410 (Mi1128-1139)MS12 (410 (a-l))1996"Viking-1" orbiter and lander
Palau411 fdc (BL46 fdc)Cachet on FDCViking orbiter
Palau412 fdc (BL47 fdc)Cachet (same) on FDC
Palau504 (BL85)SS11999"Viking" (in lower margin text)
ParaguayC361 (BL209)On stamp of SS1 (Mi2487)1973Viking orbiter, heat shield, Viking lander
ParaguayC420 (BL258)SS1 (Mi2719)1975Viking lander, Viking orbiter (in lower-right margin)
ParaguayBL281On stamp and in (upper-right) margin of SS1 (Mi2832)1976Viking orbiter, Viking lander, "Viking orbiter" (in upper-right margin text)
ParaguayC443 (BL282)On stamp of SS1 (Mi2833)1976"Viking lander"
ParaguayC445 (BL285)In (lower-right) margin of SS1 (Mi2852)"Viking" lander
ParaguayNoneCancel1976"Viking-1" orbiter and lander
Paraguay1713f (Mi2898)One of strip of 7 (1713 (a-g)) (Mi2893-2899)1977"Viking-A and B" orbiter (with lander attached)
Paraguay1713g (Mi2899)"Viking-A" lander
Paraguay1714 (Mi2900)"Viking-B" lander
Paraguay1715 (BL295, Mi2902)In (upper-left) margin of SS1"Viking-A/B" orbiter
Paraguay1715 muestraIn (upper-left) margin of SS1, overprinted "muestra"
Paraguay1715 fdcSS1 on FDC
ParaguayC452 (BL307)In (lower) margin of SS1 (Mi2971)1977Voyager (not "Viking-A", as in lower-right text; nor "Mariner 77", as in lower-left text)
Poland2248a (Mi2539)On (upper-left) selvedge of MS6 (2248a (6x 2248 + 2 labels))1977Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Ras Al KhaimaMi846A
Mi846B

Imperforate
1972Viking orbiter (with lander attached, but "Pioneer Project"4 in text)
Ras Al KhaimaMi846A ds
Mi846B ds
Deluxe sheet (Mi846)
Ras Al KhaimaMi847A
Mi847B

Imperforate
Ras Al KhaimaMi847A ds
Mi847B ds
Deluxe sheet (Mi847)
Ras Al KhaimaMi848A
Mi848B

Imperforate
Ras Al KhaimaMi848A ds
Mi848B ds
Deluxe sheet (Mi848)
Ras Al KhaimaMi849A
Mi849B

Imperforate
Ras Al KhaimaMi849A ds
Mi849B ds
Deluxe sheet (Mi849)
RomaniaNoneCancel2005"Viking-1", "Viking-2"
Rwanda827 (BL78A)
i827 (BL78B)
SS1
Imperforate SS1
1977Viking lander
RwandaUnknown d (Mi?)One of MS4 (a-d)2012
SenegalC144 (Mi638)1977Viking lander
St. Kitts871d (Mi1375)One of MS4 (871 (a-d)) (Mi1372-1375)2014"Viking" lander
St. Vincent2702c (Mi?)One of MS9 (2702 (a-i))1999"1975 - Viking lander" (Viking-1/2 type lander)
St. Vincent3525 (Mi?)On top three stamps and in (upper) margin of MS6 (3524 (a-f))2006Viking launch, "Viking-1" orbiter (with lander attached), and "Viking-1 lander" (in stamps); Viking logo and "Viking-1 Mars landing: July 20th, 1976" (in upper margin)
St. Vincent3642 (Mi6569-6574)MS6 (3642 (a-f))2008Viking orbiter (with lander attached) and Viking lander (on stamps), Viking orbiter (in right margin)
St. Vincent3642 fdcMS6 on FDC
Sierra Leone1072c (Mi1252)From MS9 (1072 (a-i)) (Mi1248-1256)1989(poorly-depicted) Viking orbiter, and Viking lander (descending)
Sierra Leone1072f (Mi1255)Viking lander
Sierra Leone1072c specimenFrom MS9 (1072 specimen (a-i)) overprinted "specimen"(poorly-depicted) Viking orbiter, and Viking lander (descending)
Sierra Leone1072f specimenViking lander
Sierra Leone1169 (Mi1365-1373)On all but one of MS9 (1169 (a-i)) (Mi1365-1373)1990Viking depictions; also "Viking-1" (on stamp 'b') and "Viking-2" (on stamp 'c')
Sierra Leone1169 fdcMS9 and cachet on FDC
Sierra Leone1904f (Mi2626)One of MS6 (1904 (a-f)) (Mi2521-2626)1996"Viking-1 lander"
Sierra Leone2870e (Mi4963)One of MS6 (2870 (a-f)) (Mi4959-4964)2006"Viking-1" lander
SpainNone(Printed) cachet on cover1984"Viking" (in text only)
Staffa (Scotland)Local c
Local ic
One of local post MS8 (a-h)
One of imperforate local post MS8 (a-h)
1974"Viking-1" lander (in orbit)
Staffa (Scotland)Local c o/p1One of local post MS8 overprinted in silver (a-h)1998"Viking-1" lander (in orbit)
Staffa (Scotland)Local c o/p2One of local post MS8 overprinted in gold (a-h)
Switzerland496 cover (Mi? cover)(WERABA-76) cancel and (WERABA-76) cachet on cover1976Viking orbiter (wth lander attached)
SwitzerlandNone(WERABA-76) cancel (same) and cachet (different) on cover
Switzerland602+496+cinderella cover (Mi1049+896+cinderella cover)(WERABA-76) cancel (same) and (WERABA-76) cachet on cover (different)
Switzerland529+555+496+cinderella cover (Mi945+988+896+cinderella cover)(WERABA-76) cancel (same) on cover
Switzerland471-472+602+496+555+529+cinderella cover (Mi823-824+1049+896+988+945+cinderella cover)(WERABA-76) cancel (same) on cover (different)
Tanzania564 (BL106)In (lower-left) margin of SS11990"Viking-1" lander
Togo937 (Mi1174)1976Viking launch, Viking logo
Togo937 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
Togo938 (Mi1175)Viking trajectory
TogoC287 (Mi1176)Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
TogoC288 (Mi1177)
TogoC289 (Mi1178A)
iC289 (Mi1178B)

Imperforate
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
TogoC290 (Mi1179A)
iC290 (Mi1179B)

Imperforate
Viking lander
TogoC290a (BL105)MS2 (C28-C290)Viking orbiter (with lander attached), Viking lander
Togo2036 (Mi3322-3325)MS4 (2036 (a-d))2006(30th anniv.) "Viking-1" orbiter (with lander attached), "Viking-1" lander
UdmurtiaUnknown d (Mi?)One of MS9 (a-i)2001Viking lander
UdmurtiaUnknown ms fdcImperforate MS9 on FDC
Uganda1484Ad (Mi1857)One of MS8 (1484A (b-i)) (Mi1855-1862)1997Viking orbiter
Uganda1486A (BL276)On stamp of SS1Viking lander
United NationsSC7 (WERABA-76 cancel)(WERABA-76) cancel on SC71976Viking orbiter (wth lander attached)
United Nations256-257 cover (Mi279-280 cover)(WERABA-76) cancel on cover1976Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
United Nations (Geneva)46 cover (Mi46 cover)(WERABA-76) cancel on FDC1976Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
United Nations (Geneva)46-47 cover (Mi46-47 cover)(WERABA-76) cancel (same) on cover1976Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
United Nations (Geneva)None(WERABA-76 rubber-stamp) cachet (same) on cover1976Viking
United Nations (Geneva)None(WERABA-76 rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1976Viking
United Nations (Geneva)533i (Mi759)One of MS16 (533 (a-p)) (Mi751-766)2011Viking lander
United States1556 cover (Mi1164 cover)
2568 fdc (Mi2183 fdc)
(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel on cover1975
1991
"Viking"
United States1556 cover (Mi1164 cover)(Parforex Station) cancel on cover1980"Viking"
United States1557 fdc
None
(Space Voyage) cachet on FDC
(Parforex Station) cancel on cover
1975
1980
"Viking" and "Viking Mars" (in cachet)
"Viking" (in cancel)
United States1557 cover (Mi1170 cover)(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel and (Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show/ATA) cachet on cover1975"Viking"
United States1557 folder (Mi1170 folder)Folder1975"Viking Project"
United States1575 cover (Mi1185 cover)(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel on cover1975"Viking landers"
United States1692 fdc (Mi? fdc)(America no.29/Steps in Space no.6) cachet on cover1976"Viking lander"
United StatesNone(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel on cover1976"From Franklin's kite to Viking Mars Lander"
United StatesNone(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel and (ATA) cachet on cover1976Viking lander (in cancel), Viking orbiter (with lander attached) (on cachet)
United StatesNone(Parforex-16) cachet on cover1976"Viking" lander
United StatesNone(Hampton-Newport News VA) cancel on cover1976"Langley Viking NASA's first lander on Mars"
United StatesNone(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel and (blue printed) cachet on cover1976Viking orbiter (in cancel), "Viking-1 and 2" (in cachet)
United StatesNone(WERABA-76) cachet on cover1976Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
United States1710 cover (Mi1298 cover)(Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel on cover1977"Viking" lander
United States1759 (Mi1356)Also block of 41978Viking lander (on stamp)
United States1759 fdc1Stamp and (Zaso silk/IASP no.2) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc2Stamp and (Zaso silk/IASP no.3) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc3Stamp and (Zaso silk/IASP no.3) cachet (image shifted downward) on FDC
United States1759 fdc4Stamp and (Astro Covers?) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc5Stamp and (Astro Covers?) cachet (different) on FDC
United States1759 fdc6Stamp and (Astro Covers?) cachet (different) on FDC
United States1759 fdc7Stamp and (Astro Covers?) cachet (different) on FDC
United States1759 fdc8Stamp and (SCCS) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc9Stamp and (Elite) cachet on FDC (small cancel)
United States1759 fdc10Stamp and (Elite) cachet on FDC (large cancel)
United States1759 fdc11Stamp and (Reader's Digest) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc12Stamp on FDC (Colorano silk cachet)
United States1759 fdc13Stamp and (Softones) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc14Stamp and (Jim Butcher/Fleetwood) cachet on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc15Stamp and (Jim Butcher/Fleetwood) cachet (different) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc16Stamp and (Jim Butcher/Fleetwood) cachet (different) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc17Stamp and (Jim Butcher/Fleetwood) cachet (different) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc18Stamp and (Jim Butcher/Fleetwood) cachet (different) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc19Stamp and (Viking mission patch) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc20Stamp and (Don Davis) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc21Stamp and (Don Davis) cachet (and signature) on FDC
United States1759 fdc22Stamp and (Don Davis) cachet on FDC (larger cancel with smaller font)
United States1759 fdc23Stamp and (Colorano silk) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc24Stamp and (Postmasters of America) cachet on FDC, also back and insert
United States1759 fdc25Stamp and (Postmasters of America) cachet (different) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc26Stamp and (ArtCraft) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc27Stamp and (ArtCraft) cachet (different) on FDC
United States1759 fdc28Stamp and (Ross foil) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc29Stamp and (Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Stamp Club) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc30Stamp and (Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on FDC
United States1759 fdc31Stamp on FDC (Quadracolor cachet)
United States1759 fdc32Stamp and (Ardee) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc33Stamp and (Virgil Crow) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc34Stamp and (International Stamp Collectors Society) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc35Stamp and (Petoskey artist cachet 1, Lou Holowasko) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc36Stamp and (Marq) cachet on FDC, also insert
United States1759 fdc37Stamp and (NASA photo) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc38Stamp and (NASA photo) cachet (different) on FDC
United States1759 fdc39Stamp on FDC (NASA photo cachet)
United States1759 fdc40Stamp and (blue rubber-stamp) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc41Stamp and (blue rubber-stamp) cachet (different) on (airmail) FDC
United States1759 fdc42Stamp on FDC (no cachet)
United States1759 fdc43Stamp and (JPL Stamp Club) cachet on FDC, also insert
United States1759 fdc44Stamp and (Artopages) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc45Stamp and (Nova) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc46Stamp and (Space Voyage) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc47Stamp on FDC (Lou Jac cachet)
United States1759 fdc48Stamp and (3 Muscateers) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc49Stamp and (Western Heritage Association) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc50Stamp and (Spurgeon 11) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc51Stamp and (RCA) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc52Stamp on FDC (Great Picture Covers no.5 cachet)
United States1759 fdc53Stamp and (Artmaster) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc54Stamp and (TMC) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc55Stamp and (?) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc56Stamp and (Goldcraft Cachets) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc57Stamp and (Andrews Cachet) cachet (reproduction of stamp) on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc58Stamp and (NASA milestones) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc59Stamp and (Bazaar) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc60Stamp and (Herman Maul hand-drawn) cachet on FDC, also back
United States1759 fdc61Stamp and (ArtCraft/PCS) cachet on FDC
United States1759 fdc625Stamp and (Space Voyage) cachet on FDC; also Viking-1 launch cover
United States1759 fdc635Stamp and (SCCS) cachet on FDC; also Viking-1 launch cover
United States1759 fdc645Stamp and (Space Voyage) cachet on FDC (Aricibo PR cancel); also Viking-1 launch cover
United States1759 fdc655Stamp and (Space Voyage) cachet on FDC (Pasadena CA cancel); also Viking-1 launch cover
United States1759 fdc665Stamp and (Space Voyage) cachet on FDC; also Viking-1 launch cover
United States1759 folderFDOI folder inside, also cover (front and back)
United StatesSP454(USPS) souvenir page (1759)
United StatesCP100(USPS) commemorative panel (1759)
United States1759 cover1 (Mi1356 cover1)Stamp and (Midwest Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel and (Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show/ATA) cachet on cover1978Viking lander (on stamp), Viking orbiter (in cachet)
United States1759 cover2 (Mi1356 cover2)Stamp and (Midwest Stamp and Coin Show Station) cancel and (Midwest Postage Stamp and Coin Show/ATA) cachet on cover (different cancel date)
United States1916 fdc (Mi1485 fdc)(PCS golden-replica) insert from FDC, also front1981"Viking program", "Viking-1", and "Viking-2" (in text)
United States1916-1917 fdc (Mi1485-1486 fdc)(Postmasters of America) insert from FDC, also front1981"Vikings 1 and 2"
United States1916 cover (Mi1485 cover)(Space Voyage) cachet on cover1981"Viking" and "Viking Mars" (in cachet)
United States1916 cover (Mi1485 cover)(Space Voyage) cachet on cover1982"Viking" and "Viking Mars" (in cachet)
United StatesNone(Philafair Station) cancel and (sticker) cachet on cover1982Viking lander
United StatesNone(USPS) Outer Space Stamp Album cover~1982Viking lander
United StatesNone(ASDA) cachet (with reproduction of USA 1759) on cover1983
United States2570 fdc (Mi2185 fdc)(Printed) cachet on FDC1991"Viking Orbiter" (in text)
United States2572 (Mi2187)One of booklet pane of 10 (2577a (2568-2577)) (Mi2183-2192)Viking orbiter (with lander attached), except lander on Martian surface (in maxicard cachet)
United States2572 fdc1Stamp and (Steve Wilson Design) cachet on FDC
United States2572 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Artmaster cachet), also back
United States2572 fdc3Stamp on FDC (JPL Stamp Club cachet)
United States2572 fdc4Stamp and (Collins) cachet on FDC
United States2572 fdc5Stamp and (PCS golden-replica) cachet on FDC, also insert
United States2572 fdc6Stamp and (Koslow/Fleetwood) cachet on FDC
United States2572 fdc cardStamp and (Koslow/Fleetwood) cachet on FDC card
United States2572 maxi(Unicover) maxicard, also back
United States2572+2577 fdcOne of two stamps and (PCS) cachet on FDC
United States2572+2577 sc(PCS) FDC on Souvenir Card
United States2577a fdcOne of ten stamps on FDC (HF cachet)(As above)
United States2577a fdoiFDOI program (2577a), also front and back
United StatesSP968(USPS) souvenir page (2577a)
United StatesCP375(USPS) commemorative panel (2577a)
United States2572 cover (Mi2187 cover)Stamp on cover (Salem Stamp Society cachet)1991Viking orbiter
United States3178a fdc (BL39 fdc)(Space Voyage) cachet on FDC1997"Viking landings: July 20, 1976; September 3, 1976" (in text)
United StatesNone(Coverscape) cachet on cover2010Viking-1 orbiter
United StatesU667c fdc(Coverscape) cachet on stamped-envelope FDC2011"Viking-1" (in text only)
Upper Volta398 (Mi632)
i398

Imperforate
1976Viking lander
Upper Volta398a (BL?)On stamp of SS1 (398)
Upper Volta398 dsDeluxe sheet (398)
Upper Volta399 (Mi633)
i399

Imperforate
Viking orbiter (with lander attached)
Upper Volta399a (BL?)On stamp of SS1 (399)
Upper Volta399 dsDeluxe sheet (399)
Upper Volta400 (Mi634)
i400

Imperforate
Viking launch
Upper Volta400a (BL?)On stamp of SS1 (400)
Upper Volta400 dsDeluxe sheet (400)
Upper VoltaC238 (Mi635)
iC238

Imperforate
Viking final assembly
Upper VoltaC238a (BL?)On stamp of SS1 (C238)
Upper VoltaC238 dsDeluxe sheet (C238)
Upper VoltaC239 (Mi636)
iC239

Imperforate
Viking lander
Upper VoltaC239a (BL?)On stamp of SS1 (C239)
Upper VoltaC239 dsDeluxe sheet (C239)
Upper Voltai398-i399+iC239 proofImperforate proof strip of three (i398-i399+iC239)(As above for stamps)
Upper Voltai400+iC238 proofImperforate proof strip of two (i400+iC238)
Upper Volta398-400+C238-C239 fdcFive stamps and cachet on FDC
Upper VoltaC240 (BL43)
iC240
SS1
Imperforate SS1
Upper VoltaC240 fdc
iC240 fdc
SS1 and cachet on FDC
Imperforate SS1 and cachet on FDC
Uruguay968 (Mi1434)1975Viking lander
UruguayC424b (Mi1437)One of MS4 (C424 (a-d)) (BL31)Viking orbiter
UruguayC425b (Mi1441)One of MS4 (C425 (a-d)) (BL32)Viking lander (on un-official Viking-Mars patch)

1Viking-1 was the first operational spacecraft to make a soft landing on Mars; the earlier Mars-3 landed on the red planet but died soon thereafter and so was considered non-operational.
2A Viking-3 Mars lander/rover was a proposed follow-on mission to Viking-1 and 2.
3The Voyager Mars Program was a concept for Mars exploration, that turned into the Viking Program, and is not associated with the later Voyager Program.
4The "Pioneer Project" was possibly a concept for Mars exploration, that turned into the Viking Program, and is not associated with the (later) Pioneer (planetary) Program.
5This FDC is dated 20 July 1978, which is also exactly the second anniversary of the landing of Viking-1 on Mars. Postal covers were issued as well for other Viking-1 anniversaries.


Below is a list of Viking-series satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Viking (USA)
1974-02-11: Viking-DS (and SPHINX)
United States1974-02-11Cape Canaveral FL(InterSpace Cover) cachet on coverViking-DS launch
United States1974-02-11Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-DS launch
United States1974-02-11Cape Canaveral FL(Black printed) cachet on coverViking-DS launch
Viking pre-launch (events)
United States1970-10-09Wallops Island VA(Riser/Andromeda Cover no.18) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch (airmail) cover"Prelude to US Project Viking Mars landing"
United States1970-10-09Wallops Island VA(Space Voyage) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover(As above, but no direct mention of Viking)
United States1970-10-09Wallops Island VA(Swanson blue and magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover
United States1970-10-09Wallops Island VA(Swanson green and magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover
United States1970-10-09Wallops Island VA(Sarzin) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover
United States1972-07-11WSMR, NM(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.30) cachet on cover"Viking lander supersonic flight"
United States1972-07-26WSMR, NM(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.28?) cachet on coverViking (high altitude rocket firing) test"
United States1972-07-26WSMR, NM(Orbit Covers) cachet on cover"Viking lander (parachute qualification) test"
United States1972-07-26Roswell NM(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Viking (lander parachute) qualification test"
United States1972-07-26WSMR, NM(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on cover"NASA Viking Mars spacecraft test"
United States1972-08-13Roswell NM(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Supersonic Viking parachute qualification test repeated"
United States1972-08-19WSMR, NM(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.26) cachet on cover"Viking (lander) subsonic deceleration test"
United States1972-08-19Roswell NM(Space Voyage) cachet on cover, also insert"Viking parachute test subsonic qualification"
United States1975-08-06Kennedy Space Center FL(Cyan and black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 pre-launch operations readiness test
1975-08-20: Viking-1
United States1975-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(NASA blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Greenbelt MD(GSFC blue rubber-stamp) cachet on cover, also backViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(Project Viking mission patch) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Cape Canaveral FL(Colorano silk) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Pasadena CA(JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(SCPS) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
United States1975-08-20
1975-09-09
Kennedy Space Center FL
Cape Canaveral FL
(NASA purple rubber-stamp) cachet (signed) on coverViking-1 launch
Viking-2 launch
United States1975-08-20
1978-07-20
Cape Canaveral FL
Cape Canaveral FL
(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
USA 1759 FDC2
United States1975-08-20
1978-07-20
Cape Canaveral FL
Hampton VA
(SCCS) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
USA 1759 FDC2
Australia1975-08-261Sydney South NSW(NASA purple and red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 launch
Viking-1 (events)
United States1976-06-19Pasadena CA(JPL Stamp Club) cachet on cover, also insert and insert backViking-1 orbit Mars
United States1976-06-19Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbit Mars
United States1976-06-19Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet (different) on coverViking-1 orbit Mars
United States1976-06-19Vandenberg AFB, CA(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 orbit Mars
Australia1976-07-20Tharwa ACT(Tidbinbilla sticker) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Kennedy Space Center FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Cape Canaveral FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (printed) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (printed) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Barstow CAMeter and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars; also "Mars DSS-14 (Goldstone Space Communications Station: Deep Space Instrumentation Facility)" (which was the dedicated tracking antenna for Viking-1)
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (ArtCraft) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Kennedy Space Center FL(KSC Philatelic Society) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (blue printed) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Cape Canaveral FL(Colorano silk) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (red-orange printed) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Cape Canaveral FL(Mission patch and red printed) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Arecibo PR(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Greenbelt MD(GSFC blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Hampton-Newport News VA(blank/no) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Pasadena CAMeter on cover (no cachet)Viking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Patrick AFB, FL(Whitney blue and magenta and black) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20Cape Canaveral FL(Whitney blue and magenta) cachet on (airmail) coverViking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20
1975-09-10
Washington DC
Greenbelt MD
Postcard, also backViking-1 landing on Mars
Viking-2 launch
United States1976-07-20
1976-09-03
Pasadena CA
Pasadena CA
(Machine) cancel and (magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
Viking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-07-20
1978-07-20
Arecibo PR
Cape Canaveral FL
(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
USA 1759 FDC2
United States1976-07-20
1978-07-20
Pasadena CA
Cape Canaveral FL
(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
USA 1759 FDC2
United States1976-07-20
1978-07-22
Kennedy Space Center FL
Walnut Creek CA
(Coalpex) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 landing on Mars
Coalpex Exhibition Station
United States1976-07-28Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 lander first scoop of Mars soil
United States1976-09-24
1976-10-18
Pasadena CA
Pasadena CA
(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbital walk
Viking-2 orbital walk
United States1976-11-25Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Vikings test Einstein theory" (both Viking-1 and Viking-2)
United States1976-12-13Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Viking extended mission begins" (for both Viking-1 and Viking-2)
United States1977-02-18Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbiter photographs Phobos (mis-spelled "Phobus")
United States1977-02-19Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbiter closest photographs of Phobos (mis-spelled "Phobus")
United States1977-02-28Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbiter final photographs of Phobos (mis-spelled "Phobus")
United States1979-07-20Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-1 orbiter special survey of Mars surface
United States1980-08-07Pasadena CA(Green printed and blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-1 orbiter shut down
Viking-1 (anniversaries)
United States1978-07-20Cape Canaveral FL(ArtCraft/PCS) cachet on cover2nd anniv. Viking-1 landing on Mars2
United States1980-08-20Kennedy Space Center FL(MoF no.92) cachet on cover5th anniv. Viking-1 launch
United States1986-07-20Pasadena CA(JPL Stamp Club) cachet on cover10th anniv. Viking-1 landing on Mars
1975-09-09: Viking-2
Australia1975-09-09Sydney South NSW(NASA purple and red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 launch, Viking lander (in protective shield)
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on (airmail) coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Pasadena CA(Typed and hand-written) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Cape Canaveral FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(KSC Philatelic Society) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Project Viking mission patch) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Cape Canaveral FL(Colorano silk) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Pasadena CA(JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Viking patch and printed) cachets on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Blue and red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Greenbelt MD(Magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-09Barstow CAMeter on coverViking-2 launch on 9 September (the month rotor in the meter is halfway between SEP and OCT) and tracking by the Goldstone Space Communications Station
United States1975-09-09Kennedy Space Center FL(Ritchie) cachet on coverViking-2 launch; also "Viking-1" (in cachet text)
United States1975-09-09
1975-08-20
Cape Canaveral FL
Kennedy Space Center FL
(NASA purple rubber-stamp) cachet (signed) on coverViking-2 launch
Viking-1 launch
Australia1975-09-10Adelaide SA(Green rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 launch
United States1975-09-10
1976-07-20
Greenbelt MD
Washington DC
Postcard, also backViking-2 launch
Viking-1 landing on Mars
Viking-2 (events)
United States1976-08-07Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 photos to chose landing site
United States1976-08-07Barstow CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Kennedy Space Center FL(KSC Philatelic Society) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet (slightly-different colors) on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Vandenberg AFB, CA(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-08-07Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-2 enters Mars orbit
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (mission patch) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel (same) and (JPL Stamp Club) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Kennedy Space Center FL(KSC Philatelic Society) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Kennedy Space Center FL(Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Astro Covers) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Landing NJ(Red printed) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Cape Canaveral FL(Colorano silk) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars, also "Viking-1" (in cachet text)
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (printed) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Arecibo PR(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Hampton-Newport News VA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Barstow CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (black printed) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03
1976-07-20
Pasadena CA
Pasadena CA
(Machine) cancel and (magenta rubber-stamp) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
Viking-1 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-03
1978-07-20
Pasadena CA
Cape Canaveral FL
(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
USA 1759 FDC2
Australia1976-09-04Tharwa ACT(TDSCC) cachet on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
Australia1976-09-04Adelaide SA(Project Viking black logo and red printed) cachets on coverViking-2 landing on Mars
United States1976-09-11Greenbelt MD(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 photos from Mars
United States1976-09-12Pasadena CA(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 first scoop of Mars soil
United States1976-10-18
1976-09-24
Pasadena CA
Pasadena CA
(Machine) cancel and (Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 orbital walk
Viking-1 orbital walk
United States1976-11-25Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Vikings test Einstein theory" (both Viking-1 and Viking-2)
United States1976-12-13Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on cover"Viking extended mission begins" (for both Viking-1 and Viking-2)
United States1977-10-05Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 orbiter photographs Deimos
United States1977-10-15Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 orbiter closest photographs of Deimos
United States1977-10-20Pasadena CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverViking-2 orbiter photographs of Deimos
Viking-2 (anniversaries)
United States2011-09-03Sagamore Beach MA(Coverscape) cachet on cover 35th anniv. Viking-2 landing on Mars
Viking (on other than Viking launch covers)
United States1971-05-10Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) insert from Mariner-8 [failed] launch cover, also frontViking spacecraft" (in insert text)
United States1971-05-30Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on Mariner-9 launch cover"Project Viking"
United States1971-11-13Satellite Beach FL(Whitney magenta) cachet on Mariner-9 event cover"Project Viking"
United States1976-11-13Cape Canaveral FL(Whitney magenta and blue) cachet on Mariner-9 anniversary cover"Project Viking"
United States1980-03-29
1983-06-13
Park Forest IL
Mountain View CA
(Parforex Station) cancel on Pioneer-10 event coverViking orbiter depicted, and "Viking"
United States1996-12-04
1997-07-04
Kennedy Space Center FL
Pasadena CA
(Space Voyage) cachet on Mars Pathfinder launch and landing cover"Viking landings: July 20, 1976; September 3, 1976"
United States1997-07-04
1997-07-04
Pasadena CA
Roswell NM
(Space Voyage printed) cachet on cover"Viking landings: July 20, 1976; September 3, 1976"
United States1997-07-04
1997-07-04
Pasadena CA
Roswell NM
(Space Voyage sticker) cachet on cover"Viking landings: July 20, 1976; September 3, 1976"
United States2012-08-05Pasadena CA(Printed) cachet on MSL/Curiosity launch cover"Viking 1 and 2"

1"Late date stamp due to postal unrest" (in text)
2The 20 July 1978 issue date for FDCs of USA 1759 is also exactly the second anniversary of the landing of Viking-1 on Mars.


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Updated: 2018-06-11