Venera-1

Venera-series
satellites

Venera-3
Venera-1Venera-3

This page contains philatelic information on the Venera-series satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Venera was occasionally called Venusik by western media, or known as Venus, by direct translation.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Reference images
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Venera
(Russia/USSR)
Venera
(Russia/USSR)
Venera (Russia/USSR) Venera
(Russia/USSR)
Venera (on other than Venera launch covers)


Below is a list of Venera-series satellite postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Venera (Russia/USSR)
AlbaniaC71 (Mi782)1963Venera-1 (by launch date in text)
AlbaniaC68-C72 fdcOne of five stamps on FDC
AlbaniaC74 (Mi858)C71 overprinted1964Venera-1 (by launch date in text)
Altai RepublicLocal1Overprint on 4x Russia 57232 (Mi5894), from strip of 5, also overprint template2000"Venera-8"
Altai RepublicLocal2Overprint on 4x Russia 6064 (Mi261), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Altai RepublicLocal3Overprint on 4x Russia 6066A (Mi262), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Altai RepublicLocal4Overprint on 4x Russia 6067 (Mi251), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Altai RepublicLocal5Overprint on 4x Russia 6069 (Mi253), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Altai RepublicLocal fdc1Strip of 5 overprints on FDC
Altai RepublicLocal fdc2Two strips of 5 overprints on FDC
Altai RepublicLocal fdc3Two strips of 5 overprints on FDC (different)
Angola1108f (Mi1429)One of MS6 (1108 (a-f)) (Mi1424-1429)1999"Venera-7"
BashkortostanLocalCuba 2185 overprinted on 2x Russia 6060A (Mi266), from a strip of 5 such overprints, also overprint template1996Venera-9
BeninUnknown (Mi1527)Dahomey C68 overprinted in black2008"Venus-4" (Venera-4) capsule landing
BulgariaC83 (Mi1233)1961Venera-1 (by launch date in text, fantasy image of launch rocket)
BulgariaC83 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
Bulgaria1644 (Mi1778)1967"Venera-4"
Bulgaria1643-1644 fdcOne of two stamps on FDC
BulgariaC132 (Mi2635)1977Venera-4
Bulgaria4566b (Mi4988)201150th anniv. "Venera"-1 launch
Bulgaria4566b fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on card
Bulgaria4566 (BL339)MS2 (4566 (a-b))
BulgariaUnknown ss (BL?)In (upper-right) margin of SS12016"Venera-4" (in Cyrillic text and depicted, also launch date in text)
Buriatia RepublicLocal fdcCachet (same design as Czechoslovakia 1874) on FDC1995Venera-4/8 type
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 45193 (Mi4496), from strip of 5, also overprint template1995Venera-2/3 type
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 6066A (Mi262), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocalOverprint on 4x Russia 6067A (Mi252), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Buriatia RepublicLocal fdc1Overprint on 4x Russia 4519 and 4x Russia 5984 on FDC1995(As above for stamps)
Buriatia RepublicLocal fdc2Overprint on 4x Russia 6066A and 4x Russia 6067A on FDC(As above for stamps)
Cambodia1104 (Mi1182)1990"Venus-3" (Venera-3)
Cambodia1150 (Mi1228)1104 overprinted1991"Venus-3" (Venera-3)
Central African RepublicC56 (Mi160)1968"Venus-4" (Venera-4) probe (also landing date in text)
Central African RepublicC56 proofSigned proof (green-black)
Central African Republic1172c (Mi1873A)
i1172c (Mi1873B)
One of MS4 (1172 (a-d)) (Mi1871A-1874A)
One of imperforate MS4 (i1172 (a-d)) (Mi1871B-1874B)
1997"Venera-13" lander
Central African RepublicMi3852One of MS4 (Mi3852-3855)2012"Venera-1"
Central African RepublicMi3852-3155_ms4 fdcMS4 on FDC
Chad705e (Mi1491A)
i705e (Mi1491B)
One stamp and in selvedge of MS6 (705 (a-f)) (Mi1487A-1492A)
One stamp and in selvedge of imperforate MS6 (i705 (a-f)) (Mi1487B-1492B)
1997"Venera-4" capsule (in selvedge text)
Cuba871 (Mi930)One of block of 5 (872a (868-872 + label)) (Mi928-932); or four of MS20 (872b (4x (868-872))) (Mi928-932)1964Venera-1
Cuba1515 (Mi1587)1970Venera-1 (or Mars-1)
Cuba1284 (Mi1353)1967"Venusik" (Venera-1)
Cuba1284-1286+1289 fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Cuba1289a (BL30)One of simulated-perforation MS8 (1282-1289)
Cuba1289a fdcMS8 on FDC
Cuba1792 (Mi1867)1973"Venus-7" (Venera-7)
Cuba2185 (Mi2288)1978"Venus-9" (Venera-9)
CubaC278 (Mi2290)"Venus-10" (Venera-10)
Cuba2185-2186+C278 fdcTwo of three stamps on FDC(As above)
Czechoslovakia1031 (Mi1252)1961Same image as 1033, but different text
Czechoslovakia1033 (Mi1254)Venera-1 launch (by launch date in text)
Czechoslovakia1874 (Mi2132)1973Venera-4/8 type
Czechoslovakia1874-1876 cardFDC card (1874-1876)
DahomeyC68 (Mi336)1968"Venus-4" (Venera-4) capsule landing
DahomeyC68a (BL12)On one of MS2 (C67-C68) (Mi335-336)
DahomeyC104 (Mi388)C68 overprinted in black1969"Venus-4" (Venera-4) capsule landing
DahomeyC104 op-invC68 overprinted in black, inverted
DahomeyC104 silverC68 overprinted in silver
DahomeyC104 goldC68 overprinted in gold
DahomeyC239 (Mi601)
iC239

Imperforate
1974Venera-4/8 type, and capsule on Venus surface
DahomeyC239a (BL45)On stamp of SS1 (C239)
DjiboutiUnknown d (Mi?)
Unknown id
From MS9 (a-i)
From imperforate MS9 (a-i)
2009"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
DjiboutiUnknown g (Mi?)
Unknown ig
"Venusik" (Venera-1)
DjiboutiUnknown proofSigned-proof imperforate MS9(As above)
FujeiraMi959A
Mi959B
One of MS20 (Mi957A-976A)
Imperforate
1972Venera-1
Gabon937a (Mi1434)
i937a
One of MS12 (937 (a-l)) (Mi1434-1445)
One of imperforate MS12 (i937 (a-l))
1999"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
Gabon937 fdcMS12 on FDC
Germany (East)634g (Mi932)One of MS8 (634 (a-h)) (Mi926-933)1962Venera-1 (by launch date in text)
Germany (East)985 (Mi1341)1968"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
Germany (East)1262 (Mi1636)One of MS8 (1269a (1262-1269)) (Mi1636-1643)1971"Venus-5" (Venera-5), whose capsule descended to the surface by parachute on 1969-05-16; also pennant segment1
Germany (East)2530 (Mi3007)One of block of 4 (2531a (2528-2531)) (Mi3005-3008)1986"Venera-15", "Venera-16"
Germany (West)NoneCinderella (poster stamp), one of MS30 cinderella~1966Venera-1 (but "Sputnik-8" in text)
Guinea Republic1086a (BL304)In (upper and left) margins of SS1 (1086, Mi1206)1988"Venus" (Venera) (in upper margin); "Venera-11" lander (in several depictions in left margin with or without the descent parachute)
Guinea-Bissau413d (BL174A)
i413d (BL174B)
In (lower-left) margin of SS1 (413)
In (lower-left) margin of imperforate SS1 (i413)
1981Venera-9/14 type lander
Guinea-BissauMi8074-8077_ms4MS4 (a-d)201540th anniv. Venera-9
Hungary1385 (Mi1758)
i1385

Imperforate
1961Venera-1 (by launch date in text); see also Hungary C242
Hungary1386 (Mi1759)
i1386

Imperforate
Hungary1387 (Mi1760)
i1387

Imperforate
Hungary1388 (Mi1761)
i1388

Imperforate
Hungary1385-1388 fdc1Four stamps and cachet on FDC
Hungary1385-1388 fdc2Four stamps and cachet (same) on FDC (different cancel)
Hungary1385-1388 fdc3Four stamps and cachet (same) on FDC (different cancel)
Hungary1388a (4x Mi1761)
i1388a
MS4 (4x 1388)
Imperforate MS4 (4x i1388)
HungaryC240 (Mi1911A)
iC240 (Mi1911B)
Stamp-on-stamp: North Korea 282
Imperforate
1963Venera-1 (fantasy image of launch rocket)
HungaryC242 (Mi1913A)
iC242 (Mi1913B)
Stamp-on-stamp: Hungary 1386
Imperforate
Venera-1 (by launch date in text)
HungaryC246 (Mi1917A)
iC246 (Mi1917B)
Stamp-on-stamp: Russia 2456
Imperforate
Venera-1 (by launch date in text, fantasy image of launch rocket)
Hungary1861 (Mi2368)1967"Venus-4" (Venera-4, also by launch date in text)
Hungary1861 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
HungaryC328 (BL95)On stamp of SS11973"Venera-8" (also by launch date in text)
HungaryC361 (BL111A)
iC361 (BL111B)
In (lower-left) margin of SS1
In (lower-left) margin of imperforate SS1
1975"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
HungaryC369 (Mi3151A)
iC369 (Mi3151B)

Imperforate
1976"Venus" (Venera) launch (probably Venera-9 or Venera-10, from other stamps in the set)
HungaryC370 (Mi3152A)
iC370 (Mi3152B)

Imperforate
"Venyera-9" (Venera-9)
HungaryC371 (Mi3153A)
iC371 (Mi3153B)

Imperforate
"Venyera-10" (Venera-10)
HungaryC372 (Mi3154A)
iC372 (Mi3154B)

Imperforate
"Venyera" (Venera) lander (probably Venera-9 or Venera-10, from other stamps in the set)
HungaryC366-367+C370-371 fdcTwo of four stamps and cachet on FDC(As above for stamps); Venera-9/10 type lander (in cachet)
HungaryC368-369+C372 fdcTwo of three stamps and cachet on FDC
HungaryC373 fdc (BL121 fdc)Cachet on FDCVenera-9/10 type lander
Hungary2499-2500+2503 fdc (Mi3215-3216+3219 fdc)Cachet on FDC1976Venera-1 (and/or Mars-1)
HungaryC375 fdc (BL125 fdc)Cachet (same) on FDC (different)
Korea (North)282 (Mi289)1961Venera (fantasy image of launch rocket); see also Hungary C240
Korea (North)1245 (Mi1287)1974"Venera-3"
Korea (North)1246 (Mi1288)"Venera-5", "Venera-6"
Korea (North)2431 (Mi2524)
i2431

Imperforate
1984Venera-9/14 type
Korea (North)2431 specimenOverprinted "specimen"
Korea (North)2609 (Mi2783)From MS10 (2609a (10x 2509))1986Venera or (Venera-type) Mars (but comsat theme)
Korea (North)2683 (Mi2869)1987Venera or (Venera-type) Mars
Korea (North)3713 (Mi4017)
i3713

Imperforate
1998(Model of) Venera-4/8 type
Korea (North)3714a (Mi4017-4018)
i3714a
One of MS2 (3713-3714)
One of imperforate MS2 (i3713-i3714)
Korea (North)3715a (Mi4017+4019)
i3715a
One of MS2 (3713+3715)
One of imperforate MS2 (i3713+i3715)
Korea (North)i3713-i3715 fdcOne of three imperforate stamps on FDC
KyrgyzstanLocal cOne of local MS6 (a-f)2000Venera-4/8 type
Libya671 (Mi588A)
i671 (Mi588B)

Imperforate
1977Venera-4/8 type
Libya671a (BL26A)
i671a (BL26B)
MS4 (4x 671)
Imperforate MS4 (4x i671)
Libya671b (BL?)Deluxe sheet (671)
Libya671-673+675-677 fdcOne of six stamps on FDC
Malagasy Republic1537c (Mi2481)One of MS6 (1537 (a-f)) (Mi2479-2484)2000"Venera-4"
MaliC124 (Mi287)1971"Venera-5"
MaliC124 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Mali1034b (Mi2256)
i1034b
On one stamp and in (upper-left) margin and in (left) margin and in (upper-right) margin of MS4 (1034 (a-d)) (Mi2255-2258)
On one stamp and in (upper-left) margin and in (left) margin and in (upper-right) margin of imperforate MS4 (i1034 (a-d))
1999"Venera-12"; Venera-4/8 type (in upper-left margin); Venera-1 or Mars-1 (in left margin); Venera-5/8 capsule (in upper-right margin)
Mali1039 (Mi2275-2278)
i1039
In (lower) margin of MS4 (1039 (a-d))
In (lower) margin of imperforate MS4 (i1039 (a-d))
1999Venera-9/14 type lander with heat shield
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (lower-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Venera-7"
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (lower-right) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Venera-4"
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)
Unknown ims
In (upper-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)
In (upper-left) margin of imperforate MS3 (a-c)
2013"Venera-1"
MaliUnknown fdc
Unknown ifdc
MS3 on FDC
Imperforate MS3 on FDC
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)
Unknown ims
In (lower-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)
In (lower-left) margin of imperforate MS3 (a-c)
2013"Venera-4" capsule
MaliUnknown fdc
Unknown ifdc
MS3 on FDC
Imperforate MS3 on FDC
Marshall Islands345l (Mi261)One of MS25 (345 (a-y)) (Mi250-274)1989"First probe of Venus 1965" (Venera-3)
Marshall IslandsKM30$50. (silver coin)1989"First probe of Venus" (Venera-3)
Marshall Islands897i (Mi2114)One of MS10 (897 (a-j)) (Mi2106-2115)2007"First probe of Venus" (Venera-3)
Micronesia334f (Mi706)From MS20 (334 (a-t)) (Mi701-720)1999"Venera-1"
Micronesia334k (Mi711)"Venera-3"
MoldovaUnknown ms (Mi?)MS12 (12x unknown)2015Venera-2
MongoliaC33e (Mi743)From MS12 (C33 (a-l)) (Mi736-747)1972"Venus-1" (Venera-1)
MongoliaC33l (Mi746)"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
MongoliaC121 (Mi1563)1979"Venera-5", "Venera-6"
MongoliaC158 (Mi1516)1982"Venyera-8" (Venera-8)
Mongolia1476 (Mi1732)1985"Venera-9" lander
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal1 (100 value)Russia 5028 overprinted on 4x Russia 45201 (Mi4497), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template1994Venera-13/14 type
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal2 (500 value)
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal3 (900 value)
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal1 (100 value)Russia 5028 overprinted on 4x Russia 57331 (Mi5904), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal2 (500 value)
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal3 (900 value)
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal1 (100 value)Russia 5028 overprinted on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also partial overprint template
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal2 (500 value)
Nagorno-KarabakhLocal3 (900 value)
Nevis659 (Mi591)1991"Venera-7"
Niger968g (Mi1339A)
i968g (Mi1339B)
One of MS8 (968 (a-h + label)) (Mi1333-1340)
One of imperforate MS8 (i968)
1997"Venera-11" (spacecraft and lander)
Niger1078c (Mi1928)
i1078c
One of MS9 (1078 (a-i)) (Mi1926-1934)
One of imperforate MS9 (i1078 (a-i))
2001"capsule Venera-13"
Niger1078 fdcImperforate MS9 on FDC
Poland3495 (Mi3805)2000Venera-4/8 type
Poland3495 fdcStamp on FDC
PolandNonePrinted stamp on postal card2000Venera-4/8 type
Romania1845 (Mi2509)1966"Venus-3" (but Venera-1)
Russia (USSR)2456 (Mi2468)1961Venera-1 (by launch date in text, fantasy image of launch rocket); see also Hungary C246
Russia (USSR)2457 (Mi2469)
Russia (USSR)NoneMatchbox cover1963"Venera"
Russia (USSR)NoneCard (with Russia 2456 stamp)1964Venera-1 (by launch date in text)
Russia (USSR)3040 label6 (BL39)On one of six labels in SS0 (3040 (6 labels only) (Mi3061-3066)1965Venera-1 (or Mars-1)
Russia (USSR)3224 (Mi3239)1966Venera-3 (by landing date in text), also spherical pennant (in the form of an Earth globe)1 and round medallion1
Russia (USSR)3397 (BL49)In (upper and left) margins of SS1 (Mi3423)1967Venera-1 (or Mars-1)
Russia (USSR)3458+label (Mi3482+label)One of block of 3 (3458a (3456-3458 + 3 labels)) (Mi3480-3482)1968"Venera-4" and star-shaped pennant1, also landing date (in text on label)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet (design same as Russia 3458+label) on stamped envelope1968"Venera-4" and star-shaped pennant1
Russia (USSR)3667 (Mi3694)1969"Venera-5" and "Venera-6" (also by landing dates in text), and pennant segment1
Russia (USSR)3668 (Mi3695)"Venera-5" and "Venera-6" (also by landing dates in text), and capsule with parachute
Russia (USSR)3729a label (Mi3757)On one label of MS8 (3729a (8x 3729 + 16 labels))1970"Venera-5", "Venera-6"
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on un-stamped envelope1970"Venera-4"; also pennant segment1
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back~1970sVenera-4
Russia (USSR)3844 (BL69)In (left) margin of MS4 (3844 (a-d))1971Venera-4/8 type
Russia (USSR)3844 fdcMS4 on FDC
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back1971Venera-7
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back (different)1971Venera-7 capsule on Venus
Russia (USSR)4011 (Mi4047)1972Venera-7 lander with parachute
Russia (USSR)4044 (Mi4079)1972"Venera-8" (also launch and landing dates in text); also capsule with parachute
Russia (USSR)4044 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Russia (USSR)4045 (BL82)Imperforate MS2 (4045 (a-b))"Venera-8" (and "Mars-3")
Russia (USSR)4045 fdcMS2 on FDC
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1972Venera-4/8 type (lower satellite), Unknown (upper satellite)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope (different), also same envelope unused1972"Venera-7" (also launch and landing dates in cachet)
Russia (USSR)NoneExtra (Russia 4011) stamp and cachet on stamped envelope, also same envelope unused1972"Venera-7" (cachet reproduces Russia 4011)
Russia (USSR)3458 card (Mi3482 card)Stamp (3458) and cachet on postcard, also back1972Venera-4/8 type
Russia (USSR)4392 (Mi4426)1975"Venera-9", "Venera-10" lander (also both landing dates in text)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1975"Venera-9" (also an extra stamp: 4044)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on (airmail) stamped envelope1976Venera-9/14 type
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back1976?Venera-9
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back (different)1976?Venera-9, Venera-10
Russia (USSR)4562 (Mi4589)1977Venera-9/14 type
Russia (USSR)4562 fdcStamp and cachet (design like stamp) on FDC
Russia (USSR)4588 (Mi4627)Stamp-on-stamp: Russia 24561977Venera-1 (by launch date in text on stamp-on-stamp)
Russia (USSR)4593 (Mi4653)1977Venera-9/14 type ("Venera-9 and 10" in text in fdc2 back) (and Mars-2 and Luna-16)
Russia (USSR)4593 fdc1Stamp and cachet on FDC, also stamped envelope unused
Russia (USSR)4593 fdc2Stamp and (Fleetwood) cachet on FDC, also back
Russia (USSR)4593 fdc3Stamp and cachet (different) on FDC
Russia (USSR)4593 maxiMaxicard
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1977Venera-4/8 type (and Mars-2 and Luna-16)
Russia (USSR)4669 (BL129)In (right) margin of SS11978Venera-9/14 type (and Mars-2)
Russia (USSR)4669 fdcSS1 on FDC
Russia (USSR)4392 card (Mi4426 card)Stamp and cachet on card1979"Venera-9", "Venera-10" lander (also both landing dates in text); Venera-9/10 type lander (on cachet)
Russia (USSR)4740 (Mi4827)1979"Venera-11", "Venera-12" (also landing dates in text); also Venera-12 pennant segment1
Russia (USSR)NonePostcard back1980?Venera-10
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1981Venera capsule and parachute descending in the Venusian atmosphere (starting with Venera-4, the Venera missions had capsules or landers with parachutes)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1981Venera 9/14 type
Russia (USSR)5028 (Mi5160)1982"Venera-13", "Venera-14"
Russia (USSR)5028 fdcStamp and cancel on FDC
Russia (USSR)5061 (Mi5192)From MS8 (5061a (8x 5061))1982Venera-9/14 type (and D-2B and Prognoz)
Russia (USSR)NonePrinted stamp on postal card, also detail1982Venera-9/14 type lander
Russia (USSR)5296 fdc (Mi5438 fdc)Cachet on FDC1984Venera-9/14 type (and Mars and Lunokhod-1/2)
Russia (USSR)5297 (Mi5439)"Venera-9"
RussiaNoneCachet on postal card2016"50th anniv. Venera-3" (in Russian text)
RussiaNoneCancel and cachet on postal card2016"50th anniv. Venera-3" (in Russian text)
RussiaUnknown folder (Mi? folder)MS15 folder2016"Venera-7" (in text)
Singapore918a+label (Mi?+label)On label with stamp; stamp is one of strip of 4 (918 (a-d)), or one of MS4 (918e (a-d))2000Venera-4/8 type
Togo566_1st3 (Mi516Aa)
i566_1st3 (Mi516Ba)
One of strip of 2 (566a_1st (565-566)) (Mi515Aa-516Aa), or six of MS12 (566b_1st (6x (565-566))); each is 543 overprinted in red
One of imperforate strip of 2 (i566a_1st (i565-i566)) (Mi515Ba-516Ba), or six of imperforate MS12 (i566b_1st (6x (i565-i566))); each is i543 overprinted in red
1966"Venus 3" (in overprinted text)
Togo566_2nd3 (Mi516Ab)
i566_2nd3 (Mi516Bb)
One of strip of 2 (566a_2nd (565-566)) (Mi515Ab-516Ab), or six of MS12 (566b_2nd (6x (565-566))); each is 543 overprinted (differently) in red
One of imperforate strip of 2 (i566a_2nd (i565-i566)) (Mi515Bb-516Bb), or six of imperforate MS12 (i566b_2nd (6x (i565-i566))); each is i543 overprinted (differently) in red
Togo998 (Mi1294A)
i998 (Mi1294B)

Imperforate
1978"Venera-1"
Togo998 dsDeluxe sheet (998)
Togo1000 (Mi1296A)
i1000 (Mi1296B)

Imperforate
"Venera"-9/14 type
Togo1000 dsDeluxe sheet (1000)
TogoC343 (Mi1297)
iC343

Imperforate
Venera tubing (and instrumentation)
TogoC343 dsDeluxe sheet (C343)
TogoC344 (Mi1298)
iC344

Imperforate
Venera conical antenna
TogoC344 dsDeluxe sheet (C344)
TogoC345a (BL132)On one stamp of MS2 (C344-C345)
Togo998+1000+C345 fdcTwo of three stamps and cancel and cachet on FDC(As above for stamps); Venera-1 and Pioneer-13 (in cachet); also "Venus" and "Pioneer" (in cancel and cachet)
Togo999+C343+C344 fdcTwo of three stamps and cancel (same) and cachet (same) on FDC
UdmurtiaLocalCambodia 1104 overprinted on 4x Russia 45202 (Mi4497), from strip of 5, also overprint template1997Venera-3; Venera-9/14 type lander (in FDC1 cachet)
UdmurtiaLocalCambodia 1104 overprinted on 4x Russia 57332 (Mi5904), from strip of 5, also overprint template
UdmurtiaLocalCambodia 1104 overprinted on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
UdmurtiaLocal fdc1On strip of 5 and cachet on FDC
UdmurtiaLocal fdc2On two strips of 5 on FDC
Umm Al QiwainMi1075A
Mi1075B
One of MS16 (Mi1066A-1081A)
One of imperforate MS16 (Mi1066B-1081B)
1972Venera-1 (or Mars-1)
Umm Al QiwainMi1075A ds1Deluxe sheet (Mi1075A), white border
Umm Al QiwainMi1075A ds2Deluxe sheet (Mi1075A), blue border
Umm Al QiwainMi1075B ds1Imperforate deluxe sheet (Mi1075B), pink border
Umm Al QiwainMi1091A
Mi1091B
One of MS16 (Mi1082A-1097A)
One of imperforate MS16 (Mi1082B-1097B)
Vietnam956 (Mi991)
i956

Imperforate
1978"Venus-1" (Venera-1) (also by launch date in text)
XhakasiaLocalRussia 4593 overprinted on 4x Russia 45212 (Mi4498), from strip of 5, also overprint template1996Venera-9/14 type
XhakasiaLocalRussia 4593 overprinted on 4x Russia 45212 olive-color variation, from strip of 5, also overprint template
XhakasiaLocalRussia 4593 overprinted on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6117), from strip of 5, also overprint template
XhakasiaLocalRussia 4593 overprinted on 4x Russia 6066A (Mi262), from strip of 5, also overprint template
XhakasiaLocalRussia 4593 overprinted on 4x Russia 6068A (Mi268), from strip of 5, also overprint template
XhakasiaLocal fdc1Russia 4593 overprinted on two strips of 5 on FDC(As above for stamps)
XhakasiaLocal fdc2
Yemen Arab Republic261A (Mi922)
261h (Mi929)

Imperforate with changed colors
1969"Venus-1" (Venera-1)
Yemen Arab Republic261E (Mi926)
261l (Mi933)

Imperforate with changed colors
"Venus-2" (Venera-2), "Venus-3" (Venera-3)
Yemen Arab Republic261F (Mi927)
261m (Mi934)

Imperforate with changed colors
"Venus-4" (Venera-4)
Yemen Republic807In (upper-left) margin of SS12004Venera-4/8 type
Yugoslavia873 (Mi1219)1967"Venera-3" (and "Mariner-4")
Yugoslavia1048 (Mi1412)1971Venera-4/8 type, and capsule with parachute (also Mariner-5/7 type)
Yugoslavia1048-1050 fdc1One of three stamps on FDC
Yugoslavia1048-1050 fdc2One of three stamps on FDC (different color)

1The word "pennant" usually refers to a tapering flag on a ship or, in North America, a flag identifying a sports championship or team. The word has, however, a particular meaning in the context of early Soviet lunar and planetary spacecraft, which carried small embossed and/or engraved highly durable titanium "plaques" with artwork (done in thermoresistant polysiloxane enamels) and information related to the Soviet Union (USSR) and to the mission. Those small plaques are referred to as "pennants". A few dozen of each type were minted, some of which were installed in the spacecraft, while others were given to VIPs and top scientists. The Venera-1, Venera-2, and Venera-3 pennants were unusual in that they consisted of a round medallion inside a small spherical metal globe of the Earth, which in turn was enclosed within a protective shell composed of pentagonal stainless steel pennant segments. Details are uncertain, but it appears that the shell was designed to break up on impact, releasing the sphere which would then float on the ocean that was supposed at the time to cover Venus. Some of the Soviet Luna and Mars spacecraft also carried pennants. More information on Soviet spacecraft pennants can be found here.
2See here for a list of engraved/lithographed Russian definitive pairs known to exist with satellite overprints.
3These stamps exist in two different printings. The second printing has brighter colors than the first. Also, in the second printing the red overprint text is shifted a little to the right compared with that of the first printing (a vertical shift may occur as well).


Below is a list of Venera-series satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Venera (Russia/USSR)
1961-02-04: Venera-(1a) [failed]
Russia (USSR)1962-02-04Vilnius(Printed) cachet on coverVenera-(1a) / Sputnik-7 launch
1961-02-12: Venera-1
No launch cover images available yet
Venera-1 (anniversaries)
Russia (USSR)1962-02-12Taganrog(Printed) cachet on cover1st anniv. Venera-1 launch
1965-11-12: Venera-2
No launch cover images available yet
1965-11-16: Venera-3
Russia (USSR)1965-11-16Baikonur Karaganda Oblast(Red and purple printed and purple rubber-stamp) cachets on (known fake3) coverVenera-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-17Tartu(Multi-color printed and black rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.86)1Venera-3 launch
Venera-3 (events)
Russia (USSR)1966-03-01Tartu(Multi-color printed and green rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.86)1Venera-3 impact with Venus
Venera-3 (anniversaries)
Russia (USSR)2016-03-01MoscowCancel and (printed) cachet on cover50th anniv. Venera-3 impact with Venus
Russia (USSR)2016-03-01MoscowCancel (same) and (printed) cachet (different) on cover50th anniv. Venera-3 impact with Venus
Russia (USSR)2016-03-01MoscowCancel (same) and (printed) cachet on (different) cover50th anniv. Venera-3 impact with Venus
1967-06-12: Venera-4
No launch cover images available yet
Venera-4 (events)
Russia (USSR)1967-10-18 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and black rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.165)1Venera-4 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1967-10-18MoscowCancel on coverVenera-4 landing on Venus; star-shaped pennant2 (in cancel)
Russia (USSR)1967-10-18KievCancel (different) on coverVenera-4 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1967-10-20MoscowCancel (with 1967-10-18 date) on coverVenera-4 landing on Venus
1969-01-05: Venera-5
Russia (USSR)1969-01-06
1969-05-16
Colorado Springs CO
Colorado Springs CO
(R.E. Nichol blue and red rubber-stamp) cachet on cover, also backVenera-5 launch
capsule descent by parachute and landing on Venus
Venera-5 (events)
Russia (USSR)1969-05-16
1969-01-06
Colorado Springs CO
Colorado Springs CO
(R.E. Nichol blue and red rubber-stamp) cachet on cover, also backcapsule descent by parachute and landing on Venus
Venera-5 launch
1969-01-10: Venera-6
No launch cover images available yet
Venera-6 (events)
Russia (USSR)1969-05-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and brown rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.215)1Venera-6 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1969-05-17 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and orange rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.215)1Venera-6 landing on Venus
1970-08-17: Venera-7
No launch cover images available yet
Venera-7 (events)
Russia (USSR)1970-12-16Tartu(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.226)1Venera-7 landing on Venus (1970-12-15)
1972-03-27: Venera-8
Germany (West)1972-03-27Bochum(Intercover) cachet on coverVenera-8 launch
Russia (USSR)1972-03-27Moscow International PO(Swanson) cachet on coverVenera-8 launch
Russia (USSR)1972-03-28Tartu(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.244)1Venera-8 launch
Venera-8 (events)
Russia (USSR)1972-07-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.244)1Venera-8 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1972-07-22Moscow International PO(Swanson printed) cachet on coverVenera-8 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1972-07-23Tartu(Multi-color printed and green rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.244)1Venera-8 landing on Venus
1975-06-09: Venera-9
Russia (USSR)1975-06-08Moscow International PO(Anklam) cachet on coverVenera-9 launch
Russia (USSR)1975-06-09 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and blue rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.274)1Venera-9 launch
Venera-9 (events)
Russia (USSR)1975-10-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.274)1Venera-9 landing on Venus
Russia (USSR)1975-10-22 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and orange rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.274)1Venera-9 landing on Venus
1975-06-14: Venera-10
Russia (USSR)1975-06-14Moscow International PO(Anklam) cachet on coverVenera-10 launch
Venera-10 (events)
Russia (USSR)1975-10-25 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and blue rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.275)1Venera-10 landing on Venus
Australia1975-10-27Adelaide SA(Red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverVenera-10 landing on Venus (also "Venera-9" in text)
1978-09-09: Venera-11
No launch cover images available yet
1978-09-14: Venera-12
No launch cover images available yet
1981-10-30: Venera-13
No launch cover images available yet
1981-11-04: Venera-14
No launch cover images available yet
1983-06-02: Venera-15
No launch cover images available yet
1983-06-07: Venera-16
No launch cover images available yet
Venera (on other than Venera launch covers)
Austria1967-10-18Gmund(Red printed) cachet on Mariner-5 event cover"Venera-4"
United States2002-07-10Cape Canaveral FL(Multi-color) cachet (with reproduction of Hungary 1385) on Telstar-1 anniversary coverVenera-1 (by launch date in text)

1AA no. = Tartuski Klub Kollektsionerov (TKK) [Tartu Collector Club] "Astronautika Annaalid" number. See Jim Reichman's Philatelic Study Report on Tartu Space Club Covers, 1962-1978, 2011. (e-mail: jgreichman (at) datawest.net).
2The word "pennant" usually refers to a tapering flag on a ship or, in North America, a flag identifying a sports championship or team. The word has, however, a particular meaning in the context of early Soviet lunar and planetary spacecraft, which carried small embossed and/or engraved highly durable titanium "plaques" with artwork (done in thermoresistant polysiloxane enamels) and information related to the Soviet Union (USSR) and to the mission. Those small plaques are referred to as "pennants". A few dozen of each type were minted, some of which were installed in the spacecraft, while others were given to VIPs and top scientists. The Venera-1, Venera-2, and Venera-3 pennants were unusual in that they consisted of a round medallion inside a small spherical metal globe of the Earth, which in turn was enclosed within a protective shell composed of pentagonal stainless steel pennant segments. Details are uncertain, but it appears that the shell was designed to break up on impact, releasing the sphere which would then float on the ocean that was supposed at the time to cover Venus. Some of the Soviet Luna and Mars spacecraft also carried pennants. More information on Soviet spacecraft pennants can be found here.
3Known fake cover, with a made-up Baikonur postmark, suspected to have been created by Boris Khoroshev from Moscow, and sold by a stamp dealer in Western Europe. There were no Baikonur Cosmodrome official postmarks until 1975 for the Apollo-Soyuz events. Reference the article written by Russian collector Oleg Vaisberg published as an Appendix called "Russian (Soviet) Space Covers" to Bruce Cranford's book Space Covers: Dictionary and Identifier. See also, an analysis of the situation in a book published in 2008 called Commemorative Space Covers from Collector Clubs of the Soviet Union, 1957 to 1980. Another indicator on these fakes is the use of a "first day" cachet that appears on most, but not all, of these fakes.


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