Russia

Russian
scientific/research
satellites


Below are checklists of Russian scientific/research satellites, including launch dates and images of the satellites. This is a work in progress, and completeness is our goal, except as specifically noted. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.


Satellite series covered:


(Selected) Kosmos-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Kosmos-(1a) [failed]1961-10-27Kosmos-1a (ds-1)KosmosKosmos
Kosmos-(1b) [failed]1961-12-11Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(1c) [failed]1961-11-21Kosmos-1a (ds-1)
Kosmos-1 / Sputnik-111962-03-16Kosmos-1 (ds-2)
Kosmos-1
Kosmos-2 / Sputnik-121962-04-06Kosmos-2 (1ms)
Kosmos-2+3
Kosmos-3 / Sputnik-131962-04-24Kosmos-3 (2ms)
Kosmos-2+3
Kosmos-3
Kosmos-4 / Sputnik-141962-04-26Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-5 / Sputnik-151962-05-28Kosmos-3 (2ms)
Kosmos-(6) [failed]1962-06-01Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-6 / Sputnik-161962-06-30Kosmos-6 (ds-p1)
Kosmos-7 / Sputnik-171962-07-28Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-8 / Sputnik-181962-08-18Kosmos-8 (ds-k-8)
Kosmos-91962-09-27Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-101962-10-17Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-111962-10-20Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-(12) [failed]1962-10-25Kosmos-2 (1ms)
Kosmos-121962-12-22Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-131963-03-21Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(14) [failed]1963-04-06Kosmos-6 (ds-p1)
Kosmos-14 / Omega (weather)1963-04-13Kosmos-14 (Omega)
Kosmos-151963-04-22Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-161963-04-28Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-171963-05-22Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-181963-05-24Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(19a) [failed]1963-06-01Kosmos-31 (ds-mt)
Kosmos-(19b) [failed]1963-07-10Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-191963-08-06Kosmos-6 (ds-p1)
Kosmos-(20) [failed]1963-08-22Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-201963-10-18Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(21) [failed]1963-10-24Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-21 (3MV-1A #2) (pre-Zond)1963-11-11Kosmos-21 (Zond test)
Kosmos-221963-11-16Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-(23) [failed]1963-11-28Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-23 / Omega (weather)1963-12-13Kosmos-14 (Omega)
Kosmos-241963-12-19Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-251964-02-27Kosmos-6 (ds-p1)
Kosmos-261964-03-18Kosmos-26 (ds-mg)
Kosmos-27 (3MV-1 #2) / Venera-(2d) [failed]1964-03-27Kosmos-27 (3mv-1)
Kosmos-281964-04-04Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-291964-04-25Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-301964-05-18Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-311964-06-06Kosmos-31 (ds-mt)
Kosmos-321964-06-10Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-331964-06-23Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-341964-07-01Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-351964-07-15Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-361964-07-30Kosmos-36 (ds-p1-yu)
Kosmos-371964-08-14Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-38 / Strela-1 #11964-08-18Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-39 / Strela-1 #2
Kosmos-40 / Strela-1 #3
Kosmos-41 (pre-Molniya-1)1964-08-22Kosmos-41 (Molniya-1)
Kosmos-42 / Strela-1 #41964-08-22Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-43 / Strela-1 #5
Kosmos-44 (Meteor-1 #1)1964-08-28Kosmos-44 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-45 (weather)1964-09-13Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-461964-09-24Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-47 (pre-Voskhod)1964-10-06Kosmos-47 (Voskhod-3kv)
Kosmos-481964-10-14Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(49) / Strela-1 #6 [failed]1964-10-23Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-(50) / Strela-1 #7 [failed]
Kosmos-(51) / Strela-1 #8 [failed]
Kosmos-491964-10-24Kosmos-26 (ds-mg)
Kosmos-501964-10-28Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-(51) [failed]1964-12-10Kosmos-51 (ds-2)
Kosmos-511964-12-09Kosmos-31 (ds-mt)
Kosmos-521965-01-11Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-531965-01-30Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-(54a) [failed]1965-02-12Kosmos-36 (ds-p1-yu)
Kosmos-(54b) [failed]1965-02-20Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-54 / Strela-1 #91965-02-21Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-55 / Strela-1 #10
Kosmos-56 / Strela-1 #11
Kosmos-57 (pre-Voskhod)1965-02-22Kosmos-57 (Voskhod-3kd)
Kosmos-58 (Meteor-1 #2)1965-02-25Kosmos-44 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-591965-03-07Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-60 / Luna-(5c) (Ye-6 #6) [failed]1965-03-12Kosmos-60 / Luna-(5c) (cruise)
Kosmos-60 / Luna-(5c) (surface)
Kosmos-61 / Strela-1 #121965-03-15Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-62 / Strela-1 #13
Kosmos-63 / Strela-1 #14
Kosmos-641965-03-25Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-65 (weather)1965-04-17Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-661965-05-07Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-671965-05-25Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-681965-06-15Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-691965-06-25Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-701965-07-02Kosmos-11 (ds-a1)
Kosmos-(71b) [failed]1965-07-13Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-71 / Strela-1 #151965-07-16Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-72 / Strela-1 #16
Kosmos-73 / Strela-1 #17
Kosmos-74 / Strela-1 #18
Kosmos-75 / Strela-1 #19
Kosmos-761965-07-23Kosmos-36 (ds-p1-yu)
Kosmos-771965-08-03Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-781965-08-14Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-791965-08-25Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-80 / Strela-1 #201965-09-03Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-81 / Strela-1 #21
Kosmos-82 / Strela-1 #22
Kosmos-83 / Strela-1 #23
Kosmos-84 / Strela-1 #24
Kosmos-851965-09-09Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-86 / Strela-1 #251965-09-18Kosmos-38 (Strela-1)
Kosmos-87 / Strela-1 #26
Kosmos-88 / Strela-1 #27
Kosmos-89 / Strela-1 #28
Kosmos-90 / Strela-1 #29
Kosmos-911965-09-23Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-92 (weather)1965-10-16Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-931965-10-19Kosmos-93 (ds-u2-v)
Kosmos-941965-10-28Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-951965-11-04Kosmos-93 (ds-u2-v)
Kosmos-96 / Venera-(4a) [failed]1965-11-23Kosmos-96 (3mv-4)
Kosmos-971965-11-26Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97
Kosmos-97+137
Kosmos-981965-11-27Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-991965-12-10Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1 #3)1965-12-17Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-1011965-12-21Kosmos-36 (ds-p1-yu)
Kosmos-1021965-12-27
Kosmos-(104) [failed]1965-12-28Kosmos-104 (ds-k-40)
Kosmos-1041966-01-07Kosmos-4 (Zenit-2)
Kosmos-1061966-01-25Kosmos-106 (ds-p1-i)
Kosmos-1081966-02-11Kosmos-108 (ds-u1-g)
Kosmos-1091966-02-19Kosmos-22 (Zenit-4)
Kosmos-(110) [failed]1966-02-21Kosmos-104 (ds-k-40)
Kosmos-110 (with dogs Ugolyok and Veterok)1966-02-22
Kosmos-111 / Luna-(10a) (Ye-6S #1) [failed]1966-03-01
Kosmos-118 (Meteor-1 #4)1966-05-11Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-1191966-05-24Kosmos-119 (ds-u2-i)
Kosmos-1201966-06-08
Kosmos-121 (weather)1966-06-17
Kosmos-122 (Meteor-1 #5)1966-06-25Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-1231966-07-09
Kosmos-1241966-07-14
Kosmos-1251966-07-20
Kosmos-1261966-07-28
Kosmos-1271966-08-08
Kosmos-1281966-08-28
Kosmos-1291966-10-14
Kosmos-1301966-10-20
Kosmos-1351966-12-12Kosmos-135 (ds-u2-mp)
Kosmos-1371966-12-21Kosmos-137 (ds-u2-d)
Kosmos-97+137
Kosmos-1421967-02-14Kosmos-119 (ds-u2-i)
Kosmos-144 (Meteor-1 #6)1967-02-28Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-144
Kosmos-144
Kosmos-1451967-03-03Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-97 (ds-u2-m)
Kosmos-146 (pre-Zond)1967-03-10
Kosmos-149 (weather)1967-03-21Kosmos-149 (ds-mo)
Kosmos-149
Kosmos-149
Kosmos-149
Kosmos-154 (pre-Zond)1967-04-08
Kosmos-156 (Meteor-1 #7)1967-04-27Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-159 / Luna? (E-6LS #1)1967-05-17
Kosmos-1631967-06-05Kosmos-135 (ds-u2-mp)
Kosmos-1661967-06-16Kosmos-166 (ds-u3-s)
Kosmos-166 (ds-u3-s)
Kosmos-166+other-Kosmos
Kosmos-167 / Venera-(5a) [failed]1967-06-17
Kosmos-184 (Meteor-1 #8)1967-10-24Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-1851967-10-27Kosmos-185 (i2-bm)
Kosmos-186 / Soyuz1967-10-28
Kosmos-188 / Soyuz1967-10-31
Kosmos-1961967-12-19Kosmos-108 (ds-u1-g)
Kosmos-1971967-12-26Kosmos-93 (ds-u2-v)
Kosmos-2001968-01-20
Kosmos-2021968-02-20Kosmos-93 (ds-u2-v)
Kosmos-(206) [failed]1968-03-06Kosmos-225 (ds-u1-ya)
Kosmos-206 (Meteor-1 #9)1968-03-14Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-2111968-04-09
Kosmos-2121968-04-14
Kosmos-2131968-04-14
Kosmos-212/213 (docking)1968-04-15
Kosmos-2151968-04-18Kosmos-215 (ds-u1-a)
Kosmos-2171968-04-24Kosmos-217 (i2m)
Kosmos-2191968-04-26Kosmos-137 (ds-u2-d)
Kosmos-2251968-03-06Kosmos-225 (ds-u1-ya)
Kosmos-226 (Meteor-1 #10)1968-06-12Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-2281968-06-21
Kosmos-2301968-07-05Kosmos-166 (ds-u3-s)
Kosmos-166 (ds-u3-s)
Kosmos-232 (weather)1968-07-16
Kosmos-2491968-10-20Kosmos-249 (i2p)
Kosmos-2581968-12-10
Kosmos-2591968-12-14Kosmos-119 (ds-u2-i)
Kosmos-2611968-12-20Kosmos-261 (ds-u2-gk)
Kosmos-2621968-12-26Kosmos-262 (ds-u2-gf)
Kosmos-2631969-01-12
Kosmos-(265) (Meteor-1 #11) [failed]1969-02-04Kosmos-100 (Meteor-1)
Kosmos-2651969-02-07
Kosmos-2661969-02-25
Kosmos-2671969-02-26
Kosmos-2721969-03-17
Kosmos-2731969-03-22
Kosmos-300 / Luna-(16a) (Ye-8-5 No.403) [failed]1969-09-23
Kosmos-305 / Luna-(16b) (Ye-8-5 No.404) [failed]1969-10-22
Kosmos-3131969-12-03
Kosmos-(318) / Ionosfernaya [failed]1969-12-27Kosmos-381 (ionosfernaya)
Kosmos-318/381 type
Kosmos-318/381 type
Kosmos-3181970-01-09
Kosmos-320 (weather)1970-01-16Kosmos-149 (ds-mo)
Kosmos-3211970-01-20Kosmos-321 (ds-u2-mg)
Kosmos-3351970-04-24Kosmos-335 (ds-u1-r)
Kosmos-3481970-06-13Kosmos-261 (ds-u2-gk)
Kosmos-3561970-08-10Kosmos-321 (ds-u2-mg)
Kosmos-359 / Venera-(8a) [failed]1970-08-22
Kosmos-3781970-11-17Kosmos-378 (ds-u2-ip)
Kosmos-381 / Ionosfernaya1970-12-02Kosmos-381 (ionosfernaya)
Kosmos-318/381 type
Kosmos-318/381 type
Kosmos-(390) [failed]1970-12-23Kosmos-394 (ds-p1-m)
Kosmos-3901971-01-12
Kosmos-3941971-02-09Kosmos-394 (ds-p1-m)
Kosmos-419 / Mars-(2d) [failed]1971-05-10
Kosmos-4261971-06-04Kosmos-426 (ds-u2-k)
Kosmos-4611971-12-02Kosmos-461 (ds-u2-mt)
Kosmos-482 / Venera-(9a) [failed]1972-03-31
Kosmos-557 / Soyuz1973-05-11
Kosmos-605 / Bion-11973-10-31
Kosmos-6061973-11-02
Kosmos-613 / Soyuz1973-11-30
Kosmos-6301974-01-30
Kosmos-6311974-02-06
Kosmos-6321974-02-12
Kosmos-6331974-02-27
Kosmos-6341974-03-05
Kosmos-6351974-03-14
Kosmos-6361974-03-20
Kosmos-6371974-03-26
Kosmos-638 / Soyuz1974-04-03
Kosmos-6391974-04-04
Kosmos-6401974-04-11
Kosmos-6411974-04-23
Kosmos-642
Kosmos-643
Kosmos-644
Kosmos-645
Kosmos-646
Kosmos-647
Kosmos-648
Kosmos-6491974-04-29
Kosmos-650
Kosmos-6511974-05-15
Kosmos-6541974-05-17
Kosmos-6641974-06-29
Kosmos-665
Kosmos-673 (weather/environment)1974-08-16
Kosmos-690 / Bion-21974-10-22
Kosmos-782 / Bion-31975-11-25
Kosmos-8041976-02-16Kosmos-804 (is-a)
Kosmos-8941977-02-21
Kosmos-936 / Bion-41977-08-03
Kosmos-1026 (Energiya)1978-07-02Kosmos-1026 (Energiya)
Kosmos-1045 (weather)1978-10-26
Kosmos-1076 / Okean-E11979-02-12
Kosmos-1129 / Bion-51979-09-15
Kosmos-1151 / Okean-E21980-01-23
Kosmos-12011980-07-15
Kosmos-1383 / Nadezhda #1 / COSPAS-11982-06-29Kosmos-1383
Kosmos-14431983-03-02Kosmos-1443
Kosmos-1443 (patch)
Kosmos-14451983-03-15Kosmos-1445
Kosmos-1447 / Nadezhda #2 / COSPAS-21983-03-24
Kosmos-1484 / Resurs-OE-11983-07-24
Kosmos-1500 / Okean-OE11983-09-28Kosmos-1500
Kosmos-1500
Kosmos-1514 / Bion-61983-12-14Kosmos-1514
Kosmos-1574 / Nadezhda #3 / COSPAS-31984-06-21
Kosmos-1602 / Okean-OE21984-09-28
Kosmos-1612 (Meteor-3 (1a))1984-11-27
Kosmos-1667 / Bion-71985-07-10
Kosmos-16861985-09-27
Kosmos-1689 / Resurs-O1-11985-10-03
Kosmos-1766 / Okean-O1-11986-06-28
Kosmos-1803 / Almaz-T1 [failed]1986-11-29
Kosmos-1861 / RS-10 / RS-11 (one satellite)1987-06-23Kosmos-1861/RS-10/RS-11
Kosmos-18681985-09-27
Kosmos-1869 / Okean-O1-21987-07-16
Kosmos-1870 / Almaz-T21987-07-25
Kosmos-1887 / Bion-81987-09-29
Kosmos-1939 / Resurs-O1-21988-04-20
Kosmos-2044 / Bion-91989-09-15
Kosmos-2123 / RS-12 / RS-13 (one satellite)1991-02-05Kosmos-2123/RS-12/RS-13 (mis-labeled "RS-15")
Kosmos-2229 / Bion-101992-12-29
Kosmos-2334 / Mexico-OSCAR-30 (MO-30, Unamsat-B)1996-09-05
Kosmos-2362 / GLONASS1998-12-30
Kosmos-2363 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2364 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2394 / GLONASS2002-12-25
Kosmos-2395 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2396 / GLONASS
Kosmos-23972003-04-24
Kosmos-2402 / GLONASS2003-12-10
Kosmos-2403 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2404 / GLONASS
Kosmos-24052004-05-28
Kosmos-24062004-06-10
Kosmos-24072004-07-22
Kosmos-2411 / GLONASS2004-12-12
Kosmos-2412 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2413 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2417 / GLONASS2004-12-25
Kosmos-2418 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2419 / GLONASS
Kosmos-24212006-06-25
Kosmos-2424 / GLONASS2006-12-26
Kosmos-2425 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2426 / GLONASS
Kosmos-24282007-06-29
Kosmos-24292007-09-11
Kosmos-24302007-10-23
Kosmos-2431 / GLONASS2007-10-26
Kosmos-2432 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2433 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2434 / GLONASS2007-12-09
Kosmos-2435 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2436 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2437 / Strela-3 #1372008-05-23
Kosmos-2438 / Strela-3 #138
Kosmos-2439 / Strela-3 #139
Kosmos-24402008-06-27
Kosmos-24412008-07-28
Kosmos-2442 / GLONASS2008-09-25
Kosmos-2443 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2444 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2447 / GLONASS2008-12-25
Kosmos-2448 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2449 / GLONASS
Kosmos-24502009-04-29
Kosmos-2451 / Strela-3 #1402009-07-06
Kosmos-2452 / Rodnik
Kosmos-2453 / Strela-3 #141
Kosmos-2454 / Sterkh-12009-07-21
Kosmos-24552009-11-20
Kosmos-2456 / GLONASS2009-12-14
Kosmos-2457 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2458 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2459 / GLONASS2010-03-01
Kosmos-2460 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2461 / GLONASS
Kosmos-24622010-04-16
Kosmos-24632010-04-27
Kosmos-2464 / GLONASS2010-09-02
Kosmos-2465 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2466 / GLONASS
Kosmos-2467 / Strela-3 #1422010-09-08
Kosmos-2468
Kosmos-24692010-09-30
Kosmos-2471 / GLONASS-K2011-02-26
Kosmos-2472 / Yantar / Kobalt2011-06-27
Kosmos-2478 / GLONASS-M2011-11-28
Kosmos-2480 / Yantar2012-05-17
Kosmos-2481 / Strela-3 #1432012-05-17
Kosmos-2482 / Strela-3M #4 / Rodnik-S #42012-05-17
Kosmos-2483 / Strela-3M #5 / Rodnik-S #5
Kosmos-2484 / Strela-3M #6 / Rodnik-S #6

1On the cachets of these items, a common propaganda satellite design was intended as a substitute for actual satellite designs. For other examples, see the checklist for the Soviet propaganda-design satellite.

InterKosmos (IK) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Interkosmos-11969-10-14IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1
IK-1
IK-1
IKIK
Interkosmos-21969-12-25IK-2 (ds-u1-ik)
IK-8 (ds-u1-ik)
IK-2
Interkosmos-31970-08-07IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
IK-3
IK-3
IK-3
IK-3
IK-3
Interkosmos-41970-10-14IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-4
IK-4
Interkosmos-51971-12-02IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
IK-5
Interkosmos-6 (Energiya)1972-04-07IK-6 (Energiya)
IK-6 (recoverable)
Interkosmos-71972-06-30IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7
IK-7
Interkosmos-81972-12-01IK-2 (ds-u1-ik)
IK-8 (ds-u1-ik)
IK-8
Interkosmos-9 / Kopernik-5001973-04-19IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
IK-9
IK-9
IK-9
IK-9
IK-9
IK-9
IK-9
Interkosmos-101973-10-30IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
IK-10
IK-10
IK-10
IK-10
IK-10
Interkosmos-111974-05-17IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-11
IK-11
Interkosmos-121974-10-31IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
IK-12
IK-12
Interkosmos-131975-03-27IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
Interkosmos-14 [failed]1975-06-03IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
Interkosmos-141975-12-11IK-13 (ds-u2-ik)
Interkosmos-151976-06-19IK-15 (auos-z-t-ik)
Interkosmos-161976-07-27IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-1 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-7 (ds-u3-ik)
IK-16
Interkosmos-171977-09-24IK-17 (auos-z-r-e-ik)
IK-17
IK-17
IK-17
Interkosmos-181978-10-24IK-18 (auos-z-m-ik)
IK-18
IK-18+Magion-1
Interkosmos-191979-02-27IK-19 (auos-z-i-ik)
IK-19
IK-19
Interkosmos-201979-11-01IK-20 (auos-z-r-p-ik)
IK-20
IK-20
Interkosmos-211981-02-06IK-20 (auos-z-r-p-ik)
IK-21
Interkosmos-22 / Bulgaria-13001981-08-07IK-22 (Bulgaria-1300)
IK-22 (Bulgaria-1300)
Interkosmos-23 / Prognoz-101985-04-26IK-23 (Prognoz-10)
IK-23 (Prognoz-10)
Interkosmos-241989-09-28IK-24 (auos-z-av-ik)
IK-24+Magion-2
IK-24+Magion-2
IK-24+Magion-2
Interkosmos-251991-12-18IK-24 (auos-z-ap-ik)

Prognoz-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Prognoz-11972-04-14PrognozPrognoz
Prognoz-21972-06-29Prognoz-2
Prognoz-2
Prognoz-31973-02-15
Prognoz-41975-12-12
Prognoz-51976-11-25
Prognoz-61977-09-22
Prognoz-71978-10-30
Prognoz-81980-12-25
Prognoz-9 / Relikt-11983-07-01Prognoz-9
Prognoz-9
Prognoz-10 / Interkosmos-231985-04-26Prognoz-10
Prognoz-10

Aureole / Oreol / ARCAD (ARCtic Aurora Density) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Aureole-1 / Oreol-1 / ARCAD-11971-12-27Oreol-1ARCAD/Aureole/OreolARCAD/Aureole/Oreol
Aureole-2 / Oreol-2 / ARCAD-21973-12-26
Aureole-3 / Oreol-3 / ARCAD-31981-09-21Oreol-3

Elektron-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Elektron-11964-01-30Elektron-1
Elektron-1
ElektronElektron
Elektron-2Elektron-2
Elektron-2
Elektron-2
Elektron-31964-07-10
Elektron-4

Proton-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Proton-11965-07-16Proton-1ProtonProton
Proton-21965-11-02
Proton-31966-07-06Proton-3
Proton-41968-11-16Proton-4

Czech / Russia MAGnetospheric and IONospheric (Magion) series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Magion-11978-10-24Magion-1
IK-18+Magion-1
MagionMagion
Magion-21989-09-28Magion-2
Magion-2
Magion-2
IK-24+Magion-2
IK-24+Magion-2
IK-24+Magion-2
Magion-31991-12-18Magion-3
Magion-4 (with Interbol-1)1995-08-02Magion-4
Magion-4
Magion-4/5 type
Magion-4/5 type
Magion-5
Magion-5 (with Interbol-2)1996-08-29

Interbol-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Interbol-1 (with Magion-4)1995-08-02Interbol-1Interbol-1/2 type
Interbol-1/2 type
Interbol-1/2 type
Interbol-1/2 type
Interbol
Interbol-2 (with Magion-5)1996-08-29

[Resurs-deployed] Pion-series satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Pion-1 [Resurs-F1 launched]1989-05-25Pion
Pion-2 [Resurs-F1 launched]
Pion-3 [Resurs-F3 launched]1989-07-18
Pion-4 [Resurs-F3 launched]
Pion-5 [Resurs-F16 launched]1992-08-19
Pion-6 [Resurs-F16 launched]

Sputnik-series satellites:

Satellite (Spacecraft Bus*)Launch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Sputnik-1 (PS-1)1957-10-04Sputnik-1
Sputnik-1
Sputnik-1
Sputnik-1
Sputnik-1
Sputnik-1Sputnik-1
Sputnik-2 (PS-2, with dog Laika)1957-11-03Sputnik-2
Sputnik-2
Sputnik-2
Sputnik-2Sputnik-2
Sputnik-3 (D-1 #1) [failed]1958-04-27Sputnik-3
Sputnik-3
Sputnik-3
Sputnik-3
Sputnik-3Sputnik-3
Sputnik-3 (D-1 #2)1958-05-15
Sputnik-4 / Korabl-Sputnik-1 (Vostok test)1960-05-15Sputnik-4Sputnik-4 and beyondSputnik-4 and beyond
Sputnik-5 / Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Vostok test, with dogs Strelka and Belka)1960-08-19
Sputnik-6 / Korabl-Sputnik-3 (Vostok test, with dogs Pchelka and Mushka)1960-12-01
Sputnik-7 / Venera-(1a) [partial failure]1961-02-04VeneraVenera
Sputnik-8 / Venera-11961-02-12
Sputnik-9 / Korabl-Sputnik-4 (Vostok test, with dog Chernushka)1961-03-09Sputnik-4 and beyondSputnik-4 and beyond
Sputnik-10 / Korabl-Sputnik-5 (Vostok test, with dog Zvezdochka)1961-03-25Zvezdochka (Sputnik-4)
Sputnik-11 / Kosmos-11962-03-16Kosmos-1KosmosKosmos
Sputnik-12 / Kosmos-21962-04-06Kosmos-2+3
Sputnik-13 / Kosmos-31962-04-24Kosmos-2+3
Kosmos-3
Sputnik-14 / Kosmos-41962-04-26
Sputnik-15 / Kosmos-51962-05-28
Sputnik-16 / Kosmos-61962-06-30
Sputnik-17 / Kosmos-71962-07-28
Sputnik-18 / Kosmos-81962-08-18
Sputnik-19 / Venera-(2a) [failed]1962-08-25VeneraVenera
Sputnik-20 / Venera-(2b) [failed]1962-09-01
Sputnik-21 / Venera-(2c) [failed]1962-09-12
Sputnik-22 / Mars-(1c) [failed]1962-10-24MarsMars
Sputnik-23 / Mars-11962-11-01
Sputnik-24 / Mars-(2a) [failed]1962-11-04
Sputnik-25 / Luna-(4c) [failed]1963-01-04LunaLuna
Sputnik-40 / RS-17a, Sputnik-40-2 / RS-17b [Progress-M36 launched]1997-10-05 (launched to Mir)
1997-11-04 (deployed from Mir)
RS-17aISS-relatedISS-related
Sputnik-41 / RS-18 [Progress-M40 launched]1998-10-25 (launched to Mir)
1998-11-10 (deployed from Mir)
RS-18
Sputnik-99 / RS-19 [Progress-M41 launched]1999-04-02 (launched to Mir)
1999-04-16 (deployed from Mir)

*Spacecraft Bus designations and reference images were obtained from Gunter's Space Page.

Other (selected) Russian scientific/research satellites:

SatelliteLaunch DateImages
referencelaunch coversother postal items
Polyot-11963-11-01Polyot-1
Polyot-1
Polyot-21964-04-12Polyot-2
Polyot-2
US-K / Oko (series)1972-09-19 — 2010-03-09Oko"Oko"
"Oko-1"
"Oko-1"
"Oko-1"
"Oko-1"
Yantar-2K / Feniks (series)1974-05-23 — 1983-06-28Yantar-2K"Yantar-2K"
Progress-51979-03-12Progress-5
Progress-5 (with Salyut-6)
KRT-10 (radio telescope, attached to Salyut-6) [Progress-7 launched]1979-06-28 (launched to Salyut-6)
1979-07-18 (undock from Salyut-6)
KRT-10
Yantar-4K2 / Kobalt (series)1981-08-21 — 2002-02-25Yantar-4K2"Yantar-4K2"
Yantar-4KS1 / Terilen (series)1982-12-28 — 1990-12-21Yantar-4KS1"Yantar-4KS1"
"Yantar-4KS1"
Relikt-1 / Prognoz-91983-07-01
Foton (series)1985-04-16 →Foton-91
Foton-9 (insert)
Foton-M2
Foton-M3
Foton-M3
Foton-M3
Foton-M3
Foton-M3 (landing)
Foton
MAK-1 (upper atmosphere and ionosphere) [Progress-M8 launched]1991-05-30 (launched to Mir)
1991-06-17 (deployed from Mir)
MAK-1MAK-1
Naduvaniy Hazovoy Ballon [Progress-M8 launched]1991-05-30 (launched to Mir)
1991-08-29 (deployed from Mir)
Naduvaniy Hazovoy Ballon
MAK-2 (upper atmosphere) [Progress-M15 launched]1992-10-27 (launched to Mir)
1992-11-20 (deployed from Mir)
MAK-2MAK-2
Relikt-2CanceledRelikt-2
EKA-2 [failed]1995-03-28EKA-2 (with Techsat-1a and UNAMSAT-A)
Inspector-1 [Progress-M36 launched]1997-10-05 (launched to Mir)
1997-10-05 (deployed from Mir)
Inspector-1Inspector-1
TNS-0 [Progress-M52 launched]2005-02-28 (launched to ISS)
2005-03-28 (deployed from ISS)
TNS-0
TNS-0
TNS-0
IRIS2009-09-17IRISIRIS (with Meteor-M1 and OSCAR-67 and RS-28 and RS-38)
BLITS2009-09-17BLITSBLITS (with Meteor-M1 and OSCAR-67 and RS-28 and RS-38)
Sfera-53 [Progress-M-16M launched]2012-01-08 (launched to ISS)
2012-08-20 (deployed from ISS)
Sfera-53Sfera-53
Aist-22013-04-19Aist"Aist"
Aist-12013-12-28Aist
Fleshka [Progress-MS launched]2015-12-21 (launched to ISS)
2016-02-03 (deployed from ISS)
FleshkaFleshka
Tomsk-TPU-120 [Progress-MS-2 launched]2016-03-31 (launched to ISS)
2017-08-17 (deployed from ISS)

Tomsk-TPU-120
Tomsk-TPU-120

1The cancel date on this Foton-9 cover is meaningless with respect to the launch or landing dates.


Links to Russian satellite information:

(The links below lead to information sources that are maintained by others. They are not part of this Website.)


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Updated: 2018-07-29