Proton

Proton-series
satellites


This page contains philatelic information on the Proton-series satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

The Proton name was later used as well for a series of Russian launch vehicles. Postal items featuring Proton launch vehicles are not covered in this checklist.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Proton
(Russia/USSR)
Proton (Russia/USSR) Proton
(Russia/USSR)
Proton (on other than Proton launch covers)


Below is a list of Proton-series satellite postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Proton (Russia/USSR)
Altai RepublicLocalPoland 1469 overprinted on 4x Russia 57231 (Mi5894), from strip of 51996?"Proton-1"
Altai RepublicLocalPoland 1469 overprinted on 4x Russia 6069 (Mi253), from strip of 5
Cambodia779 (Mi857)1987Proton-4
DjiboutiUnknown a (Mi?)
Unknown ia
One of MS3 (a-c)
One of imperforate MS3 (a-c)
2014"Proton"
DjiboutiUnknown fdc
Unknown ifdc
MS3 on FDC
Imperforate MS3 on FDC
East SiberiaLocalRussia 4594 overprinted on 4x Russia 45191 (Mi4496), from strip of 5, also overprint template1996Proton-4
East SiberiaLocalRussia 4594 overprinted on 4x Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
East SiberiaLocalRussia 4594 overprinted on 4x Russia 6066A (Mi262), from strip of 5, also overprint template
East SiberiaLocalRussia 4594 overprinted on 4x Russia 6067A (Mi252), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Germany (East)1266 (Mi1640)One of MS8 (1269a (1262-1269)) (Mi1636-1643)1971"Proton-1"
Korea (North)1244 (Mi1286)1974"Proton-1"
Mongolia440 (Mi453)1966"Proton-1" (also launch date in text)
Nicaragua1656 (Mi2818)1987Proton-4
Poland1469 (Mi1733)1966"Proton-1"
Poland1469-1471 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC
Romania1802 (Mi2465)1965"Proton-1"
Russia (USSR)3297 (Mi3320)1967Proton-1/2/3 type
Russia (USSR)3844 (BL69)In (left) margin of MS4 (3844 (a-d))1971Proton-1/2/3 type
Russia (USSR)3844 fdcMS4 on FDC
Russia (USSR)None(New Year) greeting card, also cachet from (greeting card) envelope1974Proton-1/2/3 type
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1977Proton-4
Russia (USSR)4594 (Mi4651)1977Proton-4 (the larger of two satellites depicted); (also "Proton 4" in text on fdc1 back)
Russia (USSR)4594 fdc1Stamp and (Fleetwood) cachet on FDC, also back
Russia (USSR)4594 fdc2Stamp and cachet (different) on FDC
Russia (USSR)4594 fdc3Stamp on FDC
Russia (USSR)4594 maxi1Maxicard
Russia (USSR)4594 maxi2Maxicard (different cancel)
Russia (USSR)5058 fdc (Mi5189 fdc)Cachet on FDC, also detail1982Proton-4
Russia (USSR)NonePrinted stamp on postal card1982Proton-4

1See here for a list of engraved/lithographed Russian definitive pairs known to exist with satellite overprints.


Below is a list of Proton-series satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Proton (Russia/USSR)
1965-07-16: Proton-1
No launch cover images available yet
1965-11-02: Proton-2
Russia (USSR)1965-11-03 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.83)1Proton-2 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-03 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and blue rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.83)1Proton-2 launch
Russia (USSR)1965-11-03 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and black rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.83)1Proton-2 launch
1966-07-06: Proton-3
Russia (USSR)1966-07-07 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and black rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.117)1Proton-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-07Tartu(Multi-color printed and blue rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.117)1Proton-3 launch
Russia (USSR)1966-07-07 (from cachet)Tartu club(Multi-color printed and orange rubber-stamp) cachets on (un-stamped) cover (AA no.117)1Proton-3 launch
1968-11-16: Proton-4
Russia (USSR)1968-11-17Tartu(Multi-color printed and red rubber-stamp) cachets on cover (AA no.212)1Proton-4 launch
Proton (on other than Proton launch covers)
Russia (USSR)1965-11-16Baikonur Karaganda Oblast(Red and purple printed and purple rubber-stamp) cachets on Venera-3 launch (known fake2) coverProton-1/2/3 type
Russia (USSR)1978-10-30Kosmodrome Baikonur(Printed) cachet on Prognoz-7 launch coverProton-4

1AA no. = Tartuski Klub Kollektsionerov (TKK) [Tartu Collector Club] "Astronautika Annaalid" number. See Jim Reichman's Philatelic Study Report on Tartu Space Club Covers, 1962-1978, 2011. (e-mail: jgreichman (at) datawest.net).
2Known fake cover, with a made-up Baikonur postmark, suspected to have been created by Boris Khoroshev from Moscow, and sold by a stamp dealer in Western Europe. There were no Baikonur Cosmodrome official postmarks until 1975 for the Apollo-Soyuz events. Reference the article written by Russian collector Oleg Vaisberg published as an Appendix called "Russian (Soviet) Space Covers" to Bruce Cranford's book Space Covers: Dictionary and Identifier. See also, an analysis of the situation in a book published in 2008 called Commemorative Space Covers from Collector Clubs of the Soviet Union, 1957 to 1980. Another indicator on these fakes is the use of a "first day" cachet that appears on most, but not all, of these fakes.


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Updated: 2018-04-26