Insat

Indian National Satellite (Insat)
[with meteorological instrumentation],
MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series

Elektro-L
InsatElektro-L

This page contains philatelic information on the Insat (Indian National Satellite) series and GOMS (Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite) / Elektro series. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Many early Insat had dual meteorological/communications functions, but most later Insat had only telecommunications capabilities. One Insat (Insat-3D) was a dedicated meteorological satellite. This page contains only those Insat [with meteorological instrumentation]. All Insat, including Insat-3D, are found in a separate page.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation] Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation] Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation]
MetSat / Kalpana (India) MetSat / Kalpana (India) MetSat / Kalpana (India)
GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR) GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR) GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR)
GOMS (on other than GOMS launch covers)


Below is a list of Insat series, MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation]
BeninUnknown a (Mi?)
Unknown ia
One of MS4 (a-d)
One of imperforate MS4 (a-d)
2014Insat-3C launch (also launch date on stamp)
Chad675a (Mi1418)In (upper-right) margin of SS1 (675)1998Insat-2B
Guinea RepublicMi4177A
Mi4177B
From MS8 (8x Mi4177A)
Imperforate
2005"Insat-3A"
Guinea RepublicBL881A
BL881B
On stamp of SS1 (Mi4177A)
On stamp of imperforate SS1 (Mi4177B)
Guinea RepublicBL888A
BL888B
One of MS2 (Mi4176A-Mi4177A)
One of imperforate MS2 (Mi4176B-Mi4177B)
IndiaNoneInland letter sheet198?Insat-1
India1020 (Mi953)1983Insat-1
India1746 (Mi1685)1999Insat-1
Libya1306a (Mi1659)One of MS6 (1306 (a-f)) (Mi1659-1664)1986Insat-1
Malagasy Republic1415g (Mi none)
i1415g
One of MS9 (1415 (a-i))
One of imperforate MS9 (i1415 (a-i))
1999Insat-3 (all but Insat-3B carried meteorological instrumentation)
Malagasy Republic1415gh (BL none)On stamp of SS1 (1415g)
Niger1075d (Mi1950)One of MS6 (1075 (a-f)) (Mi1947-1952)2001"Insat-1A"
Niger1075 fdcMS6 on FDC
St. Thomas and Prince Islands1977 (BL679)SS12009"Insat-3C" (on stamp), Insat-1A (in upper-right margin)
SpainNoneCachet on stamped envelope2013"Insat-3D" [meteorological only]
Venezuela1576i (Mi3127)One of MS10 (1576 (a-j)) (Mi3123-3132)1997"Insat-1B"
MetSat / Kalpana (India)
IndiaNone(Lupex) cancel on cover2003MetSat-1 / "Kalpana-1"
GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR)
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (upper-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Elektro-L1"
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (lower-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Elektro-L"
Niger1075b (Mi1948)One of MS6 (1075 (a-f)) (Mi1947-1952)2001"GOMS" / Elektro
Niger1075 fdcMS6 on FDC


Below is a list of Insat series, MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation]
1982-04-10: Insat-1A
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(SCCS) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(Whitney orange and green and black) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(Centennial) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Red printed) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
1983-08-30: Insat-1B (from STS-8)
United States1983-08-30Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30
1983-08-14
1983-09-05
(Kennedy Space Center FL)
Kennedy Space Center FL
Edwards AFB, CA
(Mission patch) cachet on cover, also folderSTS-8 launch
STS-8 expected launch
STS-8 landing
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(Space Voyage) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(Colorano silk) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(SCCS) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Kennedy Space Center FL(Titusville-Moonport Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
1988-07-21: Insat-1C (and Eutelsat-1-F5)
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Aérospatiale Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(ESTEC Philatelic Club) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
France1988-07-22Paris(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
Netherlands1988-07-22NoordwijkMeter and (ESTEC Philatelic Club) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
1990-06-12: Insat-1D1
United States1990-06-12Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverInsat-1D launch
United States1990-06-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Sticker) cachet on coverInsat-1D launch
1992-07-09: Insat-2A (and Eutelsat-2-F4)
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-2A launch
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2A launch
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-2A launch
1993-07-22: Insat-2B (and Hispasat-1B)
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2B launch
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-2B launch ("TDF" depicted)
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Red and black rubber-stamp) cachets on coverInsat-2B launch
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Printed) cachet on cardInsat-2B launch
1999-04-03: Insat-2E
French Guiana1999-04-02Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2E launch
French Guiana1999-04-02Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-2E launch
Gabon1999-04-03Libreville(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2E launch
1999-04-03: Insat-3A
No launch cover images available yet
2002-01-23: Insat-3C
French Guiana2002-01-23Kourou(Printed) cachet on coverInsat-3C launch
2013-07-25: Insat-3D [meteorological only] (and Inmarsat-4A-F4 / Alphasat)
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-3D launch
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-3D launch
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Printed) cachet on coverInsat-3D launch
2002-09-12: MetSat / Kalpana
No launch cover images available yet
GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR)
1994-10-31: GOMS / Elektro-1
No launch cover images available yet
2011-01-20: GOMS / Elektro-L1
No launch cover images available yet
GOMS (on other than GOMS launch covers)
United States1977-07-14Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on GMS-1 launch cover"GOMS (USSR)"

1Insat-1D launch newspaper article


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Updated: 2018-06-05