Insat

Indian National SATellite (Insat)
[with meteorological instrumentation],
MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series

Elektro-L
InsatElektro-L

This page contains philatelic information on the Insat (Indian National SATellite) series and GOMS (Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite) / Elektro series. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Many early Insat had dual meteorological/communications functions, but most later Insat had only telecommunications capabilities. One Insat (Insat-3D) was a dedicated meteorological satellite. This page contains only those Insat [with meteorological instrumentation]. Complete Insat-series, including Insat-3D, are found in a separate page.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Insat (India)
[with meteorological instrumentation]
Insat (India)
[with meteorological instrumentation]
Insat (India)
[with meteorological instrumentation]
Insat (on other than Insat launch covers)
MetSat / Kalpana
(India)
MetSat / Kalpana
(India)
MetSat / Kalpana
(India)
GOMS / Elektro
(Russia/USSR)
GOMS / Elektro
(Russia/USSR)
GOMS / Elektro
(Russia/USSR)
GOMS (on other than GOMS launch covers)


Below is a list of Insat series, MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation]
BeninUnknown a (Mi?)
Unknown ia
One of MS4 (a-d)
One of imperforate MS4 (a-d)
2014Insat-3C launch (also launch date in text)
BeninUnknown a-d fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
BeninUnknown a proof
Unknown ia proof
One of MS4 proof (a-d)
One of imperforate MS4 proof (a-d)
BeninUnknown ms proofSigned-proof MS4 (a-d)
BeninUnknown ms proof fdc
Unknown ims proof fdc
MS4 proof and cachet on FDC
Imperforate MS4 proof on FDC
Chad675a (Mi1418)In (upper-right) margin of SS1 (675)1998Insat-2B
Guinea RepublicBL840A fdcCachet on FDC2003Insat-3C
Guinea RepublicBL841A fdcCachet on FDC
Guinea RepublicMi4177A
Mi4177B
From MS8 (8x Mi4177A)
Imperforate
2005"Insat-3A"
Guinea RepublicBL881A
BL881B
On stamp of SS1 (Mi4177A)
On stamp of imperforate SS1 (Mi4177B)
Guinea RepublicBL888A
BL888B
One of MS2 (Mi4176A-4177A)
One of imperforate MS2 (Mi4176B-4177B)
IndiaNoneInland letter sheet198?Insat-1
India1020 (Mi953)1983Insat-1
India1746 (Mi1685)1999Insat-1
Libya1306a (Mi1659)One of MS6 (1306 (a-f)) (Mi1659-1664)1986Insat-1
Niger1075d (Mi1950)One of MS6 (1075 (a-f)) (Mi1947-1952)2001"Insat-1A"
Niger1075 fdcMS6 on FDC
Pakistan1023 (Mi?)From MS20 (1023a (20x 1023)), also annotated2003Insat-1
Pakistan1023 fdcStamp and cachet (annotated) on FDC, also back
Pakistan1023 leafletLeaflet, also back
St. Thomas and Prince IslandsUnknown e (Mi?)
Unknown ie
One of MS9 (a-i)
One of imperforate MS9 (a-i))
2005Insat-3C
St. Thomas and Prince IslandsUnknown issOn stamp of imperforate SS1
St. Thomas and Prince IslandsUnknown ims fdc1Imperforate MS9 on FDC (black cancel)
St. Thomas and Prince IslandsUnknown ims fdc2Imperforate MS9 on FDC (red cancel)
St. Thomas and Prince IslandsUnknown d+e+f fdc
Unknown id+ie+if fdc
One of three stamps on FDC
One of three imperforate stamps on FDC
St. Thomas and Prince Islands1977 (BL679)SS12009"Insat-3C" (on stamp), Insat-1A (in upper-right margin)
SpainNone(Multi-color printed) cachet on (un-canceled) (Spanish Post) stamped envelope (from 2011)2013"Insat-3D" [meteorological only]
Venezuela1576i (Mi3127)One of MS10 (1576 (a-j)) (Mi3123-3132)1997"Insat-1B"
MetSat / Kalpana (India)
IndiaNone(Lupex) cancel on cover2003MetSat-1 / "Kalpana-1"
GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR)
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (upper-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Elektro-L1"
MaliUnknown ms (Mi?)In (lower-left) margin of MS3 (a-c)2013"Elektro-L"
Niger1075b (Mi1948)One of MS6 (1075 (a-f)) (Mi1947-1952)2001"GOMS" / Elektro
Niger1075 fdcMS6 on FDC


Below is a list of Insat series, MetSat / Kalpana, and GOMS / Elektro series launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Insat (India) [with meteorological instrumentation]
1982-04-10: Insat-1A
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(SCCS) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL (machine cancel)(Whitney orange and green and black) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL (hand cancel)(Whitney orange and green and black) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(Centennial) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-10Cape Canaveral FL(Centennial) cachet (different) on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
United States1982-04-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Red printed) cachet on coverInsat-1A launch
1983-08-30: Insat-1B (from STS-8)
United States1983-08-30Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30Kennedy Space Center FL(Mission patch) cachet on cover, also insertSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30Kennedy Space Center FL(Mission patch/RCA) cachet on coverSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30Cape Canaveral FL(Whitney black and magenta) cachet on coverSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30Greenbelt MD(GSFC Shuttle Tracking Team blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverSTS-8 launch
United States1983-08-30
1983-08-14
1983-09-05
(Kennedy Space Center FL)
Kennedy Space Center FL
Edwards AFB, CA
(Mission patch) cachet on cover; also folder p1/front, folder p2, folder p3, folder p4, folder p5, and folder p6/backSTS-8 launch
STS-8 expected launch
STS-8 landing
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(Space Voyage) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(Colorano silk) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Houston TX(SCCS) cachet on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-08-31Kennedy Space Center FL(Titusville-Moonport Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on coverInsat-1B (STS-8/Challenger) deployed
United States1983-09-01Cape Canaveral FL(Colorano silk) cachet on cover"payload flight test article"
United States1983-09-05Greenbelt MD(Greenbelt STDN Station black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Moffett Field CA(NASA Ames Resarch Center) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Edwards AFB, CA(Blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Edwards CA(SCCS) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Edwards CA(Red-orange rubber-stamp) cachet (and signature) on (airmail) coverSTS-8 landing
United States1983-09-05Greenbelt MD(GSFC Shuttle Tracking Team blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverSTS-8 landing
1988-07-21: Insat-1C (and Eutelsat-1-F5)
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Aérospatiale Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(ESTEC Philatelic Club) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(CPK) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(Kourou Philatélie Spatiale?) cachet on cardInsat-1C launch
French Guiana1988-07-21Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on cardInsat-1C launch
France1988-07-22Paris(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
Netherlands1988-07-22NoordwijkMeter and (ESTEC Philatelic Club) cachet on coverInsat-1C launch
1990-06-12: Insat-1D1
United States1990-06-12Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverInsat-1D launch
United States1990-06-12Kennedy Space Center FL(Edwin J. Isler? black and orange sticker) cachet on coverInsat-1D launch
1992-07-09: Insat-2A (and Eutelsat-2-F4)
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-2A launch
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2A launch
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-2A launch
French Guiana1992-07-09Kourou(Kourou Philatélie Spatiale) cachet on coverInsat-2A launch
1993-07-22: Insat-2B (and Hispasat-1B)
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2B launch
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-2B launch ("TDF" depicted)
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Kourou Philatélie Spatiale?) cachets on coverInsat-2B launch
French Guiana1993-07-22Kourou(Kourou Philatélie Spatiale?) cachet on cardInsat-2B launch
1999-04-03: Insat-2E
French Guiana1999-04-02Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2E launch
French Guiana1999-04-02Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-2E launch
French Guiana1999-04-02Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on coverInsat-2E launch (reproductions of launch covers for the following satellites (Insat-2C and Telecom-2C, Intelsat-801, HotBird-1 and Brasilsat-B2, BSat-1b and Nilesat-101, MaqSat-B and MaqSat-H and TEAMSAT and YES)
Gabon1999-04-03Libreville(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-2E launch
2003-04-09: Insat-3A (and Galaxy-12)
French Guiana2003-04-09Kourou(Association Philatélique du C.E. SPS) cachet on coverInsat-3A launch
2002-01-23: Insat-3C
French Guiana2002-01-23Kourou(Kourou Philatélie Spatiale) cachet on coverInsat-3C launch
French Guiana2002-01-23Kourou(Association Philatélique du C.E. SNECMA) cachet on coverInsat-3C launch
2013-07-25: Insat-3D [meteorological only] (and Inmarsat-4A-F4 / Alphasat)
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverInsat-3D launch
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverInsat-3D launch
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Historiaphil) cachet on coverInsat-3D launch
French Guiana2013-07-25Kourou(Association Philatélique du C.E. SPS) cachet on coverInsat-3D launch
Insat (on other than Insat launch covers)
French Guiana1998-04-28Kourou(C.E. SEP Section Philatélie) cachet on BSat-1b and Nilesat-101 launch cover(incorrectly noted as "Insat-2E" in text)
2002-09-12: MetSat / Kalpana
No launch cover images available yet
GOMS / Elektro (Russia/USSR)
1994-10-31: GOMS / Elektro-1
No launch cover images available yet
2011-01-20: GOMS / Elektro-L1
No launch cover images available yet
GOMS (on other than GOMS launch covers)
United States1977-07-14Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on GMS-1 launch cover"GOMS (USSR)"

1Insat-1D launch newspaper article


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