GARP logo

Global Atmospheric
Research Program
(GARP) (1960s →)

GARP Atlantic
Tropical Experiment
(GATE) (1974)

GATE logo
GWE logo

Global Weather
Experiment (GWE)
(1978 — 1979)

World Ocean Circulation
Experiment (WOCE)
(1990 — 1998)

WOCE logo

Below are checklists of atmospheric research programs/experiments on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.). Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the items featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP) (1960s →)Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP) (1960s →)
GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) (1974)GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) (1974)
Global Weather Experiment (GWE): First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE)1 (1978 — 1979)Global Weather Experiment (GWE): First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE)1 (1978 — 1979)
World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE)2 (1990 — 1998)


Below is a list of GARP, GATE, GWE, and WOCE on postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP) (1960s →)
FranceC51 sc (Mi2157 sc)Souvenir card1981"GARP" (in text)
InfiNone(Rubber-stamp) cachet on cover, also detail1969APEX4 - ATEX4 1969 Atlantic Expedition (part of GARP)
SenegalNone(Rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1974"Campagne GARP, Opération GATE, Côte Afrique occidentale, août 1974" (in text)
GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) (1974)
SenegalNone(Rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1974"Campagne GARP, Opération GATE, Côte Afrique occidentale, août 1974" (in text)
United StatesNoneCachet on cover1974GARP/GATE logo
United StatesNoneCachet on cover1975GARP/GATE logo
Global Weather Experiment (GWE): First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE)1 (1978 — 1979)
FranceNoneCachet on cover1979"1ière Expérience météorologique mondiale" (1st GWE)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNoneCachet on cover1979"Programme BOUÉE OP79/3, Expérience météorologique mondiale" (in text); GWE logo
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1979GARP - PEMG3 (FGGE)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesNone(Rubber-stamp) cachet on cover (different), also detail1979GARP - PEMG3 (FGGE) Buoys Program, March 1979
New CaledoniaC150 (Mi624)
iC150

Imperforate
1979FGGE (in French text, literal translation "First Worldwide Experiment on the Global Atmosphere")
New CaledoniaC150 fdcStamp and cancel and (?) cachet on FDC
United StatesNone(Hand-written and black rubber-stamp) cachet on cover1979FGGE acronym
World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE)2 (1990 — 1998)
GermanyNoneCachet on cover1994WOCE acronym; "meridional transport [of heat] in the North Atlantic" (in text)
French Southern and Antarctic Territories172 (Mi293)1992WOCE acronym
French Southern and Antarctic Territories172 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic Territories172 maxiMaxicard

1The Global Weather Experiment (GWE) was originally known as the First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE).
2The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) is not part of GARP. Rather, it is part of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP).
3PEMG: Première Expérience mondiale du GARP (First GARP Global Experiment, i.e. FGGE)
4ATEX is the Atlantic Trade Wind Experiment; APEX is the same thing, but from the German equivalent: Der Atlantische Passat Experiment.


Below is a list of GARP, GATE, and GWE on satellite and rocket launch covers.

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP) (1960s →)
United States1971-08-16Wallops Island VA(Solar Covers no.27) insert from Eole launch cover, also frontThe "World Weather Program" (WWP) includes the GARP
United States1974-05-17Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on SMS-1 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1974-05-17Cape Canaveral FL(InterSpace Cover) cachet on SMS-1 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1974-05-17Kennedy Space Center FL(SCPS) cachet on SMS-1 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1975-02-06Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on SMS-2 launch cover"will participate in GARP World Weather Program"
United States1975-02-06Cape Canaveral FL(InterSpace Cover) cachet on SMS-2 launch cover
United States1975-02-06Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on SMS-2 launch cover
United States1975-06-12Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on Nimbus-6 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1975-06-12Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on Nimbus-6 launch cover"Twice a day experimental measurements made over every point on Earth for GARP's worldwide measurements"
United States1978-06-16Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GOES-3 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1978-06-16Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet (same) on GOES-3 launch cover
United States1978-10-13GSFC, MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on TIROS-N launch cover"Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP)"
United States1978-10-13GSFC, MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on TIROS-N launch cover"Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP)"
United States1978-10-13Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on TIROS-N launch cover"GARP"
United States1979-06-27GSFC, MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on NOAA-6 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1980-05-29Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on NOAA-B launch coverGARP acronym
United States1981-08-10Greenbelt MD(Space Voyage) cachet on GMS-2 launch coverGARP acronym
United States1981-06-23Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on NOAA-7 launch cover"Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP)"
United States1981-06-23Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet (and signature) on NOAA-7 launch cover
Japan1981-08-11Minamitane(Space Voyage) cachet on GMS-2 launch coverGARP acronym
Japan1981-08-11Tsukubagakuen(Space Voyage) cachet (different color) on GMS-2 launch cover
GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) (1974)
United States1974-05-17Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on SMS-1 launch cover"participation in GATE project"
French Guiana1974-12-18Kourou(Lollini) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover, also detailGARP/GATE logo
United States1975-02-06Cape Canaveral FL(Orbit Covers) cachet on SMS-2 launch cover"participation in GATE project"
United States1977-06-16Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GOES-2 launch coverGARP/GATE logo
United States1977-06-16Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GOES-2 launch cover
United States1977-11-22Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on Meteosat-1 launch coverGARP/GATE logo
United States1977-10-23Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on Meteosat-1 launch cover
United States1977-07-14Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GMS-1 launch coverGARP/GATE logo
United States1977-07-14Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GMS-1 launch cover
Global Weather Experiment (GWE): First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE)1 (1978 — 1979)
United States1978-06-16Cape Canaveral FL(Space Voyage) cachet on GOES-3 launch coverGWE (in text)
United States1978-06-16Kennedy Space Center FL(Space Voyage) cachet (same) on GOES-3 launch cover
United States1978-06-16Kennedy Space Center FL(SCPS) cachet on GOES-3 launch coverGWE (implied from "Global Weather Study", in text)
United States1979-06-27Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on NOAA-6 launch coverGWE acronym

1The Global Weather Experiment (GWE) was originally known as the First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE).


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