ESRO-1A

ESRO-series
satellites

ESRO-2B
ESRO-1AESRO-2B

This page contains philatelic information on the ESRO (European Scientific Research Organization) series satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Reference images
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
ESRO (ESA) ESRO (ESA) ESRO (ESA) ESRO (ESA)
ESRO (on other than ESRO launch covers)


Below is a list of ESRO-series postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
ESRO (ESA)
BeninUnknown c (Mi?)
Unknown ic
One of MS4 (a-d)
One of imperforate MS4 (a-d)
2014"ESRO-4" (also launch date on stamp)
PanamaC365f (Mi1142)One of MS6 (C365 (a-f)) and on (right) selvedge1969"ESRO-2"
Paraguay1220 (BL134)On stamp of SS11969"ESRO-1B"
Paraguay1220 muestraSS1 overprinted "muestra"
United StatesNone(R.E. Nichol) cachet on cover, also back1969ESRO (small satellite in red, above "G" in text)


Below is a list of ESRO-series launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
ESRO (ESA)
1967-05-29: ESRO-2A / IRIS-1 [failed]
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet (with ESRO logo in low position) on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backESRO-2A launch [failed] (also "ESRO-1" on insert2, and "TD-1" (TD-1A) and "TD-2" (canceled) on insert2 back)
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet (with ESRO logo in high position) on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backESRO-2A launch [failed] (also "ESRO-1" on insert2, and "TD-1" (TD-1A) and "TD-2" (canceled) on insert2 back)
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(Centennial) cachet on coverESRO-2A launch [failed]
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-2A launch [failed]
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(Sarzin) cachet on coverESRO-2A launch [failed] (TIROS depicted)
United States1967-05-29Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on (airmail) coverESRO-2A launch [failed]
United States
Australia
1967-05-29
1966-05-24
Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB
Woomera SA
(Rank silkscreened) cachet on coverESRO-2A launch [failed]
Europa-1 (sub-orbital) rocket launch
1968-05-16: ESRO-2B / IRIS-2
United States1968-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverESRO-2B launch
United States1968-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-2B launch
United States1968-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers, with missing "8" in "5-16-68") cachet on coverESRO-2B launch
United States1968-05-16Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insertESRO-2B launch
United States1968-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insertESRO-2B launch
United States1968-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Centennial) cachet on coverESRO-2B launch
ESRO-2B / IRIS-2 (anniversary)
Netherlands1978-05-17Noordwijk(ESTEC Philatelic Club) cachet on cover10th anniv. ESRO-2B launch
1968-10-03: ESRO-1A / Aurorae
United States1968-10-03Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backESRO-1A launch ("ESRO-2A" and "ESRO-2B" on insert2 back)
United States1968-10-03Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-1A launch
United States1968-10-03Vandenberg AFB, CA(Sarzin?) cachet on coverESRO-1A launch
1969-10-01: ESRO-1B / Boreas
United States1969-10-01Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-1B launch
United States1969-10-01Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backESRO-1B launch; also "ESRO-1" [referring to ESRO-1A] (in text on insert2 front and back); "ESRO-II", "ESRO-IIA" and "ESRO-II(B)" (in text on insert2 back)
United States1969-10-01Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backESRO-1B launch; also "ESRO-1" [referring to ESRO-1A] (in text on insert2 front and back); "ESRO-II", "ESRO-IIA" and "ESRO-II(B)" (in text on insert2 back)
United States1969-10-01Vandenberg AFB, CA(Swanson geography/DuBeau? blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverESRO-1B launch
United States1969-10-01Vandenberg AFB, CA(Sarzin) cachet on coverESRO-1B launch
United States1969-10-01Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Centennial) cachet on coverESRO-1B launch
1972-03-11: ESRO-TD1A
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Space Voyage) cachet on cover, also insertESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.18) cachet on (airmail) cover, also insertESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Solar Covers no.?) cachet on coverESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Swanson/DuBeau? blue rubber-stamp) cachet on (airmail) coverESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Sarzin) cachet on coverESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Printed) cachet on cover, also insertESRO-TD1A launch
United States1972-03-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Centennial) cachet on coverESRO-TD1A launch
1972-11-21: ESRO-4
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Sarzin) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.41) cachet on (airmail) cover, also insertESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch (ESRO-TD1A depicted)
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Sarzin?) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Lompoc CA(Polar Covers) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Goldcraft? black printed) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Fairbanks AK(ESRO return-address and hand-written) cachet on (airmail) coverESRO-4 launch
United States1972-11-21Vandenberg AFB, CA(Centennial) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
Australia1972-11-22Woomera SA(WRE) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
Australia1972-11-22?Canberra ACT(Black and red printed) cachet (and signature) on coverESRO-4 launch
Germany (West)1972-11-22Darmstadt(Brown rubber-stamp) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
Australia1972-11-23Canberra ACT(Cyan rubber-stamp) cachet on coverESRO-4 launch
ESRO (anniversaries)
Germany1978-05-17Darmstadt(ESA/Lollini) cachet on cover10th anniv. ESRO-2B launch
ESRO (on other than ESRO launch covers)
United States1967-11-10Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on ESSA-6 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1968-08-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on ESSA-7 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1968-12-05Patrick AFB, FL (hand cancel)(SpaceCraft/Swanson) insert from HEOS-1 launch cover, also front"ESRO-I" and "ESRO-II" (in text)
United States1968-12-05Patrick AFB, FL (machine cancel)(SpaceCraft/Swanson) insert from HEOS-1 launch cover, also front
United States1968-12-05Cape Canaveral FL (hand cancel)(SpaceCraft/Swanson) insert from HEOS-1 launch cover, also front
United States1968-12-05Cape Canaveral FL (machine cancel)(SpaceCraft/Swanson) insert from HEOS-1 launch cover, also front
United States1968-12-15Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on ESSA-8 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1969-04-15Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-21 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1969-06-21Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson blue and red rubber-stamp) cachet on Explorer-41 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1970-01-23Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson blue and red rubber-stamp) cachet on TIROS-M and OSCAR-5 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1970-04-08Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson cyan rubber-stamp) cachet on Nimbus-4 and Topo-1 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1970-04-08Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on Nimbus-4 and Topo-1 launch cover
United States1970-12-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on NOAA-1 and CEP-1 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1970-12-11Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/(Swanson cyan rubber-stamp) cachet on NOAA-1 and CEP-1 launch (airmail) cover
United States1971-11-13Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson red rubber-stamp) cachet on Mariner-9 event coverESRO-2A image1
United States1971-11-13Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson red rubber-stamp) cachet on Mariner-9 event (airmail) cover
United States1971-11-13Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/Swanson red rubber-stamp) cachet on Mariner-9 event cover
United States1972-01-31Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet on HEOS-2 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1972-03-17Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-34 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1972-03-17Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-34 launch (airmail) cover
United States1972-03-17Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet (same) on KH8-34 launch cover
United States1972-05-25Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on KH4B-17 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1972-09-01Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-36 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1972-10-02Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/Swanson purple rubber-stamp) cachet on Radcat-2 and Radsat launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1972-12-10Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on Nimbus-5 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1973-05-16Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-38 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1973-05-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/Swanson black rubber-stamp) cachet (same) on KH8-38 launch cover
United States1973-12-15Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on Explorer-51 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1974-06-06Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on KH8-42 launch coverESRO-2A image1
United States1974-08-30Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau?/(Swanson blue rubber-stamp) cachet on ANS launch coverESRO-2A image1

1This Swanson blue rubber-stamp cachet has radial antennas like those on ESRO-2A.


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