D-1A

D-series
satellites

D-2A
D-1AD-2A

This page contains philatelic information on the French D-series satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

SIGNE-3, the Solar Interplanetary Gamma-Neutron Experiment 3, a D-2B type spacecraft, is also included here.

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Reference images
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
D-series (France) D-series (France) D-series (France) D-series (France)
D-series (on other than D-series launch covers)


Below is a list of D-series satellite postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
D-series (France)
AjmanMi259A
Mi259B

Imperforate
1968"D-1"
AjmanMi257A-259A+Mi261A-262A fdcOne of five stamps on FDC
Central African RepublicC41 (Mi119)
iC41

Imperforate
1966"D-1"; also Diamant rocket2
Central African RepublicC41 fdc1Stamp on FDC ('FDC' cachet)
Central African RepublicC41 fdc2Stamp and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC
Central African Republic597 (Mi954)
i597

Imperforate
1983D-1
ChadUnknown ss (BL?)
Unknown iss
SS1
Imperforate SS1
2010D-2B / "Aura"1
ChadUnknown ss fdc
Unknown iss fdc
SS1 and cachet on FDC
Imperforate SS1 on FDC
Comoro IslandsC17 (Mi74)
iC17
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
Comoro IslandsC17 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
Congo (Republic)C37 (Mi93)
iC37

Imperforate
1966"D-1"
Congo (Republic)C37 fdcStamp and (PJ) cancel on FDC
Congo (People's Republic)643 (Mi871)
i643

Imperforate
1982D-1 (with last stage attached); see also Mali 337 and cachet on France 1934 fdc
Cuba776 cover (Mi836 cover)Cachet on cover1967"D-1"
Cuba2584 (Mi2733)1983"D-1"
Cuba3019 (Mi3175)1988D-2B / "SIGNE-3"
DjiboutiUnknown h (Mi?)
Unknown ih
One of MS9 (a-i)
One of imperforate MS9 (a-i)
2010"D-2B" / "Aura"1
DjiboutiUnknown ms proofMS9 signed proof
DjiboutiUnknown ms fdc
Unknown ims fdc
MS9 on FDC
Imperforate MS9 on FDC
Dominica2238d (Mi2899)One of MS6 (2238 (a-f)) (Mi2896-2901)2000"Diademe" / D-1C/1D type
Ecuador756 (Mi1283)Only on (upper) selvedge in black1966D-1; also Diamant rocket2 (on stamp)
Ecuador756A (Mi1284)On stamp and on (right) selvedge in blackD-1
Ecuador756A pairTête-bêche pair
Ecuador756B (Mi1285)On stamp and on (upper) selvedge in red
Ecuador756B pairTête-bêche pair
Ecuador756Bc (BL29)
i756Bc (BL30)
MS3 (756-756B)
Imperforate MS3 (i756-i756B), changed colors
Ecuador757 (Mi1292)
757A (Mi1293)
757B (Mi1294)
Only on (left) selvedge in black1967D-1
France1137-1138+1148 ms3
1137-1138+1148 ims3
MS3 (1137-1138+1148)
Imperforate MS3 (i1137-i1138+i1148)
1966"D-1"; also Diamant rocket2
France1148 (Mi1539)
i1148
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason; see also cachet on Tunisia 653 fdc
France1148 dsDeluxe sheet (1148)
France1148 proofTrial-color proof
France1148 maxi1Maxicard
France1148 maxi2Maxicard (different)
France1148 maxi3Maxicard (different)
France1148 maxi4Maxicard (different)
France1148 fdc1Stamp and cancel and (PJ orange) cachet on FDC
France1148 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and (PJ green) cachet on FDC
France1148 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and (PJ blue) cachet on FDC
France1148 fdc4Stamp and cancel (same) and (black printed) cachet on FDC
France1148 fdc5Stamp and cancel (same) and ('FDC') cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
France1148 cardStamp and (PAC) cachet on FDOI card"D-1", "D-1B", and "D-1C" (in text only); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
FranceNoneFolder1975"Castor", "Pollux", "D-2B" (in text only)
FranceNoneCancel on postcard back, also front1977D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
FranceNoneCancel on postcard back (different)1977D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
FranceNoneCancel on postcard back (different)1977D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
FranceNoneCancel (same) and cachet on cover1977D-1, D-2 / SIGNE-3 type, and Diamant rocket2
France1835 fdc1 (Mi2335 fdc1)Cachet on FDC1982D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
France1835 fdc2 (Mi2335 fdc2)Cachet (different) on FDCD-1
France1934 fdc (Mi2450 fdc)Cachet on FDC1984D-1 (with last stage attached); see also CongoPR 643 and Mali 337
FranceNone(CNEP-2000) cinderella2000D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
French PolynesiaC42 (Mi54)
iC42
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
French PolynesiaC42 fdc1Stamp and cancel and (PJ) cachet on FDC
French PolynesiaC42 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and ('FDC') cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
French PolynesiaC42 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDCD-1
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC11 (Mi35)
iC11
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC11 dsDeluxe sheet (C11)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC11 fdc1Stamp and cachet on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC11 fdc2Stamp and cachet (different) on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC49 (Mi144)
iC49

Imperforate
1980D-2 / SIGNE-3 type (on stamp and cachet), "D-2B" (in text on maxicard back), D-5A / Pollux (on stamp)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC49 dsDeluxe sheet (C49)
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC49 fdcStamp and ('FDC') cachet on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC49 maxiMaxicard, also back
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC52 (Mi120)
iC52

Imperforate
1978D-2 / SIGNE-3 type, D-5A / Pollux
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC52 fdc1Stamp and (PJ) cachet on FDC
French Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesC52 fdc2Stamp and (printed) cachet on FDC
Ghana307a (BL26)In (lower-right) margin of imperforate MS3 (305-307)1967D-1
Ivory CoastUnknown b (Mi?)From MS4 (a-d)2012"D-1C" / "Diademe-1"
Ivory CoastUnknown c (Mi?)D-5B, "Castor"
Ivory CoastUnknown d (Mi?)D-5A, "Pollux"
Ivory CoastUnknown b proof
Unknown ib proof
From proof MS4 (a-d)
From imperforate proof MS4 (a-d)
"D-1C" / "Diademe-1"
Ivory CoastUnknown c proof
Unknown ic proof
D-5B, "Castor"
Ivory CoastUnknown d proof
Unknown id proof
D-5A, "Pollux"
Ivory CoastUnknown proof fdc
Unknown imp proof fdc
MS4 proof on FDC
Imperforate MS4 proof on FDC
(As above for proof)
Ivory CoastUnknown a-d proof fdcUnknown a-d proof on FDC
MalawiUnknown c (Mi?)
Unknown ic
One of MS4 (a-d)
One of imperforate MS4 (a-d)
2012"D-2A" / "Tournesol"
MalawiUnknown ic proofOne of imperforate proof MS4 (a-d)
MalawiUnknown ms proofSigned-proof MS4 (a-d)
MalawiUnknown fdc
Unknown imp fdc
MS4 on FDC
Imperforate MS4 and cachet on FDC
MalawiUnknown a-d fdcOne of four stamps on FDC
Maldive Islands247 (Mi252)1968"D-1"
Maldive Islands252 (Mi257)
MaliC42 (Mi141)
iC42

Imperforate
1967Diamant rocket2
MaliC42 proofSigned proof (black)
MaliC44 (Mi143)
iC44

Imperforate
"D-1"
MaliC44 dsDeluxe sheet (C44)
MaliC42-C44 fdcOne of three stamps and cachet on FDC(As above for stamp)
Mali337 (Mi708)
i337
From MS10 (10x 337 + 5 labels)
Imperforate
1979D-1 (with last stage attached); see also CongoPR 643 and cachet on France 1934 fdc
ManamaMi89A
Mi89B

Imperforate
1968"D-1"
ManamaMi87A-89A+Mi91A-92A fdc
Mi87B-89B+Mi91B-92B fdc
One of five stamps on FDC
One of five imperforate stamps on FDC
ManamaMi1208A
Mi1208B
One of strip of 5 (Mi1205A-1209A), or one of MS50 (Mi1195A-1219A + Ajman Mi2493A-2517A)
One of imperforate strip of 5 (Mi1205B-1209B), or one of imperforate MS50 (Mi1195B-1219B + Ajman Mi2493B-2517B)
1972D-1
ManamaBL237A
BL237B
MS5 (Mi1205A-1209A)
Imperforate MS5 (Mi1205B-1209B)
MauritaniaC52 (Mi277)
iC52

Imperforate
1966"D-1"; also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
MauritaniaC52 fdc1Stamp and cancel and ('FDC') cachet on FDC
MauritaniaC52 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and (PJ) cachet on FDC
MauritaniaC52 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and cachet (different) on FDC
MozambiqueUnknown ss (BL?)
Unknown iss
SS1
Imperforate SS1
2007D-2B / "Aura"1
MozambiqueUnknown ss fdc
Unknown iss fdc
SS1 and cachet on FDC
Imperforate SS1 and cachet on FDC
New CaledoniaC46 (Mi421)
iC46
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
New CaledoniaC46 fdcStamp and cancel and cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
Nicaragua1155 (Mi2264)1982D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
NigerC58 (Mi124)
iC58

Imperforate
1966Diamant rocket2
NigerC58 dsDeluxe sheet (C58)
NigerC58 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
NigerC61 (Mi127)
iC61

Imperforate
"D-1"
NigerC61 fdcStamp and cachet on FDC
Panama474E (Mi948A)
i474E (Mi948B)
i474E var (Mi954)

Imperforate
Imperforate with changed colors
1966"D-1"
Panama474Eg (BL63)
i474Eg
SS1 (474E)
Imperforate SS1 (i474E), changed colors
Panama474Eg fdcSS1 on FDC
Panama474+474B+474E fdc
i474+i474B+i474E var fdc
One of three stamps on FDC
One of three imperforate stamps with changed colors on FDC
PanamaC365a (Mi1137)One of MS6 (C365 (a-f)) and on (left and upper) selvedge1969"Diademe" / D-1C/1D type
ParaguayC348 (BL194)SS11972"D-2A"
PhilippinesBLIIA
BLIIB
In (upper-right) margin of SS1
In (upper-right) margin of imperforate SS1
1968D-1
PhilippinesBLIIA snvIn (upper-right) margin of SS1, BLII overprinted "SNV"
PhilippinesBLIIB airIn (upper-right) margin of imperforate SS1, BLII inscribed "airmail"
Ras Al KhaimaMi319A
Mi319B

Imperforate
1969D-1
Ras Al KhaimaMi319 dsDeluxe sheet (Mi319)
Romania2484 (Mi3190)One of pair (2484a (2483-2484)), or five of MS10 (2484b (5x (2483-2484)))1974D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
Russia (USSR)5061 (Mi5192)From MS8 (5061a (8x 5061))1982D-2 / SIGNE-3 type (and Prognoz and Venera-9/14 type)
St. Pierre and MiquelonC32 (Mi415)
iC32
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
St. Pierre and MiquelonC32 proofSigned proof (black)
St. Pierre and MiquelonC32 fdc1Stamp and cancel and ('FDC') cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
St. Pierre and MiquelonC32 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and (brown printed) cachet on FDC(As above for stamp)
St. Pierre and MiquelonC32 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and (PAC) cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
SenegalC43 fdc (Mi324 fdc)Cachet (only) on FDC1966Diamant rocket2; (A-1 on stamp and cachet)
SenegalC44 (Mi325)
iC44

Imperforate
Diamant rocket2
SenegalC44 proof1Signed proof (blue)
SenegalC44 proof2Signed proof (brown)
SenegalC44 proof3Signed proof (green)
SenegalC44 proof4Signed proof (purple)
SenegalC44 fdcStamp and (PJ) cachet on FDC(As above for stamps)
SenegalC43-C44 fdcTwo stamps and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC
SenegalC46 (Mi335)
iC46

Imperforate
1966"D-1"
SenegalC46 proof1Signed proof (blue)
SenegalC46 proof2Signed proof (black)
SenegalC46 proof3Signed proof (red)
SenegalC46 proof4Signed proof (green)
SenegalC46 fdcStamp and cancel and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC
Somali CoastC49 (Mi381)
iC49
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
Somali CoastC49 fdc1Stamp and cancel and ('FDC') cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
Somali CoastC49 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC(As above for stamp)
SpainNone(Printed) cachet on cover1984"D5" (in text only)
SpainNoneCachet (reproduction of Djibouti MS9) on stamped envelope2013"D-2B" / "Aura"1 (on stamp 'h' in cachet)
Staffa (Scotland)Local ssIn (left) margin of imperforate silver local post SS11978D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
Staffa (Scotland)Local ssIn (left) margin of imperforate gold local post SS1
Staffa (Scotland)Local msIn (upper-left) margin of perforate and imperforate silver local post MS2
Staffa (Scotland)Local msIn (upper-left) margin of perforate and imperforate gold local post MS2
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 45203 (Mi4497), from strip of 5, also overprint template199?D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 45203 (Mi4497), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57243 (Mi5895), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57243 (Mi5895), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57283 (Mi5899), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57283 (Mi5899), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57333 (Mi5904), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 57333 (Mi5904), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 5984 (Mi6177), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 6067 (Mi251), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 6067 (Mi251), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (part of 350 value and part of 500 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 6110 (Mi314), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal (1000 value)Cuba 3019 overprinted on 4x4 Russia 6110 (Mi314), from strip of 5, also overprint template
Tartari RepublicLocal fdcTwo strips of 5 (from above) and cancel on FDCAs above (for stamps); also (in cancel and in one cachet) same design as Cuba 3019 (showing D-2 / SIGNE-3 type)
Tartari RepublicLocal fdcOne strip of 5 (from above) and cancel (same) and cachet on FDC
Togo593 (Mi559A)
i593 (Mi559B)

Imperforate
1967Diamant rocket2
Togo596 (Mi562A)
i596 (Mi562B)

Imperforate
"D-1"
Togo598 (Mi564A)
i598 (Mi564B)

Imperforate
TogoC65 (Mi565A)
iC65 (Mi565B)

Imperforate
Diamant rocket2
Togo595-598+C65-C66 fdcTwo of eight stamps on FDC(As above for stamps)
Tunisia653 fdc (Mi860 fdc)(Amicale Philatélique Tunisienne) cachet on FDC1975Green-only reproduction of France 1148 (with D-1A / Diapason) less cutouts for country, face value, and satellite name
Turkey2503 (Mi2922)1991D-2 / SIGNE-3 type
Turkey2502-2503 fdcOne of two stamps on FDC
Upper VoltaC36 (Mi214)
iC36

Imperforate
1967Diamant rocket2
Upper VoltaC38 (Mi216)
iC38

Imperforate
"D-1C"
Upper VoltaC39 (Mi217)
iC39

Imperforate
"D-1D"
Upper VoltaC39 proofsTrial color proofs
Upper VoltaC39 essaySigned essay
Upper VoltaC36+C39 fdcOne of two stamps and cancel and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC(As above for stamps)
Upper VoltaC37-C38 fdcOne of two stamps and cancel and (Éditions So.Ge.Im.) cachet on FDC
Upper VoltaC69 (Mi268)C39 overprinted in red1969"D-1D"
Upper VoltaC184 (BL23)
iC184
In (upper-left) margin of SS1
In (upper-left) margin of imperforate SS1
1974D-5B / Castor; also Diamant rocket2 (in right margin)
Wallis and Futuna IslandsC24 (Mi211)
iC24
CD122
Imperforate
1966"D-1"A / Diapason
Wallis and Futuna IslandsC24 fdc1Stamp and cancel and ('FDC') cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
Wallis and Futuna IslandsC24 fdc2Stamp and cancel (same) and (PAC) cachet on FDC(As above for stamp); also Diamant rocket2 (in cachet)
Wallis and Futuna IslandsC24 fdc3Stamp and cancel (same) and (printed) cachet on FDC(As above for stamp)
Yugoslavia1045 (Mi1409)From MS9 (1045a (9x 1045))1971D-1
Yugoslavia1045-1047 fdcOne of three stamps on FDC

1The French D-series satellite (D-2B / Aura) from 1975 should not be confused with the USA EOS-Aura from 2004, which goes by the same name.
2Diamant-A rockets were used to launch the D-1 series and other French satellites from 1965 to 1975. Only Diamant items also featuring a D-series satellite, or belonging to sets related to a D-series satellite, are shown here.
3See here for a list of engraved/lithographed Russian definitive pairs known to exist with satellite overprints.
4The Tartari Republic overprints of Cuba 3019 span blocks of 4 Russian definitives but not necessarily the same blocks of 4 that divide the strips into 5 overprinted stamps. See an example of how the stamps are divided differently in terms of overprints (in red) vs. divided for use as stamps (in green). Since our emphasis is on the D-series satellite, in the table above we present the strips divided in terms of overprints.


Below is a list of D-series satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
D-series (France)
1966-02-18: D-1A
No launch cover images available yet
1967-02-08: D-1C
No launch cover images available yet
1967-02-15: D-1D
No launch cover images available yet
1971-04-15: D-2A / Tournesol
French Guiana1971-04-15Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverD-2A (Tournesol) launch
French Guiana1971-04-15Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different colors) on coverD-2A (Tournesol) launch
1971-12-06: D-2A / Polaire [failed]
French Guiana1971-12-06Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverD-2A (Polaire) launch [failed]
French Guiana1971-12-06Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverD-2A (Polaire) launch [failed]
1975-09-27: D-2B / Aura1
French Guiana1975-09-27Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverD-2B launch
French Guiana1975-09-27Kourou(Lollini silk) cachet on coverD-2B launch
1973-05-21: D-5A / Pollux and D-5B / Castor [failed]
French Guiana1973-05-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverD-5A+5B launch [failed]
French Guiana1973-05-21Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverD-5A+5B launch [failed]
1975-05-17: D-5A / Pollux and D-5B / Castor
French Guiana1975-05-17Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverD-5A+5B launch
French Guiana1975-05-17Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverD-5A+5B launch
French Guiana1975-05-17Kourou(CNES) cachet on coverD-5A+5B launch
French Guiana1975-05-17Kourou(Club philatélique de Kourou) cachet on coverD-5A+5B launch
French Guiana1975-05-17Kourou(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverD-5A+5B launch
1977-06-17: SIGNE-32
No launch cover images available yet
D-series (on other than D-series launch covers)
United States1965-07-24Cape Canaveral FL(Printed) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover, also annotatedDiamant rocket3
French Guiana1975-05-28Kourou(Lollini) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover"D-5A" and "D-5B"
French Guiana1975-05-28Kourou(Lollini silk) cachet on (sub-orbital) rocket launch cover"Castor" and "Pollux"
French Guiana2008-07-07Kourou(Printed) cachet on Arabsat-4AR and Intelsat-25 launch coverD-1

1The French D-series satellite (D-2B / Aura) from 1975 should not be confused with the USA EOS-Aura from 2004, which goes by the same name.
2SIGNE-1 and SIGNE-2 were payloads on Prognoz-2 and (possible) Prognoz-6 spacecraft, respectively.
3Diamant rockets were used to launch the D-1 series and other French satellites from 1965 to 1975.


Back to Scientific/research satellites.
Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2004-2018, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2018-04-27