Azur-1

Azur, Aeros, and
Dial-Wika/Mika
satellites


This page contains philatelic information on the Azur, Aeros, and Dial-Wika/Mika satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Azur is also known as German Research Satellite (GRS), but should not be confused with the USAF Geophysical Research Satellite (GRS).

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Azur / GRS (West Germany) Azur / GRS (West Germany) Azur / GRS (West Germany)
Aeros (West Germany) Aeros (West Germany) Aeros (West Germany)
Dial-Wika/Mika (France-Germany) Dial-Wika/Mika (France-Germany) Dial-Wika/Mika (France-Germany)


Below is a list of Azur / GRS, Aeros, and Dial-Wika/Mika postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Azur / GRS (West Germany)
French GuianaNone(At upper-left of) cachet on cover1979"Azur"
Germany (West)None(At upper-left of) cachet on cover1966(early-design) Azur, project name "625-A1"
Germany (West)None(At upper-left of) cachet (same) on cover (different)1966(early-design) Azur, project name "625-A1"
Germany (West)None(At upper-right of blue) cachet on stamped envelope1968"Azur"
Germany (West)None(At upper-right of orange) cachet on cover1968"Azur"
Germany (West)None(Black and cyan printed) cachet on cover1972"Azur" (in cachet text)
Aeros (West Germany)
Czechoslovakia2026 (Mi2280)1975Aeros (no Indian space involvement, as indicated in the text)
French GuianaNone(At middle-right of) cachet on cover1979"Aeros"
Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika (France-Germany)
France1270 (Mi1705)
i1270

Imperforate
1970Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch (based on cachet in fdc1 and text in the card), but small satellite in stamp resembles Vanguard-21 (not Dial-Wika)2; (The Diamant-B3 launch rocket only is shown in the cancel, and in the cachets on the card and on FDCs 2, 3, 4, and 5; this was the first launch of the Diamant-B3 rocket)
France1270 fdc1Stamp and (Éditions J.F.) cachet on FDC
France1270 fdc2Stamp and (Éditions PAC) cachet on FDC
France1270 fdc3Stamp and (Éditions PAC) cachet on FDC (different cancel)
France1270 fdc4Stamp and ('FDC') cachet on FDC
France1270 fdc5Stamp and (PJ no.715) cachet on FDC
France1270 fdc6Stamp and (PJ no.715) cachet on FDC (different cancel)
France1270 cardStamp and (Éditions CEF) cachet on FDOI card
France1270 maxiMaxicard
France1270 maxi2Maxicard (different)
France1270 maxi3Maxicard (different), also back
Germany (West)None(Black and cyan printed) cachet on cover1972"Dial" (in cachet text)
Ras Al KhaimaMi438A
Mi438B
From strip of 3 (Mi438A+444A+450A)
From imperforate strip of 3 (Mi438B+444B+450B)
1970Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch; Diamant-B3 rocket
Ras Al KhaimaMi444A
Mi444B
"Dial-Wika"
Ras Al KhaimaMi450A
Mi450B
Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch; Diamant-B3 rocket
Ras Al KhaimaMi438A+444A+450A_st3+BLE95A fdcStrip of 3 on FDC(As above)
Ras Al KhaimaMi438 ds1Deluxe sheet (Mi438) (blue-gray)Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch; Diamant-B3 rocket
Ras Al KhaimaMi438 ds2Deluxe sheet (Mi438) (white)
Ras Al KhaimaMi444 ds1Deluxe sheet (Mi444) (gray/green)"Dial-Wika"
Ras Al KhaimaMi444 ds2Deluxe sheet (Mi444) (white)
Ras Al KhaimaMi450 ds1Deluxe sheet (Mi450) (gray/green)Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch; Diamant-B3 rocket
Ras Al KhaimaMi450 ds2Deluxe sheet (Mi450) (white)
Ras Al KhaimaMi438_ds1+444_ds1+450_ds1 fdc3 deluxe sheets (gray/green) on FDC(As above)
Ras Al KhaimaMi438_ds2+444_ds2+450_ds2 fdc3 deluxe sheets (white) on FDC
Ras Al KhaimaMi_I451A
Mi_I451B
Mi444A silver foil
Mi444B silver foil
"Dial-Wika"
Ras Al KhaimaBL_I95Imperforate deluxe sheet, silver foil
Ras Al KhaimaMi_J451A
Mi_J451B
Mi444A gold foil
Mi444B gold foil
Ras Al KhaimaBL_J95Imperforate deluxe sheet, gold foil
Ras Al KhaimaMi_I451A+Mi_I451B+BL_I95 fdcSilver and imperforate silver and silver deluxe sheet on FDC
Ras Al KhaimaMi_J451A+Mi_J451B+BL_J95 fdcGold and imperforate gold and gold deluxe sheet on FDC

1"like-Vanguard-2" items have the appearance of Vanguard-2, but the images of the satellite are quite small.
2Not Dial-Wika as intended, based on FDC.
3Diamant-B rockets were used to launch the Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika satellites.


Below is a list of Azur / GRS, Aeros, and Dial-Wika/Mika launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
1969-11-07: Azur / GRS (West Germany)
United States1969-11-07Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverAzur launch
United States1969-11-07Vandenberg AFB, CA(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backAzur launch
United States1969-11-07Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(SpaceCraft/Swanson) cachet on cover, also insert1 and insert2 front and insert2 backAzur launch
United States1969-11-07Vandenberg AFB, CA(Vandy?/DuBeau? red and blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAzur launch
United States1969-11-07Lompoc CA, Vandenberg AFB(Centennial) cachet on coverAzur launch
Aeros (West Germany)
1972-12-16: Aeros-1
Germany (West)1972-12-16Wessling OberbayCancel on postal cardAeros-1 launch
Germany (West)1972-12-16Wessling OberbayCancel and (black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-1 launch
Germany (West)1972-12-16Wessling OberbayCancel and (black rubber-stamp and black printed) cachets on postal cardAeros-1 launch
United States1972-12-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on cover, also insertAeros-1 launch
United States1972-12-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Swanson/DuBeau? blue rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-1 launch
United States1972-12-16Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverAeros-1 launch
United States1972-12-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Centennial) cachet on coverAeros-1 launch
United States1972-12-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Riser/Andromeda/Cygnus Cover no.42) cachet on coverAeros-1 launch
1974-07-16: Aeros-2
Germany (West)1974-07-16Wessling-Oberbay(DFVLR rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Space Voyage) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Greenbelt MD(GSFC Stamp Club) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Centennial) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau? black and red rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(DuBeau? black rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Greenbelt MD; USPS, MD(GSFC violet rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Orbit Covers) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch (Explorer-51/54/55 depicted)
United States1974-07-16Vandenberg AFB, CA(Printed) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch (futuristic depiction)
United States1974-07-16Rosman NC(Purple rubber-stamp) cachet on coverAeros-2 launch
1970-03-10: Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika (France-Germany)
French Guiana1970-03-10Kourou(Le Burin d'Or) cachet on coverDial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch
French Guiana1970-03-10Kourou(Lollini) cachet on coverDial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch
French Guiana1970-03-10Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different color) on cover (cancel different color)Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch
French Guiana1970-03-10Kourou(Lollini) cachet on cover (different cancel)Dial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch
French Guiana1970-03-10Kourou(Lollini) cachet (different) on coverDial-Wika and Dial-Mika launch


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Updated: 2018-06-20