Aryabhata

Aryabhata, Bhaskara, Rohini,
and Badr-series satellites


This page contains philatelic information on the Aryabhata, Bhaskara, Rohini, and Badr satellites. Catalog numbers, years of issue, and notes on the satellites featured are given when available. If readers know of additional information or images, please contact the authors using the e-mail addresses at the bottom of this page.

Bhaskara is also known as Satellite for Earth Observation (SEO).

Launch information
(found elsewhere)
Launch covers
(including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers)
(farther below)
Other postal items
(stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.)
(immediately below)
Aryabhata (India) Aryabhata (India) Aryabhata (India)
Bhaskara / SEO (India) Bhaskara / SEO (India) Bhaskara / SEO (India)
Rohini (India) Rohini (India) Rohini (India)
Badr (Pakistan) Badr (Pakistan) Badr (Pakistan)


Below is a list of Aryabhata, Bhaskara, Rohini, and Badr postal items (stamps, souvenir sheets, aerogrammes, postal cards, etc.).

CountryCatalog NumberType of ItemYear of IssueNotes on Content
Aryabhata1 (India)
Dominica2237f (Mi2907)One of MS6 (2237 (a-f)) (Mi2902-2907)2000"Arybhattan"
Dominica2237 fdcMS6 on FDC
India655 (Mi624)1975"Aryabhata"
India655 fdc1Stamp on FDC (New Delhi cancel)
India655 fdc2Stamp on FDC (Lucknow cancel)
India655 folderFDC folder
India655 cover1 (Mi624 cover1)Stamp and cachet on cover1976Aryabhata
India655 cover2 (Mi624 cover2)Stamp and cachet (different) on cover1976Aryabhata attached to rocket
IndiaP792 rupee (banknote)1983Aryabhata
Russia (USSR)4490 (Mi4531)1976Aryabhata
Russia (USSR)4490 fdcStamp on FDC
Russia (USSR)4592 fdc (Mi4652 fdc)(Fleetwood) back of FDC, also front1977"the USSR also launched satellites for France (1971) and India (1975)". The 1971 satellite is Aureole-1, and the 1975 satellite is Aryabhata.
Russia (USSR)5242 (Mi5372)1984Aryabhata
Russia (USSR)5243 (Mi5373)Aryabhata, Bhaskara-1, and Bhaskara-2
St. Thomas and Prince Islands1963b (Mi3909)One of MS4 (1963 (a-d)) (Mi3908-3911)2009"Aryabhata-1"
Bhaskara / SEO1 (India)
Russia (USSR)NoneCachet on stamped envelope1979Bhaskara
Russia (USSR)5243 (Mi5373)1984Bhaskara-1, Bhaskara-2, and Aryabhata
Rohini (India)
India927 (Mi874)1981"Rohini"
India927 fdc1Stamp and cancel and cachet on FDC
India927 fdc2Stamp and cancel (different) and cachet (same) on FDC
Badr (Pakistan)
Pakistan734 (Mi778)1990"Badr-1"
Pakistan772 (Mi848)1992Badr
Pakistan1150 cover (Mi1378 cover)Cachet on cover2011Badr-2 (in lower-left of cachet)

1Since the body of the spacecraft is similar for both Aryabhata and Bhaskara, it is assumed that the antennas can be used to distinguish between the two. For Aryabhata, the antennas appear to be attached to the widest part of the spacecraft body. For Bhaskara, the antennas appear to be attached to the angled part of the body.


Below is a list of Aryabhata, Bhaskara, Rohini, and Badr satellite launch covers (including anniversary-of-launch covers, and launch-related event covers).

CountryCancel DateCancel LocationType of ItemNotes on Content
1975-04-20: Aryabhata (India)
Russia (USSR)1975-04-19Kapustin Yar(Two-color printed) cachet on coverAryabhata launch
Australia1975-04-21Adelaide SA(Black printed) cachet on coverAryabhata launch
Aryabhata (anniversaries)
India1976-04-20Sri Hari Kota Launch Range(Single-color printed) cachet on cover(1st anniv.) Aryabhata launch
Bhaskara / SEO (India)
1979-06-07: Bhaskara-1
Russia (USSR)1979-06-07MoscowCancel and (printed) cachet on stamped envelopeBhaskara-1 launch
1981-11-20: Bhaskara-2
No launch cover images available yet
Rohini (India)
No launch cover images available yet
Badr (Pakistan)
No launch cover images available yet


Back to Scientific/research satellites.
Back to Un-Manned Satellite Philately.



Copyright © 2006-2017, Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
This Website created and maintained by Don Hillger and Garry Toth.
Updated: 2017-12-03